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Encyclopedia > Gardiner, Maine

Gardiner is a city in Kennebec County, Maine, United States. The population was 6,198 at the 2000 census. In 1980, the entire downtown Gardiner Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places. Kennebec County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ...

Contents

History

Main and Water streets, c. 1905
Main and Water streets, c. 1905

LocatedED at the head of navigation on the Kennebec River, Gardiner was founded in 1754 as Gardinerstown Plantation by Dr. Sylvester Gardiner, a prominent Boston physician. Dr. Gardiner had made a fortune as a drug merchant, and became a principal proprietor of the Kennebec Purchase within the old Plymouth Patent. He proved a tireless promoter for his development, which once comprised over 100,000 acres (400 km²). Dr. Gardiner induced a gristmill builder, a saw millwright, a house carpenter and a wheelwright to settle here. Houses, mills, a church and a blockhouse were built. Situated at the confluence of the Kennebec River and Cobbesseeconte Stream, which has falls that drop 130 feet over a mile, the location was recognized by him as ideal for water-powered mills. Gardinerstown, set off from Pittston in 1760, soon became center of the regional economy. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Table of geography, hydrography, and navigation, from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... The course of the Kennebec River The Kennebec River is a river, 150 mi (240 km) long, in the state of Maine in the northeastern United States. ... Sylvester Gardiner, c. ... “Boston” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Doctor. ... The sea to sea grant of Plymouth Council for New England is shown in green. ... Gristmill with water wheel, Skyline Drive, VA, 1938 A gristmill is a building where grain is ground into flour. ... For the 1922 film starring Oliver Hardy, see The Sawmill. ... Carpenter at work in Tennessee, June 1942. ... Wheelwright reenactor New Salem, Illinois Wheelwrights Workshop at the Amberley Working Museum, West Sussex, England A wheelwright is a person who builds or repairs wheels. ... A 19th-century-era block house in Fort York, Toronto In military science, a blockhouse is a small, isolated fort in the form of a single building. ... Confluence of Rhine and Mosel at Koblenz In geography, a confluence describes the point where two rivers meet and become one, usually when a tributary joins a more major river. ... The course of the Kennebec River The Kennebec River is a river, 150 mi (240 km) long, in the state of Maine in the northeastern United States. ... Hydropower (or waterpower) harnesses the energy of moving or falling water. ... Watermill of Braine-le-Château, Belgium (12th century) A watermill is a structure that uses a water wheel or turbine to drive a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, or metal shaping (rolling, grinding or wire drawing). ... Pittston is a town located in Kennebec County, Maine. ...

R. P. Hazzard Co. Shoe Factory in 1915
R. P. Hazzard Co. Shoe Factory in 1915

The wilderness toils of Dr. Gardiner would end, however, with the Revolution. Loyal to the Crown, he fled Boston in 1776 when the British army evacuated. But his settlement lived on without him, and in 1803 was incorporated as the town of Gardiner. From the early 1800s until the Civil War, shipbuilding and trade were primary industries. It would become a city in 1849, at which time 10 large riverfront wharves served shipping. Lumber, in vast quantities, passed through Gardiner. Tanneries and shoe factories prospered. The city became known worldwide for exporting ice. Each winter men cut large blocks from the Kennebec River, then covered the ice with sawdust in warehouses to keep it frozen well into summer. It was loaded year-round on large vessels for shipment throughout the United States and world. Gardiner was noted for its pristine Kennebec ice, harvested at the furthest point upriver that deep-draft vessels could reach. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 493 pixelsFull resolution (814 × 502 pixel, file size: 90 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) R. P. Hazzard Company Shoe Factory, Gardiner, ME; from a 1915 postcard. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 493 pixelsFull resolution (814 × 502 pixel, file size: 90 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) R. P. Hazzard Company Shoe Factory, Gardiner, ME; from a 1915 postcard. ... For other uses, see Wilderness (disambiguation). ... This article is about military actions only. ... This article refers to the Commonwealths concept of the monarchys legal authority. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Men from Francisco de Orellanas expedition building a small brigantine, the San Pedro, to be used in the search for food Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ... It has been suggested that Commerce be merged into this article or section. ... Metung Wharf on Bancroft Bay, Gippsland Lakes, Victoria, Australia A wharf is a fixed platform, commonly on pilings, roughly parallel to and alongside navigable water, where ships are loaded and unloaded. ... Damaged package The Panama canal. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction... This article is about making hides into leather. ... Snowflakes by Wilson Bentley, 1902 Ice is the name given to any one of the 14 known solid phases of water. ... Sawdust is composed of fine particles of wood. ... Inside Green Logistics Co. ...


In 1851, the city was connected by railroad. One of the first workable steam automobiles in America was built in Gardiner in 1858. Beginning in the 1860s, paper mills flourished, as did a commercial ice industry between the 1880s and 1920s. By the 1960s, however, many mills suffered decline and closure. The former mill town is now largely a bedroom community for people who work in Augusta, the state's capital, as well as Bath Iron Works in Bath. Some residents commute as far as the Portland area. This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... International Paper Companys Kraft paper mill in Georgetown, South Carolina. ... Amoskeag Canal, 1948, by Charles Sheeler A mill town is a community that grew up around one or more mills or factories, usually on a river that was used as a source of power in the days before electricity. ... Commuters waiting for the morning train in Maplewood, New Jersey A bedroom community, dormitory town, or commuter town is a community that is primarily residential in character, with most of its workers commuting to a nearby town or city to earn their livelihood. ... Location in Kennebec County, Maine Coordinates: , County Established 1754 Government  - Mayor Roger J. Katz Area  - City 150. ... Bath Iron Works from NAS Brunswick photo gallery Bath Iron Works (BIW) is a shipyard located on the Kennebec River in Bath, Maine. ... View uphill towards City Hall in Bath Bath is a city located in Sagadahoc County, Maine. ... Nickname: Motto: Resurgam (Latin for I will rise again) Country State County Cumberland Settled 1632 Incorporated 1786 Government  - Mayor Nicholas M. Mavodones, Jr Area  - City  52. ...

Notable residents

Henry Dearborn (February 23, 1751 – June 6, 1829) was an American physician, statesman and veteran of both the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. ... The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. ... Sylvester Gardiner, c. ... Julia Ward Howe Julia Ward Howe (May 27, 1819 – October 17, 1910) was a prominent American abolitionist, social activist, and poet. ... James Parker (1768 – 1837) was an American politician. ... Laura Elizabeth Howe Richards (February 27, 1850 - January 14, 1943) was born in Boston, Massachusetts, to a high-profile family. ... Edwin Arlington Robinson Edwin Arlington Robinson (December 22, 1869 – April 6, 1935) was an American poet, who won three Pulitzer Prizes for his work. ... Portrait of John Frank Stevens John F. Stevens (25 April 1853–2 June 1943) built the Great Northern Railroad in the United States and was chief engineer on the Panama Canal. ... Dorothy Clarke Wilson Dorothy Clarke Wilson (1904-2003) was an American author and playwright. ...

Geography

Gardiner is located at 44°12′21″N, 69°47′31″W (44.205963, -69.791998)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 43.0 km² (16.6 mi²). 40.6 km² (15.7 mi²) of it is land and 2.5 km² (0.9 mi²) of it (5.72%) is water. Gardiner is drained by the Cobbesseeconte Stream and Kennebec River. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The course of the Kennebec River The Kennebec River is a river, 150 mi (240 km) long, in the state of Maine in the northeastern United States. ...


Demographics

The Park and Palmer Fountain in 1909. Melted down for the war effort, the statue was replaced.
The Park and Palmer Fountain in 1909. Melted down for the war effort, the statue was replaced.

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 6,198 people, 2,510 households, and 1,603 families residing in the city. The population density was 152.7/km² (395.6/mi²). There were 2,702 housing units at an average density of 66.6/km² (172.5/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.90% White, 0.39% African American, 0.66% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.24% from other races, and 1.40% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.81% of the population. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 2,510 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 29.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.97. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...

Old High School in 1912
Old High School in 1912

In the city the population was spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


The median income for a household in the city was $35,103, and the median income for a family was $42,750. Males had a median income of $33,069 versus $25,399 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,033. About 11.4% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Site of interest

  • Friends of Gardiner Heritage Museum

References

External links

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gardiner, Maine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (697 words)
Gardiner is a city located in Kennebec County, Maine.
Gardiner had made a fortune as a drug merchant, and became a principal proprietor of the Kennebec Purchase within the old Plymouth patent.
Gardiner induced a gristmill builder, a saw millwright, a house carpenter and a wheelwright to settle here.
Encyclopedia: Gardiner, Maine (1691 words)
Western Maine Mountains This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties.
The Maine Highlands is a centrally located region that constitutes a large portion of the state of Maine.
Main Street in Old Town Old Town is a city located in Penobscot County, Maine.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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