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Encyclopedia > Gallaecia

Gallaecia or Callaecia (from Gaulish *gal-laikos 'smoke?'-hero/warrior) was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately the current Galicia of Spain and the north of Portugal). The most important city and historical capital of Callaecia was the town of Bracara Augusta, the modern Portuguese Braga. Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120 AD. In Ancient Rome, a province (Latin, provincia, pl. ... Roman aqueduct in Segovia Hispania was the name given by the Romans to the whole of the Iberian Peninsula (modern Portugal, Spain, Andorra and Gibraltar) and to two provinces created there in the period of the Roman Republic: Hispania Citerior and Hispania Ulterior. ... Motto: Capital Santiago de Compostela Official languages Galician and Castilian Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 7th  29 574 km²  5,8% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 5th  2 737 370  6,5%  92,36/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Galician  â€“ Spanish  â€“ Portuguese  Galician  galego  gallego  galego Statute of Autonomy April... Braga is a city in northwestern Portugal, in the province of Minho. ... Braga is a city in northwestern Portugal, in the province of Minho. ...

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Description

The Romans gave the name Gallaecia to the northwest part of the Iberian peninsula after the Gallaeci (Greek Kallaikoi) tribe (or Gallaecians), who had been their foremost enemy in the region. The wild Gallaecian Celts make their entry in written history in the 1st-century epic Punica of Silius Italicus on the First Punic War: topographic map of the Iberian Peninsula The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ... Silius Italicus, in full Titus Catius Silius Italicus (AD 25 or 26 - 101), was a Latin epic poet. ... The First Punic War was fought between Carthage and the Roman Republic from 264 to 241 BC. It was the first of three major wars between the two powers for supremacy in the Mediterranean Sea. ...

Fibrarum et pennae divinarumque sagacem
flammarum misit dives Callaecia pubem,
barbara nunc patriis ululantem carmina linguis,
nunc pedis alterno percussa verbere terra,
ad numerum resonas gaudentem plauder caetras. (book III.344-7)
"Rich Gallaecia sent its youths, wise in the knowledge of divination by the entrails of beasts, by feathers and flames— who, now crying out the barbarian song of their native tongue, now alternately stamping the ground in their rhythmic dances until the ground rang, and accompanying the playing with sonorous caetras" [Gaulish *gaitas - based on the noun *gaita 'wind'] (or gaethas, bagpipes, perhaps their earliest mention.)

Gallaecia, as a region, was thus marked for the Romans as much for its mixed Celtiberian culture, the culture of the castros or castrexa, the hillforts of Celtic origin, as for the lure of its gold mines. This civilization extended over present-day Galicia, the north of Portugal, the western part of Asturias, the Bierzo, and Sanabria. Barbarian was originally a Greek term applied to any foreigner, one not sharing a recognized culture or language with the speaker or writer employing the term. ... A bagpipe performer in Amsterdam. ... The Celtiberians dwelt in the Iberian Peninsula and spoke a Celtic language. ... The term hill fort is commonly used by archeologists to describe fortified enclosures located to exploit a rise in elevation for defensive advantage. ... Capital Oviedo Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10 604 km²  2,1% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 12th  1 056 789  2,5%  99,65/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Asturian  â€“ Spanish  Asturian  asturianu/a,  asturiano/a Statute of Autonomy January 11, 1982 Parliamentary representation  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate seats...


At a far later date, the mythic history that was encapsulated in Leabhar Gabhala Eireann credited Gallaecia as the point from which the Celts sailed to conquer Ireland, as they had Gallaecia, by force of arms; they had previously come from the east Mediterranean around three hundred years before (cf. the Celtic tribes that were moving into the north east mediterranean areas at the time). Lebor Gabála Érenn (The Book of the Taking of Ireland) is the Middle Irish title of a loose collection of poems and prose narratives recounting the mythical origins and history of the Irish race from the creation of the world down to the Middle Ages. ...


History

After the Punic Wars, the Romans turned their attention to conquering Hispania. The tribe of the Gallaicoi 60,000 strong, according to Paulus Orosius, faced the Roman forces in 137 BCE in a battle at the river Douro (Latin Duero), which resulted in a great Roman victory, by virtue of which the Roman proconsul Decimus Junius Brutus returned a hero, receiving the agnomen Gallaicus ("conqueror of the Gallaicoi"). From this time, Gallaecian fighters joined the Roman legions, to serve as far away as Dacia and Britain. The final extinction of Celtic resistance was the aim of the violent and ruthless Cantabrian Wars fought under the emperor Octavian from 26 to 19 BCE. The resistance was appalling: collective suicide rather than before surrender, mothers who killed their children before committing suicide, crucified prisoners of war who sang triumphant hymns, rebellions of captives who killed their guards and returned home from Gaul. Paulus Orosius (c. ... The Douro at Oporto Douro (Spanish Duero, Latin Durius, Portuguese Douro) is one of the major rivers of Spain and Portugal, flowing from its source near Soria across central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Oporto. ... Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus (died 43 BC) was a Roman politician and general of the 1st century BC, one of Julius Caesars assassins. ... ... The Cantabrian Wars (29 BC-19 BC) occurred during the Roman conquest of the ancient province of Cantabria. ... Augustus Caesar The title Caesar Augustus, given to every emperor of the Roman Empire and the Byzantine Empire, originates from this person. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC - 20s BC - 10s BC 0s 10s 20s 30s Years: 31 BC 30 BC 29 BC 28 BC 27 BC 26 BC 25 BC 24 BC 23 BC 22 BC 21... (Redirected from 19 BCE) Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 60s BC 50s BC 40s BC 30s BC 20s BC - 10s BC - 0s 10s 20s 30s 40s Years: 24 BC 23 BC 22 BC 21 BC 20 BC 19 BC 18 BC 17 BC 16 BC... Map of Gaul circa 58 BC Gaul (from Latin Gallia, c. ...

Roman Gallaecia
Roman Gallaecia

For Rome Gallaecia was a region formed exclusively by two conventus—the Lucensis and the Bracarensis—and was distinguished clearly from other zones like the Asturica, according to written sources: Download high resolution version (1266x1692, 141 KB) Map of Roman Gallaecia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1266x1692, 141 KB) Map of Roman Gallaecia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

    • Legatus iuridici to per ASTURIAE ET GALLAECIAE.
    • Procurator ASTURIAE ET GALLAECIAE.
    • Cohors ASTURUM ET GALLAECORUM.
    • Pliny: ASTURIA ET GALLAECIA

In the 3rd century, Diocletian created an administrative division which included the conventus of Gallaecia, Asturica and perhaps Cluniense. This province took the name of Gallaecia since Gallaecia was the most populous and important zone within the province. In 409, as Roman control collapsed, the Suebi conquests transformed Roman Gallaecia (convents Lucense and Bracarense) into the kingdom of Gallaecia (the Galliciense Regnum recorded by Hydatius and Gregory of Tours). Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19c portrait. ... // Events The Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east. ... Emperor Diocletian Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (245?-312?), born Diocles, was Roman Emperor from November 20, 284 to May 1, 305. ... The Suebi or Suevi were an eastern Germanic people whose origin was near the Baltic Sea. ... Written by Michael Kulikowski, Modifed by Wikipedia contributors, published by Wikimedia Hydatius (c. ... Gregory of Tours (c. ...


In Beatus of Liébana (d. 798), Gallaecia refers to the Christian part of the Iberian peninsula, whereas Hispania refers to the Muslim one. The emirs found it not worth their while to conquer these mountains filled with fighters and lacking oil or wine. The world map called St. ... topographic map of the Iberian Peninsula The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe. ...


In Charlemagne's time, bishops of Gallaecia attended the Council of Frankfurt in 794. During his residence in Aquisgran, he received embassies of the kings of Gallaecia (796-798) according to the Frankish chronicles. Charlemagne (ca. ...


Sancho III of Navarre in 1029 refers to Vermudo III as Imperator domus Vermudus in Gallaecia. Sancho III (c. ...


See also

Motto: Capital Santiago de Compostela Official languages Galician and Castilian Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 7th  29 574 km²  5,8% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 5th  2 737 370  6,5%  92,36/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Galician  â€“ Spanish  â€“ Portuguese  Galician  galego  gallego  galego Statute of Autonomy April... The Suebi or Suevi were an eastern Germanic people whose origin was near the Baltic Sea. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... This is a historical timeline of Portugal. ... This is a historical timeline of Portugal. ... This is a historical timeline of Portugal. ...

External links

  • Alfonso Carbonell Lombardero, "The Gaels in Gallaecia"
  • Detailed map of the Pre-Roman Peoples of Iberia (around 200 BC)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gallaecia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (583 words)
Gallaecia or Callaecia was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately the current Galicia of Spain and the north of Portugal).
The Romans gave the name Gallaecia to the northwest part of the Iberian peninsula after the Gallaeci (Greek Kallaikoi) tribe (or Gallaecians), who had been their foremost enemy in the region.
Gallaecia, as a region, was thus marked for the Romans as much for its mixed Celtiberian culture, the culture of the castros or castrexa, the hillforts of Celtic origin, as for the lure of its gold mines.
Suebi - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (644 words)
Contemporaneously with the self-governing province of Britannia, the kingdom of Suebi in Galicia became the first of the sub-Roman kingdoms to be formed in the distintegrating territory of the Western Roman Empire.
Bracara Augusta, the modern city of Braga, became the Capital of the Suebi, as it was previously the capital of the Gallaecia Roman province.
Suebic Gallaecia was larger than the modern region: it extended south to the Douro and to Avila in the east.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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