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Encyclopedia > Galah
Galah
Pair of Galahs
Pair of Galahs
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Cacatuidae
Subfamily: Cacatuinae
Genus: Eolophus
Species: E. roseicapillus
Binomial name
Eolophus roseicapillus
Vieillot, 1817

Galah range (in red; all-year resident)
Synonyms

Cacatua roseicapilla Vieillot, 1817 Galah is a locality situated on the Mallee Highway in the Sunraysia region. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Rosakakadu_ts3. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn3. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is a method by which biologists group and categorize species of organisms. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Families Cacatuidae Psittacidae The order Psittaciformes (Parrots) includes about 353 species of bird which are generally grouped into two families: the Cacatuidae or cockatoos, and the Psittacidae or true parrots. ... Subfamily Microglossinae Calyptorhynchinae Cacatuinae A cockatoo is any of the 21 bird species belonging to the family Cacatuidae. ... Subfamily Microglossinae Calyptorhynchinae Cacatuinae A cockatoo is any of the 21 bird species belonging to the family Cacatuidae. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot (May 10, 1748 - 1831) was a French ornithologist. ... 1817 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File links Bird_range_galah. ... In scientific nomenclature, synonyms are different scientific names used for a single taxon. ...

Three galahs in Canberra
Three galahs in Canberra
Galah in local wattle (Acacia saligna) tree. Perth, Western Australia.
Galah in local wattle (Acacia saligna) tree. Perth, Western Australia.

The Galah, Eolophus roseicapillus, (IPA: [gə'laː]) is also known as the Rose-breasted Cockatoo or Galah Cockatoo. It is one of the most common and widespread cockatoos, and it can be found in open country in almost all parts of mainland Australia. It is endemic in Australia and Tasmania, where its distinctive pink and grey plumage and its bold and loud behaviour make it a familiar sight in The Bush and increasingly in urban areas. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1847x994, 210 KB) Three galahs. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1847x994, 210 KB) Three galahs. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3072 × 2304 pixel, file size: 1. ... Binomial name Acacia saligna (Labill. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Subfamily Microglossinae Calyptorhynchinae Cacatuinae A cockatoo is any of the 21 bird species belonging to the family Cacatuidae. ... The Australian bush The bush is a term used for rural, undeveloped land or country areas in many places, such as Australia, New Zealand, Sub-Saharan Africa, Canada, and Alaska. ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ...


It appears to have benefited from the change in the landscape since European colonization and may be replacing the rare Major Mitchell's Cockatoo in parts of its range. Binomial name Lophocroa leadbeateri (Vigors, 1831) Major Mitchells Cockatoo range (in red) Synonyms Plyctolophus leadbeateri Vigors, 1831 Cacatua leadbeateri Major Mitchells Cockatoo (Lophocroa leadbeateri), also known as Leadbeaters Cockatoo or Pink Cockatoo, is a medium-sized cockatoo restricted to arid and semi-arid inland areas of Australia. ...

Contents

Description

Galahs have a pale grey to mid-grey back, a pink face and chest, and a light pink crest. The sexes appear similar, however generally adult birds differ in eye colour; the male has a very dark brown (almost black) iris, and the female has a mid-brown/red iris. Typical birds are about 350mm long and weigh between 300 and 400 grams. The cockatiel - an example of a crested bird species Several bird species exhibit prominent feathered crests upon their heads. ... In anatomy, the iris (plural irises or irides) is the most visible part of the eye of vertebrates, including humans. ...


Distribution and habitat

Galahs are found in all Australian states, and are absent only from the driest areas and the far north of Cape York Peninsula. They appear to have been self-introduced to Tasmania. They are common in some metropolitan areas, for example Perth and Melbourne, and common to abundant in open habitats which offer at least some scattered trees for shelter. The changes wrought by European settlement, a disaster for many species, have been highly beneficial for the galah because of the clearing of forests in fertile areas and the provision of stock watering points in arid zones. This article is about the peninsula located in the Australian state of Queensland; it should not be confused with either Yorke Peninsula in South Australia, or Cape York, Greenland. ... Slogan or Nickname: The Apple Isle; Holiday Isle Motto(s): Ubertas et Fidelitas (Fertility and Faithfulness) Other Australian states and territories Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $16,114... The Perth skyline viewed from the Swan River This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ... // Prehistory and aboriginal legends Humans first arrived in Australia through Indonesia and New Guinea, either by paddling canoes across the Timor Sea or by crossing a land bridge across what is now Torres Strait, between New Guinea and Australia. ...


Classification

The classification of the Galah was difficult. It was separated in the monotypic genus Eolophus, but the further relationships were not clear. There are obvious morphological similarities between the galah and the white cockatoos that make up the genus Cacatua and indeed the galah was initially described as Cacatua roseicapilla. Early DNA studies allied the galah with the cockatiel or placed it close to some Cacatua species of completely different appearance. In consequence, it was thought that the ancestors of the galah, the cockatiel and Major Mitchell's Cockatoo diverged from the main white cockatoo line at some stage prior to that group's main radiation; this was indeed correct except for the placement of the cockatiel. Ignorance of this fact, however, led to attempts to resolve the evolutionary history and prehistoric biogeography of the cockatoos, which ultimately proved fruitless because they were based on invalid assumptions to start with. Monotypic is an adjective, that refers to a taxonomic group with only one type: in botany it means that a taxon has only one species; Ginkgo is a monotypic genus, while Ginkgoaceae is a monotypic family. ... Subfamily Microglossinae Calyptorhynchinae Cacatuinae A cockatoo is any of the 21 bird species belonging to the family Cacatuidae. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... It has been suggested that Whiteface lutino cockatiel be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Lophocroa leadbeateri (Vigors, 1831) Major Mitchells Cockatoo range (in red) Synonyms Plyctolophus leadbeateri Vigors, 1831 Cacatua leadbeateri Major Mitchells Cockatoo (Lophocroa leadbeateri), also known as Leadbeaters Cockatoo or Pink Cockatoo, is a medium-sized cockatoo restricted to arid and semi-arid inland areas of Australia. ... Subfamily Microglossinae Calyptorhynchinae Cacatuinae Nymphicinae A cockatoo is any of the 21 bird species belonging to the family Cacatuidae. ... Biogeography is the science which deals with patterns of species distribution and the processes that result in such patterns. ...


It fell to the study of Brown & Toft (1999) to compare the previously available data with their mitochondrial 12S rRNA sequence research and resolve the issue. Today, the galah is seen, along with Major Mitchell's Cockatoo, as an early divergence from the white cockatoo lineage which have not completely lost their ability to produce an overall pink (Major Mitchell's) or pink and grey (galah) body plumage, while already being light in colour and non-sexually dimorphic. The significance of these two (and other) characters shared by the Cacatuinae had previously been explained away in earlier studies by strict application of parsimony on misinterpreted data. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is DNA which is not located in the nucleus of the cell but in the mitochondria. ... A non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is any RNA molecule that functions without being translated into a protein. ... part of a DNA sequence A DNA sequence (sometimes genetic sequence) is a succession of letters representing the primary structure of a real or hypothetical DNA molecule or strand, The possible letters are A, C, G, and T, representing the four nucleotide subunits of a DNA strand (adenine, cytosine, guanine... Look up parsimony in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Aviary-bred crosses of galahs and Major Mitchell's Cockatoos have been bred in Sydney, with the tapered wings of the galah and the crest and colours of the Major Mitchell's, as well as its plaintive cry. The Galah has also been shown to be capable of hybridizing with the Cockatiel, producing offspring described by the media as 'Galatiels'.[1] // This article is about a biological term. ... It has been suggested that Whiteface lutino cockatiel be merged into this article or section. ...


Subspecies

Three subspecies are usually recognised. The south-eastern form, E. r. albiceps, is clearly distinct from the paler-bodied Western Australian nominate subspecies, E. r. roseicapillus, although the extent and nature of the central hybrid zone remains undefined. Most pet birds outside Australia are the south-eastern form. The third form, E. r. kuhli, found right across the northern part of the continent, tends to be a little smaller and is distinguished from albiceps by differences in the shape and colour of the crest, although its status as a valid subspecies is uncertain. This article is about the zoological term. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $100,900 (4th)  - Product per capita  $50,355/person... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


Aviculture

Like most other cockatoos, Galahs create strong life-long bonds with their partners.


Galahs although thought to be foolish by nature are actually quite resourceful. Galah Cockatoos have been known to roost in trees near railways and place small pebbles on the rails and wait for the trains. When the train passes the small pebbles cause the cars to jump (but not disrail); when this occurs grain spills from the overflowing boxcars. When the train has passed, the Galahs go back down to the railway line to eat the grain.


Galahs as pets

Galahs are highly social and very long-lived; though they are sometimes kept as pets, this is not something to be undertaken lightly as they bond socially with their owners and may well outlive them, and like most cockatoos, are noisy and require a great deal of attention and care. Both male and female galahs are great talkers but the male is thought to be the better talker. They're very loving and affectionate birds which form a very strong bond with their owner and like to think of themselves as 'part of the family'. However, they do like their privacy at times and are quite happy to simply be around the family rather than be handled all hours of the day. It has been suggested that Residential pets be merged into this article or section. ...


Australian slang term

"Galah" is also derogatory Australian slang, synonymous with 'fool' or 'idiot'. A detailed, yet comedic description of the Australian slang term can be found in the standup comedy performance of Paul Hogan, titled Stand Up Hoges. Another famous user of the slang galah is Alf Stewart from Home and Away who is often heard saying "Flaming galah!" when he is surprised or shocked. Slang is the use of highly informal words and expressions that are not considered standard in the speakers dialect or language. ... Synonyms (in ancient Greek, συν (syn) = plus and όνομα (onoma) = name) are different words with similar or identical meanings. ... Idiot is a word derived from the Greek , idiōtēs (person lacking professional skill, a private citizen, individual), from , idios (private, ones own).[1] In Latin the word idiota (ordinary person, layman) preceded the Late Latin meaning uneducated or ignorant person. ... Paul Hogan starring as Michael Crocodile Dundee Paul Hogan and The Paul Hogan Show (VHS) For other persons named Paul Hogan, see Paul Hogan (disambiguation). ... Information Nickname(s) Alf Stewie (by Vinnie Patterson) Gender Male Age 61 Family Morag Bellingham Celia Stewart Barbara Stewart Debra Stewart Spouse(s) Martha Stewart (deceased), Ailsa Stewart (deceased) Children Owen Dalby (son) (deceased) Duncan Stewart (son) Ruth Stewart (daughter) Relatives Ric Dalby (grandson) Martha Holden (granddaughter) Alan Fisher (nephew... Home and Away (commonly abbreviated to H&A) is a soap opera that has been produced in Sydney by the Seven Network since July 1987. ...


Gallery

Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.talkingbirds.com.au/worldfirst-galah.php
  • Brown, D.M. & Toft, C.A. (1999): Molecular systematics and biogeography of the cockatoos (Psittaciformes: Cacatuidae). Auk 116(1): 141-157.
  • Flegg, Jim (2002): Photographic Field Guide: Birds of Australia. Reed New Holland, Sydney & London. ISBN 1-876334-78-9
  • Forshaw, Joseph M. & Cooper, William T. (2002): Australian Parrots (3rd ed.). Alexander Editions. ISBN 0-9581212-0-6
  • Frith, Harold James & Watts, Betty Temple (1984): Birds in the Australian High Country. Angus & Robertson, London. ISBN 0-207-14464-8

The Auk is a quarterly journal and the official publication of the American Ornithologists Union, having been continuously published by that body since 1884. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Galah
  • The Australian Galah: A Website dedicated to Galahs
  • rosakakadu.com Galah-Homepage

  Results from FactBites:
 
Galah (328 words)
Galahs have a bouncing acrobatic flight, but spend much of the day sheltering from heat in the foliage of trees and shrubs.
The Galah is one of the most abundant and familiar of the Australian parrots, found in large flocks, in a variety of timbered habitats, usually near water.
Galahs have been recorded breeding with other members of the cockatoo family, both in the wild and captivity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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