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Encyclopedia > Gangtok
Gangtok

Gangtok
State
 - District(s)
Sikkim
 - East Sikkim
Coordinates 27.33° N 88.62° E
Area
 - Elevation
25  km²
 - 1437 m
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Population (2001)
 - Density
29,162
 - 2,000/km²
Mayor
Codes
 - Postal
 - Telephone
 - Vehicle
 
 - 737101
 - +03552
 - SK-03

Gangtok pronunciation  (Nepali/Hindi: गंगटोक) is the capital and largest town of the Indian state of Sikkim. It is situated in the lower Himalayas, located at 27.2° N 88.4° E. Known for its clean surroundings and temperate climate, this hill station of about fifty thousand people is the centre of Sikkim's tourist industry. Image File history File links India-locator-map-blank. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... The divisions of a district. ... Sikkim (also Sikhim) (Hindi: सिक्किम) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... East Sikkim is one of the four administrative districts of the Indian state of Sikkim. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Indian Standard Time (IST) is the time zone for India. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... The Indian Postal services employ a 6 digit postal code known as a Postal Index Number (similar to the 5 digit ZIP Codes in USA) that is spanned and geopolitically ordered across the nation. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Image File history File links Gangtok. ... Nepali (Khaskura) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Burma. ... Hindi (हिन्दी or हिंदी in Devanagari; pronunciation: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India [1][2]. It is part of a dialect continuum of the Indic family, bounded on the northwest and west by Punjabi, Sindhi, Urdu, and... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a residential community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... Sikkim (also Sikhim) (Hindi: सिक्किम) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... Kalimpong town as viewed from a distant hill. ...


Gangtok was a small hamlet until the construction of the Enchey Monastery in 1840 made it a pilgrimage center. It became a major stopover between Tibet and British India at the end of the 19th century. Following India's independence in 1947, Sikkim became a nation-state with Gangtok as its capital. In 1975 the monarchy was abrogated and Sikkim became India's twenty-second state, with Gangtok remaining as its capital. The Enchey Monastery is an old Buddhist monastery situated just above the township of Gangtok, capital of Sikkim state India. ... This article is becoming very long. ... The Indian Independence Movement incorporated the efforts by Indians to liberate the region from British, French and Portuguese and form the nation-state of India. ... The term nation-state, while often used interchangeably with the terms unitary state and independent state, refers properly to the parallel occurence of a state and a nation. ...


The precise meaning of the name Gangtok is unclear, though it is generally held to mean "lofty hill". Gangtok is also a centre of Tibetan Buddhist culture and learning with numerous monasteries and religious educational institutions. Tibetan Buddhism, (formerly also called Lamaism after their religious gurus known as lamas), is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and the Himalayan region. ... Monastery of St. ...

Contents

History

See also: History of Sikkim

Not much is known about the early history of Gangtok. The earliest records date from the construction of the hermitic Gangtok monastery in 1716. Gangtok remained a small hamlet until the construction of the Enchey Monastery in 1840 made it a pilgrimage center. After the defeat of the Tibetans by the British, Gangtok became a major stopover in the trade between Tibet and British India at the end of the 19th century. Most of the roads and the telegraph in the area were built during this time. Statue of Guru Rinpoche, the patron saint of Sikkim in Namchi is the tallest statue of saint in the world. ... Onuphrius lived as a hermit in the desert of Upper Egypt in the late 4th century A hermit (from the Greek erēmos, signifying desert, uninhabited, hence desert-dweller) is a person who lives to some greater or lesser degree in seclusion and/or isolation from society. ... The Enchey Monastery is an old Buddhist monastery situated just above the township of Gangtok, capital of Sikkim state India. ... Tibet is situated between the two ancient civilizations of China and India, but the tangled mountain ranges the Tibetan Plateau and the towering Himalayas serve to distance it from both. ... Telegraphy (from the Greek words tele = far away and grapho = write) is the long distance transmission of written messages without physical transport of letters, originally over wire. ...


In 1894, Thutob Namgyal, the Sikkimese monarch under British rule, shifted the capital from Tumlong to Gangtok, increasing its importance. A new grand palace along with other state buildings was built in the new capital. Following India's independence in 1947, Sikkim became a nation-state with Gangtok as its capital. Sikkim became a suzerain of India, with the condition that it would retain its independence, by the treaty signed between the Chogyal and the then Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Trade between India and Tibet continued to flourish through the Nathula and Jelepla passes, offshoots of the ancient Silk Route near Gangtok. These border passes were sealed after the Sino-Indian War in 1962, which deprived Gangtok of its trading business. In 1975, the monarchy was abrogated and Sikkim became India's twenty-second state, with Gangtok as its capital . Thutob Namgyal was the chogyal (monarch) of Sikkim between 1874 and 1914. ... Tumlong was the former capital of the Indian state of Sikkim. ... The Indian Independence Movement incorporated the efforts by Indians to liberate the region from British, French and Portuguese and form the nation-state of India. ... The term nation-state, while often used interchangeably with the terms unitary state and independent state, refers properly to the parallel occurence of a state and a nation. ... Suzerainty refers to a situation in which a region or people is a tributary to a more powerful entity which allows the tributary some limited domestic autonomy but controls its foreign affairs. ... The Chogyal were the monarchs of the former country of Sikkim. ... The Prime Minister of India is, in practice, the most powerful person in the government of India. ... Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindi: , IPA: ) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964) was a senior political leader of the Indian National Congress, was a pivotal figure during the Indian independence movement and served as the first Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ... Nathula Pass (also spelt Ntula, Natu La, Nathu la, or Natula) is a pass on the Indo-China border connecting the Indian state of Sikkim with South Tibet. ... Jelepla Pass (also spelt Jelep La) is an all weather pass between India and Tibet. ... The Silk Road (Traditional Chinese: 絲綢之路; Simplified Chinese: 丝绸之路; pinyin: sī chóu zhī lù) was an interconnected series of routes through Southern Asia traversed by caravan and ocean vessel, and connecting Changan, China with Antioch, Syria, as well as other... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...

Aerial view of Gangtok from a cable car
Aerial view of Gangtok from a cable car

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 84 KB) [edit] Summary February 2004. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 84 KB) [edit] Summary February 2004. ...

Geography

 The Kanchenjunga, the world's third tallest peak, viewed from "Hanuman Tok," near Gangtok. The central peak is the Kanchenjunga.
The Kanchenjunga, the world's third tallest peak, viewed from "Hanuman Tok," near Gangtok. The central peak is the Kanchenjunga.
Bamboo, such as the one pictured here in the Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Gardens, grows in abundance around Gangtok.
Bamboo, such as the one pictured here in the Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Gardens, grows in abundance around Gangtok.
 Gangtok as viewed from the opposite hill.
Gangtok as viewed from the opposite hill.
The "White Hall" complex on "The Ridge" houses the residences of the Chief Minister and Governor of Sikkim.
The "White Hall" complex on "The Ridge" houses the residences of the Chief Minister and Governor of Sikkim.
Inside a traditional Buddhist dwelling in Gangtok.
Inside a traditional Buddhist dwelling in Gangtok.
The Tibetology Museum displays rare Lepcha tapestries, masks and Buddhist statues.
The Tibetology Museum displays rare Lepcha tapestries, masks and Buddhist statues.
The Do-drul Chorten, built in 1945, is a famous Buddhist stupa within Gangtok city limits.
The Do-drul Chorten, built in 1945, is a famous Buddhist stupa within Gangtok city limits.
Rumtek Monastery, one of Buddhism's holiest monasteries, located on the outskirts of Gangtok.
Rumtek Monastery, one of Buddhism's holiest monasteries, located on the outskirts of Gangtok.
The Himalayan Black Bear seen here in the Himalayan Zoological Park.
The Himalayan Black Bear seen here in the Himalayan Zoological Park.

Gangtok is located at 27.33° N 88.62° E[1]. It has an average elevation of 1437 metres (4714 feet). It is situated in the lower Himalayas at an altitude of 1,780 metres (5,480 feet), in southeast Sikkim. In addition to being the state capital, it is also the headquarters of the East Sikkim district. The town lies on one side of a hill, with "The Ridge", a promenade housing the governor's residence at one end and the palace, situated at an altitude of about 6,000 feet (1,828 m), at the other. The city overlooks the Ranikhola in the valley below. Most of the roads are steep, with the buildings built on compacted ground alongside them. The peaks of the snow-clad Himalayan range, including the world's third tallest peak, the Kanchenjunga, can be seen to the east of the city. The Kanchenjunga mountain as viewed from Tashi Viewpoint near Gangtok. ... The Kanchenjunga mountain as viewed from Tashi Viewpoint near Gangtok. ... Kanchenjunga (a number of alternative spellings are used Kangchenjunga which is the correct spelling, Kangchen Dzö-nga, Khangchendzonga, Kanchenjanga, Kachendzonga, or Kangchanfanga) is the third highest mountain in the world and the second highest in Nepal and the highest in India, located in the Taplejung district of Sikkim, straddling the... The Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Gardens has a wide range of flora on offer. ... The Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Gardens has a wide range of flora on offer. ... Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ... View of the city of Gangtok, the capital of the Indian state of Sikkim from the opposite hill on which the Rumtek Monastery is situated. ... View of the city of Gangtok, the capital of the Indian state of Sikkim from the opposite hill on which the Rumtek Monastery is situated. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A Chief Minister is the elected Head of Government of a state of India, a territory of Australia or a British overseas territory that has attained self-government. ... A traditional Buddhist house complete with Buddhist icons and statues in Gangtok. ... A traditional Buddhist house complete with Buddhist icons and statues in Gangtok. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... The Namgyal Research Institute of Tibetology or Tibetology Museum in Gangtok has a vast collection of Tibetan statues, Buddhist icons, tapestries, masks and other objets dart. ... The Namgyal Research Institute of Tibetology or Tibetology Museum in Gangtok has a vast collection of Tibetan statues, Buddhist icons, tapestries, masks and other objets dart. ... The Lepcha (population: 50,000) are the aboriginal inhabitants of present day Sikkim. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Download high resolution version (500x746, 97 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (500x746, 97 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Stupa at Samye Ling Monastery, Scotland A stupa (from the Sanskrit) is a type of Buddhist structure found across the Indian subcontinent, Asia and increasingly in the Western World. ... The Rumtek Monastery is one of Buddhisms most holy moasteries, and is the seat of the Kagyu order. ... The Rumtek Monastery is one of Buddhisms most holy moasteries, and is the seat of the Kagyu order. ... Rumtek monastery Rumtek (Tibetan: རུམ་ཐེག་དགོན་པ་, Wylie: Rum-theg dGon-pa), also called the Dharmachakra Centre, is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Indian state of Sikkim near the capital Gangtok. ... Buddhism (also known as Buddha Dharma, Pali: बुद्ध धम्म, the teachings of the awakened one) is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, a way of life, a practical philosophy, and a life-enhancing system of applied psychology. ... The Himalayan Black Bear is native to the Himalayan mountains. ... The Himalayan Black Bear is native to the Himalayan mountains. ... The Himalayan Black Bear pictured here in the Gangtok zoo. ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... The metre, or meter (US), is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet) is any of several old units of distance or length, measuring around a quarter to a third of a meter. ... East Sikkim is one of the four administrative districts of the Indian state of Sikkim. ... Are you kidding?, this is solid truth here, nothing escapes the eyes of Gov!!!, not even. ... Ranikhola is a river in Sikkim, that flows near Gangtok. ... Kanchenjunga (a number of alternative spellings are used Kangchenjunga which is the correct spelling, Kangchen Dzö-nga, Khangchendzonga, Kanchenjanga, Kachendzonga, or Kangchanfanga) is the third highest mountain in the world and the second highest in Nepal and the highest in India, located in the Taplejung district of Sikkim, straddling the...


Because of its elevation and sheltered environment, Gangtok enjoys a mild, temperate climate all year round. Like most Himalayan towns, Gangtok has five seasons: summer, monsoons, autumn, winter and spring. Temperatures range from a high of 25 °C (77° F) in summer to a low of about 3 °C (37 °F) in winter. Snowfall is rare, and in recent times Gangtok has received snow only in 1990, 2004 and 2005. Temperatures below freezing are also rare. During this season the weather can be sporadic, and change abruptly from bright sunshine and clear skies to heavy rain within a couple of hours. In geography, temperate latitudes of the globe lie between the tropics and the polar circles. ... For other senses of this word, see Summer (disambiguation). ... Monsoon in the Vindhya mountain range, central India A monsoon is a wind pattern that reverses direction with the seasons. ... Fall redirects here. ... For other senses of this word, see winter (disambiguation). ... Spring is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ... Celsius is, or relates to, the Celsius temperature scale. ... Fahrenheit is a temperature scale named after the German physicist Gabriel Fahrenheit (1686–1736), who proposed it in 1724. ... Animation of snowcover changing with the seasons. ... Freezing Point (Chinese: 冰點, bing1 dian3) is a news journal in the Peoples Republic of China which has been the subject of controversy over its criticism of Communist Party officials and the sympathetic ear it lent to a Chinese historian who had criticized official history textbooks. ...


During spring and autumn the weather is generally sunny and mild. Owing to its elevation, Gangtok is often enveloped in fog during the monsoon and winter months. Between June and September (the monsoon months), the rain often causes landslides in the area. The lower Himalayas in general are composed of labile rock formations and therefore prone to landslides even in dry seasons. These landslides can result in the town being cut off from other parts of Sikkim. Evening fog obscures Londons Tower Bridge from passers by. ... Landslide of soil and regolith in Pakistan A landslide is a geological phenomenon which includes a wide range of ground movement, such as rock falls, deep failure of slopes and shallow debris flows. ...


Flora around Gangtok includes temperate, deciduous forests of poplar, birch, oak, and elm, as well as evergreen, coniferous trees of the wet alpine. Densely forested regions of these evergreens lie just around the town. A wide variety of rare orchids are often featured in flower shows around the city. Sunflower, marigold, poinsettia, and other flowers bloom in November and December. Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... This article is about woody plants of the genus Populus. ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... Species See text. ... A Silver Fir shoot showing three successive years of retained leaves In botany, an evergreen plant is a plant which retains its leaves year-round, with each leaf persisting for more than 12 months. ... Orders & Families Cordaitales † Pinales   Pinaceae - Pine family   Araucariaceae - Araucaria family   Podocarpaceae - Yellow-wood family   Sciadopityaceae - Umbrella-pine family   Cupressaceae - Cypress family   Cephalotaxaceae - Plum-yew family   Taxaceae - Yew family Vojnovskyales † Voltziales † The conifers, division Pinophyta, are one of 13 or 14 division level taxa within the Kingdom Plantae. ... For the climate of the mountains named the Alps, see climate) for a region above the tree-line. ... Orchid re-directs here; for alternate uses see Orchid (disambiguation) Genera Over 800 See List of Orchidaceae genera. ... Binomial name Helianthus annuus L. The sunflower (Helianthus annuus) is an annual plant in the family Asteraceae, with a large flower head (inflorescence). ... Species About 20, see text : also numerous garden hybrids and cultivars The marigolds, genus Calendula L., are a genus of about 20 species of annual or perennial herbaceous plants in the daisy family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region and Macaronesia. ... Binomial name Euphorbia pulcherrima Willd. ...


Bamboo grows in abundance along the slopes of Gangtok, providing a perennial source of spring water, which originates from the roots of the trees. In the lower reaches of the town, the vegetation graduates from alpine to subtropical and temperate deciduous. Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ... Subtropical (or semitropical) areas are those adjacent to the tropics, usually roughly defined as the ranges 23. ...


Localities

The areas which make up Gangtok though in no particular order are :

Palzor Stadium Road

Also called P.S. Road, it joins the low lying localities and suburbs with the main town. Palzor Stadium is one of its major stops. As it nears its end, it is flanked by many hotels and also the stop of the SNT or the Sikkim National Transport Buses. Some major hotels include Hotel Tibet, Hotel Mayur, Hotel Mt. Jopuno among others. The top floor of Hotel Tibet is the residence of The Dalai Lama when he visits Gangtok. There is also a Taxi stand. The 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso (1876-1933) In Tibetan Buddhism, the successive Dalai Lamas (Tibetan: ཏ་ཱལའི་བླ་མ་; Wylie: Taa-la’i Bla-ma; Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Dálài LÇŽmā) form a tulku lineage of Gelug leaders which trace back to 1391. ...

Mahtama Gandhi Road

Also called M.G. Road, it is the main commercial district of Gangtok. There are many shops run by members of the Marwari community or migrant Biharis. The Marwari (also variously Marvari, Marwadi, Marvadi) is a language originating in the Western Indian state of Rajasthan, but is also found in the neighboring state of Gujarat and in Eastern Pakistan. ...

Lal Bazar

This is the main market of the town and occurs at the end of M.G. Road. Farmers from all over the state and adjoining areas including Nepal and Bhutan come to the market to sell their produce every weekend.

Development Area

This area is fairly remote and is situated at a higher altitude and has been identified by the Govt. for future expansion. It is also called Zero Point. The State Library is in this area.


Gangtok's highest lodge is the Siniolchu Lodge located near the Enchey Monastery. It is also close to the state's main TV transmission tower.


Economy

Sikkim's mountainous terrain results in the lack of train or air links, limiting the area's potential for rapid industrial development. The government is the largest employer in the city, both directly and as contractors. The Sikkim Police also employs a large number of people to patrol the streets. The tourism industry provides employment to many people, with jobs ranging from drivers, shopkeepers to hoteliers. Gangtok receives around 200,000 tourists and earns Rs. 42 crores (9.7 million US $ annually. Its economy does not have a manufacturing base, but cottage industries such as watch-making, country-made alcohol and handicrafts are present. Among the handicrafts are the handmade paper industry made from various vegetable fibers or cotton rags. The main market in Gangtok provides many of the state's rural residents a place to offer their produce during the harvest seasons. The majority of the private business community is made up of Marwaris and Biharis. Sikkim Police is the law enforcement agency of the government of Sikkim in India. ... ISO 4217 Code INR User(s) India Inflation 4. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The use of the term has expanded, and is used to refer to any event which allows a large number of people to lalalawork part time. ... A wrist watch A watch is a small portable timepiece or clock that displays the time and sometimes the day, date, month and year. ... Ethyl alcohol, also known as ethanol or grain alcohol, is a flammable, colorless chemical compound, one of the alcohols that is most often found in alcoholic beverages. ...


As Sikkim is a frontier state, the Indian army maintains a large presence in the vicinity of Gangtok. This leads to a large population of semi-permanent residents who bring money into the local economy. The government of Sikkim also earns a lot of revenue from the numerous Playwin lottery centres (through online gambling) in the city. With the proposed opening of the Nathula Pass by the Union government in April 2006, Gangtok would benefit as a result of trade between India and Tibet. The Nathula Pass, located about fifty kilometres from Gangtok, used to be the primary route of the wool, fur and spice trade with Tibet until 1962, when the border was closed. The Indian Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of India and has the primary responsibility of conducting land-based military operations. ... Playwin is an online lottery run by the Sikkim government. ... Online gambling is a general term for gambling using the Internet. ... Nathula Pass Nathula Pass (also spelt Ntula, Natu La, Nathu la, Natula) is a pass on the Indo-China (Tibet) border in the state of Sikkim. ... Long and short hair wool at the South Central Family Farm Research Center in Boonesville, Arizona Wool is the fibre derived from the fur of animals of the Caprinae family, principally sheep, but the hair of certain species of other mammals such as goats, alpacas and rabbits may also be... A dogs fur usually consists of longer, stiffer, guard hairs—which can be straight, wiry, or wavy, and of various lengths, hiding a soft, short-haired undercoat. ... Screen shot of Spice OPUS, a fork of Berkeley SPICE SPICE (Simulation Program with Integrated Circuits Emphasis) is a general purpose analog circuit simulator. ...


Civic governance

The civic infrastructure of Gangtok is overseen by the local municipal corporation whose councillors are directly elected by the people. The rural roads around Gangtok however, are maintained by the Border Roads Organisation, which is a part of the Indian army. As the headquarters of East Sikkim district, Gangtok also houses the offices of the district collector, an administrator appointed by the Union Government of India. Gangtok is also home to the Sikkim High Court, which is India's smallest High Court in terms of area and population of jurisdiction. The Border Roads Organisation, also known by its acronym BRO, is run by the Indian army to maintain roads that serve the borders areas. ... The Indian Army is the largest branch of the Armed Forces of India and has the primary responsibility of conducting land-based military operations. ... East Sikkim is one of the four administrative districts of the Indian state of Sikkim. ... The District Collector is a Central Indian Government appointee who is in charge of the governance of a district in a state. ... The Sikkim High Court is the High Court of the state of Sikkim. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


Gangtok does not have its own police commissionerate like other cities in India. Instead, it comes under the jurisdiction of the state police, which is headed by a Director General of Police, although an Inspector General of Police oversees the town[2]. Sikkim is known for its very low crime rate[3] and, though official statistics for urban crime are not available, Gangtok can indirectly be said to have one of the lowest crime statistics in India. In India the Director General of Police is the highest ranking police officer in Indian States. ... An Inspector General of Police is a high ranking police officer of the Indian Police Service or Royal Malaysian Police/Polis Di-Raja Malaysia cadre. ...


Infrastructure

Due to the abundance of natural springs in the vicinity, Gangtok does not suffer from a water shortage. It also has an almost uninterrupted electricity supply due to Sikkim's numerous hydroelectric power stations, and has the state's only cardiac hospital. Only 30% of Gangtok has a sewerage network and it is estimated that Rs. 28 crore (6.4 million US$) is required to upgrade the system. Though all buildings are supposed to be at a height of 15 metres (50 feet), this is openly flouted.[4] The city has enforced a ban on the use of plastic bags, in an effort to maintain its harmony with nature. Most shops and businesses pack their goods in paper bags. Lightning strikes during a night-time thunderstorm. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... This page is about the muscular organ, the Heart. ... The word sewerage means the provision of pipes etc to collect and dispose of sewage. ...


Though Gangtok has many good schools, such as the Paljor Namgyal Girls School, it only has a single college offering a degree in arts and commerce [5]. Gangtok does not have a university within the city limits. However, just 8 km from here is the headquarters of the Sikkim Manipal University. There are other institutions offering diplomas in Buddhist literature, catering and other non-mainstream fields. As a result, many of its residents migrate to nearby Siliguri or Kolkata in pursuit of higher education. This problem has been compounded with the growing unemployment in the state, due to the lack of large-scale industries. Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Sikkim Manipal University of Health, Medical and Technological Sciences, established in 1995, is the first government-private initiative in the region. ... A diploma (from Greek diploma) is a certificate or deed issued by an educational institution, such as a university, that testifies that the recipient has successfully completed a particular course of study, or confers an academic degree. ... Siliguri is a rapidly developing metropolis in the Indian state of West Bengal. ...   (IPA: [] Bengali: কলকাতা) (formerly  ) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. ...


Media

Daily newspapers in English, Nepali, and Hindi are available in Gangtok. The Nepali newspapers are printed locally, whereas the Hindi and English newspapers are printed elsewhere. The English newspapers include The Statesman and The Telegraph, which are printed in Siliguri, as well as The Hindu and The Times of India, which are printed in Kolkata and are received after a one-day delay [6]. Established in 1875, The Statesman is among the leading daily newspapers of India. ... This article deals with The Daily Telegraph in Britain, see The Daily Telegraph (Australia) for the Australian publication The Daily Telegraph is a British broadsheet newspaper founded in 1855. ... This article or section may be confusing or unclear for some readers, and should be edited to rectify this. ... The Common Man featured on a commemorative stamp released by the Indian Postal Service on the 150th Anniversary of the Times of India - 1988. ...   (IPA: [] Bengali: কলকাতা) (formerly  ) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. ...


Local magazines include the bi-monthly literay magazine 'Catscanned' (http://www.catscanned.com) which has contributors from all over the world. The magazine focuses on issues pertaining to the North East (of India). The magazine is available at Rachna Books (http://www.rachnabooks.com).


Gangtok has three cinema halls featuring Nepali, Hindi and English language films. The town also has a public library. There are Internet cafés in and around the city, but broadband connectivity is limited. Satellite dishes exist in most homes in the region and the channels available throughout India are also available here, along with a few Nepali language channels. The main service providers are Sikkim Cable, Dish TV, Doordarshan and Nayuma [7]. The national All India Radio is the only radio station in the city. BSNL, Reliance and Airtel have the three largest cellular networks in the town. Broadband in telecommunications is a term which refers to a signaling method which includes or handles a relatively wide range of frequencies which may be divided into channels or frequency bins. ... See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ... Doordarshan () is a Public broadcast Terrestrial television channel run by Prasar Bharati, a board nominated by the Government of India. ... // All India Radio (AIR for short), officially known as Akashwani (Devanagari: आकाशवाणी, ākāshvānÄ«) is the radio broadcaster of India and a division of Prasar Bharati (Broadcasting Corporation of India), an autonomous corporation of the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and appeal to a wider international audience, this article may require cleanup. ... Reliance Infocomm is an Indian telecommunications company, and is the brainchild of Mukesh Ambani, CMD, Reliance Industries. ...


Transport

Taxis are the most widely available public transport within Gangtok. Most of Gangtok's residents stay within a few kilometres of the town centre and many have their own vehicles. Those residing some distance away generally make use of share-jeeps, a kind of public taxis. It is the only capital city in India to have a cable car, which was initially constructed for the elected MLA's to reach the state Assembly. It is now open to the public, though the distance covered is less than a kilometre (0.6 miles). Taxicab, short forms taxi or cab, is a type of public transport for a single passenger, or small group of passengers, typically for a non-shared ride. ... Skytrain Bangkok. ... The construction of the aerial tramway. ... A Minister of Legislative Assembly is an incumbent who is voted in to power into the state legislature by the electorate in India. ...


Gangtok is connected to the rest of India by an all-weather metalled highway, NH-31A, which links Gangtok to Siliguri, located 114 km (71 miles) away in the neighbouring state of West Bengal. The highway also provides a link to the neighbouring hill station towns of Darjeeling and Kalimpong, which are also the nearest urban areas. A regular jeep, van, and bus service links the towns to Gangtok and is the only route to the city from the rest of India. The nearest railhead connected to the rest of India is the station of New Jalpaiguri, a suburb of Siliguri, situated 124 km (77 miles) away from Gangtok. The nearest airport is Bagdogra Airport, 16 km (10 miles) from Siliguri. Although Gangtok does not have an airport, it is linked to Bagdogra airport, near Siliguri, via a regular helicopter service, the Sikkim Helicopter Service. A new airport, which would be the state's first, is slated to be opened by mid-2005. Siliguri is a rapidly developing metropolis in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... West Bengal   (Bengali: পশ্চিমবঙ্গ, Poshchimbôŋgo) is a state in eastern India. ... Darjeeling (Nepali: , Bangla: দার্জিলিং) is a town in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... Kalimpong is a hill station (a hill town) nestled in the Shiwalik Hills (or Lower Himalaya) in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... New Jalpaiguri is a sister city of the city of Siliguri in Indias state of West Bengal. ... Bagdogra airport is a civilian airport at a distance of about eighteen kilometres from the city of Siliguri in northern West Bengal, India. ... The Bell 206 of Canadian Helicopters Robinson Helicopter Company (USA) R44, a four seat development of the R22 A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors. ...


Demographics

Ethnic Nepalis, who settled in the region during British rule, comprise the majority of Gangtok's fifty thousand residents. Lepchas, native to the land, and Bhutias also constitute a sizable portion of the populace. Additionally, a large number of Tibetans have immigrated to the town in recent years. Immigrant resident communities not native to the region include the Marwaris, who own most of the shops; the Biharis, who are employed in mostly blue collar jobs and the Bengalis. Motto: Sanskrit: जननी जन्मभूमिष्च स्वर्गादपि गरीयसी (Mother and motherland are dearer than the heavens) Anthem: Rastriya Gaan Capital (largest city) Kathmandu Nepali Government Transitional government  - King Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev  - Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala Unification December 21, 1768  Area  - Total 147,181 km² (93rd) 56,827 sq mi   - Water (%) 2. ... The Lepcha (population: 50,000) are the aboriginal inhabitants of present day Sikkim. ... The Bhutias are people of Tibetan origin, who migrated to Sikkim, India and Bhutan some time after the 15th century. ... A Tibetan pilgrim The Tibetans speak the Tibetan language natively and form one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), although in anthropological terms they include more than one ethnic group. ... Birthplace of Marwari Clans Marwaris are a group of Indo-Aryan people from the Marwar region of Rajasthan in India. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... A blue-collar worker is a member of the working class who performs manual labor and earns an hourly wage. ... Bengal, known as Bôngo (Bengali: বঙ্গ), Bangla (বাংলা), Bôngodesh (বঙ্গদেশ), or Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ) in the Bengali language, is a region in the northeast of South Asia. ...


Hinduism and Muslims are the two largest religions in Gangtok. Gangtok also has a sizable Christian population, most of which is of Lepcha origin, who converted after British missionaries started preaching here in the late 19th century. The town has remained secular, having never witnessed any sort of inter-religious strife in its history. A mosque in downtown Gangtok also serves the small Muslim minority. Hinduism (Sanskrit: , , also known as , ) is a religion that originated on the Indian subcontinent. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus of Nazareth, referred to as Christ. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Nepali is the most widely spoken language in Gangtok. English and Hindi are also widely spoken and understood in most of Sikkim, particularly in Gangtok. Other languages spoken in Gangtok include Bhutia (Sikkimese), Tibetan and Lepcha. Nepali (Khaskura) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Burma. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hindi (हिन्दी or हिंदी in Devanagari; pronunciation: ), an Indo-European language spoken mainly in northern and central India, is the official language of the Union government of India [1][2]. It is part of a dialect continuum of the Indic family, bounded on the northwest and west by Punjabi, Sindhi, Urdu, and...


As of the 2001 census of IndiaGRIndia, Gangtok had a population of 29,162. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Gangtok has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 75%. In Gangtok, 8% of the population is under 6 years of age. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


Culture

Major Indian festivals, such as Diwali and Makar Sankranti (the popular Hindu festivals) along with the Buddhist festivals like Losar, Loosong, Bhumchu, Saga Dawa, Lhabab Duechen and Drupka Teshi are celebrated in Gangtok. During the Losar, the Tibetan New Year in mid-December, most government offices and tourist centres are closed for a week. In recent times, Christmas has also been celebrated in Gangtok. Diwali, also called Deepavali (Sanskrit: ) is a major Hindu festival that is very significant in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... // Makar Sankranti is a mid-winter festival of India and Nepal. ... The Hindu religion has many festivals. ... Losar is the Tibetan word for new year. ... Loosong is a Buddhist festival celebrated in the twelfth month of the Tibetan calendar. ... Bhumchu (Bhum=pot; Chu=water) is a Buddhist festival celebrated to predict the future. ... Saga Dawa is a Buddhist festival celebrated to observe Buddhas enlightenment. ... Lhabab Duechen is a Buddhist festival celebrated to observe the descent of Buddha from heaven back to earth. ... Drupka Teshi is a Buddhist festival celebrated to observe Buddhas first preaching of the Noble Truths at the Deer park in Sarnath. ... Christmas or Christmas Day is an annual holiday that celebrates the birth of Jesus. ...


Residents of Sikkim are music lovers and it is common to hear Western rock music being played in homes and restaurants. Hindi pop songs are also common. Indigenous Nepali rock, music suffused with a western rock beat and Nepali lyrics, is also particularly popular. The West can refer to : The U.S. West or the American West The Western world, or Western Civilization. ... IndiPop is a fusion of Indian and Western musical styles. ...


Football (soccer) and cricket are the two most popular sports. The Paljor Stadium, which hosts football matches, is the sole sporting ground in the city. Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... For the insect, see Cricket (insect). ...


Noodle-based foods such as the thukpa, chowmein, thanthuk, fakthu, gyathuk and wonton, are relished in Gangtok. The momo is a popular snack made from vegetable, beef, or pork filling, which is steamed and served with a soup. Alcohol is cheap due to low excise duty in Sikkim. Beer, whiskey, rum and brandy are frequently consumed by both locals and non-locals. Look up Noodle in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Momos are a kind of dumpling popular in Nepal, Sikkim and Tibet, similar to Chinese potstickers. ... A cut of beef. ... Two halves of a pig being delivered Pork is the meat taken from pigs. ... Functional group of an alcohol molecule. ... For other uses, see beer (disambiguation). ... Whisky (or whiskey) is an alcoholic beverage distilled from grain, often including malt, which has then been aged in wooden barrels. ... VOLDEMORT WAS HERE! Rum is a distilled beverage made from sugarcane by-products such as molasses and sugarcane juice by a process of fermentation and distillation. ... Brandy pot stills at the Van Ryn Brandy Cellar near Stellenbosch, South Africa Brandy (short for brandywine, from Dutch brandewijn—burning wine) is a general term for distilled wine, usually 40–60% ethyl alcohol by volume. ...


The city's main landmark is a 200 foot (90 m) TV tower that can be viewed from afar. Braun HF 1, Germany, 1958 Television is a telecommunication system for brodcasting and receiving moving pictures and sound over a distance. ...


City institutions

A centre of Buddhist learning and culture, Gangtok's most famous Buddhist institutions are the Enchey monastery, the Do-drul Chorten stupa complex and the Rumtek Monastery. The Enchey monastery is the city's oldest monastery and is the seat of the Nyingma order. The two-hundred year old baroque monastery houses images of gods, goddesses, and other religious artifacts. In the month of January, the Chaam, or masked dance, is performed with great fanfare. The Dro-dul Chorten is a stupa which was constructed in 1945 by Trulshi Rimpoché, head of the Nyingma order of Tibetan Buddhism. Inside this stupa are complete set of relics, holy books, and mantras. Surrounding the edifice are 108 Mani Lhakor, or prayer wheels. The complex also houses a religious school. The Enchey Monastery is an old Buddhist monastery situated just above the township of Gangtok, capital of Sikkim state India. ... Rumtek monastery Rumtek (Tibetan: རུམ་ཐེག་དགོན་པ་, Wylie: Rum-theg dGon-pa), also called the Dharmachakra Centre, is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Indian state of Sikkim near the capital Gangtok. ... The Nyingma tradition is the oldest of the four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism (the other three being the Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug). ... Tibetan Buddhism is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, and Sikkim), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin). ...


The Rumtek Monastery on the outskirts of the town is one of Buddhism's most sacred monasteries. The monastery is the seat of the Kagyu order, one of the major Tibetan sects, and houses some of the world's most sacred and rare Tibetan Buddhist scriptures and religious objects in its reliquary. Constructed in the 1960s, the building is modelled after a similar monastery in Lhasa, Tibet. Rumtek was the focus of international media attention[8] in 2000 after the seventeenth Karmapa, one of the four holiest lamas, fled Lhasa and sought refuge in the monastery. Rumtek monastery Rumtek (Tibetan: རུམ་ཐེག་དགོན་པ་, Wylie: Rum-theg dGon-pa), also called the Dharmachakra Centre, is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery located in the Indian state of Sikkim near the capital Gangtok. ... The Kagyu (Tibetan: བཀའབརྒྱུད་; Wylie: Bka-brgyud) school, also known as the Oral Lineage and the Spotless Practice Lineage school, is one of four major schools of Tibetan Buddhism, the other three being Nyingma (Rnying-ma), Sakya (Sa-skya), and Gelug (Dge-lugs). ... Tibetan Buddhism, (formerly also called Lamaism after their religious gurus known as lamas), is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and the Himalayan region. ... Lhasa prefecture-level city in Tibet Autonomous Region Lhasa (Tibetan: ལྷ་ས་; Wylie: lha-sa; Simplified Chinese: 拉萨; Traditional Chinese: 拉薩; pinyin: Lāsà), sometimes spelled Llasa, is the traditional capital of Tibet and the capital of the Tibetan Autonomous Region of the Peoples Republic of China. ... This article is becoming very long. ... The Karmapa (officially His Holiness the Gyalwa Karmapa; Tibetan: རྒྱལ་ད་ཀར་མ་པ་) is the head of the Karma Kagyu, the largest sub-school of the Kagyupa (Tib. ...


The Namgyal Research Institute of Tibetology, better known as the Tibetology Museum, houses a huge collection of masks, Buddhist scriptures, statues, and tapestries. It has over two hundred Buddhist icons, and is a centre of study of Buddhist philosophy. The Ganesh Tok and the Hanuman Tok, dedicated to the Hindu gods Ganpati and Hanuman and housing important Hindu temples, are located in the upper reaches of the town. Popular image of Ganesh In Hinduism, Ganesha (Gaṇeśa, lord of the hosts, also spelled Ganesa and sometimes referred to as Ganesh in Hindi, Bengali and other Indian vernaculars) is the god of wisdom, intelligence, education and prudence. ... Hanuman tearing his chest open to reveal that Rama and Sita are literally in his heart In the Hindu faith, Hanuman (Sanskrit: हनुमत् Hanumat; nominative singular हनुमान् Hanumān), known also as Anjaneya, is one of the most important personalities in the epic, the Ramayana. ...


The Himalayan Zoological Park exhibits the fauna of the Himalayas in their natural habitats. The zoo features the Himalayan Black Bear, the barking deer, the snow leopard, the civet cat, red pandas and the spotted deer. The Jawaharlal Nehru Botanical Gardens, near Rumtek, houses many species of bamboo and as many as fifty different species of tree, including many oaks. The Himalayan Black Bear pictured here in the Gangtok zoo. ... Species 10 species, see text Muntjac are deer of the genus Muntiacus, also known as Barking Deer. ... Binomial name Uncia uncia (Schreber, 1775) Synonyms Panthera unica The snow leopard (Uncia uncia [1][2] or Panthera uncia [3][4][5][6]), also known in some instances as the ounce, is a large cat native to the mountain ranges of central Asia. ... Subfamilies Cryptoproctinae Euplerinae Hemigalinae Paradoxurinae Viverrinae The 35 species of civet, genet and linsang make up the family Viverridae. ... Binomial name Ailurus fulgens F. Cuvier, 1825 The Red Panda (Ailurus fulgens Latin: fire-colored cat) also known as the Lesser Panda, Wah, Bear Cat, or Fire Fox, is a mostly herbivorous mammal, slightly larger than a domestic cat (55 cm long). ... Binomial name Axis axis (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (also spelled cheetal) or spotted deer is a large spotted deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka and most of India. ... Jawaharlal Nehru (Hindi: , IPA: ) (November 14, 1889 – May 27, 1964) was a senior political leader of the Indian National Congress, was a pivotal figure during the Indian independence movement and served as the first Prime Minister of the Republic of India. ... Diversity Around 91 genera and 1,000 species Subtribes Arthrostylidiinae Arundinariinae Bambusinae Chusqueinae Guaduinae Melocanninae Nastinae Racemobambodinae Shibataeinae See the full Taxonomy of the Bambuseae. ... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus, and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ...


References

  • Holidaying in Sikkim and Bhutan – published by Nest and Wings— ISBN 81-87592-07-9
  • Sikkim — Land of Mystic and Splendour – published by Sikkim Tourism
  • Manorama Year Book 2003 – ISBN 81-900461-8-7

Notes

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Gangtok
  2. ^ List of IPS officers and place of posting
  3. ^ Crimes Under the Indian Penal Code Snapshot
  4. ^ Kashmir Times
  5. ^ Educational institutes of Sikkim, Sikkim info
  6. ^ Newspapers, Sikkim info
  7. ^ Entertainment in Sikkim, Sikkim info
  8. ^ Losing Its Karmapa: A Monastery Goes Dark, Lara Wozniak Time Asia, 2001-06-18, Vol 157 No.24
  • http://www.theshillongtimes.com/A-13-oct.html

2001: A Space Odyssey. ... June 18 is the 169th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (170th in leap years), with 196 days remaining. ...

External links


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Headquarters of Sikkim districts

GangtokGeyzingManganNamchi Sikkim (also Sikhim) (Hindi: सिक्किम) is a landlocked Indian state nestled in the Himalayas. ... Gyalshing or Geyzing is the capital of the district of West Sikkim in the Indian state of Sikkim. ... Mangan is the capital of the district of North Sikkim in the Indian state of Sikkim. ... Namchi is the capital of the South Sikkim district in the state of Sikkim, India. ...


State and Union Territory capitals of India

AgartalaAizawlBangaloreBhopalBhubaneswarChandigarhChennai (Madras) • DamanDehradunDelhiDispurGandhinagarGangtokHyderabadImphalItanagarJaipurJammuKavarattiKohimaKolkata (Calcutta) • LucknowMumbai (Bombay) • PanajiPatnaPuducherryPort BlairRaipurRanchiShillongShimlaSilvassaSrinagarThiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)
India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttaranchal Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... Agartala is the capital of the Indian state of Tripura. ... Aizawl is the capital city of the state of Mizoram in India. ... Bangalore or BengalÅ«ru (Kannada: ; pronunciation: in Kannada and in English) is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka. ... Bhopāl   (Hindi: भोपाल, Urdu: بھوپال, IPA: ) is a city in central India. ... Konark Horse in Roundabout Bhubaneswar  population 10 lakhs (Hindi: भुवनेश्वर - in Sanskrit and Oriya/oDiA, The Lord of the Universe) or The temple city of India is a city located on the eastern coast of India. ... Chandigarh (Punjabi: , Hindi: ) also called The City Beautiful, is a city in India that serves as the capital of two states: Punjab and Haryana. ... Chennai   (Tamil: ), formerly known as Madras  , is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu and is Indias fourth largest metropolitan city. ... Daman and Diu (Portuguese: Gujarati is the main language; use of Portuguese is declining because it is not official or taught at school (but still spoken by 10% in Daman). ... Dehradun  , previously called Dehra Doon, (Hindi: देहरादून) is the capital city of the state Uttaranchal in India, and the headquarters of Dehradun District. ... Delhi   (Hindi: , Urdu: ‎, Punjabi: ) is a metropolis in northern India. ... Dispur is the capital of Assam, a state in northeast India. ... Gandhinagar is the capital of Gujarat State, India. ... Hyderabad   or Haydarābād // ( Urdu:حیدر آباد), (Telugu:హైదరాబాదు) is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... Imphal is the capital of Manipur, India. ... Itanagar is the capital of Arunachal Pradesh. ... Also known as the Pink City, Jaipur has a long, rich and colorful history. ... Tawi river side of Jammu City, by Paul La Porte Jammu   (Hindi: जम्मू, Urdu: جموں) is one of the three regions comprising the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... Kavaratti is an island in the Union Territory of Lakshadweep off the coast of the state of Kerala. ... Kohima is the hilly capital of Indias north eastern border state of Nagaland which shares its borders with Burma. ...   (IPA: [] Bengali: কলকাতা) (formerly  ) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal. ... now. ... MumbaÄ« (Marathi: मुंबई, IPA: ), formerly known as Bombay, is the capital of the state of Maharashtra, and the most populous city of India, with an estimated population of about 13 million (as of 2006)[1]. Mumbai is located on the west coast of Maharashtra. ... The Panaji waterfront Panaji (Hindi: पणजी) or Panjim is the capital of the state of Goa in India. ... Paá¹­nā   (Hindi: पटना) is the capital of the Indian state of Bihar, and one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. ... The city of Puducherry is a union territory, a small town enclaved within the state of Tamil Nadu. ... Port Blair is the largest town in the Andaman Islands and the capital of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands union territory of India. ... Raipur (Hindi: रायपुर) is the capital city of the state of Chhattisgarh, India. ... Ranchi   (Hindi: राँची) is the capital city of Jharkhand state, India. ... Shillong (Hindi: शिलांग, Bengali: শিলং) is the capital of Meghalaya, one of the smaller states in India. ... Shimla (Hindi: शिमला, Urdu: شملہ), the summer capital of the erstwhile British Raj in India, is a city and a municipal corporation in Shimla district in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. ... // Silvassa == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == Headline text == == == == == == == (Hindi: सिलवासा, Urdu: سلواس, Gujrati: સેલ્વાસ) is the capital of the Indian Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli sandwiched between the states of Maharashtra and Gujarat. ... Srinagar (Hindi: श्रीनगर, Urdu: سرینگر, Kashmiri: سِرېنَگَر सिरीनगर) , is the summer capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India, and is situated in the valley of Kashmir. ... Thiruvananthapuram   (Malayalam: തിരുവനന്തപുരം TiruvanÅ­ntapuraṁ), formerly known as Trivandrum in English language, is the capital of the Indian state of Kerala and the headquarters of Thiruvananthapuram District. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gangtok: Information from Answers.com (2902 words)
Gangtok was a small hamlet until the construction of the Enchey Monastery in 1840 made it a pilgrimage center.
Gangtok is situated in the lower Himalayas at an altitude of 1,780 metres (5,480 feet), in southeast Sikkim.
Gangtok is connected to the rest of India by an all-weather metalled highway, NH-31A, which links Gangtok to Siliguri, located 114 km (71 miles) away in the neighbouring state of West Bengal.
Gangtok Travel,Gangtok India Travel,Gangtok Tour,Gangtok Tourism (2203 words)
Gangtok Travel - The hill stations in India are not only noted for their cool salubrious air and their stunning mountain scenery but are known for serene ambience, rolling meadows and spellbinding views.
With an average depth of 50 ft, this lake is situated 35 km from Gangtok at an altitude of 12,000 ft on the Gangtok - Nathu-la highway.
Gangtok is connected with Darjeeling, Kalimpong and Siliguri by the national highway 31 A. the Sikkim nationalised transport plies regular bus services between Gangtok and Siliguri and within Sikkim.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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