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Encyclopedia > Ganja Khanate

Ganja khanate was an independent principality that existed in the territory of Azerbaijan in 1747-1805. Ganja (Azerbaijani Gəncə) is Azerbaijans second largest city. ... For the Star Trek character see Khan Noonien Singh. ... Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields administrative authority. ...

The principality was ruled by the dynasty of Ziadogly (Ziyadkhanovi), which have ruled Ganja as governors under Nadir Shah and was of Qajar extraction. Shakhverdi khan (1740-1761) became the khan of Ganja in 1747. Tomb of Nadir Shah, a popular tourist attraction in Mashhad Nadir Shah (Nadir Qoli Beg, also Tahmasp-Qoli Khan) (October 22, 1688 - June, 1747) ruled as shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the short-lived Afsharid dynasty. ... The Qajar dynasty was the ruling family of Persia from 1796 to 1925. ... Khan (sometimes spelled as Xan, Han) is a title with many meanings, originally commander, leader or ruler, in Mongolian and Turkish. ...

In 1781-84 Ganja was ruled by the Karabakh khan Ibrahim Khan Javanshir. In the 80-ties years of –•VIII century during the government of Javad khan (1785-1804), Ganja khanate has become considerably grown in economic and political importance and it carried out independent foreign policy, sometimes contrary to the Persian one. The khans had its own mint in Ganja.

During the first Russo-Persian War (1804-1813) Ganja was considered by Russians as a town of foremost importance. General Tsitsianov several times approached Javad khan asking him to submit to Russian rule, but each time was refused. On November 20, 1803 Russian army moved from Tiflis and in December Tsitsianov started the siege preparations. After heavy artillery bombardment, on January 3, 1804 at 5 o'clock in the morning Tsitsianov gave the order to attack the fortress. After fierce fighting Russians were able to capture the fortress. Javad khan was killed, together with his sons. Ganja was renamed Elizavetpol in honour of Alexander's wife Elizaveta. In 1805 the imperial government officially abolished the khanate and military district of Elizavetpol was created. This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... View of Tiflis from the Grounds of Saint David Church, ca. ... Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ... Ganja (Gəncə or Ҝәнҹә) is an ancient town now in the Republic of Azerbaijan. ...



- Ziyad oghlu Qajar dynasty -

1747 -1761 Shah Wardi Khan

1761 -1781 Muhammad Hasan Khan

- Jawanshir dynasty -

1781 -1784 Ibrahim Khalil Khan

- Ziyad oghlu Qajar dynasty - 1784 - 1786 Hajji Beg

1786 -3 Jan 1804 Javad Khan



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