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Encyclopedia > Gardiner's Island
Gardiners Island

Gardiners Island is a small island, approximately 5 sq mi (13 km²) in eastern Suffolk County in the U.S. state of New York. It is located in Gardiners Bay between the two flukelike peninsulas at the eastern end of Long Island. Gardiners Island © 2004 Matthew Trump File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Gardiners Island © 2004 Matthew Trump File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... For other places named Suffolk, see SUFFOLK. Suffolk County is a county located in the state of New York. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... Gardiners Bay Gardiners Bay is a small arm of the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 10 mi (16 km) long and 8 mi (13 km) wide in the U.S. state of New York between the two flukelike peninsulas at the eastern end of Long Island. ... This article is about Long Island in New York State. ...


In 1639, the island was settled by Lion Gardiner from a grant by Charles I as the first colonial English settlement in present-day New York state. The island has been privately owned for over three hundred years by his descendants is the only real estate still intact as part of an original royal grant from the English Crown. It is currently a private game reserve. The owners reportedly pay approximately 2 million dollars annually in taxes for the island. Events January 14 - Connecticuts first constitution, the Fundamental Orders, is adopted. ... Charles I ( 19 November 1600– 30 January 1649) was King of England, Scotland and Ireland from 27 March 1625, until his death. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Religion...


The original Gardiner reportedly purchased the island in 1639 for "a large black dog, some powder and shot, and a few Dutch blankets." Gardiner established a plantation on the island for growing corn, wheat, fruit, and tobacco, as well for raising livestock. The island was later the scene of wars between Native American tribes during the Pequot War and was reportedly visited by Captain Kidd. A popular legend holds that Kidd buried treasure there. The island was used as British to store provisions during the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. From 1854 to 1894, the island was the site of the Gardiners Island Lighthouse. In 1937 the island was put up for sale but was bought at the last minute by a family member. A sugarcane plantation at Ribeirão Preto, Brazil, 2005 A plantation is a large tract of monoculture, as a tree plantation, a cotton plantation, a tea plantation or a tobacco plantation. ... Species N. acuminata N. clevelandii N. forgetiana N. glauca N. knightiana N. langsdorffii N. longiflora N. obtusifolia N. paniculata N. plumbagifolia N. quadrivalvis N. rustica N. × sanderae N. suaveolens N. sylvestris N. tabacum Ref: ITIS 30562 as of 2002-08-28 Tobacco () is a broad-leafed plant of the nightshade... Native Americans (also Indians, Aboriginal Peoples, American Indians, First Nations, Alaskan Natives, Amerindians, or Indigenous Peoples of America) are the indigenous inhabitants of The Americas prior to the European colonization, and their modern descendants. ... The Pequot War in 1637 saw the virtual elimination of the Pequot Indians as a tribe. ... William Captain Kidd (1645–May 23, 1701) was a notorious pirate. ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ... The War of 1812 was a conflict fought in North America between the United States and Great Britain. ... 1854 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1894 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1937 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The island is currently the subject of a family dispute regarding the ownership and inheritance of the land. The recently dead owner (Robert David Lion Gardiner, the last of his line) expressed interest in the possibility of the island becoming government property. The Nature Conservancy is also reportedly interested in acquiring conservation rights to the island. The island contains the largest stand of white oak in the northeastern United States. The Nature Conservancy is an environmental organization, founded in 1951. ... Binomial name Quercus alba L. The White oak (Quercus alba) is one of the most magnificent of oaks. ...


See also

Atlantic Ocean, a fragment of glacial terminal moraine approximately ten miles off the coast of Rhode Island, of which it is part, and from which it is separated by Block Island Sound. ... Fishers Island, shown highlighted Fishers Island is a small island, approximately 9 mi (14 km) long and 1 mi (1. ...

External links

  • Gardiners Island Lighthouse (http://eastendlighthouses.org/gIsland.htm)
  • Gardiners Island: What Next? (http://www.newsday.com/community/guide/lihistory/ny-history-hs310a,0,5584826.story)
  • ISLAND OWNER: The heir's last goodbye (http://www.newsday.com/mynews/ny-ligard283945583aug28,0,6749981.story)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gardiners Island :: The Encyclopedia of New York State :: Syracuse University Press (362 words)
The royal patent, granted to Gardiner by Charles I on 10 Mar 1639-40, gave him the "right to possess the land forever." A new patent was issued by Gov Richard Nicolls in 1665.
The island was established as a manor in 1686 and annexed to East Hampton in 1688 for town government purposes.
Gardiners Island is, as the dispute highlights, an important wildlife preserve.
Gardiners Island - Definition, explanation (339 words)
Gardiners Island is a small island, approximately 5 sq mi (13 km²) in eastern Suffolk County in the U.S. state of New York.
In 1639, the island was settled by Lion Gardiner from a grant by Charles I as the first colonial English settlement in present-day New York state.
The original Gardiner reportedly purchased the island in 1639 for "a large fl dog, some powder and shot, and a few Dutch blankets." Gardiner established a plantation on the island for growing corn, wheat, fruit, and tobacco, as well for raising livestock.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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