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Encyclopedia > Galle
Old Town of Galle and its Fortificationsa
UNESCO World Heritage Site
The Fort: View of the lighthouse
State Party Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Identification #451
Regionb Asia-Pacific

Inscription History UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (966x704, 160 KB) Summary The Dutch fort of Galle on the Southern Coast of Sri Lanka. ... As of 2006, there are a total of 830 World Heritage Sites located in 138 State Parties. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... This is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Asia, Australia and the Pacific (Australasia). ...

Formal Inscription: 1988
10th Session

a Name as officially inscribed on the WH List
b As classified officially by UNESCO
A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State...

Galle (ගාල්ල in Sinhala; காலி in Tamil) (pronounced as one syllable, rhyming with "Gaul" in English, in Sinhalese, IPA /gaːlːə/) is a town situated on the southwestern tip of Sri Lanka, 119 km from Colombo. Galle was known as Gimhathiththa (although Ibn Batuta in the 14th century refers to it as Qali) before the arrival of the Portuguese in the 16th century, when it was the main port on the island. Galle reached the height of its development in the 18th century, before the arrival of the British, who developed the harbor at Colombo. a resource to look at current viewpoints Categories: Indo-Aryan languages | Languages of Sri Lanka | Wikipedia cleanup | Language stubs ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... This chart shows concisely the most common way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is applied to represent the English language. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 37. ... Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Battuta (February 24, 1304 - 1377) was a Moroccan Berber traveller and explorer. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ...


Galle lies in Galle District. Galle is a district of Sri Lanka. ...


On 26 December 2004 the city was devastated by the massive Boxing Day Tsunami caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake that occurred a thousand miles away, off the coast of Indonesia. Thousands were killed in the city alone. December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 361st in leap years. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For related articles, including charities accepting donations, see Category:2004 Indian Ocean earthquake. ... Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ...


Galle is the best example of a fortified city built by Europeans in south and southeast Asia, showing the interaction between European architectural styles and south Asian traditions. The Galle Fort is a world heritage site and the largest remaining fortress in Asia built by European invaders. Other prominent landmarks in Galle include the St. Mary's Cathedral founded by Jesuit priests. This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... This article is about the built environment. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... Taj Mahal Big Ben Saint Basils Cathedral For other senses of this word, see landmark (disambiguation). ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... . ...


Galle is the main town in the most southerly part of the island, with a population of around 100,000, and is connected by rail to Colombo and Matara. It is home to a cricket ground, the Galle International Stadium, where test matches are played. This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For the insect, see Cricket (insect). ... Galle International Stadium is a cricket stadium in Galle, Sri Lanka, situated near the Galle Fort and fringed on two sides by the Indian Ocean. ... A Test match in progress. ...


Rumassala Kanda is a large mound-like hill, which forms the eastern protective barrier to the Galle harbour. Local tradition associates this hill with some events of the Ramayana. For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ...

Contents

History

Sri Lanka with Galle
Sri Lanka with Galle

According to James Emerson Tennent, Galle was the ancient seaport of 'Tarshish', from which King Solomon drew ivory, peacocks and other valuables. Certainly, cinnamon was exported from Sri Lanka as early as 1400 BC and the root of the word itself is Hebrew, so Galle may have been the main entrepot for the spice. Map of Sri Lanka from the 2002 CIA Factbook File links The following pages link to this file: Sri Lanka Geography of Sri Lanka Galle Trincomalee Provinces of Sri Lanka Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... Map of Sri Lanka from the 2002 CIA Factbook File links The following pages link to this file: Sri Lanka Geography of Sri Lanka Galle Trincomalee Provinces of Sri Lanka Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... Sir James Emerson Tennent, 1st Baronet (7 April 1804–6 March 1869), born James Emerson, was an English politician and traveller. ... Tarshish occurs in the Hebrew Bible with two meanings: One of the sons of Javan. ... It has been suggested that Sulayman be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Peacock re-directs here; for alternate uses see Peacock (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Cinnamomum verum J.Presl Cassia (Indonesian cinnamon) is also commonly called (and sometimes sold as) cinnamon. ... (Redirected from 1400 BC) Centuries: 16th century BC - 15th century BC - 14th century BC Decades: 1450s BC 1440s BC 1430s BC 1420s BC 1410s BC - 1400s BC - 1390s BC 1380s BC 1370s BC 1360s BC 1350s BC Events and Trends Palace of Minos destroyed by fire (1400 BC) Several board... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... An entrepôt is a trading centre, or simply a warehouse, where merchandise can be imported and re-exported without paying import duties. ...

View of the city from the sea side
View of the city from the sea side

Galle had been a prominent seaport long before western rule in the country. Persians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans, Malays and Indians were doing business through Galle port. The 'modern' history of Galle starts in 1505, when the first Portuguese ship, under Lourenço de Almeida was driven there by a storm. However, the people of the city refused to let the Portuguese enter it, so the Portuguese took it by force. Roundabout near Galle fort in Sri Lanka Photograph taken summer - autumn 2003 by Joedjemal File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Roundabout near Galle fort in Sri Lanka Photograph taken summer - autumn 2003 by Joedjemal File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Three-quarter scale bronze sculptures 19th C. Malay people, Indonesia, Borneo. ... 1505 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lourenço de Almeida (died 1508), son of Francisco de Almeida, acting under him, distinguished himself in the Indian seas, and made Ceylon tributary to Portugal. ...


In 1640, the Portuguese had to surrender to the Dutch East India Company. The Dutch built the present Fort in the year 1663. They built a fortified wall, using solid granite, and built three bastions, known as 'sun', 'moon' and 'star'. Events December 1 - Portugal regains its independence from Spain and João IV of Portugal becomes king. ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... Fortifications (Latin fortis, strong, and facere, to make) are military constructions designed for defensive warfare. ... // Events Prix de Rome scholarship established for students of the arts. ...

Galle backstreet
Galle backstreet

After the British took over the country from the Dutch in the year 1796, they preserved the Fort unchanged, and used it as the administrative centre of Galle. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 237 KB) Summary Mosque, Galle, Sri Lanka. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 237 KB) Summary Mosque, Galle, Sri Lanka. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 257 KB) Summary Galle, Sri Lanka. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (960x1280, 257 KB) Summary Galle, Sri Lanka. ... Year 1796 (MDCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Demographics

Galle is sizeable town, by Sri Lankan standards, and has a population of 90,934, the majority of whom are of Sinhalese ethnicity. However, there remains a large Sri Lankan Moor minority as well. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Islam in Sri Lanka is practiced entirely by Sri Lankan Muslims, who make up approximately 8% of the population, comprise a group of minorities practicing the religion of Islam in Sri Lanka. ...

Ethnicity Population % Of Total
Sinhalese 66,114 72.71
Sri Lankan Tamils 989 1.09
Indian Tamils 255 0.28
Sri Lankan Moors 23,234 25.56
Other (including Burgher, Malay) 342 0.38
Total 90,934 100

Source: [1] This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Sri Lankan Tamils also known as Eelam Tamils, Ceylonese or Ceylon Tamils and Jaffna Tamils are today a trans-national minority, and are Tamil people from Sri Lanka. ... The Indian Tamils or Hill-country Tamils, are descended from indentured labourers sent from South India to Sri Lanka in the 19th and 20th centuries to work in coffee plantations there (and, after the collapse of coffee planting in Sri Lanka, in tea and rubber plantations). ... Islam in Sri Lanka is practiced entirely by Sri Lankan Muslims, who make up approximately 8% of the population, comprise a group of minorities practicing the religion of Islam in Sri Lanka. ... Burgher can refer to: a title; in the European Middle Ages, a burgher was any freeman of a burgh or borough; or any inhabitant of a borough, a person who lives in town (in Dutch the word for citizen is burger and the German cognate is Bürger). ... Look up Malay in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Universities

Two main faculties of University of Ruhuna are located in Galle. Faculty of Engineering is located at Hapugala about 5 km from the city center. The faculty of Medicine is located at Karapitiya near the the Karapitiya Hospital. The University of Ruhuna is a university located in Matara, Sri Lanka. ... Faculty of Engineering Ruhuna, is one of seven faculties of University of Ruhuna. ...

  • Faculty Of Engineering visit
  • Faculty of Medicine visit
Faculty of engineering, Galle
Faculty of engineering, Galle

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 660 KB)[edit] Summary Rajithaud [edit] Licensing (rajithaud) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 660 KB)[edit] Summary Rajithaud [edit] Licensing (rajithaud) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Schools

  • Malharus Sulhiya National School(Tamil & Sinhala Midium Subjects)
  • Muslim Ladis College (Tamil & Sinhala Midium Subjects)
  • Richmond College (established in 1876) ( Richmond College Home Page)
  • Vidayaloka College (The heart in the Galle Town)
  • Mahinda College (established in 1892) ( Mahinda College Home Page)
  • St.Aloysious College (established in 1895)
  • Southlands College (Southland Balika)
  • Sacred Heart Convent
  • Sangamitta College
  • Rippon College
  • Nagoda National Royal College
  • All Saints College (established in 1867)
  • Siridamma College

Richmond College-Galle Sri Lanka [[History]]:.Galle breaks up to a shower of golden rays each dawn, blessings of the sun god,Ensuring the winds the rains and the harvest from the soil and hope for the people. ... It is a college for the girls in the famous city of Galle in southern Sri Lanka. ...

Twin cities

The City of Galle is twinned with:

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Velsen (population: 67,642 in 2004) is a municipality in the north-western Netherlands, in the province of North Holland, on both sides of the North Sea Canal. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Melbournes CBD has grown to straddle the Yarra River in three major precincts. ... Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ...

See also

Galle fort was built by the Dutch during the 17th centuary. ... The tsunami that struck Malé in the Maldives on December 26, 2004. ... UNAWATUNA Department of Coast Conservation which was hard pressed to impliment a costal resources management plan under Asian Development bank plan, did not spring into action on the aftermath of the Tsunami, and once again the beach front shacks are mushrooming, some even dumping 20 foot steel containers to house... Tondeswaram temple was situated south of the main town of Galle and in a place called Dondra head is supposedly one of the five ancient Shiva temples around the island of Sri Lanka. ... ...

External links



Main Cities Of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka National Flag
Colombo | Sri Jayewardenapura | Anuradhapura | Trincomalee | Jaffna | Kandy | Polonnaruwa | Galle | Batticaloa | Nuwara Eliya | Negombo | Kurunegala | Badulla | Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia | Moratuwa


Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Map of Colombo with its administrative districts Coordinates: District Colombo Division, Colombo District Mayor Uvaiz Mohammad Imitiyaz (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 37. ... District Kotte Division, Colombo District Mayor Swarnalatha Silva (Sri Lanka Freedom Party) Area    - City 17 km² Population (2001)  - City 115,826 ( 2001 census )  - Density 3,305/km²  - Metro 2,234,289 Time zone Sri Lanka Standard Time Zone (UTC+5:30) Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte, (ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ in Sinhala, ஸ்ரீ ஜயவர்த்தனபுரம் கோட்டே in Tamil), also known... Anuradhapura, (අනුරාධපුර in Sinhala), is one of the ancient capitals of Sri Lanka, world famous for its well preserved ruins of the Great Sri Lankan Civilization. ... Trincomalee District Map Trincomalee (Tamil: (Thirukonamalai, hist: Sirigonakanda); Sinhala: (Thirikunamalaya)) is a port city on the northeast coast of Sri Lanka, about 110 miles northeast of Kandy. ... Jaffna District. ... The Temple of the Tooth Relic in Kandy Kandy (මහනුවර/ සෙංකඩගල in Sinhala, கண்டி in Tamil) is the name used by British invaders for the city of Senkadagala (Mahanuwara) in the centre of Sri Lanka. ... The second most ancient of Sri Lankas kingdoms, Polonnaruwa was first declared the capital city by King Vijayabahu I, who defeated the Chola invaders in 1070 CE to reunite the country once more under a local leader. ... Batticaloa District. ... View of Nuwara Eliya from Unique View Road A temple to Hanuman near Nuwara Eliya A tea plantation near Nuwara Eliya A waterfall located in the surroundings of Nuwara Eliya Nuwara Eliya (pronounced approximately ), the City of Light, is a town in Sri Lanka. ... Negombo is a town of about 65,000, approximately 30 km north of Colombo in Sri Lanka. ... View of Kurunegala from atop Ethagala. ... Badulla (?? in Sinhala; பதுளை in Tamil) is the capital of Uva Province, Sri Lanka. ... Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia is a newly created city lying immediately south of Colombo, the largest city in Sri Lanka. ... Moratuwa is a city in South Western Sri Lanka, near Colombo. ...

Provincial Capitals Of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka National Flag
Colombo | Kandy | Galle | Jaffna | Trincomalee | Kurunegala | Anuradhapura | Badulla | Ratnapura


Coordinates: 6°03′N, 80°13′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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