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Encyclopedia > Galena and Chicago Union Railroad
Galena and Chicago Union Railroad
logo
Reporting marks
Locale northern Illinois
Dates of operation 18361864
Track gauge 4 ftin (1435 mm) (standard gauge)
Headquarters

The Galena and Chicago Union Railroad (G&CU) was a railroad running west from Chicago to Clinton, Iowa and Freeport, Illinois, never reaching Galena, Illinois. Incorporated in 1836, the G&CU became the first railroad built to Chicago. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Reporting marks on two CP Rail covered hoppers passing Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, June 20, 2004. ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 25th 149,998 km² 340 km 629 km 4. ... Charles Darwin 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... Rail gauge is the distance between two rails of a railroad. ... A foot (plural: feet) is a non-SI unit of distance or length, measuring around a third of a meter. ... Mid-19th century tool for converting between different standards of the inch An inch is an Imperial and U.S. customary unit of length. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... Clinton is a city located in Clinton County, Iowa. ... Freeport is a city located in Stephenson County, Illinois. ... Downtown Galena Galena is a city located in Jo Daviess County, Illinois. ... Charles Darwin 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

1862 map

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (7744x4512, 9759 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Galena and Chicago Union Railroad ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (7744x4512, 9759 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Galena and Chicago Union Railroad ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

History

Original plan from Chicago to Galena

The first railroad constructed out of Chicago, the Galena and Chicago Union, was chartered January 16, 1836, to connect Chicago with the lead mines at Galena. "The Pioneer," the first locomotive on the road, arrived at Chicago on October 10, 1848, nearly thirteen years after the charter was granted. In 1850 the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad was completed as far as Elgin. The railroad and the canal were vital in the development of Chicago and the population of the city tripled in the six years after the opening of the canal. Eventually other railroads were built and Chicago became the largest railroad center in the world. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1134x788, 155 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Galena and Chicago Union Railroad Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1134x788, 155 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Galena and Chicago Union Railroad Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize it. ... Downtown Galena Galena is a city located in Jo Daviess County, Illinois. ... January 16 is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Charles Darwin 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1850 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


The railroad was constructed starting in March 1848 and was completed in 1853. The first westbound train out of Chicago departed on October 25, 1848, pulled by a used Baldwin-built locomotive named Pioneer.[1][2] The G&CU consolidated with the Chicago and North Western Railway in 1864. Look up March in Wiktionary, the free dictionary March is the third month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... October 25 is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 67 days remaining. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Baldwin Locomotive Works builders plate, 1922 The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of railroad locomotives. ... Pioneer circa 1898. ... The Chicago and North Western Railway (AAR reporting marks: CNW, CNWS, CNWZ; unofficial abbreviation: C&NW) was a Class I railroad in the United States. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ...


References

  • Cronon, William (1992 [reprint]). Nature's metropolis: Chicago and the great west, W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0393308731. examines the economic effects of the railroad (among other things).

A Chronological History of Chicago: 1673- Compiled by Chicago Municipal Reference Library, City of Chicago Updated by Municipal Reference Collection, Chicago Public Library


Notes

  1. ^  Rivanna Chapter, National Railway Historical Society (2005), This Month in Railroad History - October. Retrieved October 25, 2005.
  2. ^  Chicago Historical Society, History Lab Collections - Riding the Rails. Retrieved October 25, 2005.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Railroads Effect Chicago (2332 words)
After the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad was completed shortly after 1853, it merged with the Chicago and Northwestern Railway which began its long march to Greenbay WI.
The belt line railroad which made one giant loop around the city and connected to as many trunk railroads as possible brought all three ingredients to their meeting places near the fork of the Chicago River (Growth 52).
The Chicago and Northwestern Railway, with its main line of 242 miles from Chicago to Greenbay was the route that allowed Northern suburbs from Evanston to Lake Forest to become part of the greater metropolitan Chicago.
magoo.com: Move of John and Catherine Fitzpatrick McGough from Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, to Eau Claire, ... (8551 words)
Thus, Chicago had five railroads in 1852: Galena and Chicago Union and the Chicago and Rock Island to the West, the Illinois Central to the South, and the Michigan Southern and Northern Indiana and the Michigan Central to the East.
A good map to identify the railroad lines from Chicago to Rockford, Freeport, and Galena, and the counties involved, is: Map showing the location of the Galena and Chicago Union Railroad with its branches and connections in Illinois, Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota.
The route of the Chicago and Galena Railroad in January, 1855, to Freeport, west of Rockford, with a connection to Galena is shown D.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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