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Encyclopedia > Gaius Antonius

Gaius Antonius (died 42 BC) was the second son of Marcus Antonius Creticus and Julia Antonia, and thus, younger brother of Mark Antony, triumvir and enemy of Caesar Augustus. Antonius (fem. ... Events October 3 - First Battle of Philippi: The Triumvirs Mark Antony and Octavian fight an indecisive battle with Caesars assassins Marcus Junius Brutus and Cassius. ... Marcus Antonius Creticus (lived 1st century BC) was a Roman politician, member of the Antonius family. ... Julia Caesaris (104 BC - 40 BC) or Julia Antonia (known from the sources to distinguish her from the other Juliae Caesares) was a daughter to consul Lucius Julius Caesar III and a sister to consul Lucius Julius Caesar IV. The identity of her mother is unknown and she was born... Bust of Mark Antony Marcus Antonius (Latin: M·ANTONIVS·M·F·M·N[1]) ( January 14 83 BC – August 1, 30 BC), known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and general. ... The term triumvirate (Latin for rule by three men) or troika in Russian, is commonly used to describe an alliance between three equally powerful political or military leaders. ... The famous statue of Octavian at the Prima Porta Caesar Augustus (Latin:IMP·CAESAR·DIVI·F·AVGVSTVS) ¹ (23 September 63 BC–19 August AD 14), known to modern historians as Octavian for the period of his life prior to 27 BC, is considered the first and one of the most...



Early life

Like his brother, Gaius started his life free from paternal guidance, in the midst of scandals, parties and gambling.

Caesar's civil war

During the civil war, Gaius was a legate of Julius Caesar (49 BC) and entrusted, with Publius Cornelius Dolabella, with the defence of Illyricum against the Pompeians. While Dolabella's fleet was destroyed, Antonius was shut up in the island of Curicta and forced to surrender. However, following Caesar's victories, he was released Combatants Julius Caesar and supporters, the Populares faction, Roman senate, the Optimates faction, Commanders Julius Caesar Pompey†, Titus Labienus†, Metellus Scipio†, Cato the younger†, Gnaeus Pompeius† Sextus Pompeius The Roman civil war of 49 BC, sometimes called Caesars Civil War, is one of the last conflicts within the Roman... A legatus (often anglicized as legate) was equivalent to a modern general officer in the Roman army. ... For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... Consuls: Lucius Cornelius Lentulus Crus, Gaius Claudius Marcellus Maior. ... Publius Cornelius Dolabella, Roman general and son-in-law of Cicero, was born about 70 BC. He was by far the most important of the Dolabellae, a family of the patrician Cornelii. ... This article is about an ancient civilization in southeastern Europe; see also Illyria (software), Illyria (character in the TV series Angel). ... For other meanings see Pompey (disambiguation). ... Location of Krk in Croatia Krk (Italian Veglia, Latin Curicta) is a Croatian island in the northern Adriatic Sea, located near Rijeka in the Bay of Kvarner and part of the Primorje-Gorski Kotar county. ...

Caesar's dictatorship

With all the members of the Antonius family, he was then promoted to high offices of the cursus honorum. In 44 BC, Gaius was urban praetor, while his brothers Mark Antony and Lucius Antonius were consul and tribune respectively. Antonius (fem. ... Ordinary Magistrates Extraordinary Magistrates Titles and Honors Emperor Politics and Law The cursus honorum (Latin: course of honour) was the sequential order of public offices held by aspiring politicians in both the Roman Republic and the early Empire. ... Centuries: 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - 1st century Decades: 90s BC 80s BC 70s BC 60s BC 50s BC - 40s BC - 30s BC 20s BC 10s BC 0s BC 0s Years: 49 BC 48 BC 47 BC 46 BC 45 BC 44 BC 43 BC 42 BC 41 BC... Definition According to Cicero, Praetor was a title which designated the consuls as the leaders of the armies of the state. ... Lucius Antonius (1st century BC) was the younger brother and supporter of Marcus Antonius, a Roman politician. ...

Caesar's assassination and afterwards

After the assassination of Caesar, Gaius (as a Caesarean) was appointed governor to the Roman province of Macedonia. Marcus Junius Brutus and the other assassins, however, chose Macedonia as refuge from Octavian and - on opposition from Gaius - dispossessed him of his governorship. Brutus at first seemed to treat him generously, but ultimately ordered his death. Assassin and Assassins redirect here. ... Map of the Roman Empire, with the provinces, after 120. ... Ancient marble bust of Marcus Brutus Marcus Junius Brutus (85 –42 BC), or Quintus Servilius Caepio Brutus, was a Roman senator of the late Roman Republic. ... For other persons named Octavian, see Octavian (disambiguation). ...


  • Plutarch, Brutus, 28
  • Dio Cassius xlvii. 21-24
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclop√¶dia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
ANTONIUS - Online Information article about ANTONIUS (2300 words)
Lucius ANTONIUS, youngest son of Marcus Antonius Creticus, and brother of the triumvir.
Antonius marched on Rome, drove out Lepidus, and promised the people that the triumvirate should be abolished.
Gaius was appointed to the province of Macedonia, but on his way thither fell into the hands of M.
Antonius - LoveToKnow 1911 (1880 words)
Marcus Antonius (143-87 B.C.), one of the most distinguished Roman orators of his time, was quaestor in 113, and praetor in 102 with proconsular powers, the province of Cilicia being assigned to him.
Marcus Antonius, commonly called Mark Antony, the Triumvir, grandson of Antonius the "orator" and son of Antonius Creticus, related on his mother's side to Julius Caesar, was born about 83 B.C. Under the influence of his stepfather, Cornelius Lentulus Sura, he spent a profligate youth.
Gaius was appointed to the province of Macedonia, but on his way thither fell into the hands of M. Junius Brutus on the coast of Illyria.
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