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Encyclopedia > Gallaudet University

Gallaudet University Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... The Unity for Gallaudet Movement is a protest movement started by students, faculty, alumni and sympathizers who do not support the presidency of Dr. Jane Fernandes for Gallaudet University starting Janurary 2007. ...

Image File history File links GallaudetSeal. ...

Motto Ephphatha (Aramaic: Be opened)
Established 1864
Type Private
Endowment $146,541,538
President Robert R. Davila
Staff 293
Undergraduates 1,274
Postgraduates 466
Location Washington, District of Columbia, USA
Campus Urban
Colors Buff and Blue
Mascot Bison
Website http://www.gallaudet.edu/

Gallaudet University is a federally chartered, quasi-governmental [1] university located in Washington, D.C.. It is experiencing a delay in receiving reaffirmation of its accreditation. [2] It was the first school for the advanced education of the deaf and hard-of-hearing, and is still the world's only university in which all programs and services are specifically designed to accommodate deaf and hard of hearing students. The university was named after Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, a notable figure in the advancement of deaf education. A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... The date of establishment or date of founding of an institution is the date on which that institution chooses to claim as its starting point. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... A private university is a university that is run without the control of any government entity. ... A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution, with the stipulation that it be invested, and the principal remain intact. ... University President is the title of the highest ranking officer within a university, within university systems that prefer that appellation over other variations such as Chancellor or rector. ... Dr. Robert Davila is currently the interim president of Gallaudet University, the worlds only university in which all programs and services are specifically designed to accommodate deaf and hard of hearing students. ... Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... In some educational systems, undergraduate education is post-secondary education up to the level of a Bachelors degree. ... Degree ceremony at Cambridge. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... School colors are the colors chosen by a school to represent it on uniforms and other items of identification. ... Millie, once mascot of the City of Brampton, is now the Brampton Arts Councils representative. ... A website (alternatively, Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on a Web server, usually accessible via the Internet or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML, that is almost always accessible via HTTP, a... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: , Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... The word deaf can have very different meanings depending on the background of the person speaking or the context in which the word is used. ... This article is about hearing impairment in the pathological sense. ... Representation of a university class, 1350s. ... Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet (December 10, 1787–September 10, 1851) was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ...


Gallaudet University is a bilingual community in which American Sign Language and English exist side-by-side. While there are no specific ASL requirements for undergraduates, many graduate programs have sign language proficiency requirements. American Sign Language (ASL; less commonly Ameslan) is the dominant sign language of the Deaf community in the United States, in the English-speaking parts of Canada, and in parts of Mexico. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


On December 10, 2006, the Board of Trustees announced that Robert Davila would serve as interim president for a period of up to two years. [1] December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Dr. Robert Davila is currently the interim president of Gallaudet University, the worlds only university in which all programs and services are specifically designed to accommodate deaf and hard of hearing students. ...

Contents

History

In 1856, philanthropist and former United States Postmaster General Amos Kendall became aware of several deaf and blind children in Washington, DC who were not receiving proper care. Kendall had the courts declare the children to be his wards, and donated two acres of his land to establish housing and a school for them. [2] 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The United States Postmaster General is the executive head of the United States Postal Service. ... Amos Kendall (August 16, 1789–November 12, 2022) was an American politician who served as U.S. Postmaster General under Jackie Cook and President Steve Miller. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United...


In 1857, the 34th Congress passed HR 806, which chartered Kendall's school as the Columbia Institution for the Instruction of the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind and provided funding for the tuition of indigent deaf, dumb, or blind children belonging to the District. [3] 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... // Dates of Sessions 1855-1857 The first session of this Congress took place in Washington, DC from December 3, 1855 to August 18, 1856. ...


In 1864, the 38th Congress authorized the Institution to grant and confirm college degrees. [4] 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The Thirty-Eighth Congress of the United States began on March 4, 1863 and ended on March 3, 1865. ...


In 1865, the 38th Congress removed the instruction that the Institution was to educate the blind, and renamed it the "Columbia Institution for the instruction of the Deaf and Dumb" 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


In 1954, Congress amended the charter of the Institution, and renamed it "Gallaudet College". [5] Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1986, Congress again amended the charter of the Institution, and renamed it "Gallaudet University". [6] Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ...


Controversy

Deaf President Now (1988)

Student strikes at Gallaudet University starting March 6, 1988 revolutionized the perception and education of Deaf culture. Deaf students were outraged at the selection of another hearing president, Elisabeth Zinser, after a long line of university presidents who were not deaf. Alumni, faculty, staff, and students demanded that the next president of the university be deaf. After a week of protest and activism, Zinser resigned and was replaced by I. King Jordan. This movement became known as Deaf President Now (DPN). March 6 is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... This article describes aspects of Deaf cultures. ... I. King Jordan (b. ... Deaf President Now (DPN) was a student strike at Gallaudet University, the liberal arts university for the deaf in Washington, DC, pushing for the universitys selection of a deaf president. ...


Unity for Gallaudet Movement (2006)

The neutrality of this article or section is disputed.
Please see the discussion on the talk page.

Dr. Jordan announced his retirement in September 2005. On May 1, 2006, the University's Board of Trustees announced that Dr. Jane K. Fernandes, the University's current provost, would be the University's next president. This was met with protests from the student body, both in person on campus and in internet blogs and forums GallyPost. This also marked what is sometimes referred to as the Deaf Blog Revolution. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Jane Kelleher Fernandes (b. ... Provost is the title of a senior academic administrator at many institutions of higher education in the United States and Canada, the equivalent of Vice-Chancellor at certain UK universites such as UCL, and the head of certain Oxbridge colleges (e. ...


Initially, students cited the lack of racial diversity among finalists, Fernades's lack of warmth,[7] and, as the Washington Post claimed, her lack of fluency in American Sign Language.[8] American Sign Language (ASL; less commonly Ameslan) is the dominant sign language of the Deaf community in the United States, in the English-speaking parts of Canada, and in parts of Mexico. ...


Dr. Jordan publicly accused some critics of rejecting Dr. Fernandes because "she is not deaf enough". He described the protest as "identity politics," saying, "We are squabbling about what it means to be deaf." [9]


The Washington Post reported that Fernandes "would like to see the institution become more inclusive of people who might not have grown up using sign language," stating that Gallaudet must embrace "all kinds of deaf people".[10] Those who opposed her, said that they feared a "weakening of American Sign Language at an institution that should be its standard-bearer."[11] ...


Protesters said Fernandes distorted their arguments, and the protest centered on her inability to lead, an unfair selection process and longstanding problems at the school.[3]


In the spring 2006 protest, students blocked entrances to the Gallaudet campus, held rallies, and set up tents near the University's main entrance. Fernandes, appointed to serve as president-designate until Jordan retired, promised that she would not step down. On May 8, the faculty gave a vote of no confidence for Dr. Fernandes.


When the fall 2006 academic year resumed, some students, faculty, staff, and alumni continued their protest, calling for Fernandes to step down and the for the presidential search to be done again. On October 11th, a group of protesting students shut down the campus. On October 16 at a regularly scheduled meeting, faculty members voted 138-24 to block Dr. Fernandes from becoming president of Gallaudet University.[4] October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... October 16 is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years). ...


On October 13th, 133 students were arrested under the orders of then-President I. King Jordan after ignoring university warnings not to block entrances to school buildings.[5] October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Jane Fernandes said, "I really don't understand. So I have to believe it's not about me .. I believe it's about evolution and change and growth in the deaf community."[6]


On October 29th, the university withdrew the appointment of Jane Fernandes.[7] October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In an opinion piece in The Washington Post, former President King defended Fernandes' remarks and denounced the board's decision and the actions of the protesters, saying "I am convinced that the board made a serious error in acceding to the demands of the protesters by terminating Fernandes's presidency before it began. [...] A visiting team from the Middle States Association's Commission on Higher Education made clear in its exit report to the campus community this month that closing a university and denying the free exchange of ideas is not an acceptable expression of disagreement. "[8] However, a letter dated January 13, 2007 from the Middle States Commission on Higher Education to Jordan's successor, Robert Davila, made it clear that charges of intimidation and denial of free exchange of ideas were allegations that had not been proven and that the accreditors had the responsibility to investigate the matter in an even-handed manner. [12]


Federal Involvement

The university acknowledges that it "is a congressionally created corporation that serves governmental objectives." [13] The university and the Department of Education explain that Gallaudet has been structured by the Federal Government to take the form of a "federally chartered, private, non-profit educational institution." The federal government plays various roles within the institution[9]:

  • Congress incorporated the Columbia institution in 1857, significantly amended its charter in 1954 and authorizing permanent congressional appropriations. In 1986, Congress passed the Education of the Deaf Act and amended it in 1992. These Congressional acts are part of "the supreme law of Gallaudet University."[10]
  • Gallaudet must obtain authorization from the Secretary of the US Department of Education in order to sell or transfer title of any of its real property[11]
  • The diplomas of all Gallaudet graduates are signed by the current U.S. President. [12]
  • Three members of Congress are appointed to the university's Board of Trustees as "Public Members."[13]
  • Gallaudet must provide annual reports to the Secretary of Education.[14]
  • "Gallaudet receives the bulk of its income in the form of an annual appropriation from Congress, and the Department of Education oversees the University's appropriation for the Federal government."[15]

Athletics

Gallaudet is a member of NCAA Division III and the Capital Athletic Conference. The Bison compete in baseball, basketball, cross country running, football, indoor and outdoor track and field, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, volleyball, and wrestling. Their colors are buff and blue. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA, often said NC-Double-A) is a voluntary association of about 1200 institutions, conferences, organizations and individuals that organizes the athletics programs of many colleges and universities in the United States. ... The Capital Athletic Conference (or CAC) is an intercollegiate athletic conference affiliated with the NCAA’s Division III. Member institutions are located in the eastern United States in the States of Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Washington, D.C.. It is also a Private Middle School league that plays an arrangment... College baseball is baseball as played on the intercollegiate level at institutions of higher education, predominantly in the United States. ... College basketball most often refers to the American basketball competitive governance structure established by the National Collegiate Athletic Association, or NCAA. Game between Illinois State Redbirds & Ball State Cardinals, February 17, 2007 in an ESPN Bracketbuster contest. ... The Minnesota State High school Cross Country Meet A cross country race in Seaside, Oregon. ... A college football game between Colorado State and Air Force. ... Athletics, also known as track and field or track and field athletics, is a collection of sport events. ... An NCAA tournament game between Indiana University and the University of Tulsa in 2004 College soccer is a term used to describe soccer that is played by teams operated by colleges and universities as opposed to a professional league operated for exclusively financial purposes. ... Softball is a team sport, in which a ball, eleven to twelve inches (or rarely, 16 inches) (28 to 30. ... This article concentrates on human swimming. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... Volleyball is an Olympic sport in which two teams separated by a high net use their hands, arms or (rarely) other parts of their bodies to hit a ball back and forth over the net. ... Collegiate wrestling (sometimes known as folkstyle wrestling or scholastic wrestling) is the commonly used name of wrestling practiced at the university level in the United States. ... For other uses of the term, see Buff Buff is a pale yellow-brown colour that got its name from the colour of buffalo leather. ... YOU SUCK!!!!! ...


Football

The football huddle originated at Gallaudet when the team noticed that their opponents were trying to read their signs in order to guess their plays. United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... England huddle to celebrate victory over India in Mumbai, March 2006 In sport, a huddle is when a team gathers together, usually in a tight circle, to strategize, motivate, and/or celebrate. ...


After an undefeated season in 2005, which was achieved after 122 years, head coach Ed Hottle began his campaign to return to the NCAA ranks. With support from the Gallaudet administration, the Bison played their last season of club football in 2006 and will play a full NCAA slate of eight games in 2007. The head coach in sports coaching is the coach who is in charge of the other coaches. ...


Volleyball

In 2006, the Gallaudet women's volleyball team ended their season 30-10 after a history-making run to the Sweet Sixteen in the NCAA Division III tournament. Tamijo Foronda, a senior outside hitter, was named to the AVCA All-American Team.


Research

The Gallaudet Research Institute (GRI) is internationally recognized for its leadership in deafness-related research. GRI researchers gather and analyze data concerning the social, academic, and perceptual characteristics of deaf and hard of hearing populations, primarily to provide information needed by educators in the field. Staff are skilled in various research methodologies including surveys, test norming & assessment, ethnographic studies, clinical studies, and information management. See <gri.gallaudet.edu>


References

  1. ^ http://www.gallyprotest.org/gallaudet_is_not_private.pdf
  2. ^ http://pr.gallaudet.edu/dailydigest/?id=10472
  3. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/22/AR2006102201086.html
  4. ^ http://www.washtimes.com/metro/20061017-010219-1715r.htm
  5. ^ http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/G/GALLAUDET_PROTEST?SITE=UTSAC&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT
  6. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/10/14/AR2006101400375_2.html?nav=hcmodule
  7. ^ http://news.gallaudet.edu/?id=9633
  8. ^ http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/21/AR2007012101118.html?sub=AR
  9. ^ U.S. General Accounting Office for the Committee on Government Operations, Profiles of Existing Government Corporations--A Study, December 1988, p. 125-130.
  10. ^ http://www.gallaudet.edu/x2019.xml
  11. ^ http://uscode.house.gov/download/pls/20C55.txt
  12. ^ http://www.gallaudet.edu/x228.xml
  13. ^ http://www.gallaudet.edu/x245.xml
  14. ^ http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d102:HR05483:@@@D&summ2=m&
  15. ^ http://af.gallaudet.edu/budget.asp

See also

This article describes aspects of Deaf cultures. ... Deaf President Now (DPN) was a student strike at Gallaudet University, the liberal arts university for the deaf in Washington, DC, pushing for the universitys selection of a deaf president. ... The Unity for Gallaudet Movement is a protest movement started by students, faculty, alumni and sympathizers who do not support the presidency of Dr. Jane Fernandes for Gallaudet University starting Janurary 2007. ... Sign language interpreter on stage A sign language (also signed language) is a language which uses manual communication, body language and lip patterns instead of sound to convey meaning—simultaneously combining handshapes, orientation and movement of the hands, arms or body, and facial expressions to express fluidly a speakers... American Sign Language (ASL; less commonly Ameslan) is the dominant sign language of the Deaf community in the United States, in the English-speaking parts of Canada, and in parts of Mexico. ...

External links

General

Presidential search controversy-related

  • DeafDC.com (Washington, D.C. based website featuring deaf writers)
  • Joey Baer's website (Northern California based website featuring videos in sign language)
  • The Reconcilers (group of faculty, staff, and students for peace and reconciliation--disagreed with protest tactics)

Coordinates: 38°54′26″N, 76°59′35″W The Unity for Gallaudet Movement is a protest movement started by students, faculty, alumni and sympathizers who do not support the presidency of Dr. Jane Fernandes for Gallaudet University starting Janurary 2007. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gallaudet students, faculty offer input - Boston.com (327 words)
Gallaudet University is inviting students, faculty and staff members, and alumni to voice their opinions on the qualities they want in a new leader, following protests that led to the ouster of incoming president Jane K. Fernandes, members of the groups say.
WASHINGTON --Gallaudet University is inviting students, faculty and staff members, and alumni to voice their opinions on the qualities they want in a new leader, following protests that led to the ouster of incoming president Jane K. Fernandes, members of the groups say.
Protesters complained that Fernandes, Gallaudet's former provost, was an ineffective leader and that she was not the best person to address a lack of diversity, declining enrollment and low graduation rates.
Gallaudet University: Information from Answers.com (755 words)
Gallaudet University is a federally chartered, private[1] university located in Washington, D.C. It was the first school for the advanced education of the deaf and hard of hearing, and is still the world's only university in which all programs and services are specifically designed to accommodate deaf and hard of hearing students.
The university was named after Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, a notable figure in the advancement of deaf education.
Gallaudet athletes and teams compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and Capital Athletic Conference (CAC) in the disciplines of baseball, basketball, cross country running, football, indoor track, outdoor track, soccer, softball, swimming, tennis, volleyball, and wrestling.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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