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Encyclopedia > Game Boy
Game Boy
CENTER
Manufacturer Nintendo
Type Handheld game console
Generation Third generation
First available JP April 21, 1989
NA August 1989
EU 1990
Media Game Boy cartridges
Units sold Worldwide: 118.69 million, including Game Boy Color units (as of March 31, 2005).
Japan: 32.47 million
Americas: 44.06 million
Other: 42.16 million[1][2]
Top-selling game Tetris, 33 million (pack-in / separately).[3]
Pokémon Red, Blue, and Green, 20.08 million approximately (details).[4][5]
Predecessor Game & Watch
Successor Game Boy Pocket

The Game Boy (ゲームボーイ Gēmu Bōi?) is a compact video game system developed and manufactured by Nintendo, released in 1989 at US$89.95.[6][7] The Game Boy was the first successful handheld console, and was the predecessor of all other iterations of the Game Boy line. They pushed back the Game boy color because sales were so good. The Game Boy ) line is a line of battery-powered handheld game consoles sold by Nintendo. ... Image File history File links Gameboy_logo. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (480x800, 26 KB)Nintendo Gameboy, picture by me fdgsf File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A console manufacturer is a company that manufactures and distributes video game consoles. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ... Video games were introduced as a commercial entertainment medium in 1971, becoming the basis for an important entertainment industry in the late 1970s/early 1980s in the United States, Japan, and Europe. ... In the history of video games, the 8-bit era was the third generation of video game consoles, but the first after the video game crash of 1983 and considered by some to be the first modern era of console gaming. ... This article is about the country in East Asia. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Cartridge for the VIC 20 homecomputer In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ... This is a list of video game console and handheld game console sales. ... The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States and 1999 in Europe. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America[1] and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... This is a list of video games that have sold one million copies or more. ... Tetris was a pack-in title included with the Nintendo Game Boy at the handhelds release in 1989. ... Pack-in games are those games that have been included with home video game systems, as gratuity. ... Pokémon Red and Pokémon Blue are the first two installments of the Pokémon series of role-playing video games, first released for the Game Boy in Japan in 1996, later released to the rest of the world in 1998 (North America) and 1999 (Europe and Australia), and... This is a list of video games that have sold one million copies or more. ... (New Wide Screen), 1982 The Game & Watch (G&W) series were handheld electronic games made by Nintendo and created by its game designer Gunpei Yokoi from 1980 to 1991. ... The original Game Boys design set the standard for handheld gaming consoles. ... A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... USD redirects here. ... The Game Boy ) line is a line of battery-powered handheld game consoles sold by Nintendo. ...


The Game Boy was originally bundled with the puzzle game Tetris.[6] Tetris was a pack-in title included with the Nintendo Game Boy at the handhelds release in 1989. ...

Contents

Features

Technical information

  • CPU: Custom 8-bit Sharp x80 core at 4.19 MHz which is similar to an Intel8080 in that all of the registers introduced in the Z80 are not present. However, some of the instruction set enhancements from the Z80, particularly bit manipulation are present. Still other instructions are unique to this particular flavor of x80 CPU. The core also contains integrated sound generation
  • RAM: 8 kByte internal S-RAM
  • Video RAM: 8 kByte internal
  • ROM: On-CPU-Die 256-byte bootstrap; 256 kbit, 512 kbit, 1 Mbit, 2 Mbit and 4 Mbit and 8 Mbit cartridges
  • Sound: 2 Square Waves, 1 programmable 32-sample 4-bit PCM Wave, 1 White noise. The unit only has one speaker, but headphones provide stereo sound
  • Display: Reflective LCD 160 × 144 pixels
  • Screen size: 66 mm (2.6 in) diagonal
  • Color Palette: 4 shades of "gray" (green to (very) dark green)
  • Communication: Up to 4 Game Boys can be linked together via serial ports
  • Power: 6 V, 0.7 W (4 AA batteries provide ~#35 hours)
  • Dimensions: 90mm(W) × 148mm(H) × 32mm(D)/3.5 × 5.8 × 1.3 (inch)

CPU redirects here. ... Sharp Corporation ) (TYO: 6753 , LuxSE: SRP) is a Japanese electronics manufacturer, founded in 1912. ... AMD clone NEC 8080AF (2nd-source). ... One of the first Z80 microprocessors manufactured; the date stamp is from June 1976. ... RAM redirects here. ... Read-only memory (usually known by its acronym, ROM) is a class of storage media used in computers and other electronic devices. ... A kilobit is a unit of information storage, abbreviated kbit or sometimes kb. ... The Megabit is a unit of information storage, abbreviated Mbit or sometimes Mb. ... Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a modulation technique. ... Calculated spectrum of a generated approximation of white noise White noise is a random signal (or process) with a flat power spectral density. ... LCD redirects here. ... This article is about the picture element. ...

Controls

The Game Boy's main controls are located on the lower half of its front frame.


Like the NES controller, the Game Boy has four face buttons labelled "A", "B", "SELECT", and "START". The functions of these face buttons vary from game to game, though generally, the START button is used as a "pause" function to temporarily stop gameplay. The Game Boy also features a directional pad, allowing up to eight directions of movement in its games. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ...


Outside of buttons used in gameplay, there is a volume control knob on the right side of the console, and a similar knob to change the contrast on the left side. The ON/OFF switch is located at the top of the Game Boy.[8] Left side of the image has low contrast, the right has higher contrast. ... This article is about electrical switches. ...


Input/output

The right side of the Game Boy, showing the volume control and the link cable port.
The right side of the Game Boy, showing the volume control and the link cable port.

The Game Boy contains the following input/output connectors: Image File history File links Game_Boy(RTSide). ... Image File history File links Game_Boy(RTSide). ...

  • A power input, located on the left side of the handheld console. The power adapter was included in a rechargeable battery pack kit. Separate editions of the battery pack were made for 110V and 230V countries. The Game Boy requires 6V DC of at least 250mA.[8]
  • A link cable port, located on the right side. It connects multiple Game Boy handheld consoles, and transfers information between two or more games of the same type or same series. This was widely used in games such as Pokémon. The port can also be used to connect a Game Boy Printer
  • A 3.5mm stereo headphone jack output is located on the bottom side of the console.
  • An input for Game Boy cartridges (also called Game Paks) is situated on top of the Game Boy.

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Josephson junction array chip developed by NIST as a standard volt. ... Direct current (DC or continuous current) is the continuous flow of electricity through a conductor such as a wire from high to low potential. ... For other uses, see Ampere (disambiguation). ... The Game Link cable is an accessory to the Game Boy line of handheld video game systems allowing players to connect two games of the same type, or part of the same series, generally to unlock hidden features, such as characters, which require it to access them. ... Pokémon logo This article deals with the video games. ... The GameBoy Printer The Game Boy Printer (named by Pocket Printer in Japan) Nintendo is a thermal printer designed for the Game Boy and Game Boy Color systems and was released in 1998. ... 2. ... Cartridge for the VIC 20 homecomputer In various types of electronic equipment, a cartridge can refer one method of adding different functionality or content (e. ...

Games

A screenshot from Tetris (1989) for the Game Boy.
A screenshot from Tetris (1989) for the Game Boy.

One of the top-selling games for the Game Boy was Tetris, which sold about 30 million copies in the US,[9] and is an example of a killer app. Tetris was packaged with the Game Boy and, often, consumers were buying the Game Boy to play Tetris.[10] screenshot Game Boy Tetris by me This is a screenshot of a copyrighted computer game or video game. ... This is a list of games for the Game Boy handheld game system, organized alphabetically by name, followed by catalog number where known. ... Tetris was a pack-in title included with the Nintendo Game Boy at the handhelds release in 1989. ... A killer application (commonly shortened to killer app), in the jargon of computer programmers and video gamers, has come to mean any program, particularly a minor one, that is ingeniously coded or unexpectedly useful. ...


The last game released and marketed for the original Game Boy was Pokémon Yellow in 1999,[citation needed] although numerous games released over the next few years for its successor, the Game Boy Color, would also be playable on the system. The last game released for the GameBoy Color which is also compatible with the original GameBoy was From TV Animation - One Piece: Maboroshi no Grand Line Boukenki!, released in June 2002 in Japan.[citation needed] Pokémon Yellow: Special Pikachu Edition is the fourth game in the Pokémon video game series in Japan, and the third in North America and Europe. ... The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States and 1999 in Europe. ...


Sales and competition

As of March 31, 2005, the Game Boy and Game Boy Color combined have sold 118.69 million units worldwide.[1][2] The Game Boy line has become the quintessential handheld gaming system, and until the recent Nintendo DS, was by far the most popular one on the market. is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States and 1999 in Europe. ... NDS redirects here. ...


At the time of its release in 1989, the Atari Lynx was also just being introduced to the market. This system featured color graphics, a backlit screen, and networking capabilities.[11] Nevertheless, its release price of $179, substantial requirement of 6 AA batteries that would provide roughly only four hours of gameplay (compared to 35 hours on 4 AA batteries for the Game Boy), physical bulkiness, and other factors doomed it to a second-rate status.[12] The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ...


In 1991, Nintendo experienced heavier competition from Sega's Game Gear. To promote its new, color console, Sega aired a number of negative but unsuccessful ad campaigns in the United States that criticized the Game Boy's monochrome color palette. Like the Lynx, it too required six AA batteries that only lasted about 4-6 hours and was much more expensive than the Game Boy. The Game Gear had the advantage of being fully compatible (with an adapter) with all Sega Master System games and, while not as successful as the Game Boy, it sold from 1991 until early 1997. Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... This article is about the video game company. ... The Sega Game Gear is a handheld game console which was Segas response to Nintendos Game Boy. ... This article is about the video game company. ...


Accessories

Handheld game consoles
Early units
Microvision | Handheld electronic games
Nintendo handhelds
Game & Watch | Game Boy (Pocket) (Light) | Game Boy Color | Game Boy Advance (SP) | Game Boy Micro | Pokémon Pikachu | Pokémon mini | Nintendo DS (Lite)
Bandai handhelds
WonderSwan | WonderSwan Color | SwanCrystal
GamePark/Holdings handhelds
GP32 | GP2X | XGP
SNK handhelds
Neo Geo Pocket | Neo Geo Pocket Color
Sega handhelds
Game Gear | Nomad | Mega Jet | VMU
Sony handhelds
PocketStation | PlayStation Portable (Slim)
Other handhelds
Atari Lynx | Gamate | Watara Supervision | Mega Duck | Game.com | Gizmondo | N-Gage | TurboExpress | Tapwave Zodiac | Pepper Pad | GameKing | iRiver G10 | Ez MINI
Comparison
See also: Game Boy accessories

Several accessories compatible with the Game Boy were also produced: A handheld game console is a lightweight, portable electronic machine for playing video games. ... Microvision The Microvision was a hand-held game console released by Milton Bradley Company in 1979. ... Handheld electronic games are very small, portable devices for playing interactive games, often miniaturized versions of video games. ... Nintendo Company, Limited (任天堂 or ニンテンドー Nintendō; NASDAQ: NTDOY, TYO: 7974 usually referred to as simply Nintendo, or Big N ) is a multinational corporation founded on September 23, 1889[1] in Kyoto, Japan by Fusajiro Yamauchi to produce handmade hanafuda cards. ... (New Wide Screen), 1982 The Game & Watch (G&W) series were handheld electronic games made by Nintendo and created by its game designer Gunpei Yokoi from 1980 to 1991. ... The Game Boy ) line is a line of battery-powered handheld game consoles sold by Nintendo. ... The Game Boy ) line is a line of battery-powered handheld game consoles sold by Nintendo. ... The Game Boy Color , shortened to GBC) is Nintendos successor to the Game Boy and was released on October 21, 1998 in Japan and in November of 1998 in the United States and 1999 in Europe. ... “GBA” redirects here. ... The Game Boy Advance SP ), released in February 2003, is an upgraded version of Nintendos Game Boy Advance. ... Game Boy Micro , trademarked Game Boy micro) is a handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ... NDS redirects here. ... The Nintendo DS Lite ) (sometimes abbreviated DSLite is a dual-screen handheld game console developed and manufactured by Nintendo. ... This article is about the Japanese toy manufacturer. ... WonderSwan is a handheld game console released in Japan by Bandai in 1999. ... The WonderSwan Color is a handheld game console designed by Bandai. ... The SwanCrystal ) is the third (and likely final) version of Bandais WonderSwan handheld game console brand, succeeding the WonderSwan and WonderSwan Color. ... Game Park is a Korean company responsible for creating the GP32 and XGP. GP32 Hardware and Design // History Foundation Founded in 1996 in Korea, Game Park entered the industry through government money. ... GamePark Holdings is a Korean company responsible for creating the GP2X that was founded by former employees of the game maker GamePark. ... The GP32 (GamePark 32) is a hand held console built by the Korean company Game Park. ... The GP2X is an open-source, Linux-based handheld video game console and media player created and sold by GamePark Holdings of South Korea. ... The XGP (Extreme Game Player) is a portable video game system created by the Korean company GamePark as the follow-up to its GP32 handheld. ... SNK redirects here. ... Neo Geo Pocket (Monochrome) The Neo Geo Pocket was SNKs original hand held system. ... The Neo-Geo Pocket Color (or NGPC) was released on March 16, 1999 in Japan. ... This article is about the video game company. ... The Sega Game Gear is a handheld game console which was Segas response to Nintendos Game Boy. ... The Sega Nomad was a handheld game console sold in North America and South America, mainly in Brazil, essentially a mini-Genesis console, based on the Japanese Mega Jet and featuring a built-in color screen. ... The Sega Mega Jet The Sega Mega Jet was a handheld version of the Mega Drive video game console. ... Sega Dreamcast VMU The VMU, initialism of Visual Memory Unit (called VMS, Visual Memory System in Japan or Virtual Memory Unit), is a memory card peripheral for the Sega Dreamcast. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... The PocketStation is a miniature game console created by Sony as a peripheral for the PlayStation. ... The PlayStation Portable , officially abbreviated as PSP) is a handheld game console released and currently manufactured by Sony Computer Entertainment. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into PlayStation Portable. ... The Lynx was a handheld game console released by Atari in 1989. ... Gamate and 3 games The Gamate, known as 超級小子 (chaoji xiaozi, literally Super Boy) in Chinese-speaking countries, is a handheld game console manufactured by Bit Corporation in the early 1990s, and released in Australia, parts of Europe and Asia, and possibly other regions. ... The Watara Supervision and a cartridge. ... The Mega Duck and Cougar Boy with identical games for both systems. ... The Game. ... The Gizmondo handheld video game unit. ... This article is about the hand-held telephone. ... TurboExpress handheld, TV tuner, games The TurboExpress or (PC Engine GT in Japan) was a portable version of the TurboGrafx, released in 1990 for $249. ... The Tapwave Zodiac 2 The Tapwave Zodiac is a Palm OS 5-based PDA created by the US company Tapwave, and the first Palm-based device developed with gaming and multimedia as primary considerations. ... The Pepper Pad is a mobile computer with Internet capability and doubles as a handheld game console. ... The GameKing is an 8-bit handheld game console produced by the Chinese company TimeTop since 2003. ... The iRiver G10 is a portable media player with 3D gaming capabilities currently in development by iriver. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Shanda. ... This is a comparison of the features of various handheld game consoles. ... // The Game Boy Camera was a rudimentary digital camera. ...

  • The Game Boy Battery Pack (or AC Adapter), sold for about $30 USD, was roughly 3 in. long, 2 in. wide, and 0.5 in. thick. One end of it had a 2 inch-long cord, ending in a 3.5 mm phone plug, while the other end had a standard mains plug. The first version of it was gray with purple lettering, to match the colors used on the Game Boy. It also featured a belt clip. The battery pack was good for several hours of gameplay per charge, providing an alternative to purchasing more AA batteries once their power was exhausted. The product used nickel-cadmium batteries, lasted about 4-5 hours per charge, and could be charged roughly 1000 times before a significant loss in effectiveness. A major drawback of the battery pack was its weight, as well as the way the phone plug stuck out prominently.[13]
  • Released in 1998, the Game Boy Camera was able to take pictures that could be printed out using the Game Boy Printer. The photos were in black and white only, and the resolution of the pictures was 128 x 123. Both the Game Boy Camera and Game Boy Printer products were marketed together in Japan, the U.S., and Europe, primarily towards children.
  • Released at the same time as the Game Boy Camera, the Game Boy Printer was a thermal printer. It ran on six AA batteries. In addition to printing out Game Boy Camera photos, it also ran in conjunction with several Game Boy games, such as Pokémon Yellow and The Legend of Zelda: Link's Awakening DX.
  • The Game Link Cable an accessory that established a data connection between two Game Boys using the same game or game from the same series.
  • The Work Boy was an unreleased accessory for the Game Boy. It included a mini keyboard that plugged into the link cable outlet. The Work Boy cartridge included such programs as a clock, calendar, measurement conversion, and a phone book. This accessory was featured in Volume 36 (May, 1992) of Nintendo Power.

A battery is of one or more electrochemical cells, which store chemical energy and make it available in an electrical form. ... An AC adapter is a power cord designed to allow appliances designed to utilize DC current to be powered from a standard wall outlet by recieve incoming power from that source. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... 2. ... // In most countries, household power is single-phase electric power, in which a single live conductor brings alternating current into a house, and a neutral returns it to the power supply. ... The nickel-cadmium battery (commonly abbreviated NiCd and pronounced nye-cad) is a popular type of rechargeable battery for portable electronics and toys using the metals nickel (Ni) and cadmium (Cd) as the active chemicals. ... A red Game Boy Camera, which also came in several other colors. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The GameBoy Printer The Game Boy Printer (named by Pocket Printer in Japan) Nintendo is a thermal printer designed for the Game Boy and Game Boy Color systems and was released in 1998. ... A thermal printer (or direct thermal printer) produces a printed image by selectively heating coated thermochromic paper, or thermal paper as it is commonly known, when the paper passes over the thermal print head. ... A battery is of one or more electrochemical cells, which store chemical energy and make it available in an electrical form. ... Pokémon Yellow: Special Pikachu Edition is the fourth game in the Pokémon video game series in Japan, and the third in North America and Europe. ... The Game Link cable is an accessory to the Game Boy line of handheld video game systems allowing players to connect two games of the same type, or part of the same series for multiplayer gaming, or to unlock hidden features, such as characters, which require it to access them. ...

See also

Nintendo Portal

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The scope of this article is the use of the Nintendo Game Boy as a musical instrument, be it as a soundsource in the studio, or live on stage. ...

References

  1. ^ a b 05 Nintendo Annual Report - Nintendo Co., Ltd. (PDF) 33. Nintendo Co., Ltd. (2005-05-26). Retrieved on 2007-09-07.
  2. ^ a b A Brief History of Game Console Warfare: Game Boy. BusinessWeek. Retrieved on 2007-09-07.
  3. ^ Did you know?. Nintendo. Retrieved on 2007-09-23.
  4. ^ Japan Platinum Game Chart. The Magic Box. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  5. ^ US Platinum Videogame Chart. The Magic Box. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  6. ^ a b Ken Polsson (2007-08-13). Chronology of Video Game Systems. Retrieved on 2007-09-27.
  7. ^ DOUGLAS C. McGILL. "Home Video Game Players Can Take Show on the Road", New York Times, June 5, 1989. 
  8. ^ a b Nintendo Game Boy (DMG-001). Vidgame.net (2006). Retrieved on 2006-08-22.
  9. ^ Tetris: A History (2005-12-26). Retrieved on 2006-08-22.
  10. ^ Tetris Makes Game Boy a Must-Have (2003-07-23). Retrieved on 2006-08-22.
  11. ^ The Atari Lynx (2006). Retrieved on 2006-08-20.
  12. ^ The Atari Lynx: The Handheld System that Time Forgot! (2006). Retrieved on 2006-08-20.
  13. ^ Game Boy Battery / AC Adapter. The Nintendo Repository (2005-12-11). Retrieved on 2006-08-18.

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