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Encyclopedia > Gallup poll

A Gallup Poll is an opinion poll conducted by The Gallup Organization and frequently used by the mass media for representing public opinion. The Gallup Poll is named after its inventor, the American statistician, George Gallup. Until the mid-1980s the Gallup Poll conducted its polls using door-to-door sampling methods. Now, however, nearly all samples are chosen using the process of random digit dialing. ("How Polls are Conducted", an excerpt from Where America Stands by Michael Golay, 1997) Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... An Opinion poll is a survey of public opinion from a particular sample or pool. ... The Gallup Organization provides a variety of management consulting, human resources and statistical research services. ... Popular press redirects here; note that the University of Wisconsin Press publishes under the imprint The Popular Press. Mass media is a term used to denote a section of the media specifically envisioned and designed to reach a very large audience such as the population of a nation state. ... Public Opinion is a book on media and democracy by Walter Lippmann. ... This article is about the field of statistics. ... George Horace Gallup (November 18, 1901 – July 26, 1984), American statistician, invented the Gallup poll, a successful statistical method of survey sampling for measuring public opinion. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Random digit dialing (RDD) is a method for selecting people for involvement in telephone statistical surveys by generating telephone numbers at random. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


The Gallup Poll has existed since the 1930s. Historically, the Gallup Organization has measured and tracked the public's attitudes concerning virtually every political, social, and economic issue of the day, including highly sensitive or controversial subjects. Although Gallup has typically conducted its polling activities in collaboration with various media organizations and, on occasion, with worldwide associations and academic institutions, these polls are reputed to have been carried out independently and objectively. The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... For other uses, see Politics (disambiguation). ... Social refers to human society or its organization. ... This article is about the human activity. ...


Gallup polls are usually accurate in predicting the correct outcome of the current United States presidential election. A notable exception is the 1948 Thomas Dewey-Harry S. Truman election, where nearly all pollsters predicted a Dewey victory. The Gallup poll also inaccurately projected a slim victory by Gerald Ford in 1976. Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      For other uses, see President of the United States (disambiguation). ... For the current presidential election see: United States presidential election, 2008 United States presidential election determines who serves as president and vice president of the United States for a four-year term, starting at midday on Inauguration Day, which is January 20 of the year after the election. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thomas Edmund Dewey (b. ... For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). ... The United States presidential election of 1948 is considered by most historians as the greatest election upset in American history. ... For other persons named Gerald Ford, see Gerald Ford (disambiguation). ... The United States presidential election of 1976 followed the resignation of President Richard M. Nixon in the wake of the Watergate scandal. ...


See also

An approval rating is a polling term which reflects the percent of respondents to an opinion poll who approve of a particular person or program. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
USATODAY.com (1127 words)
In the final USA TODAY/CNN/Gallup poll before the election, President Bush held a 49-47 edge over Sen. John Kerry when the undecided voters were not allocated to a particular candidate.
When Gallup, using a statistical model that assumes that 9 of 10 of those voters would support Kerry, allocated the voters, the poll ended as a dead heat with each candidate garnering 49%.
The Gallup allocation formula is based on analyses of previous presidential races involving an incumbent.
No. 1199: Gallup Poll (446 words)
The expression "straw poll" goes back to rural America where it derived from another old saying, "straws in the wind." A farmer once threw a handful of straws into the air to see which way the wind was blowing.
Gallup knew that such samples were biased toward people with means.
His mistake was to quit polling two weeks before the election with fourteen percent of the electorate still undecided.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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