FACTOID # 8: Bookworms: Vermont has the highest number of high school teachers per capita and third highest number of librarians per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Gaekwad of Baroda

The Gaekwad or Gaekwar (once rendered as Guicowar) (Gujarati: ગાયકવાડ ; Marathi: गायकवाड) was a Maratha dynasty that ruled the princely state of Baroda in western India from the mid-eighteenth century until 1947. The ruling prince was known as the Maharaja Gaekwad of Baroda, or more commonly as the Gaekwad. is an Indo-Aryan language, part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: मराठा)is a collective term referring to an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a substantial empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries AD. The Marathas... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા, Hindi Marathi: बडोदा),  , also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ...

Sir Syaji Rao, Maharaj Gaekwad of Baroda

Contents

Early history

The Gaekwads' rule of Baroda began when the Maratha general Pilaji Rao Gaekwad conquered the city from the Mughal empire in 1721. The Gaekwads were granted the city as a fief by the Peshwa, the de facto leader of the Maratha empire. After the Maratha confederacy was defeated by the Afghans at the Third Battle of Panipat in 1761, the Gaekwads, along with several powerful Maratha clans, established themselves as virtually independent rulers of the further regions of the empire, while recognizing the nominal authority of the Peshwas and suzerainty of the Bhonsle Maharaja of Satara Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા, Hindi Marathi: बडोदा),  , also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: मराठा)is a collective term referring to an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a substantial empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries AD. The Marathas... Shrimant Sardar Pilajirao Gaekwad was the eldest son of Jhingojirao Kerojirao Gaekwad. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... // Events Pope Innocent XIII becomes pope Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos April 4 - Robert Walpole becomes the first prime minister of Britain September 10 - Treaty of Nystad is signed, bringing an end to the Great Northern War November 2 - Peter I is proclaimed Emperor of All the Russias... Under the system of feudalism, a fiefdom, fief, feud or fee, consisted of heritable lands or revenue-producing property granted by a liege lord in return for a vassal knights service (usually fealty, military service, and security). ... The Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 Statue of the great Baji Rao, near Shaniwar Wada, Pune The Peshwa (also known in Marathi as Peshwe) were Brahmin Prime Ministers to the Maratha Chattrapatis (Kings), who began commanding Maratha armies and later became the hereditary rulers of the Maratha empire... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1761 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 Statue of the great Baji Rao, near Shaniwar Wada, Pune The Peshwa (also known in Marathi as Peshwe) were Brahmin Prime Ministers to the Maratha Chattrapatis (Kings), who began commanding Maratha armies and later became the hereditary rulers of the Maratha empire... The Bhonsle or Bhonsale were a prominent Maratha clan who served as rulers of several states in India . ... Satara   (Marathi:सातारा) is a town located in the Satara District of Maharashtra state of India. ...


British suzerainty

Sir Sayaji Rao Gaekwad with Sir Richard Temple, the Governor of Bombay and other members of the court. Circa 1880
Sir Sayaji Rao Gaekwad with Sir Richard Temple, the Governor of Bombay and other members of the court. Circa 1880

The Gaekwads, together with the other Maratha chieftains, fought the British in the First Anglo-Maratha War. In 1802, the British intervened to defend a Gaekwad Maharaja who had recently inherited the throne against rival claimants, and the Gaekwads concluded a treaty with the British that recognized their independence from the Maratha empire and guaranteed the Maharajas of Baroda local autonomy in return for recognizing British suzerainty. The Marāthās (Marathi: मराठा)is a collective term referring to an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a substantial empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries AD. The Marathas... The First Anglo-Maratha War was the first of three Anglo-Maratha wars fought between the Great Britain and Maratha Empire in India. ... --69. ... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ... The word Maharaja (also spelled maharajah) is Hindi as well as ancient Sanskrit for high king (a karmadharaya from maha great and rajan king). Its use is primarily for Hindu potentates (ruler or sovereign). ...


Maharaja Sayyaji Rao III, who took the throne in 1875, did much to modernize Baroda, establishing compulsory primary education, a library system and the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda. He also encouraged the setting up of textile factories, which helped create Baroda's textile industry. Sayyaji Rao III Gaekwad (1875-1939) The greatest period in the Maratha rule of Baroda started with the accession of Maharaja Sayajirao III in 1875. ... 1875 (MDCCCLXXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Maharaja Sayajirao University, named after Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the erstwhile ruler of Baroda , is the best in Gujarat and the largest university in the city of Baroda in Gujarat, India. ... Sunday textile market on the sidewalks of Karachi, Pakistan. ...


Upon India attaining its independence in 1947, the last ruling Maharaja of Baroda acceded to India. Baroda was eventually merged with Bombay State, which was later divided, based on linguistic principle, into the states of Gujarat and Maharastra in 1960. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા, Hindi Marathi: बडोदा),  , also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... Bombay state is a former state of India. ... India is subdivided into twenty-eight states and seven union territories; the states and territories are themselves further subdivided. ... Gujarāt (GujarātÄ«: , IPA: ,  ) is a state in the Republic of India. ... Maharashtra (महाराष्ट्र) is a state in west-central India. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...


Gaekwad, or Gayakwad, also survives as a fairly common Maratha surname, found mainly in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The Marāthās (Marathi: मराठा)is a collective term referring to an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a substantial empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries AD. The Marathas... A family name, or surname, is that part of a persons name that indicates to what family he or she belongs. ... Maharashtra   (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , English: , IPA: ) is Indias third largest state in terms of area and second largest in terms of population after Uttar Pradesh. ...


Gaekwad Maharajas of Baroda

  • Pilaji Rao Gaekwad (1721-1732)
  • Damaji Rao Gaekwad (1732-1768)
  • Govind Rao Gaekwad (1768-1771)
  • Sayaji Rao I (1771-1789)
  • Manaji Rao Gaekwad (1789-1793)
  • Govind Rao Gaekwad (restored) (1793-1800)
  • Anand Rao Gaekwad (1800-1818)
  • Sayaji Rao II Gaekwad (1818-1847)
  • Ganpat Rao Gaekwad (1847-1856)
  • Khande Rao Gaekwad (1856-1870)
  • Malhar Rao Gaekwad (1870-1875)
  • Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwad III (1875-1939)
  • Pratapsinh Rao Gaekwad (1939-1951)
  • Fatehsinh Rao Gaekwad (1951 - 1988)
  • Ranjitsinh Rao Gaekwad (1988 - )

Shrimant Sardar Pilajirao Gaekwad was the eldest son of Jhingojirao Kerojirao Gaekwad. ...

External links

  • Genealogy of the Gaekwad dynasty of Baroda

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m