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Encyclopedia > Gaius Julius Hyginus

Gaius Julius Hyginus, (c. 64 BC - 17 AD) Latin author, a native of Spain (or Alexandria), was a pupil of the famous Cornelius Alexander Polyhistor and a freedman of Caesar Augustus, by whom he was made superintendent of the Palatine library (Suetonius, De Graminaticis, 20).


He is said to have fallen into great poverty in his old age, and to have been supported by the historian Clodius Licinus. He was a voluminous author, and his works included topographical and biographical treatises, commentaries on Helvius Cinna and the poems of Virgil, and disquisitions on agriculture and bee-keeping. All these are lost.


Under the name of Hyginus two school treatises on mythology are extant:

  1. Fabularum Liber, some 300 mythological legends and celestial genealogies, valuable for the use made by the author of the works of Greek tragedians now lost
  2. De Astronomia, usually called Poetica Astronomica, containing an elementary treatise on astronomy and the myths connected with the stars, chiefly based on the Kai-ao-repwpot of Eratosthenes.

Both are abridgments and both are by the same hand; but the style and Latinity and the elementary mistakes (especially in the rendering of the Greek originals) are held to prove that they cannot have been the work of so distinguished a scholar as G. Julius Hyginus. It is suggested that these treatises are an abridgment (made in the latter half of the 2nd century) of the Genealogiae of Hyginus by an unknown grammarian, who added a complete treatise on mythology.


Editions: Fabulae, by M. Schmidt (1872); De Astronomia by B. Bunte (1875); see also Bunte, De G. Julii Hygini, Augusti Liberti, Vita et Scriptis (1846).


This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gaius Julius Hyginus - LoveToKnow 1911 (204 words)
GAIUS JULIUS HYGINUS, Latin author, a native of Spain (or Alexandria), was a pupil of the famous Cornelius Alexander Polyhistor and a freedman of Augustus, by whom he was made superintendent of the Palatine library (Suetonius, De Grammaticis, 20).
He was a voluminous author, and his works included topographical and biographical treatises, commentaries on Helvius Cinna and the poems of Virgil, and disquisitions on agriculture and bee-keeping.
Both are 'abridgments and both are by the same hand; but the style and Latinity and the elementary mistakes (especially in the rendering of the Greek originals) are held to prove that they cannot have been the work of so distinguished a scholar as C. Julius Hyginus.
Agrippina Minor oder die Jüngere (11437 words)
Manchmal - aber sehr selten - entwickelte sich auch in diesen arrangierten Ehen eine tiefe menschliche Beziehung zwischen den Partnern wie z.B. wischen Pompeius und Julia, der einzigen Tochter von Gaius Julius Caesar.
Auch Gaius Julius Caesars erste Ehe mit Cornelia, einer Tochter von Cinna, gehörte zu den wenigen sehr glücklichen Ehen.
Gaius Asinius Gallus entging aber nicht der Einzelhaft.
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