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Encyclopedia > Ganga basin

The Ganga basin is a part of the composite Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin, which drains an area of 1,086,000 square kilometres. The basin lies in China, Nepal, India and Bangladesh. It is bounded on the north by the Himalayas, on the west by the Aravalli as well as the ridge separating it from Indus basin, on the south by the Vindhyas and Chotanagpur Plateau and on the east by the Brahmaputra ridge. Its catchment lies in the states of Uttar Pradesh (294,364 km²), Madhya Pradesh (198,962 km²), Bihar (143,961 km²), Rajasthan (112,490 km²), West Bengal (71,485 km²), Haryana (34,341 km²), Himachal Pradesh (4,317 km²) and Delhi (1,484 km²), the whole of Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan. The basin has a population of more than 500 million, making it the most populated river basin in the world. The Ganges River (Ganga in Indian languages; Ganges is the Latin form) (Devanagari गंगा) is the major river of northern India and Bangladesh. ... Brahmaputra A dugout with pilot in Chitwan. ... The Meghna River is an important river in South Asia, one of the three rivers responsible for creating the largest delta on earth, most of which is in Bangladesh. ... Perspective view of the Himalaya and Mount Everest as seen from space looking south-south-east from over the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Aravalli Range is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state. ... The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... The Brahmaputra is one of the major rivers of Asia. ... Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش), also popularly known by its abbreviation UP, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ... Madhya Pradesh (मध्य प्रदेश) is a state in central India. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... Rajasthan (राजस्थान) is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Hindi: पश्चिम बंगाल, Poshchim Bôngo) is a state in the eastern region of India. ... Haryana (Hindi: ) is a state in north India. ... Himachal Pradesh (Hindi: हिमाचल प्रदेश), formally the Punjab Hill States, is a mostly mountainous state in northwest India. ... It has been suggested that National Capital Territory of Delhi be merged into this article or section. ...


The basin comprises mountainous regions of the Himalayan ranges with dense forests, sparsely forested Shiwalik hills,the fertile Gangetic plains, the Central highlands lying to the South of the Great plains consist of mountains, hills and plateaus intersected by valleys and river plains. The important soil types found in the basin are sand, loam, clay and their combinations such as sandy loam, silty clay etc. The Siwalik Hills (sometimes spelled Shiwalik, Shivalik, or Sivalik) are a sub-Himalayan mountain range running 1,600 km long from the Tista River, Sikkim, through Nepal and India, into northern Pakistan. ...


The annual surface water potential of the basin has been assessed as 525 km³ in India, Out of which 250 km³ is utilisable water. Arable area of the basin in India is about 580,000 km², which is 29.5% of the total culturable area of India.


The water related issues of the basin are both due to high and low flow. In India, the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal are affected by floods. As Bangladesh lies at the confluence of Brahmaputra and Ganges, it suffers from terrible floods almost every year. Many of the flood problems are caused by northern tributaries of Ganga such as Kosi and Mahananda. Besides these problems are also caused by southern tributaries. Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: उत्तर प्रदेश, Urdu: اتر پردیش), also popularly known by its abbreviation UP, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Union of India. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... West Bengal (Bengali: পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Hindi: पश्चिम बंगाल, Poshchim Bôngo) is a state in the eastern region of India. ... Brahmaputra A dugout with pilot in Chitwan. ... The Ganges River (Ganga in Indian languages; Ganges is the Latin form) (Devanagari गंगा) is the major river of northern India and Bangladesh. ... KOSI (KOSY 101) is an Adult Contemporary station based in Denver, Colorado. ... Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary General Information: Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary is only 8 kms away form Siliguri and is situated in Sukna, which is easily accessible by bus or you can hire a private taxi at a very cheap rate and at last you can reach by train from New Jalpaiguri Railway...


The basin is a high earthquake risk area and experts warn that as many as a million deaths could be expected on the Ganges plain, as the southern flank of the Himalayas has not been active enough over past centuries to release the energy accumulated by the millimetre per week upward movement of the Indian plate.


External links

  • Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law See Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers. Peace Palace Libray
  • S Asia's deadly Himalayan fault
          Waters of South Asia          
Inland Indus | Ganges | Yamuna | Chenab | Jhelum | Brahmaputra | Godavari | Narmada | Tapti | Ravi | Beas | Sutlej | Dudh Kosi | Padma | Sarasvati | Krishna | Kaveri | Meghna | Mahanadi | Son | Ghaghara | Betwa | Chambal | Koshi | Sapt Koshi | Tamur | Mo Chhu | Sankosh | Drangme Chhu | Ganga basin | Ganges Delta | Indus Delta | Dal Lake | Pookode Lake | Skeleton Lake | Chilika Lake | Lake Powai | Borith Lake | Saiful Muluk | Gosaikunda | Nizam Sagar | Red Hills Lake | Malampuzha | Kerala Backwaters
Off the Coast Indian Ocean | Arabian Sea | Laccadive Sea | Bay of Bengal | Gulf of Kutch | Gulf of Khambhat | Palk Bay | Gulf of Mannar
Main Reservoirs and dams in India | Lakes of India | Rivers of India | Lakes of Pakistan | Rivers of Pakistan | Rivers of Bangladesh | Rivers of Bhutan | Lakes of Nepal | Rivers of Nepal
     Geography of South Asia     
Himalaya | Western Ghats | Eastern Ghats | Aravalli Range | The Nilgiris | Vindhya Range | Satpura Range | Garo Hills | Shivalik Hills | Khasi Hills | Annamalai Hills | Cardamom Hills | Sulaiman Mountains | Karakoram | Hindu Kush | Chittagong Hill Tracts | Deccan Plateau | Thar Desert | Makran | Chota Nagpur | Naga Hills | Mysore Plateau | Ladakh Plateau
Indo-Gangetic plain | Indus River Delta | Ganga basin | Ganges Delta | Atolls of Maldives | Coromandel Coast | Konkan | Lakshadweep | Andaman and Nicobar Islands | Sundarbans | Rann of Kutch
Main India | Pakistan | Nepal | Bhutan | Sri Lanka | Bangladesh | The Maldives

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ganges River - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1193 words)
The Ganga then flows across the broad plains of north India, (called the Gangetic Plains), and forms the major river basin of that vast region.
Swollen by the waters of a wide basin that draws from watersheds as diverse as the Himalayas and the Aravallis, the Ganga forms a formidable current in the stretch between Allahabad and Malda, and thereafter, a large delta.
The Ganga Action Plan has been set up under the Indian Government bureaucracy, and is attempting to build a number of waste treatment facilities, under Dutch and British support, and to collaborate with a number of voluntary organizations.
Ganga basin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (364 words)
The Ganga basin is a part of the composite Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin, which drains an area of 1,086,000 square kilometres.
It is bounded on the north by the Himalayas, on the west by the Aravalli as well as the ridge separating it from Indus basin, on the south by the Vindhyas and Chotanagpur Plateau and on the east by the Brahmaputra ridge.
The basin comprises mountainous regions of the Himalayan ranges with dense forests, sparsely forested Shiwalik hills,the fertile Gangetic plains, the Central highlands lying to the South of the Great plains consist of mountains, hills and plateaus intersected by valleys and river plains.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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