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Encyclopedia > Galician gaita

The (Galician) gaita or gaita do fole is a traditional bagpipe used in Galicia (Spain), and Portugal. A bagpipe performer in Amsterdam. ... Galicia (Spain) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Gaita Galega (Galician) Gaita Gallega (Spanish) Galician Bagpipe The name gaita is used in Galician, Spanish, Asturian and Portuguese as a generic term for "bagpipe". Galician (Galician: galego, IPA: ) is a language of the Western Ibero-Romance branch, spoken in Galicia, an autonomous community with the constitutional status of historic nationality, located in northwestern Spain and small bordering zones in neighbouring autonomous communities of Asturias and Castilla y León. ... Asturian, Leonese, Astur-Leonese or Bable (Asturianu in Asturian, Llïonés in Leonese) is a Romance language spoken in some parts of the provinces of Asturias, León, Zamora and Salamanca in Spain, and in the area of Miranda de Douro in Portugal (where it is officially recognized as...


Just like "Northumbrian smallpipe"' or "Great Highland Bagpipe", each country and region attributes its toponym to the respective gaita name: gaita galega (Galicia), gaita trasmontana (Trás-os-Montes), gaita asturiana (Asturias), gaita sanabresa (Sanabria), sac de gemecs (Catalunya), etc. Most of them have a conical chanter with a partial second octave, obtained by overblowing, in the same way as e.g. the Eartern European gaida. Folk groups playing these instruments have become popular in recent years, and pipe bands for some models. A bagpipe performer in Amsterdam. ... Pipe Major The Great Highland Bagpipe (Gaelic : A Phìob Mhòr) is probably the best-known variety of bagpipe. ... Overblowing is producing a different note in a wind instrument by forcing air harder. ...


The word could be derived from -or at least related to- the Latin "caetras", or "gaethas", an instrument attributed to the Callaeci, a probably Celt tribe in the Iberian Roman Province of Gallaecia, by Silius Italicus: Gallaecia or Callaecia (from Gaulish *gal-laikos smoke?-hero/warrior) was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately the current Galicia of Spain and the north of Portugal). ... Gallaecia or Callaecia (from Gaulish *gal-laikos smoke?-hero/warrior) was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately the current Galicia of Spain and the north of Portugal). ... Botorrita: Bronze plate with inscription. ... Gallaecia or Callaecia (from Gaulish *gal-laikos smoke?-hero/warrior) was the name of a Roman province that comprised a territory in the north-west of Hispania (approximately the current Galicia of Spain and the north of Portugal). ... Silius Italicus, in full Titus Catius Silius Italicus (AD 25 or 26 - 101), was a Latin epic poet. ...

Fibrarum et pennae divinarumque sagacem
flammarum misit dives Callaecia pubem,
barbara nunc patriis ululantem carmina linguis,
nunc pedis alterno percussa verbere terra,
ad numerum resonas gaudentem plauder caetras. (book III.344-7)
"Rich Gallaecia sent its youths, wise in the knowledge of divination by the entrails of beasts, by feathers and flames— who, now crying out the barbarian song of their native tongue, now alternately stamping the ground in their rhythmic dances until the ground rang, and accompanying the playing with sonorous caetras" (or gaethas, bagpipes).

It is also possible, however, that the name originates with the ghaita (also spelled rhaita in Morocco and algaita in Niger) a North African oboe similar to the zurna whose name derives from an Arabic word meaning "farm,", and/or the Eastern European bagpipes bearing similar names, such as gaida, gajda, and gajdy, but the linguistic relationship, if any, between these instruments is still unclear. Look up Barbarian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The rhaita or ghaita is a double reed instrument from Northern Africa. ... Turkish Zurna in Ottoman band For other meanings, see Zurna (disambiguation) and Surna (disambiguation) The Zurna (also called Surna) is a surnay woodwind instrument of Asia Minor used in traditional weddings along with a Davul. ...


The word gaita might also be derived, according to Joan Corominas, from a Gothic root meaning goat (gait or gata), as the bag is a whole, case-skinned goat hide; Gothic was spoken in Spain as late as the eighth century due to Visigothic invasions. Joan Coromines i Vigneaux, in Spanish Joan Corominas (Barcelona, 1905 - Pineda de Mar, Catalonia, 1997), was a linguist who made important contributions to the study of Catalan, Spanish and other Romance languages. ... Because of technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... Migrations The Visigoths were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ...


The instrument

Galician gaita made by Xosé Manuel Seivane Rivas
Galician gaita made by Xosé Manuel Seivane Rivas

The Galician gaita has a conical chanter and a bass drone (ronco) with a second octave. It may have one or two additional drones playing the tonic and dominant notes. Three keys are traditional: D (gaita grileira, lit. "cricket bagpipe"), C, and Bb. Galician pipe bands playing these instruments have become popular in recent years. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the geometric object, for other uses see Cone. ... It has been suggested that Practice chanter be merged into this article or section. ... Drone can refer to many things: // In eusocial insects, a male bee, ant or wasp. ... In music, an octave (sometimes abbreviated 8ve or 8va) is the interval between one musical note and another with half or double the frequency. ... The tonic is the first note of a musical scale, and in the tonal method of music composition it is extremely important. ... In music, the dominant is the fifth degree of the scale. ... A Pipe band is a traditional Scottish musical group consisting of bagpipes and drums. ...


The playing of close harmony (thirds and sixths) with two gaitas of the same key is a typical Galacian gaita style.


Famous Galician gaita players

Carlos Núñez (Vigo, 1971) is Galician musician who plays the gaita or gita, a kind of bagpipes. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Susana Seivane on stage at Lorient, Brittany in 2004 Susana Seivane is a Galician gaita (bagpipes) player. ... Milladoiro is a music band from Galicia, Spain. ... Luar Na Lubre Luar na Lubre is a celtic music ensemble from Galicia, Spain. ...

See also


 
 

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