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Encyclopedia > Gabriela Mistral
Lucila de María del Perpetuo Socorro Godoy Alcayaga

Pseudonym: Gabriela Mistral
Born: April 7, 1889
Vicuña, Chile
Died: January 10, 1957
Hempstead, New York
Occupation: poet
Nationality: Chilean
Writing period: 1922-1957

Gabriela Mistral (April 7, 1889January 10, 1957) was the pseudonym of Lucila de María del Perpetuo Socorro Godoy Alcayaga, a Chilean poet, educator, diplomat and feminist who was the first Latin American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 1945. Some central themes in her poems are nature, betrayal, love, a mother's love, sorrow and recovery, travel, and Latin American identity as formed from a mixture of Indian and European influences. Image File history File links Nobel_prize_medal. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A pseudonym (Greek: , pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons legal name. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Vicuña is a city in northern Chile founded during the government of Bernardo OHiggins, to secure sovereignty over the Elqui Valley. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... The Town of Hempstead is one of the three towns (otherwise known as civil townships) in Nassau County, New York, United States. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... A pseudonym (Greek: , pseudo + -onym: false name) is an artificial, fictitious name, also known as an alias, used by an individual as an alternative to a persons legal name. ... This article is about the art form. ... Feminists redirects here. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... The Nobel Prize in literature is awarded annually to an author from any country who has produced the most outstanding work of an idealistic tendency. The work in this case generally refers to an authors work as a whole, not to any individual work, though individual works are sometimes... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ...

Contents

Life

Mistral was born in Vicuña, but was raised in the small Andean village of Montegrande, where she attended the primary taught by her older sister, Emelina Molina. She respected her sister greatly. Her father, Juan Gerónimo Godoy Villanueva, was also a schoolteacher. He abandoned the family when she was three years old. At age 14, she began to support herself and her mother by working as a teacher's aide in the seaside town of Compania Baja, near La Serena, Chile. Her mother, Petronila Alcayaga, a seamstress, died in 1929 - Gabriela dedicated the first section of the book Tala (Tree Fall) to her. Vicuña is a city in northern Chile founded during the government of Bernardo OHiggins, to secure sovereignty over the Elqui Valley. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1904 Mistral published some early poems, such as Ensoñaciones, Carta Íntima ("Intimate Letter") and Junto al Mar, in the local newspaper El Coquimbo: Diario Radical, and La Voz de Elqui using various pseudonyms. 1904 (MCMIV) was a leap year starting on a Friday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1906, while working as a teacher, Mistral met Romeo Ureta, a railway worker, who killed himself in 1909. The profound effects of death were already in the poet's work; writing about his suicide led the poet to consider death and life more broadly than previous generations of Latin American poets. Mistral had passionate friendships with various men and women, and these impacted her writings. 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ...


Formal recognition came on December 12, 1914, when Mistral was awarded first prize in a national literary contest Juegos Florales in Santiago, with the work Sonetos de la Muerte (Sonnets of Death). She had been using the pen name Gabriela Mistral since 1909 for many of her writing. After winning the Juegos Florales she rarely used her given name of Lucila Godoy for her publications. She formed her pseudonymn from the two of her favorite poets, Gabriele D'Annunzio and Frédéric Mistral or, as another story has it, from a composite of the Archangel Gabriel and the Mistral wind of Provence. is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ... // Los Sonetos de la Muerte I Del nicho helado en que los hombres te pusieron, te bajaré a la tierra humilde y soleada. ... Gabriele dAnnunzio (12 March 1863, Pescara – 1 March 1938, Gardone Riviera, province of Brescia) was an Italian poet, writer, novelist, dramatist and daredevil, who went on to have a controversial role in politics as a precursor of the fascist movement. ... Frédéric Mistral (September 8, 1830 - March 25, 1914) was a French poet who led the 19th century revival of Occitan (Provençal) language and literature. ...


Mistral's meteoric rise in Chile's national school system continued in 1921, when she defeated another, more politically-connected candidate, to be named director of the newest and most prestigious girls' school in Chile. She left Chile the following year, when she was invited to Mexico by that country's Minister of Education, Jose Vasconcelos. He had her join in the nation's plan to reform libraries and schools, to start a national education system. That year she published Desolación in New York, which won her international acclaim. A year later she published Lecturas para Mujeres (Readings for Women), a text in prose and verse that celebrates motherhood, childhood education, and nationalism. Following almost two years in Mexico she toured Europe and returned to Chile, where she formally retired from the nation's education system. In recognition of her services to education, she eventually received the academic title of Spanish Professor from the University of Chile, although her formal education ended before she was 12 years old. José Vasconcelos (Oaxaca, 1882 – Mexico City, 1959) was a Mexican writer, thinker and politician. ... Desolación Island is an island in the Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region, Chile. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... Universidad de Chile may refer to: Universidad de Chile (university) Universidad de Chile (football club) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


Mistral's international stature led to lectures first in the United States and then in Europe. In 1924, while traveling to Europe for the first time, she published Ternura (Tenderness) in Madrid, a collection of lullabies and rondas written primarily for children but often focused on the female body. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Year 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ...


The following year Mistral returned to Latin America and toured Brazil, Uruguay and Argentina. Back in Chile, she was given a pension and retired from teaching. Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


Mistral lived primarily in France and Italy between 1925 and 1933. During these years she worked for the League for Intellectual Co-operation of the League of Nations. She also taught at Barnard College of Columbia University, Vassar College and the University of Puerto Rico at Rio Piedras. Year 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919–1920. ... Barnard College, founded in 1889, is one of the four undergraduate divisions of Columbia University. ... Columbia University is a private research university in the United States and a member of the prestigious Ivy League. ... Vassar College is a private, coeducational, liberal arts college situated in Poughkeepsie, New York, USA. Founded as a womens college in 1861, it was the first member of the Seven Sisters to become coeducational. ... The University of Puerto Rico at Río Piedras (UPRRP) —or Recinto Universitario de Río Piedras (RRP) in Spanish— is a state university located in the city of San Juan, Puerto Rico. ...


Like many Latin American artists and intellectuals, Mistral served as a consul from 1932 until her death, working in Naples, Madrid, Lisbon, Nice, Petrópolis, Los Angeles, Santa Barbara, Veracruz, Mexico, Rapallo and Naples, Italy, and New York. As consul in Madrid, she had occasional professional interactions with another Chilean consul and Nobel Prize winner, Pablo Neruda, and she was among the earlier writers to recognize the importance and originality of his work, which she had known while he was a teenager, and she as school director in his home town of Temuco. She published hundreds of articles in magazines and newspapers throughout the Spanish-speaking world. Among her confidantes were Dr. Eduardo Santos, President of Colombia, all of the elected Presidents of Chile from 1922 to her death in 1957, and Eleanor Roosevelt. Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses see, Naples (disambiguation) and Napoli (disambiguation) Location of the city of Naples (red dot) within Italy. ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Location    - Country Portugal    - Region Lisboa  - Subregion Grande Lisboa  - District or A.R. Lisbon Mayor Carmona Rodrigues  - Party PSD Area 84. ... Night view along the Promenade des Anglais This article is about the city. ... Petrópolis, also known as The Imperial City of Brazil, is a town in the state of Rio de Janeiro, about 60 km from the states capital. ... Los Angeles and L.A. redirect here. ... Nickname: Location in Santa Barbara County and the state of California Coordinates: , County Government  - Mayor Marty Blum Area  - City 111. ... The state of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that comprise Mexico. ... This is about a Ligurian commune, see Rapallo for a resort on the Adriatic coast. ... Alternate uses: See Naples (disambiguation) Naples (Italian Napoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα-Πόλις, latinised in Neapolis) is the largest town in southern Italy, capital of Campania region. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ) are awarded for Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, and Physiology or Medicine. ... Pablo Neruda (July 12, 1904 – September 23, 1973) was the penname of the Chilean writer and communist politician Ricardo Eliecer Neftalí Reyes Basoalto. ... Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (IPA: ; October 11, 1884 – November 7, 1962) was an American political leader who used her influence as an active First Lady from 1933 to 1945 to promote the New Deal policies of her husband, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, as well as taking a prominent role as an...


Tala appeared in 1938, published in Buenos Aires with the help of longtime friend and correspondent Victoria Ocampo. The proceeds for the sale were devoted to children orphaned by the Spanish Civil War. This volume includes many poems celebrating the customs and folklore of Latin America as well as Mediterranean Europe. Mistral uniquely fuses these locales and concerns, a reflection of her identification as "una india vasca," her European Basque-Indigenous Amerindian background. Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Languages Basque - few monoglots Spanish - 1,525,000 monoglots French - 150,000 monoglots Basque-Spanish - 600,000 speakers Basque-French - 76,000 speakers [4] other native languages Religions Traditionally Roman Catholic The Basques (Basque: ) are an indigenous people[5] who inhabit parts of northeastern Spain and southwestern France. ... Native Americans redirects here. ...


In August 14, 1943 Mistral's 17-year-old nephew Juan Miguel killed himself. The grief of this death, as well as her responses to tensions of the Cold War in Europe and the Americas, are the subject of the last volume of poetry published in her lifetime, Lagar, which appeared in 1954. A final volume of poetry, Poema de Chile, was edited posthumously by her friend Doris Dana, and published in 1967. Poema de Chile describes the poet's return to Chile after death, in the company of an Indian boy from the Atacama desert, and an Andean deer, the huemul. is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Atacama The Atacama Desert of Chile is a virtually rainless plateau made up of salt basins (salares), sand, and lava flows, extending from the Andes mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... This article is about the mountain system in South America. ... Species Hippocamelus bisulcus Molina, 1782 Hippocamelus antisensis |} The Huemul is an endangered mammal of the Cervidae family. ...


In November 15, 1945, Mistral became the first Latin American woman to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature. She received the award in person from King Gustav of Sweden on December 10, 1945. In 1947 she received a doctor honoris causa from Mills College, Oakland, California. In 1951 she was awarded the long overdue National Literature Prize in Chile. is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Nobel Prizes (Swedish: ) are awarded for Physics, Chemistry, Literature, Peace, and Physiology or Medicine. ... Gustaf V (Oscar Gustaf Adolf) (June 16, 1858 – October 29, 1950) was King of Sweden from 1907 until his death. ... December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, 21 days before the next year. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Founded in 1852 and established in Oakland, California, in 1871, Mills College is an independent liberal arts womans college, with graduate programs for women and men. ... “Oakland” redirects here. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Gabriela Mistral with Master Santiago Martínez Delgado at Columbia University in NY, probably 1939.

Poor health eventually slowed Mistral's traveling. During the last years of her life she made her home in Hempstead, New York, where she died from cancer of the pancreas on January 10, 1957, aged 67. Her remains were returned to Chile nine days later. The Chilean government declared three days of national mourning, and hundreds of thousands of Chileans came to pay her their respects. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 344 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (350 × 610 pixel, file size: 93 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gabriela Mistral Con Santiago Martinez Delgado en Columbia Univercity Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 344 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (350 × 610 pixel, file size: 93 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Gabriela Mistral Con Santiago Martinez Delgado en Columbia Univercity Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the... Santiago Martinez Delgado (Born in Bogotá in 1906 - Died in 1954 in Madrid, Cundinamarca) was a Colombian painter, sculptor, art historian and writer. ... Columbia University is a private research university in the United States and a member of the prestigious Ivy League. ... The Town of Hempstead is one of the three towns (otherwise known as civil townships) in Nassau County, New York, United States. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ...


Some of Mistral's best known poems include: Piececitos de Niño, Balada, Todas Íbamos a ser Reinas, La Oración de la Maestra, El Ángel Guardián, Decálogo del Artista and La Flor del Aire.


Work

  • Sonetos de la Muerte (1914)
  • Desolación (1922)
  • Lecturas para Mujeres (1923)
  • Ternura (1924)
  • Nubes Blancas y Breve Descripción de Chile (1934)
  • Tala (1938)
  • Antología (1941)
  • Lagar (1954)
  • Recados Contando a Chile (1957)
  • Poema de Chile (1967, published posthumously)
  • Mistral may be most widely quoted in English for Su Nombre es Hoy (His Name is Today):
“We are guilty of many errors and many faults, but our worst crime is abandoning the children, neglecting the fountain of life. Many of the things we need can wait. The child cannot. Right now is the time his bones are being formed, his blood is being made, and his senses are being developed. To him we cannot answer ‘Tomorrow,’ his name is today.”

Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

Pedro Albizu Campos Pedro Albizu Campos (September 12, 1891 – April 21, 1965) born in Tenerías Village in Ponce, Puerto Rico was the son of Alejandro Albizu and Juana Campos. ... El Grito de Lares (The Cry of Lares) —also referred as the Lares uprising, the Lares revolt, Lares rebellion or even Lares Revolution - refers to the revolt against Spanish rule in Puerto Rico which occurred on September 23, 1868, in the town of Lares, Puerto Rico. ...

External links

  • Gabriela Mistral's documents to be sent to Chile as per accord between diplomats from Chile and the United States
  • Life and Poetry of Gabriela Mistral
  • her lyric poetry which, inspired by powerful emotions, has made her name a symbol of the idealistic aspirations of the entire Latin American world.
  • Nobel biography

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gabriela Mistral - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (973 words)
Gabriela Mistral (April 7, 1889 – January 10, 1957) was the pseudonym of Lucila de María del Perpetuo Socorro Godoy Alcayaga, a Chilean poet, educator, diplomat and feminist who was the first Latin American to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, in 1945.
Gabriela Mistral was born in Vicuña, where she attended primary and secondary school.
Mistral had passionate friendships with a number of men and women, and these impacted her writings.
Gabriela Mistral - definition of Gabriela Mistral in Encyclopedia (682 words)
Gabriela Mistral was the pseudonym of Lucila de María del Perpetuo Socorro Godoy Alcayaga (April 7, 1889 - January 10, 1957), Chilean poet, educator, diplomat and feminist, winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945.
From that moment on she began using the pen name Gabriela Mistral, which she formed from the names of two of her favorite poets, Gabriele D'Annunzio and Frédéric Mistral.
In 1922 she was invited to Mexico by that country's Minister of Education, as part of a plan to reform the libraries and the schools.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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