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Encyclopedia > Garden City, New York
Garden City, New York
Cathedral of the Incarnation located in the Central Section of the Village.
U.S. Census Map
Garden City, New York (New York)
Garden City, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: 40°43′37″N 73°38′59″W / 40.72694, -73.64972
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
Area
 - Total 5.3 sq mi (13.8 km²)
 - Land 5.3 sq mi (13.8 km²)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km²)
Elevation 89 ft (27 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 21,672
 - Density 4,059.5/sq mi (1,567.4/km²)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 11500-11599
Area code(s) 516
FIPS code 36-28178
GNIS feature ID 0950875

Garden City, New York, is a village in central Nassau County, New York, in the USA, which was founded by multi-millionaire Alexander Turney Stewart in 1869. The village is 18.5 miles to the east of mid-town Manhattan, on Long Island. Garden City is in central Nassau County in the Town of Hempstead just south of the Town of North Hempstead. Image File history File links Cathedral_of_the_Incarnation. ... The Cathedral of the Incarnation is an Episcopal church in Garden City, New York, and the cathedral church of the Episcopal Diocese of Long Island. ... Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... 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The blue area is New York State; the red area is area code 516 Area code 516 is used for Long Islands Nassau County, located directly east of the New York City borough of Queens and west of Suffolk County. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... The definitions of the political subdivisions of the state of New York differ from those in certain other countries or even various other U.S. states, leading to misunderstandings regarding the governmental nature of an area. ... Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ... This article is about the state. ... Alexander Turney Stewart, (October 12, 1803- April 10, 1876), was an American entrepreneur turned multi-millionaire who made his fortune in the most extensive and lucrative drygoods business in the world. ... This article is about the borough of New York City. ... This article is about the island in New York State. ... The Town of Hempstead is one of the three towns (otherwise known as civil townships) in Nassau County, New York, United States. ... North Hempstead is a town located in Nassau County, New York, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 222,611. ...


As of the 2000 census, The Incorporated Village of Garden City population was 21,672. The village is an upper middle-class, predominantly white, Catholic and Protestant community. Many families can trace their heritage to Italian and Irish immigrants from New York City.


The Garden City name is also applied to unincorporated areas in the region such as Garden City South, Garden City Park and East Garden City. Roosevelt Field, the current shopping center and former airfield from which Charles Lindbergh took off on his landmark 1927 flight, is located in East Garden City. Garden City South is a census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York. ... Garden City Park is a census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York. ... East Garden City is a census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York. ... Roosevelt Airfield was an airfield in Garden City, Nassau County, New York. ... Charles Augustus Lindbergh (4 February 1902 – 26 August 1974), known as Lucky Lindy and The Lone Eagle, was an American pilot famous for the first solo, non-stop flight across the Atlantic, from Roosevelt Field, Long Island to Paris in 1927 in the Spirit of St. ... East Garden City is a census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York. ...

Contents

History

In 1869, Scottish-born, self made multi-millionaire, Alexander Turney Stewart, bought a portion of the relatively unpopulated Hempstead Plains, and founded the Village of Garden City. The village was created as an upscale community for those seeking respite from New York City. The main attraction of the community was the Garden City Hotel, designed by the acclaimed firm of McKim, Mead, and White. Although the original structure as well as the one that replaced it at the end of the 19th century were torn down many years ago, a hotel still stands on the original grounds, as do many nearby Victorian homes. Alexander Turney Stewart, (October 12, 1803- April 10, 1876), was an American entrepreneur turned multi-millionaire who made his fortune in the most extensive and lucrative drygoods business in the world. ... THe Hempstead Plains is a region of central Long Island in New York State in what is now Nassau County. ... The Garden City Hotel is a four-star hotel in Garden City, Long Island, New York. ... McKim, Mead, and White was a prominent architectural firm in the eastern United States at the turn of the twentieth century. ...


Stewart's wife Cornelia founded the St. Paul's School for boys, St. Mary's School for girls, a Bishop's Residence and the Gothic Cathedral of the Incarnation, which is today the center of the Episcopal Diocese of Long Island, as well as the final resting place of Alexander Turney Stewart and Cornelia Stewart. This elaborate memorial was completed in 1885. Mrs. Stewart died the following year. The Cathedral of the Incarnation is currently undergoing a multi-million dollar renovation, which is scheduled for completion by 2012. St. ... The Cathedral of the Incarnation is an Episcopal church in Garden City, New York, and the cathedral church of the Episcopal Diocese of Long Island. ...


The early village did well due to its proximity to Hempstead, at that time the commercial center of Long Island. In time, thanks both to the railroad and automobiles, Garden City's population increased. In 1915, the Village of Garden City merged with the Village of Garden City Estates to its west. It became an incorporated village in 1919. Garden City's growth promoted the development of many nearby towns, including Stewart Manor, Garden City Park, Garden City South and East Garden City. Hempstead is the name of some places in the United States of America: Hempstead County, Arkansas Hempstead, New York, the name of both a village and a town New Hempstead, New York Hempstead, Texas There are also a number of places named Hampstead in the world. ... Stewart Manor is a village in Nassau County, New York in the United States. ... Garden City Park is a census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York. ... Garden City South is a census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York. ... East Garden City is a census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York. ...


In the 1920s, the community continued to grow, with houses built in Garden City Estates as well as the Eastern Section of Garden City. This development included the Mott Section, developed by the heirs to the Mott's apple juice fortune, which was spurred by easy access to the now defunct Long Island Motor Parkway, as well as the establishment of the Doubleday publishing group's corporate headquarters. They remained in Garden City until Bertelsmann took over the firm in the mid-1980s. The plant closed in 1988 and has since been converted to offices for Bookspan, a media firm partly owned by Doubleday. Motts is a company involved in producing apple-based products, particularly juices and sauces. ... The Long Island Motor Parkway (LIMP), also known as the Vanderbilt Parkway and Motor Parkway, opened its first section in 1908, before the first section of the Bronx River Parkway opened. ... It has been suggested that The Crime Club be merged into this article or section. ... Bertelsmann AG is a transnational media corporation founded in 1835, based in Gütersloh, Germany. ... The Book of the Month Club (founded 1923) is a mail-order business where consumers are offered a new book each month. ...


Housing construction slowed after the 1929 stock market crash. But in the 1930s, hundreds of houses were built to accommodate a population boom, though Garden City used a strict zoning code to preserve Stewart's vision. Alone in central Nassau, the village retained a sense of orderly development, true to its rigorously planned roots. Mitchel Air Force Base, located on the far east side of Garden City, served as a United States Air Force Base from 1918 through 1961. Today, the military still retains a limited physical presence there, with the rest of the base occupied by housing, Hofstra University, Nassau Community College, the Long Island Children's Museum, a Sony IMAX theater and the Cradle of Aviation Museum. Mitchel Air Force Base a. ... Hofstra University is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational institution of higher learning located in Hempstead, Long Island, New York (USA) founded in 1935 on the basis of the estate of wealthy lumber magnate William Hofstra and widow Kate Davidson. ... Nassau Community College is located in Garden City in Nassau County on Long Island. ... An aviation museum located in Long Island, NY. Contains full scale models of airplances from various time periods. ...


After World War II, following a trend of urban flight[clarify], Garden City continued to grow. Post War construction filled out the present borders of Garden City with many split and ranch style homes, with construction occurring in the far eastern, northern and western sections of the town. The Waldorf School of Garden City was founded in 1947 (one of the first Waldorf Schools in the United States), originally as a part of Adelphi University. The village's public high school was also constructed during this time. Waldorf Schools (also known as Steiner schools) state as their mission educating the whole child, with a strong emphasis on balancing the childs natural stages of development with creativity and academic excellence. ... Adelphi University is a private, nonsectarian university located in Garden City, in Nassau County, New York. ...


In the 1970s, the old Garden City Hotel declared bankruptcy, and subsequently closed. The hotel was later demolished, and Garden City lost one of its grandest and most historical landmarks. A new Garden City Hotel was constructed on the previous site of the old Garden City Hotel. The Garden City Hotel is a four-star hotel in Garden City, Long Island, New York. ...


In 1989s, the St. Paul's School also closed and in 1993 was purchased by the Village of Garden City. Recently, the Village voted to designate St. Paul's and its property as "park land." Although still a controversial topic in Village politics. St. Mary's School, the sister school of St. Paul's was demolished in 2002. Since then, six large single family houses have been built on the property.


In the late 1980s, 1990s and early 2000s, the village's downtown areas (Seventh Street, New Hyde Park Road and Franklin Avenue) benefited from a renewal campaign and new construction. Many upscale department stores such as Saks Fifth Avenue, Bloomingdale's and A&S have moved from Franklin Avenue to the Roosevelt Field Mall. Lord and Taylor has a large freestanding location that opened in 1956 on Franklin Avenue, which is still there today. Sears now occupies the building that was once home to Bloomingdale's. Several luxury restaurants have also opened in recent years along this avenue. Saks Fifth Avenue is a chain of upscale American department stores that is owned and operated by Saks Fifth Avenue Enterprises (SFAE), a subsidiary of Saks Incorporated. ... Bloomingdales is a chain of upscale American department stores owned by Macys, Inc. ... Abraham & Straus (or A&S), now defunct, was a major New York City department store, based in Brooklyn New York. ... Roosevelt Field Mall is the largest shopping mall in the state of New York as measured by gross leasable area at 2,189,941 sq. ... May Department Stores was founded in 1877 by David May in Leadville, Colorado. ... Sears, Roebuck and Company is an American mid-range chain of international department stores, founded by Richard Sears and Alvah Roebuck in the late 19th century. ...


Garden City's Role in the History of Aviation

See also: Cradle of Aviation Museum, Mitchel Air Force Base, Charles Lindbergh, Garden City Hotel, St. Paul's School (Garden City, New York).

In 1927, Charles Lindbergh departed on his famous solo transatlantic flight from Roosevelt Field in East Garden City. Today, Roosevelt Field is one of the largest shopping malls in the world. In 1929 Adelphi College, later upgraded to university, moved from Brooklyn to its present 76 acre campus in Garden City, becoming the first four-year college in Nassau or Suffolk counties. An aviation museum located in Long Island, NY. Contains full scale models of airplances from various time periods. ... Mitchel Air Force Base a. ... Charles Augustus Lindbergh (4 February 1902 – 26 August 1974), known as Lucky Lindy and The Lone Eagle, was an American pilot famous for the first solo, non-stop flight across the Atlantic, from Roosevelt Field, Long Island to Paris in 1927 in the Spirit of St. ... The Garden City Hotel is a four-star hotel in Garden City, Long Island, New York. ... Charles Augustus Lindbergh (4 February 1902 – 26 August 1974), known as Lucky Lindy and The Lone Eagle, was an American pilot famous for the first solo, non-stop flight across the Atlantic, from Roosevelt Field, Long Island to Paris in 1927 in the Spirit of St. ... Roosevelt Airfield was an airfield in Garden City, Nassau County, New York. ... East Garden City is a census-designated place located in Nassau County, New York. ...


Commuter Information


There are five Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) train stations in the town that service Manhattan, Brooklyn and Long Island City. Stops on the LIRR Hempstead line include; Garden City, Nassau Boulevard, Stewart Manor and Country Life Press. There is an additional stop on the LIRR Hicksville line at Merrilon Avenue. Average train time to Manhattan is 36 minutes{{{author}}}, {{{title}}}, [[{{{publisher}}}]], [[{{{date}}}]]..


Schools

There are seven schools in the Garden City School District: three primary schools (Hemlock School, Homestead School and Locust School), two elementary schools (Stewart School and Stratford School),the Garden City Middle School (grades 6-8), and finally, the Garden City High School (grades 9-12). The primary schools function as a single unit, with three campuses spread across the village.


One independent school, the Waldorf School of Garden City (grades n-12), and two (2) Roman Catholic elementary schools (n-8), St. Joseph School and St. Anne's School are located in Garden City.


Actually, there are 7 commuter rail stations that service Garden City. Some residents also walk to the New Hyde Park and Mineola train stations as well.


Geography

Garden City is located at 40°43′37″N, 73°38′59″W (40.726885, -73.649720).[1]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 13.8 km² (5.3 sq mi), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Garden City is located in central Nassau County, New York. Theodore Roosevelt home at Sagamore Hill Nassau County is a suburban county in the New York Metropolitan Area east of New York City in the U.S. state of New York. ...


Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2006, there were 21,811 people. The population density was 1,567.0/km² (4,059.5/sq mi). There were 7,555 housing units at an average density of 546.3/km² (1,415.2/sq mi). The racial makeup of the village was 94.2% White, 1.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.30% Asian, 0.00% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.8% of the population. Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 7,386 households out of which 36.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 69.8% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.7% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.27. Matrimony redirects here. ...


In the village the population was spread out with 26.5% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 20 to 24, 7.2% from 25 to 34, 42.6% over 45, 21.6% over 60 and 1.9% who were over the age of 85. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.1 males.


The median income for a household in the village was $104,176, and the median income for a family was $120,305. The per capita income for the village was $53,196. The average earnings for a full time year round male is $93,144 and for a full time year around female the average earning is $49,954. About 104 families and 476 individuals below the poverty line poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 2.6% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Notable landmarks

The Cathedral of the Incarnation is an Episcopal church in Garden City, New York, and the cathedral church of the Episcopal Diocese of Long Island. ... St. ... Adelphi University is a private, nonsectarian university located in Garden City, in Nassau County, New York. ... Apostle houses are unique to Garden City. ...

Notable Current and Former Residents

Community David Albert DeBusschere (October 16, 1940 - May 14, 2003) was a professional basketball player born in Detroit, Michigan. ... Nelson Richard DeMille (born August 23, 1943) is an American author. ... John Gibson is a common name, shared by: John Gibson (sculptor) (1790-1866) - British sculptor John Gibson (Indiana) - Territorial Secretary of Indiana Territory Sir John Morison Gibson - Attorney-General of Ontario (1899-1904), appointed Lieutenant Governor of Ontario in 1908. ... Kemp Hannon is a member of the New York State Senate from Nassau County. ... Susan Victoria Lucci (born December 23, 1946) is a Daytime Emmy Award winning actress. ... Eric Mangini (born January 19, 1971 in Hartford, Connecticut) is the current head coach of the New York Jets of the NFL. At the age of 35, he was the youngest head coach in the NFL, as well as the youngest coach in the four major North American sports, including... NFL logo For other uses of the abbreviation NFL, see NFL (disambiguation). ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Curtis Martin (born May 1, 1973 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) is a former American football running back. ... Aristotelis Telly Savalas (January 21, 1922 – January 22, 1994) was a prominent Emmy Award-winning American film and television actor whose career spanned four decades. ... John Frank Tesh (born July 9, 1952) is an American pianist and composer of new age and contemporary Christian music. ... Žigmund (Zsigmond) Pálffy (born May 5, 1972 in Czechoslovakia, now Slovakia) is a professional ice hockey player, currently playing for the Los Angeles Kings of the National Hockey League. ... Mark Parrish (born 2 February 1977 in Edina, Minnesota) is an American ice hockey right winger who currently plays for the Los Angeles Kings of the NHL. // Playing career Parrish was drafted in the third round (79th overall) by the Colorado Avalanche in the 1996 NHL Entry Draft. ... Jason Blake Jason Blake (Born September 2, 1973 in Moorhead, Minnesota, USA) is a Professional Ice Hockey Player. ... Daniel Peter Masterson (born March 13, 1976) is an American actor known for his role as Steven Hyde in That 70s Show. ... Christopher Kennedy Masterson (born January 22, 1980) is an American actor perhaps best known for his role as oldest brother Francis in the sitcom Malcolm in the Middle. ...

Education

Area maps

  • Garden City, New York is at coordinates 40°43′37″N 73°38′59″W / 40.726885, -73.64972 (Garden City, New York)Coordinates: 40°43′37″N 73°38′59″W / 40.726885, -73.64972 (Garden City, New York)

References

  1. ^ US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990. United States Census Bureau (2005-05-03). Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved on 2008-01-31.
The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Garden City: Weather and Much More from Answers.com (2858 words)
Garden City was founded in 1869 and planned by the merchant Alexander Stewart.
Garden City, New York is a village in Nassau County, New York in the USA.
Garden City is on the border of the Town of Hempstead and the Town of North Hempstead.
Garden City, New York - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2932 words)
As of the 2000 census, the Village of Garden City population was 21,672.
Within the Garden City limits are five LIRR stations: Stewart Manor, Nassau Boulevard, Garden City,Country Life Press and Merrillon Avenue.The Merrillon Avenue station is the location of what has become to be known as the "LIRR Massacre." On December 7, 1993, Colin Ferguson, a New York City resident, boarded the 5:33 p.m.
The Waldorf School of Garden City was founded in 1947 (one of the first Waldorf Schools in the United States), originally as a part of Adelphi University.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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