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Encyclopedia > Galician people
Galicians
Galician civil flag
Eduardo Pondal Manuel Fraga Iribarne Rosalía de Castro
Total population

approx. 10 million of descendents worldwide Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Bandeira_galega_civil. ... Image File history File links Valle-Inclan. ...

Regions with significant populations
Galicia
          A Coruña Province 1,126,707
          Lugo Province 357.625
          Ourense Province 339.555
          Pontevedra Province 938.311
          Total 2,737,370
Diaspora
Flag of Spain Spain
Flag of Argentina Argentina
Flag of Cuba Cuba
Flag of Uruguay Uruguay
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela
Flag of Brazil Brazil
Language(s)
Galician language, Eonavian, Spanish
Religion(s)
Roman Catholic
Related ethnic groups
other Spaniards, Portuguese, Irish, Scots, Welsh, French, Italians

The Galicians are an ethnic group or nationality whose homeland is Galicia (or Galiza), which is a historial region in Southwestern Europe, embracing a territory situated in the north-west of Spain. The language of Galicia is Galician. Image File history File links Bandeira_galega_civil. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... A Coruña (also: La Coruña in Spanish, La Corogne in French and La Croyne and Corunna in English) is the most North-western Atlantic-facing province of Spain, and one of the four provinces which constitute the autonomous community of Galicia. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Galicia (Spain) | Provinces of Spain ... Map of Ourense Ourense ( Castilian, Ourense) is a province of northwestern Spain, in the southeastern part of the autonomous community of Galicia. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Galicia (Spain) | Provinces of Spain ... For other uses, see Diaspora (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ... Eonavian or Eonaviego is a term used to refer a set of dialects or falas whose linguistic dominion extends in the zone of Asturias between the Eo and Navia rivers (or more exactly Eo and Barayo rivers). ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... The Spanish people or Spaniards are an ethnic group native to Spain, in southwestern Europe, who are primarily descended from the autochthonous pre-Indo-European Euskaldunak, Latin, Visigothic, Celtic and Moorish peoples. ... Scots may refer to: people from Scotland (i. ... Look up Welsh, welsh in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Historical regions in Spain are those that are granted by the 1978 Constitution a special status as autonomous communities. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ...

Contents

Geography and Demographics

Political and administrative divisions

The autonomous community (a concept established in the Spanish constitution of 1981) that is known as (a) Comunidade Autónoma Galega in Galician , and as (la) Comunidad Autónoma Gallega in Spanish (in English: Galician Autonomous Community) , is composed of the four Spanish provinces of A Coruña, Lugo , Ourense and Pontevedra. Constitution of Spain - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name La Coruña (Galician) Spanish name La Coruña Postal code 15xxx Area code 34 (Spain) + 981 (La Coruña) Website http://www. ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : UST - summer : UST +1 General information Native name Lugo (Galician) Spanish name Lugo Postal code 2700X Website http://www. ... For the province, see Ourense (province). ... Pontevedra is a city in northwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Pontevedra in Galicia. ...


Other Galician-speaking locations are situated in the Spanish provinces of León and Zamora in the Autonomous Community of Castile and Leon and in the Autonomous Community of Asturias. León province León (Llión in Asturian-leonese language) is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northwestern part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ... Zamora may refer to // Ecuador Zamora, Ecuador Zamora-Chinchipe Province Mexico Zamora, Michoacán Gutiérrez Zamora, Veracruz Spain Zamora, Spain Zamora (province) United States Zamora, California Venezuela Zamora Municipality, Aragua Zamora Municipality, Miranda Bobby Zamora, English footballer Diane Zamora, American convicted of murder Ezequiel Zamora, 19th-century Venezuelan military... Capital Valladolid Area  – Total  – % of Spain Ranked 1st  94,223 km²  18,6% Population  – Total (2003)  – % of Spain  – Density Ranked 6th  2,480,369  5. ... Anthem: Asturias, patria querida Capital Oviedo Official language(s) Spanish; Asturian has special status Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10,604 km²  2. ...


Population, main cities and languages

There are 2,767,524 people living in the Galician Autonomous Community (1,129,141 in La Coruña, 356,595 in Lugo , 338,671 in Ourense and 943,117 in Pontevedra). The most important cities in this region, which serve as the provinces' administrative centres, are Vigo , Pontevedra (in Pontevedra), Santiago de Compostela , La Coruña , Ferrol (in La Coruña) , Lugo (in Lugo) and Ourense (in Ourense). The official languages are Galician and Spanish. Knowledge of Spanish is compulsory according to the Spanish constitution, and virtually universal. Knowledge of Galician, after declining for many years owing to the pressure of Spanish and official persecution, is again on the rise due to favourable official language policies and popular support. Currently about 90 per cent of Galicia's population speaks Galician. Location Location of Vigo in Spain and Pontevedra Coordinates : , , . Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Vigo (Galician) Spanish name Vigo Nickname La Ciudad Olvica (The Olive City) Postal code 36xxx Website http://www. ... Pontevedra is a city in northwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Pontevedra in Galicia. ... Location Location of Santiago de Compostela Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician) Spanish name Santiago de Compostela Postal code 15700 Website santiagodecompostela. ... Torre de Hércules View from the Torre de Hércules A Coruña (Galician name, also known in English as Corunna; in Spanish as La Coruña) is a Galician city, in north-western Spain at 43° 22′ 0″ N 8° 22′ 60″ W. It is the capital of... Ferrol can refer to: EUROPE Ferrol, Spain City and Naval Station in North Western Spain, European Union Note: Place of birth of both Francisco Franco (1892) the Spanish dictator and Pablo Iglesias (1850) founder of PSOE and UGT. ASIA Ferrol, Romblon Small Town in the Philippines Note: The Philippines got... Location Coordinates : Time zone : UST - summer : UST +1 General information Native name Lugo (Galician) Spanish name Lugo Postal code 2700X Website http://www. ... For the province, see Ourense (province). ... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ...


Galician language

Speakers of Galician as first language according to Population and Housing Census of the Galician Statistics Institute (2001)
Speakers of Galician as first language according to Population and Housing Census of the Galician Statistics Institute (2001)
Main article: Galician language

Galician is an Iberian Romance language belonging to the Western Ibero-Romance branch of the Indo-European languages. It is spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of an "historic nationality" in northwestern Spain. Galician is also spoken in the neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León, near their borders with Galicia. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1164x985, 102 KB) Created by Susana Freixeiro. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1164x985, 102 KB) Created by Susana Freixeiro. ... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ... This article is about a subdivision of the Romance language family. ... For other uses, see Indo-European. ... Galicia (Iberian peninsula) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... Anthem: Asturias, patria querida Capital Oviedo Official language(s) Spanish; Asturian has special status Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 10th  10,604 km²  2. ... Capital Valladolid Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 1st  94,223 km²  18,6% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 6th  2,480,369  5. ...


Galician and Portuguese were, during medieval times, a single language spoken in the Kingdom of Galicia and in Portugal. The language is variously called Galician-Portuguese, Medieval Galician, or Archaic Portuguese. The two modern languages continue to be linked by a dialect continuum in the north of Portugal. ... Galician-Portuguese (also known as galego-português or galaico-português in Portuguese and as galego-portugués or galaico-portugués in Galician) was a West Iberian Romance language spoken in the Middle Ages, in the northwest area of the Iberian Peninsula. ... A dialect continuum is a range of dialects spoken across a large geographical area, differing only slightly between areas that are geographically close, and gradually decreasing in mutual intelligibility as the distances become greater. ...


Despite the positive effects of official recognition of the Galician language, Galicia's socio-linguistic development has suffered from the growing influence of Castilian Spanish, a world language. The drift toward Spanish is ascribed to the growth of urban centres, the emergence of a Galician middle class, and the worldly influences of education and the media. Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ...


Galicians, increasingly, have also had contacts with other European nations along the Atlantic seaboard, particularly with the so-called Celtic countries, with which Galicia shares a cultural and musical tradition. Cultural influences from across the Atlantic have also manifested themselves in Galicia from the second half of the 20th century onwards; Galician emigrés have maintained their ties to their motherland, and they have shared aspects of the cultures of their adoptive homelands with friends and family who remained behind. The Six Nations considered the heartland of the modern Celts Celtic nations are areas of Europe inhabited by members of Celtic cultures, specifically speakers of Celtic languages. ...


The fact that Galicia is home to Santiago de Compostela, the terminus of the most famous Christian pilgrimage route, has enabled Galicians to absorb European thought and art forms from medieval times until the present. Location Location of Santiago de Compostela Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician) Spanish name Santiago de Compostela Postal code 15700 Website santiagodecompostela. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ...


Galicia also boasts a rich oral tradition, in the form of songs, tales, and sayings, which has made a vital contribution to the spread and development of the Galician language. Still flourishing today, this tradition constitutes a priceless cultural heritage, much of which is shared with its neighbour Portugal.


Today Galician culture is vibrant, firmly rooted in tradition, yet open to contemporary contributions.


Culture and society

Culture and landscape

Galicia's cultural heritage is characterised by its extensive, abundant and varied geography. Indeed, the entire region could be considered as a sort of museum that never closes its doors to the public.


It boasts a wealth of Roman remains, highlights of which include the Walls of Lugo, declared a World Heritage Site, as well as the Tower of Hercules in A Coruña. The Way of St James has also been acknowledged by UNESCO, as has Galicia's capital, Santiago de Compostela, declared a World Heritage City in 1985. Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Tower of Hercules View of the Spanish city of A Coruña from the top of the tower The Tower of Hercules (Torre de Hércules), is an ancient Roman lighthouse located on a peninsula about 1. ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name La Coruña (Galician) Spanish name La Coruña Postal code 15xxx Area code 34 (Spain) + 981 (La Coruña) Website http://www. ... The Way of St. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Location Location of Santiago de Compostela Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician) Spanish name Santiago de Compostela Postal code 15700 Website santiagodecompostela. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


More than 30,000 centres of population make up a decidedly humanised land and landscape. These settlements are home to magnificent examples of the Galician people's architectural and ethnographic heritage. Stone crosses, raised granaries and shrines… are all fine examples of the traditional constructions to be found in this land.


Emigration

Like other Iberian regions, Galicia's history has been defined by mass emigration. There was significant Galician emigration in the 19th and early 20th centuries to other parts of Spain, Portugal and to the Americas.


Unlike the Basque and the Catalan regions, which were rich, urbanized, and industrialized, Galicia remained relatively poor, agricultural and dominated by rural and village society, as industry had yet to make its appearance there on a large scale. Moreover, its agricultural sector continued to be among the most backward in Spain, and farm productivity was severely hampered by the tiny size of the individual farmsteads, known as minifundios. The minifundio was the product of an attempt to distribute land plots in a closed rural system to a growing population by requiring that equal shares be bequeathed to each heir. After just a few generations, the land had been subdivided so much that most of the plots were too small to support a family or to be economically viable.


For these reasons, Galicia was a net exporter of population to the rest of Spain. Between 1900 and 1981, the net outflow of people from Galicia was more than 825,000.


In fact, the city with the second greatest number of Galician people is Buenos Aires, Argentina, where immigration from Galicia was so massive that all Spaniards are now known as gallegos (Galicians). During the Franco years there was a new wave of emigration out of Galicia to other European countries, most notably to France, Switzerland, and Britain. For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ...


Galician cuisine

Pulpo A La Gallega
Pulpo A La Gallega
Empanada
Empanada

Galician cuisine refers to the typical dishes and ingredients found in the cuisine of the Galicia region of Spain. These include shellfish and fish, many pork-related dishes (chourizos, zorza, botelo, androlla), empanadas, Tarta de Santiago (cake of Santiago), polbo á feira (a dish made of octopus), the cheese queixo de tetilla, the ribeiro and albariño wines and orujo liquor. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 930 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 930 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 449 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1499 × 1999 pixel, file size: 108 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 449 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1499 × 1999 pixel, file size: 108 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Queimada is an alcoholic beverage of Galician tradition. ... Tarta de Santiago is a typical almond pie from the Spanish region of Galicia. ... Polbo á feira (octopus at fairs style) is a traditional Galician dish made of boiled octopus served on wood plates and seasoned with olive oil and paprika. ... The Ribeiro is a wine-making region of Southeast central Galicia The wine region DO Ribeiro Categories: | ... Albariño (ahl-bar-EEN-yoh – Galician) or Alvarinho (ahl-vah-REE-nyoh – Portuguese) is a variety of white wine grape grown in Galicia (northwest Spain) and northern Portugal, where it is used to make varietal white wines. ...


Compared to the wide variety of foods in the cuisines of France and India, for example, Galician cuisine could be considered to be fairly simple. Galician recipes are in general less elaborate than in other cuisines. In Galician cuisine, the freshness and quality of the produce are paramount.


Potato is nowadays a staple of Galician cookery. However potato crops only started to be widespread in Galicia as late as the 18th century. Potato supplanted the ancient use of chestnuts in many Galician dishes, such as the popular caldo galego (Galician vegetable soup). Another innovation was the widespread use of olive oil from the 19th century on, which replaced the older use of pork tallow.


Some taboos of Galician cookery, which are only disappearing in the globalization age, are the wide disregard for most mushrooms (with some exceptions) and some molusks such as snails.


In Galicia, a wide variety of sea produce can be found in traditional dishes, due to the province's long shoreline and traditional fishing economy. Agriculture products such as potatoes, maize, and wheat are also a staple in the Galician diet, along with dairy and meat products from animals such as cows, sheep and pigs; Galicia's grasses and shrubs are green year-round and are excellent for grazing. Historically, rye was the most traditional cereal crop in Galicia. Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Religion

The majority of Galicians are Roman Catholics with a non-religious minority. The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Irreligion or irreligiousness is the absence of religious belief. ...


Nationalism and history

Galician nationalism, which appeared as early as the 1840s, recalled a "Golden Age" when the medieval kingdom of Galicia had existed. There had been a king of Galicia who was crowned in 1111, but the kingdom was partitioned some years later. The northern half of Galicia was hemmed in and isolated while the southern portion expanded southward in the wake of the Moors' withdrawal. This southern part of the realm eventually became Portugal; the northern part fell into disorder. Sign in the portuguese border town of Valença do Minho where Espanha não é Galiza(Spain is not Galicia) can be read Galician nacionalism is a social and political movement that claims the recognition of Galicia as nation. ... // First use of general anesthesia in an operation, by Crawford Long The first electrical telegraph sent by Samuel Morse on May 24, 1844 from Baltimore to Washington, D.C.. First signing of the Treaty of Waitangi (Te Tiriti o Waitangi) on February 6, 1840 at Waitangi, Northland New Zealand. ... Events The Synod of Rathbreasail marked the transition of the Irish church from a monastic to a diocesan one Henry V is crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paschal II Baldwin VII becomes Count of Flanders Births Henry of Blois, bishop of Winchester (died 1171) Andrei Bogolyubsky, prince of Vladimir... For other uses, see moor. ...


A Revival and a sense of national willpower

Nationalism meeting in 1931 Following the union of the kingdoms of Aragón and Castille, Galicia became swallowed up in the creation of the Spanish protostate, a process that was later to continue with the establishment of the Borbon dynasty in Spain in the 18th century and the setting up of a liberal state in the 19th. This would lead to the gradual centralisation of the monarchic institutions and the loss of Galicia's political rights and institutions. Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


With the spread of Romanticism throughout Europe and its call for the acknowledgement of the cultures of stateless nations, Galicia began to experience a Revival, characterised by a resurgence of national awareness. Nineteenth century political movements such as provincialism and regionalism, and the appearance of nationalist groups, such as the Irmandades da Fala cultural association and the political party known as the Partido Galeguista in the early 20th century, spur on the creation of alternatives designed to provide the region with its own self-governing institutions and to embark upon a process aimed at standardising both the language and culture. Romantics redirects here. ... This article needs an orthographic and grammatical revision. ... The term Partido Galeguista is the name of many political parties of Galicia: Partido Galeguista founded in 1931, directed by Castelao and Alexandre Bóveda. ...


Galicia during the time of exile and resistance

The process of setting up Galicia’s first government following the passing of the Statute of Autonomy in 1936 suffered a sharp setback following the military coup that took place that same year and marked the start of the Spanish Civil War. Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ...


During the forty years of dictatorship, the Galician nationalist movement was forced into exile, leading to its restructuring in order to be able to carry out the political and cultural projects that would have been practically infeasible in Galicia until the consolidation of democratic resistance groups that challenged the dictatorship.


Democratic self-government for the future

The final years of Franco's regime saw the revival of the sense of national identity amongst the people of Galicia, starting off in the field of culture, and then gradually generating an extending towards political movement in favour of self-government and cultural standardisation within the framework of the Spanish State, seen as a plurinational and plurilingual reality. Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ...


Fraga's Galicia

In 1990, Manuel Fraga took over as President of Galicia and ruled with a sometimes hard hand. He believed that Galicia should try to modernise itself without losing its valuable traditions. Fraga's past as a Franco minister was put aside during this stage of his life, in which he assumed some of the reivindications of Galician nationalists such as the use of the Galician language. Fraga's rule over Galicia came to an end in April 2005. This article needs cleanup. ...


Galicia today

Today that culture is flourishing. Firmly rooted in tradition, it has also gradually incorporated more contemporary aspects. The fact that Galicia was home to the end of a pilgrimage route that acted as the cultural backbone of Europe enabled it to soak up European thought and art forms throughout the Middle Ages. Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... This article is about the religious or spiritual journey. ...


Galician Cultural Future

A strong cultural fabric

The Galician City of Culture Modern Galician culture has been built on solid historical foundations, with a cultural industry currently under consolidation supported by a dynamic cultural framework. The principal cultural spaces include, within the field of art, the Centre for Galician Contemporary Art (CGAC) in Santiago de Compostela and Vigo’s Contemporary Art Museum (MARCO), without forgetting, in the area of dramatic art, the network of theatres and auditoriums. In addition, the Galician City of Culture, although currently undergoing the redefinition and reorganisation of its contents and spaces, also constitutes a global cultural project. A description of Galicia’s cultural scene would not be complete without a mention of the many socio-cultural centres, networks of libraries, alternative exhibition centres and the multiple associations that organise, promote and support root cultural projects. Location Location of Vigo in Spain and Pontevedra Coordinates : , , . Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Vigo (Galician) Spanish name Vigo Nickname La Ciudad Olvica (The Olive City) Postal code 36xxx Website http://www. ...


Cultural Institutions

The principal official institutions in terms of cultural affairs include the Galician Royal Academy, founded in Cuba in 1906, and the Galician Council for Culture, whose aim is to advise the Galician autonomous governments in all matters concerning culture. The region’s universities also play a major role in Galicia’s cultural development. This is particularly true of the University of Santiago de Compostela, which first took on this task back in the 15th century. Real Academia Galega Shield: Collect, Cleanse, Renew The Real Academia Galega (Galician for Royal Galician Academy) is an institution dedicated to the study of Galician culture and especially the Galician language; it promulgates norms of grammar, spelling, and vocabulary and works to promote the language. ... The University of Santiago de Compostela (Galician: Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Spanish: Universidad de Santiago de Compostela) is a public university located in the city of Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain. ...


The major driving forces for culture in Galicia today are the publishing industry, which is producing a growing number of publications, and the audiovisual and art industries, in which private initiative is currently thriving.


Famous people of Galician origin

And the four children of Martin Sheen: Image File history File links Valle-Inclan. ... Image File history File links Valle-Inclan. ... Ram n del Valle-Incl n Ram n del Valle-Incl n (1866-1936), Spanish dramatist, novelist and member of the Generation of 98, is considered perhaps the most noteworthy and certainly the most radical dramatist working to subvert the traditionalism of the Spanish theatrical establishment in the early part... Image File history File links Fidel_Castro5_cropped. ... Image File history File links Fidel_Castro5_cropped. ... Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba but on indefinite medical hiatus. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1050x1400, 568 KB) 040510-N-5321R-147 Annapolis, Md. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1050x1400, 568 KB) 040510-N-5321R-147 Annapolis, Md. ... Martin Sheen (born August 3, 1940) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor. ... Image File history File links Seivane1. ... Image File history File links Seivane1. ... Susana Seivane on stage at Lorient, Brittany in 2004 Susana Seivane is a Galician gaita (bagpipes) player. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Carlos Nuñez is a musician from Galicia, Spain, who plays the gaita, a kind of bagpipes. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Concepción Arenal (born in El Ferrol in the 19th Century) excelled in literature, and was the first woman ever to go to university in Spain. ... Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios (July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830) was a South American revolutionary leader. ... Fernando Frank Caldeiro (b. ... Santiago Casares Quiroga (A Coruña, 1884 - Paris, 1950) was a Galician politician who was Prime Minister of Spain from May 13 to July 19, 1936. ... Castelao Alfonso Daniel Rodríguez Castelao (30 January 1886 - 1950) is one of the main symbols of Galicia. ... Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (born on August 13, 1926) is the current President of Cuba but on indefinite medical hiatus. ... This article is about the Cuban politician. ... Spanish writer Camilo José Cela Don Camilo José Cela Trulock, Marquis of Iria Flavia (es: Don Camilo José Cela Trulock, marqués de Iria Flavia) (May 11, 1916 – January 17, 2002) was an influential Spanish writer and member of the Generation of 50. ... René-François-Armand Prudhomme (1839–1907), a French poet and essayist, was the first person to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1901, in special recognition of his poetic composition, which gives evidence of lofty idealism, artistic perfection and a rare combination of the qualities of both heart... Manu Chao (born José-Manuel Thomas Arthur Chao on June 21, 1961 in Paris, France) is a French-born singer and political activist of Spanish origin. ... Vilalba, is a municipality in the Spanish province of Lugo. ... Daniel Daz Patrick Garza III (born November 20, 1974 on Randolf Air Force Base,Texas, United States of America), best known as Dj Morbid and Daz Garza, is a gabber DJ, musician, and actor. ... Cantigas de Amigo (Pierpont Morgan Library, New York, Vindel MS M979) Martín Codax (or Martim Codax) was a medieval Galician troubadour, possibly from Vigo, Galicia, who lived between the 13th century and the beginning of the 14th century. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... For other uses, see Troubadour (disambiguation). ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... This article is about the celebrity gossip blogger. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the singer/songwriter. ... For the province, see Ourense (province). ... This page is about the singer Julio Iglesias. ... For the province, see Ourense (province). ... Pablo Iglesias Pablo Iglesias Posse (October 18, 1850, Ferrol, Galicia - December 9, 1925, Madrid) led the Spanish socialist movement. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Andreas Nikolaus Niki Lauda (born February 22, 1949 in Vienna) is an Austrian aviator, entrepreneur, former Formula One (F1) racing driver and three-time F1 World Champion. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... For the computer game by Peter Molyneux, see The Entrepreneur. ... F1 redirects here. ... The Formula One World Drivers Championship (WDC) is awarded by the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA) to the most successful Formula One race car driver over a season, as determined by a points system based on Grand Prix results. ... Juan Niño de Tabora (Galicia, Spain—July 22, 1632, Manila) was the Spanish general and colonial official. ... Ramón Franco. ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... Jerome John Jerry Garcia (August 1, 1942 – August 9, 1995) was an American musician, songwriter, and artist best known for being the lead guitarist and vocalist of the psychedelic rock band the Grateful Dead. ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name La Coruña (Galician) Spanish name La Coruña Postal code 15xxx Area code 34 (Spain) + 981 (La Coruña) Website http://www. ... This article is about the band. ... Nancho Novo (A Coruña, 17 September 1958). ... Emilia Pardo Bazán (16 September 1851 – 12 May 1921) (also known as Emilia, countess de Pardo Bazán) was a Spanish author and scholar. ... Ignacio Javier Gómez Novo (born March 26, 1979 in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain), simply known as Nacho Novo, is a Galician professional football player who currently plays for Rangers. ... Miguel Ángel Salgado Fernández (born October 22, 1975 in As Neves, Galicia) is a Galician footballer, who currently plays in the right back position for Real Madrid of Spain. ... Louis Victor Piniella (born August 28, 1943, in Tampa, Florida) is the current manager of the Chicago Cubs and a former Major League Baseball outfielder. ... Major league affiliations National League (1876–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 10, 14, 23, 26, 42 Name Chicago Cubs (1902–present) Chicago Orphans (1898-1901) Chicago Colts (1890-1897) Chicago White Stockings (1870-1871, 1874-1889) (a. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... Austin Kearns, an outfielder, catches a fly ball. ... Rosalía de Castro Rosalía Castro de Murguía better known as Rosalía de Castro (24 February 1837 – 15 July 1885) was a Galician writer and poet. ... Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Tabaré Ramón Vázquez Rosas (pron IPA: ) (born 17 January 1940) is the current President of Uruguay. ... This article needs an orthographic and grammatical revision. ... Luís Seoane (1910-1979) was a lithographer and artist. ... Carlos Nuñez is a musician from Galicia, Spain, who plays the gaita, a kind of bagpipes. ... Luz Casal (born November 11, 1958 at Boimorto, Galician) is a Spanish pop singer. ... Manuel Curros Enriquez Manuel Curros Enríquez (September 15, 1851 - February 7, 1908) was a Galician writer and journalist in Galician language, being currently considered one of the leading figures of Galician culture and identity. ... Iván Ferreiro and his brother Amaro. ... Carlos Leal (born 1969) is a Swiss rapper and actor. ... Swiss may be: Related to Switzerland: the Swiss Confederation Swiss people Swiss cheese Swiss corporations Switzerland-related topics Named Swiss: Swiss, Missouri Swiss, North Carolina Swiss, West Virginia Swiss, Wisconsin Swiss International Air Lines Swiss Re SWiSS is also used as a disparaging nickname for the Socialist Workers Student Society. ... Rapping is one of the elements of hip hop and the distinguishing feature of hip hop music; it is a form of rhyming lyrics spoken rhythmically over musical instruments, with a musical backdrop of sampling, scratching and mixing by DJs. ... Deluxe is a Galician alternative rock band from A Coruña, Galicia (Spain). ... Carolina Otero, La Belle Otero born Agustina Otero Iglesias [1] (November 4, 1868 - April 12, 1965) was a famous Spanish born dancer, actress and courtesan. ... A courtesan in mid-16th century usage was a high-class prostitute or mistress, especially one associated with rich, powerful, or upper-class men who provided luxuries and status in exchange for her services. ... Xosé Luís Méndez Ferrín Xosé Luís Méndez Ferrín (Ourense, 7 September 1938) Galician writer and poet is widely considered the highest representative of contemporary Galician literature. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... Galician Writers Association (AELG) (Asociación de Escritores en Lingua Galega) is an official entity depending on Xunta de Galicia formed by writers in galician language. ... Patricio Montojo Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón (September 7, 1839-September 30, 1917) was the Galician naval commander at the Battle of Manila Bay (May 1, 1898), a decisive battle of the Spanish-American War. ... There have been a number of naval battles that occurred in Manila Bay. ... Mendinho was a Galician trovator in the middle ages from Redondela. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... For other uses, see Troubadour (disambiguation). ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Manuel Fraga Iribarne (born November 23, 1922 at Vilalba, Galicia) is a Spanish politician. ... Benito Jerónimo Feijoo e Montenegro Benito Jerónimo Feijoo y Montenegro (8 October 1676 - 26 September 1764) was a Galician (Spain) neoclassical monk and scholar noted for encouraging scientific thought in Galicia and Spain. ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... For other uses, see Monk (disambiguation). ... A scholar is either a student or someone who has achieved a mastery of some academic discipline, perhaps receiving financial support through a scholarship. ... David Cal (born 10 October 1982) is an athlete from Spain. ... // This article is about flatwater canoe racing. ... Inês de Castro (died January 7, 1355) was a Castilian noblewoman, daughter of Pedro Fernandez de Castro. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Adolfo Domínguez is a Spanish fashion designer. ... Rosalia Mera Goyenechea, of Spain, is one of the richest people in the world. ... Natalia Marisa Oreiro Iglesias Poggio Bourié (born May 19, 1977 in Montevideo, Uruguay) is a popular Latin Grammy-nominated Uruguayan singer and actress of Galician origin that developed most of her career in Argentina. ... Amancio Ortega Gaona (born March 28, 1936) is a fashion Spains richest man, and the founder and chairman of the Inditex Group. ... Such styles may change quickly, and fashion in the more colloquial sense refers to the latest version of these styles. ... For the computer game by Peter Molyneux, see The Entrepreneur. ... Rosalia Mera Goyenechea, of Spain, is one of the richest people in the world. ... The Inditex Group (Spanish: Industrias de Diseño Textil Sociedad Anónima) is a large Spanish corporation and of the worlds largest fashion groups. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Óscar Pereiro Sio (born August 3, 1977 in Mos, Galicia) is a Galician professional road bicycle racer best known for winning the 2006 Tour de France after the original winner, Floyd Landis, was disqualified for failing a series of doping tests. ... Road bicycle racing is a popular bicycle racing sport held on the road (following the geography of the area), using racing bicycles. ... For other uses, see Tour de France (disambiguation). ... Anxo Manuel Quintana González is the current leader of the Galician Nationalist Block (Bloque Nacionalista Galego), the main Galician Nationalist party an currently minority partner in the Galician Government or Xunta de Galicia. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Secessionist organizations | Spanish political parties ... Rodrigo de Quiroga, Governor of Chile Rodrigo de Quiroga López de Ulloa (San Juan de Boime; 1512 - Santiago; February 20, 1580) was a Spanish conquistador of Galician origin. ... The Royal Governor of Chile ruled over the Spanish colonial administrative district known as the Reino de Chile. ... Mariano Rajoy Brey Mariano Rajoy Brey (born March 27, 1955), Spanish politician, is the leader of the conservative Partido Popular (Peoples Party, PP). ... Manuel Rivas Manuel Rivas is a Galician writer, poet and journalist born in A Coruña in 1957. ... Paulina Rubio Dosamantes (born June 17, 1971) is a Grammy and Latin Grammy-nominated Mexican singer and actress. ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name La Coruña (Galician) Spanish name La Coruña Postal code 15xxx Area code 34 (Spain) + 981 (La Coruña) Website http://www. ... Marta Sánchez is a Spanish female vocalist. ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name La Coruña (Galician) Spanish name La Coruña Postal code 15xxx Area code 34 (Spain) + 981 (La Coruña) Website http://www. ... Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa Pedro Sarmiento de Gamboa (1532 - 1592) was a Spanish explorer, author, historian, astronomer, scientist, and humanist. ... Susana Seivane on stage at Lorient, Brittany in 2004 Susana Seivane is a Galician gaita (bagpipes) player. ... Martin Sheen (born August 3, 1940) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor. ... Martin Sheen (born August 3, 1940) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor. ... Nickname: Motto: {{{motto}}} Official website: ? Location Situation of Salceda de Caselas within Galicia Government Parroquias  ? Alcalde (Mayor)  ? (?) Geographical characteristics Area km² Land  ? km² Water  ? km² Population  ? Total (2005)  ? (INE) Density  ?/km² Latitude  ? Longitude  ? Time zone CET (UTC+1) Summer (DST) CET (UTC+2) Salceda de Caselas is a municipality in... Martin Sheen (born August 3, 1940) is an Emmy- and Golden Globe Award-winning American actor. ...

Charles Irwin Sheen (born September 3, 1965) is a Golden Globe Award-winning and Emmy-nominated American actor. ... Charles Irwin Sheen (born September 3, 1965) is a Golden Globe Award-winning and Emmy-nominated American actor. ... Emilio Estevez (born May 12, 1962 in Staten Island, New York) is an American actor and director. ... Ramón Luis Estévez (born 7 August 1963, New York City) is an American actor. ... Renée Estevez Renée Estévez (born April 2, 1967) is an actress and daughter of actor Martin Sheen. ... Luis Suarez-Isaza EDUCATION Bachelor of Arts in Political Science, May 2006 University of Florida, Gainesville, FL Pursuing certificates in International Relations and Latin American Studies, and a minor in Sociology Financed 100% of educational expenses through scholarships and full time work WORK EXPERIENCE Resident Assistant, Housing and Residence Education... LEquipe logo LÉquipe (French for the team) is a French nationwide daily newspaper devoted to sports. ... Gonzalo Torrente Ballester (June 13, 1910 - January 27, 1999) was a Galician writer. ... Luis Tosar (born October 13, 1971) is a Spanish actor. ... Luiz Váez de Torres, Portuguese seaman, remembered chiefly because the Torres Strait separating Australia from Papua New Guinea is named for him. ... Ram n del Valle-Incl n Ram n del Valle-Incl n (1866-1936), Spanish dramatist, novelist and member of the Generation of 98, is considered perhaps the most noteworthy and certainly the most radical dramatist working to subvert the traditionalism of the Spanish theatrical establishment in the early part...

See also

Galicia Portal

External links

  • Galician Portal
  • A collaborative study of the EDNAP group regarding Y-chromosome binary polymorphism analysis

Online references

This article contains material from the Library of Congress Country Studies, which are United States government publications in the public domain. Image File history File links Portal. ... Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Celtic Gallaecia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Six Nations considered the heartland of the modern Celts Celtic nations are areas of Europe inhabited by members of Celtic cultures, specifically speakers of Celtic languages. ... History of Galicia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Timeline of Galician History - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Sign in the portuguese border town of Valença do Minho where Espanha não é Galiza(Spain is not Galicia) can be read Galician nacionalism is a social and political movement that claims the recognition of Galicia as nation. ... The Way of St. ... Location Location of Santiago de Compostela Coordinates : , , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Santiago de Compostela (Galician) Spanish name Santiago de Compostela Postal code 15700 Website santiagodecompostela. ... Fillos de Galicia is a web portal which focuses on Galician culture and diaspora. ... Historically, the modern country of Spain was formed by the accretion of several independent Iberian realms through dynastic inheritance, conquest and the will of the local elites. ... Spaniard redirects here. ... The Country Studies are works published by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress ( USA), freely available for use by researchers. ... The U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1789 by a constitutional convention, sets down the basic framework of American government in its seven articles. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


 
 

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