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Encyclopedia > Gail Borden
Gail Borden (1801-1874)
Gail Borden (1801-1874)
Patent RE2103 for Improvements in Condensing Milk
Patent RE2103 for Improvements in Condensing Milk

Gail Borden, Jr. ( 9 November 180111 January 1874 ) was the U.S. inventor of condensed milk 1856. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 408 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (800 × 1175 pixel, file size: 29 KB, MIME type: image/png) Gail Borden patent for condensing milk File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 408 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (800 × 1175 pixel, file size: 29 KB, MIME type: image/png) Gail Borden patent for condensing milk File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... January 11 is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Can of Black & White condensed milk for international trade Condensed milk is cows milk from which water has been removed and to which sugar has been added, yielding a very thick, sweet product that can last for years without refrigeration. ...

Contents

Early years

Gail Borden, Jr. was born in Norwich, New York in 1801. He later moved at an early age to New London, Indiana. It was in Indiana where Borden would have his only formal schooling, which lasted for only one year in 1816. In 1828 he moved to Amite County, Mississippi, where he married his first wife Penelope Mercer, daughter of Eli Mercer. Subsequently, he and the Mercers moved to Texas in 1829. As a surveyor, he plotted the towns of Houston and Galveston, and was also involved with creating the first topographical map of Texas in 1835. He created Texas' first permanent newspaper, the "Telegraph and Texas Register". As a newspaper owner and editor, and penned the headline, "Remember the Alamo!" Norwich, New York is the name of two locations in Chenango County, New York. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... Amite County is a county located in the state of Mississippi. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) English (de facto) See also languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ...


Career

Sam Houston appointed Borden as Collector of Customs at Galveston in June 1837. He was very well liked and performed his job well, raising half of the government income during this period through his collection on importations. Houston's successor to the presidency, Mirabeau B. Lamar, removed Borden from office in December 1838 and replaced Borden with a lifelong friend from Mobile, Alabama, the honorable Dr. Willis Roberts, a new arrival to the Republic. Roberts' son later was appointed Secretary of State of the Republic. Lamar was said to have known Roberts for 25 years. However, Borden had been so well liked that the newcomer was resented. The Galveston newspaper frequently criticized the new regime about malfeasance. Samuel Houston (March 2, 1793–July 26, 1863) was a 19th century American statesman, politician and soldier. ... Galveston redirects here. ... Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar Mirabeau Buonaparte Lamar (August 16, 1798 – December 19, 1859) was the second president of the Republic of Texas. ... Nickname: The Azalea City Coordinates: Country US State Alabama County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Mayor Sam Jones Area    - City 412. ...


When a shortage of funds came to light, Roberts offered to put up several personal houses and nine slaves as collateral until the matter could be settled. It was later determined that two resentful desk clerks had been embezzling funds, but this came too late for the hapless doctor, who lasted in the job only until December 1839. Any hopes Borden had of reinstatement were dashed when Lamar appointed someone else. Houston later re-appointed Borden to the post and he served December 1841 to April 1843, resigning over a dispute with President Houston. Borden had since turned his attention to real estate matters. 1839 (MDCCCXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1843 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Inventor

Borden turned to inventing in the 1840s. He spent six years perfecting his "meat biscuit," which was a condensed-beef-broth-and-flour concoction which Borden hoped would revolutionize the world by allowing for the transport of meat over great distances without it spoiling. While working on his meat biscuit Borden also discovered ways of condensing other products, including milk. He moved to New York to secure patents for his condensed milk vacuum in 1851, and there a financier, Jeremiah Milbank, helped bankroll him in the venture of condensed milk, where he was ultimately successful. The invention led to the establishment of the company known as Borden Milk Products. However, even with the help of Milbank, it was not until the Civil War when troops needed milk products that did not spoil, that he was successful in promoting his condensed milk. 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... NY redirects here. ... A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee (the inventor or assignee) for a fixed period of time in exchange for the regulated, public disclosure of certain details of a device, method, process or composition of matter (substance) (known as an invention) which... Borden Milk Products LP was founded in 1857 by Gail Borden and is now owned by Dallas-based Milk Products LP. MPLP is privately held and located near National Dairy Products LP. Most of Bordens products are sold in the United States, but the condensed milk is also found... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... Can of Black & White condensed milk for international trade Condensed milk is cows milk from which water has been removed and to which sugar has been added, yielding a very thick, sweet product that can last for years without refrigeration. ...


Later years

With his profits from the condensed milk venture, he returned to Texas, opened new business ventures, and supported many charities and institutions. Official language(s) English (de facto) See also languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ...


Borden died in 1874 in Borden, Colorado County, Texas. Borden County, which he never set foot in, was named for him posthumously, as was its county seat, Gail. He was buried in White Plains, New York. Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Colorado County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Borden County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Gail is an unincorporated town located in Borden County, Texas. ... Location of White Plains. ...


In 1892 Samuel and Alfred Church, stepsons of Borden and residents of Elgin, Illinois purchased and donated the Scofield Mansion at 50 N. Spring Street to house a new library for the residents of Elgin. Samuel and Alfred’s only request was that the library be forever and always known and called the Gail Borden Public Library.


Patents

U.S. Patent RE2103 ; November 14, 1865; Improvements in Condensing Milk November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ...


References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Borden County, Texas Genealogical Records Information (1086 words)
Borden County, at the edge of the Llano Estacado, is bounded on the east by Scurry County, on the south by Howard County, on the west by Dawson County, and on the north by Lynn and Garza counties.
The county was marked off in 1876 from Bosque County and named for Gail Borden, Jr., a newspaper publisher and organizer of the Republic of Texas, and a surveyor who helped lay out the site of Houston and prepared the first topographical map of Texas.
The county was organized in 1891, and Gail was made the county seat.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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