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Encyclopedia > Galactic Storm

Operation: Galactic Storm was a 19-part comic book crossover storyline which ran through Marvel Comics' Avengers related titles - Avengers, Avengers West Coast, Captain America, Iron Man, Thor, Wonder Man and Quasar - between March and May of 1992. A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... It has been suggested that Gaming crossovers be merged into this article or section. ... Marvel Comics is an American comic book line published by Marvel Publishing, Inc. ... The Avengers is an elite fictional comic book superhero team in the Marvel Universe. ... Cover to Avengers #65. ... Captain America, the alter ego of Steve Rogers,[2] is a fictional comic-book superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Iron Man (Anthony Edward Tony Stark) is a fictional comic-book superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ... It has been suggested that Ultimate Thor be merged into this article or section. ... Wonder Man is a fictional character, a superhero and a long-time member of the Avengers that appears in the Marvel Universe. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


The storyline, which involves the Avengers intervening in an intergalactic war between the alien Kree and Shi'ar empires, is notable among inter-title super-hero crossovers for its emphasis on tight plotting and characterization and its downbeat ending. Intergalactic space is the physical space between galaxies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Kree, also known as the Ruul, are a scientifically and technologically advanced militaristic alien race in the fictional Marvel Universe. ... The Shiar, also called the Aerie, are a fictional species of aliens in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


The over-arching plotline was devised by Mark Gruenwald, Bob Harras and Fabian Nicieza, though each individual issue was written and drawn by the regular creative teams on each title. Look up plot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Mark Gruenwald (June 18, 1953-August 12, 1996) was an American comic book writer and editor. ... Robert Bob Harras was editor-in-chief of Marvel Comics from 1995 to 2000. ... Cover to New Warriors #1 (July, 1990), one of Niciezas earliest successes. ...

Contents

Origin and themes

The title of the storyline is an allusion to Operation: Desert Storm, the Pentagon's operational title for the 1991 Gulf War, which had been recently resolved when the idea for "Operation: Galactic Storm" was conceived. Although the phrase is featured in the storyline (it is the name the Avengers give to their own deployment) the plot bears no real relation to the Gulf conflict and was apparently not intended to have any overt parallels with it, save the obvious fact that "Operation: Galactic Storm" also involved a major conflict. ... This article is about the United States military building. ... Combatants UN Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf, Peter de la Billière, Khalid bin Sultan, Saleh Al-Muhaya, Mohamed Hussein Tantawi Saddam Hussein Strength 883,863 360,000 Casualties 378 dead, 1,000 wounded see section below The Gulf War or the Persian Gulf War (16 January 1991...


In fact the crossover was in many ways a sequel to a previous Avengers story - the 1971/1972 "Kree-Skrull War" storyline. Like the previous story, "Operation: Galactic Storm" features the Avengers getting caught in the middle of a cosmic war waged between two alien empires - this time the Kree and the Shi'ar (rather than the Kree/Skrull conflict featured in its predecessor) - because that war endangers the safety of the planet Earth. A sequel is a work of fiction in literature, film, and other creative works that is produced after a completed work, and is set in the same universe but at a later time. ... The Kree-Skrull War, in the fictional Marvel Universe, was a series of conflicts between the Kree Empire of the Greater Magellanic Cloud and the Skrulls of the Andromeda Galaxy that lasted for several million years. ... The Skrulls are a fictional race of extraterrestrial shapeshifters that appear in the Marvel Universe. ... This article is about Earth as a planet. ...


Mark Gruenwald has discussed the origins of the storyline [1] as a Quasar story which was expanded when he (then Marvel's executive editor and writer of Captain America and Quasar), Bob Harras (at the time the Avengers writer and the X-Men line's editor), and Fabian Nicieza (then editor of Wonder Man and a writer of numerous non-Avengers books) were looking for an appropriate plot for a proposed Avengers crossover. The X-Men are a group of comic book superheroes featured in Marvel Comics. ...


Harras's role was instrumental in approving the story. As the X-Men editor he could authorize the extensive use of the Shi'ar, a race which until then had rarely appeared outside of the X-Men titles where they had made their debut.


The three creators mapped out the proposed storyline, which was further expanded at an "Avengers summit" when all the writers and editors whose series were involved in the crossover gathered together to further refine the plot.


Creators who contributed to the storyline included writers Gruenwald, Harras, Tom DeFalco, Gerard Jones, Len Kaminski and Roy Thomas (who wrote the original Kree-Skrull War storyline); pencillers Greg Capullo, Steve Epting, Ron Frenz, Jeff Johnson, Rik Levins, Pat Olliffe, David Ross and Paul Ryan; and editors Nicieza, Ralph Macchio, Nel Yomtov and Kelly Corvese. Tom DeFalco (born June 26, 1950) is an American comics writer and editor. ... Gerard Jones is an American writer, born July 10, 1957 in Cut Bank, Montana, raised in Los Gatos and Gilroy, California. ... Roy Thomas (born November 22, 1940, Missouri, United States) is a comic book writer and editor, and Stan Lees first successor as editor-in-chief of Marvel Comics. ... Capullos cover for Quasar #32 (March, 1992). ... Steve Epting is a comic book artist whose work includes Aquaman, The Avengers, X-Factor and several titles for the now defunct CrossGen, including El Cazador (with Chuck Dixon) and Crux. ... Ronald Wade Frenz is an American comic book artist born in Pittsburgh, Pa in 1960. ... Johnsons cover for Wonder Man #9 (May 1992). ... Levins cover for Captain America #401 (June 1992). ... Spider-Girl #53 cover. ... Notable people named Paul Ryan include: [1]Paul Ryan (artist) Paul Ryan (politician) Paul Ryan (singer) Paul Ryan (illustrator) (Squadron Supreme) Paul Ryan (stalker) This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Ralph Macchio is a comic book editor. ...


The storyline was tightly plotted so that each issue was supposed to carry the story forward in some way. Each characters' characterization was kept largely consistent with their portrayals from their ongoing titles and long developing themes and storylines (such as the strained relationship between Captain America and Iron Man following the "Armor Wars", the Avengers strict "no killing" rule, the Kree's genetic problems, etc.) were updated and further developed. The Armor Wars was a Marvel Comics storyline which ran in the Iron Man comic book. ... DNA, the molecular basis for inheritance. ...


The storyline

The war reaches Earth

Cover to Quasar #32 (March, 1992). Art by Greg Capullo and Harry Candelario.

The plot begins in Captain America #398 (March 1992) with the kidnapping of Rick Jones by Shi'ar agents intent on recovering Kree artifacts to aid them in the construction of a super weapon. In the course of rescuing Jones, Captain America discovers that a conflict has begun between the alien Kree and Shi'ar empires. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x609, 83 KB) Summary Cover to Quasar #32 (March, 1992). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x609, 83 KB) Summary Cover to Quasar #32 (March, 1992). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Capullos cover for Quasar #32 (March, 1992). ... Richard Milhouse Rick Jones is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics Universe. ...


In Quasar #32 (March 1992) Captain America's fellow Avenger Quasar discovers that the use of a nearby stargate by the warring factions is destabilizing Earth's sun. The Avengers gather and resolve to intervene in the conflict to try and ensure the safety of their solar system either by bringing about a truce or by diverting the two empires from using the nearby stargate. As a term for a science fictional device allowing rapid travel between distant locations, the word stargate was coined by Arthur C. Clarke in the story 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The Sun (Latin: Sol) is the star at the center of the Solar System. ... Major features of the Solar System (not to scale; from left to right): Pluto, Neptune, Uranus, Saturn, Jupiter, the asteroid belt, the Sun, Mercury, Venus, Earth and its Moon, and Mars. ...


The Avengers assemble

In Avengers #345 (March 1992) a gathering of over twenty Avengers are divided into three teams to deal with the threat. One of the teams stays on the Earth to protect the planet for the duration of the conflict, while the other two are sent to the Shi'ar and Kree homeworlds via the Stargate to try and negotiate with the two empire's leaders.

Cover to Avengers #345 (March 1992). Art by Steve Epting.

The "Earth team" is led by the Wasp and includes the Falcon, Henry Pym, Gilgamesh, Mockingbird, She-Hulk, Spider-Woman II and USAgent. The Wasp (Janet van Dyne) is a comic book superheroine in the Marvel Comics universe. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Dr. Henry Hank Jonathan Pym is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics Universe, created by writer Stan Lee and artist/co-plotter Jack Kirby. ... The Forgotten One (also known as Hero and Gilgamesh) is a superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Mockingbird (Barbara Bobbi Morse-Barton) is a Marvel Comics superhero, a member of the Avengers and West Coast Avengers. ... She-Hulk (Jennifer Walters-Jameson) is a Marvel Comics superheroine. ... Julia Carpenter née Cornwall is the true identity of the second Spider-Woman, a fictional character and a retired superheroine in the Marvel Comics universe. ... USAgent (John Walker, formerly the Super-Patriot and the sixth Captain America) is a superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


The "Shi'ar Team" is led by Captain Marvel II and includes the Living Lightning, the Scarlet Witch, Starfox, Thor II, Vision and Wonder Man. Monica Rambeau is a comic book superhero in the Marvel Comics universe, who has been a member of the Avengers under the aliases Captain Marvel and Photon. ... Living Lightning (Miguel Santos) is a fictional character from the Marvel Universe. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long. ... Starfox (Eros) is a fictional superhero from the Marvel Comics universe. ... Thunderstrike (Eric Masterson) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... The Vision is the name of at least three fictional comic book characters in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


Finally, the "Kree Team" is led by Captain America and includes the Black Knight, Crystal, Goliath II, Hercules, Iron Man and Sersi. Dane Whitman is a fictional super hero in the Marvel Comics Universe and third person to bear the name Black Knight. ... Crystal is a fictional character, a superhero in Marvel Comics universe. ... Yellowjacket. ... Hercules is a fictional character, an Olympian demigod and superhero in the Marvel Comics Universe, based on the mythological demigod and hero called Heracles by the Greeks and Hercules by the Romans. ... Sersi is a fictional character, an Eternal superheroine in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


In the story, USAgent is originally assigned to the "Kree Team" and Hawkeye to the "Earth Team", but Clint Barton (Hawkeye's real identity) perceives this as a slight and convinces Hank Pym to provide him with some Pym Particles so that he might increase his superhuman abilities (and thus qualify for inclusion on the "Kree Team") by reassuming his Goliath II identity. Hawkeye (Clint Barton) is a fictional Marvel Comics superhero, a longtime member of the Avengers. ... Dr. Henry Hank Pym is a fictional character in the Marvel Universe, a founding member of the superhero group The Avengers and a brilliant scientist who spends much of his time in his lab. ...


This is one of the stories few overt references to the original "Kree-Skrull War" storyline, as Barton appears as Goliath II in that storyline as well (something which Barton and Pym comment on in the story).


The Kree-Shi'ar War

The Kree and Shi'ar Avengers teams go on to encounter the various factions and are largely unsuccessful in engagaing them in negotiations. Captain America's team are repeatedly captured and imprisoned by the Kree authorities while Captain Marvel II's team engages in a number of short battles with various Shi'ar forces.

Cover to Wonder Man #9 (May 1992). Art by Jeff Johnson.

During the course of these encounters it is revealed that the Sh'iar has managed to create a massive super weapon — the "Nega-Bomb" — using Kree artifacts including the original Captain Marvel's Nega-Bands which has been stolen from the dead hero's tomb. This bomb is capable of devastating an area equivalent to that of the Kree Empire (which is supposedly located throughout the Large Magellanic Cloud). Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x609, 81 KB) Summary Cover to Wonder-Man #9 (May, 1992). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (400x609, 81 KB) Summary Cover to Wonder-Man #9 (May, 1992). ... Wonder Man is a fictional character, a superhero and a long-time member of the Avengers that appears in the Marvel Universe. ... Johnsons cover for Wonder Man #9 (May 1992). ... Captain Mar-Vell (or Captain Marvel) is a fictional character, an alien superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ... The Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC for short) is a dwarf galaxy that orbits our own galaxy, the Milky Way. ...


Also during the conflict, the Kree's military leaders are assassinated by the Shi'ar agent Deathbird, the Supreme Intelligence regains (temporary) control of the Kree forces, and Skrull agents are revealed to be surreptitiously manipulating the court of the Shi'ar Majestrix Lilandra into escalating the conflict. Deathbird (Calsyee Neramani) is a Marvel Comics supervillainess, an adversary of the X-Men. ... The Supreme Intelligence is a fictional organic computer featured in several Marvel Comics stories. ... Lilandra is a fictional character in the Marvel Comics universe. ...


Eventually, Captain Marvel II's Avengers delegation manages to convince Lilandra to try and begin peace negotiations with the Kree. However by this point, the Nega-Bomb has been stolen by Skrull agents and her efforts to recall the weapon fails.


Despite the presence of Avengers members Wonder Man and the Vision in the Nega-Bomb's massive interior, the device is successfully detonated in Wonder Man #9 (May 1992). The Kree Empire is devastated by its effects, with billions dying instantaneously.


In Avengers #347 (May 1992) the various Avengers (all of whom manage to survive the bomb's effects) gather on Hala, the Kree homeworld, and discover that most of the events of the war — up to and including the Nega-Bomb's detonation — have been manipulated and engineered by the Kree Supreme Intelligence. This creature, an amalgam of the consciousness of thousands of generations of Kree military leaders, calculated that the bomb's radioactive effects would serve to jumpstart the Kree race's evolution which had previously been thought stalled.


Horrified by this revelation, and faced with the problem with what to do now with the captured Supreme Intelligence, a group of Avengers decides that the Supreme Intelligence should be killed for its act of genocide.


Disagreeing with this idea completely, Captain America holds a vote, and when a majority of Avengers agree that killing the Intelligence is not appropriate, he orders that no Avenger should kill the creature. Iron Man refuses to follow this order (invoking his seniority as a founding member), and he and the other dissenting Avengers — Black Knight, Hercules, Sersi, Thor, Vision and Wonder Man — attempt to terminate the creature, apparently succeeding.


A Shi'ar delegation then appears and announces that they will annex the devastated Kree Empire, with Lilandra's sister Deathbird becoming viceroy of the Kree territories. The Avengers return to Earth divided and disillusioned by the events of the storyline, and the consciousness of the Supreme Intelligence is shown to have survived and escaped to a waiting spaceship manned by Skrulls. A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... One of the fictional ships called the Starship Enterprise from Star Trek, one of the most famous fictional starships. ...

Cover to Captain America #401 (June 1992). Art by Rik Levins.

Captain America, the alter ego of Steve Rogers,[2] is a fictional comic-book superhero in the Marvel Comics universe. ... Levins cover for Captain America #401 (June 1992). ...

Aftermath of the war

The immediate aftermath of the storyline is explored in the Captain America and Quasar titles. Captain America #401 (June 1992) examines the effects of the conflict on Captain America — his disappointment in those teammates who disobeyed his orders and in the Avengers group as a whole.


Quasar #35 and #36 (June - July 1992) explores the larger repercussions of the storyline: the effect on the wider cosmos of the Nega-Bomb explosion and the sudden death of billions of lifeforms and the collapse of a major space empire.


Other comics which tie directly into the events of Operation Galactic Storm include Silver Surfer (vol. 2) #77 (April 1993) which features the return of two Kree characters, Doctor Minerva and Captain Atlas, who are thought to have died at Operation: Galactic Storm's conclusion; and Avengers Forever #8 (July 1997), which shows how the events of the crossover may lead (and has lead in at least one timeline) the Avengers to become a paramilitary group that controls a vast and repressive interstellar empire. The Silver Surfer is a fictional character, a Marvel Comics superhero created by writer Stan Lee and artist/co-plotter Jack Kirby. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Avengers Forever is a twelve-issue comic book limited series serialized by Marvel Comics from 1998 to 2000 starring the superhero team called the Avengers. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... A paramilitary organization is a group of civilians trained and organized in a military fashion. ...


In a more general sense, the implications and repercussions of the events depicted in the crossover have had a wide and continuing effect on many stories set in the Marvel Universe, most especially stories featuring the Kree, Shi'ar and Skrull as the events of the crossover changed the status quo of each of those races to varying degrees. This does not cite any references or sources. ...


More specifically, many subsequent Avengers storylines feature attempts by surviving Kree to exact revenge on the Avengers team for their supposed role in the Nega-Bomb's detonation, the most notable of which is the 1998 crossover "Live Kree or Die!". Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Bibliography

Cover to Avengers #347 (May, 1992), the conclusion of the crossover. Art by Steve Epting.

The Original Crossover: Cover of Marvel Comics Avengers Vol. ... Cover of Marvel Comics Avengers Vol. ... The Avengers is an elite fictional comic book superhero team in the Marvel Universe. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Steve Epting is a comic book artist whose work includes Aquaman, The Avengers, X-Factor and several titles for the now defunct CrossGen, including El Cazador (with Chuck Dixon) and Crux. ...

  • Part 1: Captain America #398 (March 1992)
  • Part 2: Avengers West Coast #80 (March 1992)
  • Part 3: Quasar #32 (March 1992)
  • Part 4: Wonder Man #7 (March 1992)
  • Part 5: Avengers #345 (March 1992)
  • Part 6: Iron Man #278 (March 1992)
  • Part 7: Thor #445 (March 1992)
  • Part 8: Captain America #399 (April 1992)
  • Part 9: Avengers West Coast #81 (April 1992)
  • Part 10: Quasar #33 (April 1992)
  • Part 11: Wonder Man #8 (April 1992)
  • Part 12: Avengers #346 (April 1992)
  • Part 13: Iron Man #279 (April 1992)
  • Part 14: Thor #446 (April 1992)
  • Part 15: Captain America #400 (May 1992)
  • Part 16: Avengers West Coast #82 (May 1992)
  • Part 17: Quasar #34 (May 1992)
  • Part 18: Wonder Man #9 (May 1992)
  • Part 19: Avengers #347 (May 1992)

Post Avengers #347 tie-ins:

  • Captain America #401 (June 1992)
  • Quasar #35, 36 (June - July, 1992)
  • Avengers West Coast #83 (June, 1992)
  • Silver Surfer (vol. 2) #79 (April, 1993)
  • Avengers Forever #8 (July, 1997)

Video game

In 1995, an arcade game called Avengers in Galactic Storm was published by Data East Corporation in the arcades in Japan and the USA. The game was loosely based on the crossover, but featured only four playable Avengers. It is now emulated by MAME. Centipede by Atari is a typical example of a 1980s era arcade game. ... Avengers in Galactic Storm is a one-on-one beat em up arcade game released by Data East in 1995. ... Data East (データイースト dēta īsuto) was a Japanese video game company, also known as DECO (Data East Corporation, データイースト株式会社 dēta īsuto kabushikigaisha). ... MAME is an emulator application designed to recreate the hardware of arcade game systems in software, with the intent of preserving gaming history and preventing vintage games from being lost or forgotten. ...


Sources

Marvel Age is an imprint of Marvel Comics intended for younger audiences, including children, established in 2003. ...

Citations


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