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Encyclopedia > Gardner, Massachusetts
Gardner, Massachusetts
Official seal of Gardner, Massachusetts
Seal
Nickname: Chair City
Location in Worcester County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°34′30″N 71°59′55″W / 42.575, -71.99861
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester County
Settled 1764
Incorporated 1785
Government
 - Type Mayor-council city
 - Mayor Gerald St. Hilaire (D)
 - City Council Alice P. Anderson
Joshua L. Cormier
Ronald F. Cormier
Kim M. Dembrosky
Scott J. Graves
Cleo E.Monette
Neil W. Janssens (Ward 1)
Charles J. LeBlanc (Ward 2)
Roger Jaillet (Ward 3)
James J. Minns (Ward 4)
James J. Robinson (Ward 5)
Area
 - City  23.0 sq mi (59.6 km²)
 - Land  22.2 sq mi (57.5 km²)
 - Water  0.8 sq mi (2.1 km²)
Elevation  1,100 ft (335.3 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 20,770
 - Density 936.0/sq mi (361.4/km²)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01440
Area code(s) 351 / 978
Website:http://www.gardner-ma.gov/

Gardner, Massachusetts is a city in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 20,770 at the 2000 census. Gardner is home to Dunn Pond State Park, Gardner Heritage State Park, Lake Wampanoag Wildlife Sanctuary, and Mount Wachusett Community College. Image File history File links Gardner_picture. ... Image File history File links Gardner. ... This article or section seems to contain too many examples (or of a poor quality) for an encyclopedia entry. ... Image File history File links Gardner_ma_highlight. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Worcester County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... Mayor-Council government is one of two variations of government most commonly used in modern representative municipal governments in the United States. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... A city council is the most common style of legislative government in a city or town. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... ‹ The template below (Unit of length) is being considered for deletion. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The Eastern Standard Time Zone is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting five hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area codes 351 and 978 are Commonwealth of Massachusetts area codes serving the communities of Fitchburg and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Area code 978 is a Commonwealth of Massachusetts area code serving the communities of Lawrence, Lowell and Peabody as well as northeastern Massachusetts. ... Worcester County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Mount Wachusett Community College is a two-year community college in Gardner, Massachusetts. ...

Contents

History

Named after Col. Thomas Gardner, the community was first settled in 1764 and officially incorporated as a town in 1785 after receiving land grants from the surrounding towns of Ashburnham, Westminster, Templeton and Winchendon. Dating from about 1805, it became a center for lumber and furniture industries. Indeed, Gardner is known as the "Chair City" and "The Furniture Capital of New England", due to its long history in furniture production. By 1910 it had 20 chair factories which produced 4 million chairs per year. It was also noted for silversmithing. The Gardner State Colony for the Insane pioneered the use of cottage residences. Gardner was incorporated as a city in 1923. It became a filming location for the 1992 movie, School Ties. Col. ... 1764 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1785 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...   Ashburnham is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Westminster is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts, in the United States. ... Templeton is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... Nickname: Toy Town Location in Massachusetts Coordinates: Country United States State Massachusetts County Worcester County Settled 1753 Incorporated 1764 Government  - Type Open town meeting  - Town    Manager James Kreidler Area  - Town  44. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction... welcome:: This is an article about items in a room. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... School Ties was a 1992 film directed by Robert Mandel that launched the acting careers of Matt Damon, Ben Affleck, and Chris ODonnell. ...


Gardner is the birthplace of Heywood-Wakefield furniture, dating from 1826 when the five Heywood brothers began to fashion furniture in a barn near their father's farm. Brothers Walter, Levi, Seth, Benjamin and William began that year making wooden chairs. In the early years, Walter fashioned chairs by hand, also using a foot lathe. He was soon joined by his brothers Levi and Benjamin, part-time, while running a nearby country store. A new store was built across the street from the original store. In 1831 Levi moved to Boston where he established an outlet store to sell the chairs, while Benjamin and William remained in Gardner to manufacture the chairs. A fire destroyed the Heywoods' chair shop in 1834. In 1835 the partnership of B. F. Heywood & Co. was formed, comprised of Benjamin, Walter and William, with Moses Wood and James W. Gates.

Geography

Gardner is located at 42°34′26″N, 71°59′27″W (42.573920, -71.990818)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 59.6 km² (23.0 mi²). 57.5 km² (22.2 mi²) of it is land and 2.1 km² (0.8 mi²) of it (3.52%) is water. Gardner is situated on Crystal Lake. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 20,770 people, 8,282 households, and 5,085 families residing in the city. The population density was 361.4/km² (936.0/mi²). There were 8,838 housing units at an average density of 153.8/km² (398.3/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.13% White, 2.29% African American, 0.34% Native American, 1.37% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.22% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.08% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 8,282 households out of which 30.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.4% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.6% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 20.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 105.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.7 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $37,334, and the median income for a family was $47,164. Males had a median income of $35,804 versus $26,913 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,624. About 7.0% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

County government: Worcester County
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
County Treasurer: Position Eliminated
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Registrar of Deeds: Anthony J. Vigliotti(D)
Registrar of Probate: Stephen Abraham (D)
County Sheriff: Guy W. Glodis (D)
State government
State Representative(s): Robert L. Rice, Jr. (D)
State Senator(s): Robert A. Antonioni (D)
Governor's Councilor(s): Thomas J. Foley (D)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): John W. Olver (D-1st District),
U.S. Senators: Ted Kennedy (D), John Kerry (D)


Worcester County is a county located in the state of Massachusetts. ... A court clerk or clerk of the court is an occupation whose responsibilities include maintaining the records of a court. ... Look up Treasurer in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A district attorney is, in some U.S. jurisdictions, the title of the local public official who represents the government in the prosecution of criminals. ... Recorder of deeds refers to the government office tasked with maintaining a record of real estate ownership, as well as other deeds that provide persons other than the owner of a property with real rights over that property. ... Probate is the legal process of settling the estate of a deceased person; specifically, resolving all claims and distributing the decedents property. ... Look up Sheriff in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Massachusetts House of Representatives is the lower house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Massachusetts Senate is the upper house of the Massachusetts General Court, the bicameral state legislature of Massachusetts. ... The Governors Council (also known as the Executive Council) of Massachusetts is a popularly-elected board which oversees judicial nominations. ... The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is one of the two chambers of the United States Congress; the other is the Senate. ... John Walter Olver (born September 3, 1936), American politician, has been a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives since 1991, representing the 1st District of Massachusetts. ... Massachusetts Congressional District 1 is a congressional district in western and central Massachusetts. ... The United States Senate is the upper house of the U.S. Congress, smaller than the United States House of Representatives. ... Edward Moore Ted Kennedy (born February 22, 1932) is the senior United States Senator from Massachusetts and a member of the Democratic Party. ... John Forbes Kerry (born December 11, 1943) is the junior United States Senator from Massachusetts, in his fourth term of office. ...

Events

  • For many years, the Gardner Municipal Golf Course has been home to the Central Massachusetts High School Cross Country Championships. Every three years, it is also home to the Massachusetts High School State Cross Country Championships. The course record for the hilly 2.9 mile course is 14:00 set by Andy Powell in 1998 while Lynn Jennings has the girl's record with a time of 15:50 from 1977.

Lynn Jennings is an American athlete who competed mainly in the 10,000 metres. ...

Notable Residents

Hadassah Lieberman (born Hadassah Freilich in the refugee camp of Prague, Czechoslovakia in Mar. ... Joseph Isadore Lieberman (born February 24, 1942) is a Jewish-American Democratic politician and a current U.S. senator from Connecticut. ... Mark Gearan was director of the Peace Corps, assistant to the President and White House Director of Communications, and White House Deputy Chief of Staff. ... Hobart and William Smith Colleges, located in Geneva, New York, are together a liberal arts college. ... Lucy Stone (August 13, 1818 – October 18, 1893) was a prominent American suffragist. ...

References

  • Rouland, Steve Heywood-Wakefield Modern Furniture, 1994.

External links


 
 

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