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Encyclopedia > Ganja (city)
Map of Azerbaijan showing Ganca sahar

Ganja (Azerbaijani Gəncə) is Azerbaijan's second largest city. Throughout its history, Ganja has had different names, including Gandzak (Գանձակ, Armenian name.) Elizavetpol (Елизаветполь, during initial Russian rule) and Kirovabad (Кировабад, during the Soviet Union's rule). Ganja is the birthplace of the famous classical Persian poet Nizami. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... External links The Legend of Leyli and Majnun Nizami, Jamal al-Din Ilyas. ...


The city was most likely founded in the 5th century AD. To explain the etymology of "Ganja", people refer either to the Persian word of ganj (گنج: "treasure, treasury", of Persian origin), or to the Turkic word of ganj ("young"). The first theory is considered more probable and is mentioned in the related historical texts, and the supporters of that theory tell that the theory points that there having existed a much older, pre-Islamic town there. Persian (known variously as: فارسی Fârsi, local name in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan, پارسی Pârsi, older, local name still used by some speakers, Tajik, a Central Asian dialect, or Dari, another local name in Tajikistan and Afghanistan) is a language spoken in Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Azerbaijan, Armenia... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God)) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second-largest religion. ...


People of Ganja experienced cultural decline after an earthquake in 1139 and the Mongol invasion in the 1231. The city was revived after the Safavids came to power. For a short period of time Ganja was being called Abbasabad, which it was renamed to after shah Abbas I. In 1747, Ganja became the capital of the independent Ganja khanate. In October 1813 by the Gulistan Treaty, the city was transferred to the Russians after Persia's defeat in the Persia-Russia wars. It was renamed to Elizavetpol after the wife of Alexander I of Russia, Elizabeth. ... Events Alphonso I (Afonso Henriques) becomes first king of Portugal Second Council of the Lateran Births Emperor Konoe of Japan Deaths Henry the Proud, Duke of Bavaria and Saxony Categories: 1139 ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... // Events Ardengus becomes bishop of Florence. ... The Safavid Empire at its 1512 borders. ... Shah Abbas I of Safavid at a banquet Detail from a celing fresco; Chehel Sotoun palace; Isfahan Shah Abbas King of the Persians Copper engraving by Dominicus Custos, from his Atrium heroicum Caesarum pub. ... // Events January 31 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Dock Hospital April 9 - The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded by axe on Tower Hill, London, for high treason; he was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain May 14 - First battle of Cape... For the Star Trek character see Khan Noonien Singh. ... Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Gulistan Treaty of 1813 (also written Golestan, Gulestan, and Golistan), was a peace treaty between imperial Russia and Persia, signed on October 24 (November 5) in a village of Gulestan in Karabakh at the end of the first Russo-Persian Wars (1804-1813). ... The term Persian Empire refers to all empires that have ruled over the Iranian plateau. ... Aleksander Pavlovich Romanov or Tsar Alexander I (The Blessed), (Russian: Александр I Павлович) (December 23, 1777–December 1, 1825), was Emperor of Russia from March 23, 1801–December 1, 1825 and King of Poland from 1815–1825. ... Louise Marie Auguste Zahringen, Princess of Baden (24 January 1779 - 4 May (O.S.) = 16 May (N.S.) 1826) daughter of Prince Charles Louis of Baden and Amalia of Hesse-Darmstadt. ...


In 1918 Ganja became a tempopary capital of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, until Baku was recaptured from the British backed Centro Caspian Dictatorship. In 1920 the Soviet Union conquered Azerbaijan and renamed it back to Ganja in 1924, but in 1935 Joseph Stalin renamed the city Kirovabad after Sergei Kirov. In 1991, Azerbaijan became independent, and the ancient name of the city was re-established. 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Flag of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918-1920). ... Satellite view of Baku The Baku harbour on the south of Absheron peninsula The Maiden Tower in old town Baku Baku (Azerbaijani: Bakı), sometimes known as Baky or Baki, is the capital of Azerbaijan. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... (help· info) (Russian, in full: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин (Iosif Vissarionovich Stalin), born Джугашвили (Dzhugashvili), Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი (Ioseb Jughashvili); (December 18 [O.S. December 6] 1878 – March 5, 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from mid-1920s to his death in 1953 and General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of... Sergei Mironovich Kirov (Серге́й Миро́нович Ки́ров) (March 15 O.S. = March 27 N.S., 1886 - December 1, 1934) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and Soviet communist. ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Today Ganja is the second largest city in Azerbaijan. The population is about 300,000. It has an airport, and is home to the Nizami Mausoleum, built in 1991. The Nezami Mausoleum, built in 1991, stands just outside the city of Ganja, Azerbaijan. ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links

  • Iranica article on Ganja
  • Ganja - The memories of stones
  • Ganja at the Azerbaijan Development Gateway
  • Historical Monuments of Ganja
Subdivisions of Azerbaijan Flag of Azerbaijan
Rayons: Absheron | Agdam | Agdash | Agjabadi | Agstafa | Agsu | Astara | Babek* | Balakan | Barda | Beylagan | Bilasuvar | Dashkasan | Davachi | Fizuli | Gadabay | Goranboy | Goychay | Hajigabul | Imishli | Ismailli | Jabrayil | Jalilabad | Julfa* | Kalbajar | Kangarli* | Khachmaz | Khanlar | Khizi | Khojali | Khojavend | Kurdamir | Lachin | Lankaran | Lerik | Masally | Neftchala | Oguz | Ordubad* | Qabala | Qakh | Qazakh | Qobustan | Quba | Qubadli | Qusar | Saatly | Sabirabad | Sadarak* | Salyan | Samukh | Shakhbuz* | Shaki | Shamakhi | Shamkir | Sharur* | Shusha | Siazan | Tartar | Tovuz | Ujar | Yardymli | Yevlakh | Zangilan | Zaqatala | Zardab
Cities:Ali Bayramli | Baku | Ganja | Khankendi | Lankaran | Mingachevir | Naftalan | Nakhichevan* | Shaki | Sumqayit | Shusha | Yevlakh
Asterisks indicate parts of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ganja (city) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (345 words)
Ganja is the birthplace of the famous classical Persian poet Nizami.
In 1747, Ganja became the capital of the independent Ganja khanate.
In October 1813 by the Gulistan Treaty, the city was transferred to the Russians after Persia's defeat in the Persia-Russia wars.
city of Ganja (558 words)
Ganja is the second largest city of the Azerbaijan Republic or North Azerbaijan and the fourth largest one in Transcaucasus, the motherland of the Great Poet Nizami Ganjavi.
The city is situated on a foot of the Small Caucasus, on the road between Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, and Tbilisi, the capital city of Georgia.
Ganja is an ancient city of Azerbaijan which is settled in the fifth century.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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