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Encyclopedia > Galeazzo Ciano

Gian Galeazzo Ciano, Count of Cortellazzo and Buccari (March 18, 1903January 11, 1944), was Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs and Benito Mussolini's son-in-law. Image:Ciano.jpg is the 77th day of the year (78th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... This is a list of Italian Ministers of Foreign Affairs since 1943. ... Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) was the prime minister and dictator of Italy from 1922 until 1943, when he was overthrown. ...

Contents

Early life

Ciano was born in Livorno. He was the son of Admiral Count Costanzo Ciano, a veteran of World War I, founding member of the fascist party in Italy and re-organizer of the Italian Merchant Marine in the 20s. Ciano Sr was not above making a side profit from his public office (he was nicknamed "Ganascia" - "The Jaw") and as a side effect his son was soon used to live a high-profile glamorous life which he was to remain fond of until the end. After receiving his law degree, Ciano served as an attaché in Rio de Janeiro. In 1930, he married Edda Mussolini, with whom he soon left for Shanghai where he served as Italian Consul. Back in Italy, a few years later, he became the minister of press and propaganda. Livorno (archaic English: ) is a port city on the Tyrrhenian Sea on the western edge of Tuscany, Italy. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Lady Justice or Justitia is a personification of the moral force that underlies the legal system (particularly in Western art). ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Government  - Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area  - City 1,260 km²  (486. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Edda Ciano Mussolini - (September 1, 1901 - April 9, 1995) Daughter of Benito Mussolini and Rachele Guides. ... Shanghai (Chinese: ; pinyin:  ; Wu (Long-short): ZÃ¥nhae; Shanghainese (IPA): ), situated on the banks of the Yangtze River Delta in East China, is the largest city of the Peoples Republic of China and the ninth largest in the world. ... Soviet Propaganda Poster during the World War II. The text reads Red Army Fighter, SAVE US! Chinese propaganda poster from during the Cultural Revolution. ...


Foreign Minister

He took part in the Italian invasion of Ethiopia (1935-36) as a bomber squadron commander (his unit was dubbed "La Disperata") where Alessandro Pavolini (later to be his persecutor) served as lieutenant. Upon his hero comeback he became Foreign Minister in 1936, replacing Mussolini. The following year he organized the murder of the Rosselli Brothers, antifascist leaders in exile who founded the Giustizia e Libertà movement, actively involved in the [Spanish Civil War]] coordinating the efforts of Italian exiles against Franco and his nazi and fascist allies. Carlo and Nello Rosselli were killed in the french spa town of Bagnoles-de-l'Orne on June the 9th, 1937. He became increasingly disenchanted with Nazi Germany and the course of World War II. In the spring of 1943 following the Axis defeat in North Africa, setbacks on the Eastern Front, and with the Anglo-American assault on Sicily looming on the horizon, Ciano was totally against prosecution of the doomed war and actively pushed for Italy's exit from the conflict. He was silenced by being removed from his post and reassigned as ambassador to Vatican City. In this role he had to remain in Rome, under close watch of Mussolini. However Italy's position had become even more untenable with the coming summer, and court circles were already putting out feelers to the Allies. Alessandro Pavolini (September 27, 1903—April 28, 1945) was an Italian politician, journalist, and essayist, notable for his involvement in the Fascist government in during World War II. A native of Florence, Pavolini was the son of Paolo Emilio Pavolini, a major scholar of Sanskrit and other Indo-European languages. ... A minister for foreign affairs, or foreign minister, is a governmental cabinet minister who helps form the foreign policy of a sovereign nation. ... JUSTICE AND LIBERTY(1929-1945). ... // Franco may refer to: Franco is a common surname in Portuguese and Spanish which derives from the word Frank, in reference to the Germanic tribe of the Franks, who invaded the modern-day France during the Migration period[1]. Political figures Francisco Franco, Spanish head of state. ... Look up spa, Spa, SpA in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bagnoles-de-lOrne is a commune of the Orne département, in France. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Benito Mussolini created a fascist state through the use of propaganda, total control of the media and disassembly of the working democratic government. ...


On the night of July 24, Mussolini summoned the Fascist Grand Council to its first meeting since the start of the war. At this meeting, Mussolini announced that the Germans were thinking of evacuating the south. This led Count Dino Grandi to launch a blistering attack on his longtime comrade. Grandi moved a resolution asking the king to resume his full constitutional powers--in effect, a vote of no confidence in Mussolini. The motion carried by an unexpectedly large margin, 19-7, with Ciano voting in favor. Count Dino Grandi (1895-1988), born in Mordano (BO), Emilia. ...


Mussolini didn't think the vote had any substantive value, and appeared for work the next morning as normal. That afternoon, Victor Emmanuel summoned him to the palace and dismissed him from office. Upon leaving the palace, Mussolini was arrested. For the next two months he was moved from place to place to hide him from the Germans. Ultimately Mussolini was sent to Gran Sasso, a mountain resort in central Italy (Abruzzo). He was kept there in complete isolation until rescued by the Germans. Mussolini then set up a puppet government in the area of northern Italy still under German occupation called the Italian Social Republic. Anthem Giovinezza (The Youth)¹ Capital Salò Language(s) Italian Religion Roman Catholicism Government Republic Head of State Benito Mussolini Historical era World War II  - Established September 23, 1943  - Disestablished April 25, 1945 ¹ External link The Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana or RSI) was a Nazi puppet state led by...


Ciano, having been dismissed from his post by the new government, was arrested by Mussolini's Italian Social Republic police for treason. Under German pressure, Mussolini had Ciano tried and executed by firing squad in Verona on January 11, 1944. Anthem Giovinezza (The Youth)¹ Capital Salò Language(s) Italian Religion Roman Catholicism Government Republic Head of State Benito Mussolini Historical era World War II  - Established September 23, 1943  - Disestablished April 25, 1945 ¹ External link The Italian Social Republic (Repubblica Sociale Italiana or RSI) was a Nazi puppet state led by... Verona is a city and provincial capital in Veneto, Northern Italy. ...


Miscellaneous

A number of films have depicted his life, including Mussolini and I (1985) in which he was played by Anthony Hopkins. Sir Philip Anthony Hopkins CBE (IPA: ) (born 31 December 1937) is an Academy Award, Golden Globe and Emmy Award-winning film, stage and television actor. ...


His son Fabrizio Ciano wrote a personal memoir entitled Quando il nonno fece fucilare papà ("When Grandpa had Daddy Shot").


References

  • The Ciano Diaries 1939-1943: The Complete, Unabridged Diaries of Count Galeazzo Ciano, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs, 1936-1943 (2000) ISBN 1-931313-74-1
  • Ciano's diplomatic papers: being a record of nearly 200 conversations held during the years 1936-42 with Hitler, Mussolini, Franco; together with important memoranda, letters, telegrams etc / edited by Malcolm Muggeridge; translated by Stuart Hood, London: Odhams Press, (1948)
  • Giordano Bruno Guerri - Un amore fascista. Benito, Edda e Galeazzo. (Mondadori, 2005) ISBN 88-04-53467-2
  • Ray Moseley - Mussolini's Shadow: The Double Life of Count Galeazzo Ciano, (Yale University Press, 1999) ISBN 0-300-07917-6
  • R.J.B. Bosworth - Mussolini (Hodder Arnold, 2002) ISBN 0-340-73144-3
  • Michael Salter and Lorie Charlesworth - "Ribbentrop and the Ciano Diaries at the Nuremberg Trial" in Journal of International Criminal Justice 2006 4(1):103-127 doi:10.1093/jicj/mqi095
  • Fabrizio Ciano - Quando il nonno fece fucilare papà ("When Grandpa had Daddy Shot") Milano, Mondadori,. 1991
Preceded by
Benito Mussolini
Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs
1936–1943
Succeeded by
Benito Mussolini

  Results from FactBites:
 
Galeazzo Ciano - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1010 words)
Galeazzo was the son of Costanzo Ciano, a veteran of World War I and one of the founding Fascists.
Ciano gained the confidence of Humbert II of Savoy, son of the King, whose mentality and a notable charme he shared, even if Ciano was certainly less discreet than the prince.
Ciano's figure is one among the most controversial of the whole regime: he open to bribery and cruelty and he was a traitor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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