Gallatin County is a county located in the state of Illinois. As of 2000, the population is 6,445. Its county seat is Shawneetown, Illinois6.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 851 km˛ (328 mi˛). 838 km˛ (324 mi˛) of it is land and 12 km˛ (5 mi˛) of it is water. The total area is 1.43% water.
As of the census2 of 2000, there are 6,445 people, 2,726 households, and 1,837 families residing in the county. The population density is 8/km˛ (20/mi˛). There are 3,071 housing units at an average density of 4/km˛ (10/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county is 98.37% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.06% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.09% from other races, and 0.47% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There are 2,726 households out of which 28.30% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% are married couples living together, 9.80% have a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% are non-families. 29.40% of all households are made up of individuals and 16.10% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.34 and the average family size is 2.90.
In the county the population is spread out with 22.20% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 25.40% from 25 to 44, 26.00% from 45 to 64, and 18.20% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 94.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 90.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county is $26,118, and the median income for a family is $34,539. Males have a median income of $30,750 versus $20,280 for females. The per capita income for the county is $15,575. 20.70% of the population and 15.30% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 31.10% of those under the age of 18 and 14.10% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.
Cities and towns