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Encyclopedia > Gansbaai, Western Cape
Gansbaai is located in the Overberg District (blue) of the Western Cape (dark gray) in South Africa (light gray).
Gansbaai is located in the Overberg District (blue) of the Western Cape (dark gray) in South Africa (light gray).
Danger Point lighthouse, near Gansbaai

Gansbaai (Afrikaans: "bay of geese," sometimes referred to as Gans Bay) is a fishing village and popular tourist destination in the Overberg District Municipality, Western Cape, South Africa. It is known for its dense population of Great White Sharks and as a good whale-watching location. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1141x828, 26 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Overberg District Municipality Gansbaai, Western Cape ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1141x828, 26 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Overberg District Municipality Gansbaai, Western Cape ... Map of South Africa showing the Overberg District (within the Western Cape). ... The Western Cape is a province in the south west of South Africa. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 340 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gansbaai, Western Cape Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x1600, 340 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Gansbaai, Western Cape Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Look up Wiktionary:Swadesh lists for Afrikaans and Dutch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Genera Anser Branta Chen Cereopsis Cnemiornis (extinct) † see also: Swan, Duck Anatidae Goose (plural geese) is the general English name for a considerable number of birds, belonging to the family Anatidae. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish. ... Tourists at Oahu island, Hawaii Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... Map of South Africa showing the Overberg District (within the Western Cape). ... The Western Cape is a province in the south west of South Africa. ... Binomial name Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) Range (in blue) The great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, also known as white pointer, white shark, or white death, is an exceptionally large lamniform shark found in coastal surface waters in all major oceans. ... Whale watching off the coast of Bar Harbor, Maine. ...


History

Gansbaai on Danger Point Peninsula has one of the oldest histories in the world. At the time when Neanderthal-man was still the dominating species of "homo" in Europe, a group of modern people (homo sapiens sapiens) had already made Klipgat Cave their home. Remains have been excavated proving that modern man was living here more than 70'000 years ago. Klipgat Cave is located in the Walker Bay Nature Reserve, next to De Kelders, the residential shore area of Gansbaai. As one of only three places in South Africa where such old remains have been excavated, Klipgat Cave is one of the most important cultural assets in the Western Cape. The reserve and the cave are open for the public.


The earliest evidence of the presence of sheep-herding "Khoi" people (after the hunter-gatherer-"San", the original indigenous population of the Western Cape) in the Western Cape has been found in Klipgat Cave as well. Until the arrival of the first white settlers at the end of the 18th century, the Khoi people thrived on Danger Point Peninsula and its hinterland. An expedition sent by Jan van Riebeeck to the area has described meeting people of the so-called Chainouqua-tribe near Baardskeerdersbos, a rural hamlet, 15 km from Gansbaai. The river flowing through the Baardskeerdersbos Valley is still called "Boesmansrivier" (Afrikaans for Bushman's river). "Bushman" is a derogatory name for San-people, but will in this case have reflected Khoi-people.


It was people of Khoi-descent that erected the first permanent settlement on Danger Point Peninsula. In 1811 fishing-cottages were built at Stanfords Bay in De Kelders.


The first white settlers in the area were "trekboere" (nomad farmers). They copied the Khoi herding techniques of using a grazing area until it was exhausted and subsequently moving on to greener pastures. The area was big and fertile enough for such purposes. On many of the large farms around Gansbaai, the old and original homesteads and mudstone-houses tell of the days that the white farmers settled down.


Danger Point was the place were the HMS Birkenhead wrecked in 1852. A barely surfaced rock 2 km from Danger Point (now aptly called "Birkenhead Rock") appeared fatal for the troopship carrying young Welsh and Scottish boys and their officers and family on their way to Eastern Cape to fight the Xhosa. The Birkenhead became famous because it was the first wrecking ship were the "women-and-chlidren-first principle" was rigidly applied. All women and children were saved, most of the men perished. The horses swam to shore and were the ancestors of a feral herd that roamed the plains east of Gansbaai until late in the 20th century.


In 1895 the Danger Point Lighthouse was built, providing more security for the ships in these treacherous waters: between Danger Point and Cape Infanta, to the east of Gansbaai more than 140 ships wrecked and thousands of sailors have drowned.


Gansbaai was founded in 1881 after 18-year-old fisherman Johannes Cornelis Wessels walked there across the dunes from Stanford and discovered how good the fishing was in the area. He settled there, and soon after other families followed suit. Up until the late 20th century, however, it was little more than an impoverished fishing village due to its isolation and lack of communication with the outside world. 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... A Long Island fisherman cleans his nets A fisherman in central Chile A fisherman is a person who engages in the activity of fishing. ... Mesquite Flat Dunes in Death Valley National Park In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built by eolian (wind-related) processes. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Gansbaai's economy received a boost in 1939 when a small factory was built to process sharks' livers for Vitamin A and lubricant, which came into high demand during World War II. After the war, however, demand fell and the few short years of prosperity were over. 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... A factory worker in 1940s Fort Worth, Texas. ... Shark liver oil is obtained from sharks caught for food purposes only, living in cold, deep oceans. ... Retinol, the dietary form of vitamin A, is a fat-soluble, antioxidant vitamin important in vision and bone growth. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Lubrication. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead...


It wasn't until local school principal Johannes Barnard persuaded village fishermen to set up the first Fishery Cooperative in South Africa that the economy began to solidify. Barnard helped the fishermen obtain capital from the Fisheries Development Corporation, deepen the harbour and establish a modern fish meal factory. The town became a municipality in 1963. Fish Meal - Menhaden, Herring, Anchovy, Redfish, and Whitefish meal Menhaden is the major source of fish meal produced in the U.S. The fish are taken in Atlantic coastal waters from Maine to Florida and in the Gulf of Mexico. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...


Today, Gansbaai's economy still revolves around its fishing industry, but an increasingly large part of it now comes from tourism. It is considered the Great White Shark capital of the world, drawing National Geographic Society film crews and researchers from around the globe to study the wildlife. It has also become a popular whale-watching spot for the Southern Right Whale. Binomial name Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) Range (in blue) The great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, also known as white pointer, white shark, or white death, is an exceptionally large lamniform shark found in coastal surface waters in all major oceans. ... Flag of the National Geographic Society The National Geographic Society, is a not-for-profit scientific organization based in the United States. ... Whale watching off the coast of Bar Harbor, Maine. ... Binomial name Balaena mysticetus Linnaeus, 1758 Eubalaena australis (Desmoulins, 1822) Range of the Southern Right Whale, Eubalaena australis Eubalaena glacialis (Müller, 1776) Range of the Atlantic Northern Right Whale, Eubalaena glacialis. ...


The Southern right whale can be seen in large numbers, especially from the rocky shores of De Kelders on Walker Bay. This is also the spot of the old whaling station. The look-out platform and the steps down to are still standing. Today whales are protected in South Afric and the descendants of the whalers are now the skippers on the boats that take tourists out for boat-based whale watching.


The hinterland is known for its vast natural and mountaineous landscapes covered with unspoilt vegetation of the Cape Floral Kingdom ('fynbos"). As the smallest of the 6 world's floral kingdoms, the Cape Floral Kingdom is -with 9000 different species- the richest.


The official website of Gansbaai http://www.danger-point-peninsula.co.za provides in-depth information about the history of Danger-Point-Peninsula and Gansbaai next to a full description of its today's features and attractions.


Dyer Island, Geyser Rock and Shark Alley

The original name of Dyer Island was Isla da Fera (Island of wild creatures), so named by Portuguese seafarers in the 15th century.


Dyer Island is the largest of a group of islands about five miles offshore from Gansbaai and less than that from Danger Point Peninsula. It is named after Samson Dyer, an emigrant from the USA to the Cape Colony in 1806, who lived on the island collecting guano, which he sold to mainlanders as fertilizer. The island is home to thousands of Jackass Penguins. Official language English and Dutch1 Capital Cape Town Largest City Cape Town Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 1st 569,020 km² (1910) Negligible Population  - Total (1911)  - Density Ranked 1st 2,564,965 4. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Chincha guano islands in Peru. ... spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers are compounds given to plants with the intention of promoting growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ... Binomial name Spheniscus demersus (Linnaeus, 1758) The African Penguin (Spheniscus demersus), also known as the Jackass Penguin (after its donkey-like braying call), and the Blackfooted Penguin, is found on the south-western coast of Africa, living in colonies on 24 islands between Namibia and Algoa Bay, near Port Elizabeth...


Due to centuries of overharvesting of guano, the African Penguins have difficulty to make their nests: they use the guano to make burrows to protect their young from sea-gulls. A co-operation between Cape Nature and the local boat-operator, Dyer Island Cruises, has launched the project to place thousands of artificial burrows on the island to bring the penguin-population back to a sustainable level. The public can support this initiative by buying one or more of these "penguin-houses". For more information contact mailto:gansbaaiinfo@telkomsa.net


Geyser Rock is a smaller island nearby, and is home to tens of thousands of Cape Fur Seals. Binomial name Arctocephalus pusillus (Schreber, 1775) The Cape Fur Seal (also known as the South African Fur Seal) and the Australian Fur Seal are two subspecies of the Arctocephalus pusillus species of fur seal. ...


The shallow channel between the two islands — popularly known as "Shark Alley" — is home to the densest known population of Great White Sharks in the world, attracted by the abundance of their staple food: the Cape fur seal. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Canal. ... Binomial name Carcharodon carcharias (Linnaeus, 1758) Range (in blue) The great white shark, Carcharodon carcharias, also known as white pointer, white shark, or white death, is an exceptionally large lamniform shark found in coastal surface waters in all major oceans. ...


Dyer Island is a nature reserve and cannot be accessed by the general public but boat-tours leave from Kleinbaai on Danger Point Peninsula to watch whales, stop at a shark-diving-boat, to cross Shark-alley and to go around Dyer Island.


External link

  • Penguins get a helping home

Coordinates: 34°35′S 19°21′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gansbaai, Western Cape - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1207 words)
Gansbaai is located in the Overberg District (blue) of the Western Cape (dark gray) in South Africa (light gray).
Gansbaai (Afrikaans: "bay of geese," sometimes referred to as Gans Bay) is a fishing village and popular tourist destination in the Overberg District Municipality, Western Cape, South Africa.
Gansbaai was founded in 1881 after 18-year-old fisherman Johannes Cornelis Wessels walked there across the dunes from Stanford and discovered how good the fishing was in the area.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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