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Encyclopedia > Galerius
Galerius
Coin of Galerius
Reign 293 - 305 (as Caesar, under Diocletian);
305 - 311 (as Augustus alongside Constantius Chlorus)
Full name Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus
Born c. 250
Serdica
Died 5 May 311
Felix Romuliana
Buried Felix Romuliana
Predecessor Maximian and Diocletian
Successor Constantine I
Consort to Galeria Valeria
Father A herdsman

Galerius Maximianus (c. 2505 May 311), formally Gaius Galerius Valerius Maximianus was Roman Emperor from 305 to 311. Image File history File links Galerius. ... Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Caesar (plural Caesars), Latin: Cæsar (plural Cæsares), is a title of imperial character. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Events By Place Roman Empire May 5 - Galerius issues his Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in his part of the Roman Empire. ... Augustus (plural augusti) is Latin for majestic, the increaser, or venerable. The feminine form is Augusta. ... On the reverse of this argenteus struck in Antioch under Constantius Chlorus, the tetrarcs are sacrificing to celebrate a victory against the Sarmatians. ... Events Diophantus writes Arithmetica the first systematic treatise on algebra. ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: , Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Government  - Mayor Boyko Borisov Area  - City 1,349 km²  (520. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events By Place Roman Empire May 5 - Galerius issues his Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in his part of the Roman Empire. ... Gamzigrad is a town in Serbia, located south of the Danube river, near Zaječar. ... Gamzigrad is a town in Serbia, located south of the Danube river, near Zaječar. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ... Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[2] (27 February ca. ... Events Diophantus writes Arithmetica the first systematic treatise on algebra. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events By Place Roman Empire May 5 - Galerius issues his Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in his part of the Roman Empire. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Events By Place Roman Empire May 5 - Galerius issues his Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in his part of the Roman Empire. ...


Galerius was born near Serdica (modern Sofia, Bulgaria), the capital of Dacia Aureliana. He originally followed his father's occupation, that of a herdsman, where he got his surname of Armentarius (Latin: armentum, herd). He served with distinction as a soldier under Emperors Aurelian and Probus, and in 293 at the establishment of the Tetrarchy, was designated Caesar along with Constantius Chlorus, receiving in marriage Diocletian's daughter Valeria (later known as Galeria Valeria), and at the same time being entrusted with the care of the Illyrian provinces. Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: , Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Government  - Mayor Boyko Borisov Area  - City 1,349 km²  (520. ... Position of Sofia in Bulgaria Coordinates: , Country Bulgaria Province Sofia-City Government  - Mayor Boyko Borisov Area  - City 1,349 km²  (520. ... The provinces of the Roman Empire in 120, with Dacia highlighted. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Lucius Domitius Aurelianus[1] (September 9, 214–September 275), known in English as Aurelian, Roman Emperor (270–275), was the second of several highly successful soldier-emperors who helped the Roman Empire regain its power during the latter part of the third century and the beginning of the fourth. ... This antoninianus minted under Probus (c. ... Events March 1 - Diocletian and Maximian appoint Constantius Chlorus and Galerius as Caesars. ... The Tetrarchs, a porphyry sculpture sacked from a Byzantine palace in 1204, Treasury of St. ... Caesar (plural Caesars), Latin: Cæsar (plural Cæsares), is a title of imperial character. ... On the reverse of this argenteus struck in Antioch under Constantius Chlorus, the tetrarcs are sacrificing to celebrate a victory against the Sarmatians. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ... Location of Illyria Illyria (Albanian Iliria Land of the Free; Ancient Greek ; Latin Illyria [1] (see also Illyricum) was in Classical antiquity a region in the western part of todays Balkan Peninsula, founded by the tribes and clans of Illyrians, an ancient people who spoke the Illyrian languages. ...


In 296, at the beginning of the Persian War, he was removed from the Danube to the Euphrates; his first campaign ended in a crushing defeat, near Callinicum, which caused the loss of Mesopotamia. However, in 297, advancing through the mountains of Armenia, he gained a decisive victory over Narses, with an enormous amount of booty that included Narses' harem. Following up his advantage, he took the city of Ctesiphon and in 298 Narses sued for peace. Mesopotamia was returned to Roman rule and even some territory east of the Tigris, which marks the greatest extension of the Roman Empire in the east. Events Galerius conquers Ctesiphon on the Persians; in the following peace settlement he returns it in exchange of Armenia Pope Marcellinus I succeeds Pope Caius Allectus, sucessor by assassination to Britain, is defeated by Constantius Chlorus and Britain is returned to the Roman Empire Births Deaths Pope Caius Categories: 296... Several wars are termed Persian or called simply the Persian War: Greco-Persian Wars Russo-Persian War Turko-Persian War Anglo-Persian War Persian Gulf War This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Danube (ancient Danuvius, Iranian *dānu, meaning river or stream, ancient Greek Istros) is the longest river in the European Union and Europes second longest river. ... Surfer Rosa The Euphrates (IPA: /juːˈfreɪtiːz/; Greek: EuphrátÄ“s; Akkadian: Pu-rat-tu; Hebrew: פְּרָת PÄ•rāth; Syriac: Prâth; Arabic: الفرات Al-Furāt; Turkish: Fırat; Kurdish: فرهات, Firhat, Ferhat, Azeri: FÉ™rat) is the western of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia (the other... Events Narseh of Persia and Diocletian conclude a peace treaty between Persia and Rome. ... Narseh (whose name is also sometimes written as Narses or Narseus) was a Sassanian King of Persia (292 - 303), and son of Shapur I. He rose as pretender to the throne against his grand-nephew Bahram III in AD 292, and soon became sole king. ... Ctesiphon, 1932 Ctesiphon (Parthian and Pahlavi: Tyspwn as well as Tisfun, Persian: ‎, also known as in Arabic Madain, Maden or Al-Madain: المدائن) is one of the great cities of ancient Mesopotamia and the capital of the Parthian Empire and its successor, the Sassanid Empire, for more than 800 years... Events Constantius Chlorus overthrows the Alamanni in the territory of the Lingones (Langres) and strengthened the Rhine frontier Christians are expelled from the Roman army Baths of Diocletian built in Rome Births Athanasius of Alexandria, bishop and opponent of Arianism Deaths Diophantus, mathematician (approximate date) King Chaekgye of Baekje Categories... The Tigris is the eastern member of the pair of great rivers that define Mesopotamia, along with the Euphrates, which flows from the mountains of Anatolia through Iraq. ...


Christians had lived in peace during most of the rule of Diocletian. The persecutions that began with an edict of February 24, 303, were credited by Christians to the influence of Galerius. Christian houses of assembly were destroyed, for fear of sedition in secret gatherings. February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Diocletian launched the last major persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire; Hierocles was said to have been the instigator of the fierce persecution of the Christians under February 24 - Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire. ...

Detail of the Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki.
Detail of the Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki.

In 305, on the retirement of Diocletian and Maximian, he at once assumed the title of Augustus, with Constantius his former colleague, and having procured the promotion to the rank of Caesar of Flavius Valerius Severus, a faithful servant, and (Maximinus II Daia), his nephew, he hoped on the death of Constantius to become sole master of the Roman world. Having Constantius' son Constantine as guest at Galerius' court in the east helped to secure his position. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1351 KB) Thessaloniki (Greece) - The Arch of Galerius (detail) Author: Snowdog (6/25/2005) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Galerius Thraco-Roman Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 1351 KB) Thessaloniki (Greece) - The Arch of Galerius (detail) Author: Snowdog (6/25/2005) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Galerius Thraco-Roman Metadata This file... The Arch of Galerius (Greek: τόξο του Γαλερίου or Aψίδα του Γαλερίου) and the Tomb of Galerius (Τάφος το&#965... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia. ... Events May 1 - Diocletian and Maximian, emperors of Rome, retire from office. ... Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus (c. ... Maximian Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus Herculius (c. ... For other uses, see Augustus (disambiguation). ... Flavius Valerius Severus as caesar. ... This article deals with 4th century Roman Emperor. ...


His schemes, however, were defeated by the sudden elevation of Constantine at Eboracum (York) upon the death of his father, and by the action of Maximian and his son Maxentius, who were declared co-Augusti in Italy. Flavius Valerius Aurelius Constantinus[2] (27 February ca. ... This article is about the English city. ... York is a city in North Yorkshire, England, at the confluence of the rivers Ouse and Foss. ... Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maxentius ( 278-28 October 312) was Western Roman Emperor from 306 to 312. ...

Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki (eastern face).
Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki (eastern face).

After an unsuccessful invasion of Italy in 307, he elevated his friend Licinius to the rank of Augustus, and moderating his ambition, he retired to the city Felix Romuliana (near present day Gamzigrada, Serbia-Montenegro) built by him to honor his mother Romula, and devoted the few remaining years of his life "to the enjoyment of pleasure and to the execution of some works of public utility." Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 751 KB) The Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki, Greece, seen from the east. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 751 KB) The Arch of Galerius in Thessaloniki, Greece, seen from the east. ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: Θεσσαλονίκη) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia. ... March 31 - After divorcing his wife Minervina, Constantine marries Fausta, the daughter of the retired Emperor Maximian. ... As of Licinius Aureus of Licinius, celebrating his tenth year of reign and the fifth year of his son Licinius (on the obverse). ...


It was at the insistence of Galerius that the last edicts of persecution against the Christians were published, beginning on February 24, 303, and this policy of repression was maintained by him until the appearance of the general edict of toleration, issued from Nicomedia in April 311, apparently during his last bout of illness, in his own name and in those of Licinius and Constantine. Lactantius gives the text of the edict in his moralized chronicle of the bad ends to which all the persecutors came, De Mortibus Persecutorum ("On the Deaths of the Persecutors", chapters 34, 35). This marked the end of official persecution of Christians. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      A Christian () is a person who... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Diocletian launched the last major persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire; Hierocles was said to have been the instigator of the fierce persecution of the Christians under February 24 - Galerius, Roman Emperor, publishes his edict that begins the persecution of Christians in his portion of the Empire. ... Nicomedia (modern Ä°zmit, also known as Iznik) was founded by Nicomedes I of Bithynia at the head of the Gulf of Astacus (which opens on the Propontis) in 264 BC. The city has ever since been one of the chief towns in this part of Asia Minor. ... Events By Place Roman Empire May 5 - Galerius issues his Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in his part of the Roman Empire. ... Lucius Caelius (or Caecilius?) Firmianus Lactantius was an early Christian author who wrote in Latin (c. ...


According to Lactantius, Galerius had affirmed his Dacian identity, and he had avowed himself the enemy of the Roman name; and he proposed that the empire should be called, not the Roman, but the Dacian empire — exhibiting an anti-Roman attitude as soon as he had attained the highest power, treating the Roman citizens with ruthless cruelty, like the conquerors treated the conquered, all in the name of the same treatment that the victorious Trajan had applied to the conquered Dacians (forefathers of Galerius), two centuries before. This article is about the Roman Emperor. ... Dacia, in ancient geography the land of the Daci, named by the ancient Greeks Getae, was a large district of Southeastern Europe, bounded on the north by the Carpathians, on the south by the Danube, on the west by the Tisa, on the east by the Tyras or Nistru, now...


Galerius died on 5 May 311 from a horribly gruesome disease described by Eusebius, possibly some form of bowel cancer. is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events By Place Roman Empire May 5 - Galerius issues his Edict of Toleration, ending persecution of Christians in his part of the Roman Empire. ... Colorectal cancer, also called colon cancer or bowel cancer, includes cancerous growths in the colon, rectum and appendix. ...


Galerius is remembered in Romanian religious-folk songs as Ler Imparat (Emperor Ler).[citation needed]


Gamzigrad-Romuliana, Palace of Galerius near Zaječar in Serbia was inscribed into the World Heritage List in 2007. Gamzigrad is a town in Serbia, located south of the Danube river, near Zaječar. ... Zaječar (Serbian Cyrillic: Зајечар, Vlach/Romanian: Zăii-cer) is a town and municipality in the eastern part of the Republic of Serbia. ... Anthem Serbia() on the European continent() Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian 1 Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Croatian, Slovak, Romanian, Rusyn 2 Albanian 3 Government Semi-presidential republic  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Establishment  -  Formation 9th century   -  First unified state c. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


See also

The Arch of Galerius (Greek: τόξο του Γαλερίου or Aψίδα του Γαλερίου) and the Tomb of Galerius (Τάφος το&#965...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Galerius
Preceded by
Diocletian, Maximian
Roman Emperor
305 (Caesar from 293)–311
with Constantius Chlorus
,
Constantine I,
Licinius, and Maximinus
Succeeded by
Constantine I, Licinius,
and Maximinus

  Results from FactBites:
 
Valerius Maximianus Galerius (692 words)
Galerius, a native of Illyria, was made Caesar 1 March, 293, by Diocletian, whose daughter Valeria he married and who in turn adopted her husband.
When Maxentius, son of the retired Emperor Maximian, and son-in-law of Galerius, had been chosen Caesar by the Senate and the Praetorians, dissatisfied with Galerius's extension to Rome of provincial taxation, the latter led an army against Rome to uphold the partition of the empire as ordained by Diocletian.
Nevertheless, Galerius was unable to master the situation either in Italy or the East, and never attained the supreme imperial dignity which Diocletian had held.
Galerius - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (442 words)
Galerius was born near Serdica (modern Sofia, Bulgaria), the capital of Dacia Aureliana.
Galerius died on 5 May 311 from a horribly gruesome disease described by Eusebius, possibly some form of bowel cancer.
Medieval Sourcebook: Edict of Toleration by Galerius, 311.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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