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Encyclopedia > Gabriel Valencia
General Gabriel Valencia, in an 1848 lithograph
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General Gabriel Valencia, in an 1848 lithograph

Gabriel Valencia (17991848) was a Mexican soldier in the early years of the Republic. From December 30, 1845 to January 2, 1846 he served as interim president of Mexico. 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1848 (MDCCCXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Valencia joined the Spanish colonial army before Mexican independence, but transferred his allegiance to the Mexican army in 1821. He made friends in the military and government, becoming a power in Mexican politics. He forged an uneasy alliance with Antonio López de Santa Anna, a powerful figure repeatedly in and out of the presidency during this period. Antonio de Padua María Severino López de Santa Anna y Pérez de Lebrón, also known simply as Santa Anna (21 February 1794 – 21 June 1876) was a Mexican patriot and dictator who greatly influenced early Mexican and Spanish politics and government, first fighting against independence from...

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The Plan de la Ciudadela, 1841

In 1840 and 1841 there were several related rebellions against Anastasio Bustamante, then in his third period as president of Mexico. Bustamante was an adherent of the centralist party. On July 15, 1840, soldiers led by rebellious General José Urrea and Valentín Gómez Farías took the presidential palace and captured President Bustamante, later releasing him. The chief of the general staff, General Gabriel Valencia, helped subdue the revolt.[1] Anastasio Bustamante (1780-1853) was President of Mexico from 1830 to 1832 and then from 1837 to 1841. ... July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... José de Urrea (March 19, 1796 - August, 1848) was a successful general in the Mexican Army notorious for carrying out the Goliad Massacre. ... Valentín Gómez Farías Valentín Gómez Farías (14 February 1781 – 5 July 1858) was twice acting president of Mexico in the 1830s and 1840s. ...


Shortly thereafter, Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga rose against Bustamante in Guadalajara, Juan N. Álvarez in the south, and López de Santa Anna in Perote, Veracruz. This time, on September 4, 1841, Valencia joined the rebellion by publishing the Plan de la Ciudadela. Mariano Paredes (1797-1849) was a general who served as interim president of Mexico for seven months in 1846. ... Guadalajara may refer to: Mexico Guadalajara, Jalisco, the capital of the state of Jalisco Chivas de Guadalajara, aka Chivas, a Mexican association football team Spain Guadalajara (province), a province in Castile–La Mancha Guadalajara, Spain, the capital of the above province This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages... Juan Álvarez (1790-1867) was a general and interim president of Mexico from 1855 to 1856. ... Perote is a city and municipality in the state of Veracruz, Mexico. ... September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The situation was now serious for Bustamante, himself a general. He took the field to fight the rebels, but was defeated. Bustamante went into exile in Europe for a second time (in Italy). The generals arrayed against him then reached a political agreement proclaimed as the Plan de Tacubaya. This plan proclaimed the presidency vacant and named a provisional president to call elections for a constituent congress. This provisional president was, once again, López de Santa Anna. This was his sixth term as president.


Overthrow of President Herrera, 1845

After several other changes in the office of president (including two more intervals by Santa Anna), José Joaquín de Herrera became interim president on December 17, 1844. He became constitutional president on September 16, 1845. Two days before, General Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga again revolted, in opposition to Herrera. José Joaquín de Herrera (1792-1854) was twice president of Mexico. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... September 16 is the 259th day of the year (260th in leap years). ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


In December 1845 Herrera announced he was setting out at the head of an expedition to repel North American invaders, who had reached Saltillo. General Paredes used this opportunity to seize power. On December 30, 1845, General Valencia, now in charge of the garrison of Mexico City, announced his support for Paredes. Out of options, Herrera turned power over to Valencia. Saltillo is a city in northeast Mexico, located at 25°42′ N 101°00′ W. It is the current capital of the state of Coahuila. ... December 30 is the 364th day of the year (365th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 1 day remaining. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


As interim president of Mexico

This was a temporary appointment, meant only to serve the transfer of power. A junta, led by the archbishop of Mexico City, Manuel Posada, was convoked. On January 2, 1846 this junta elected General Paredes interim president. Valencia's term had lasted three days.[2] January 2 is the second day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Mexican-American War

In 1847 General Valencia was among the Mexican forces opposing General Winfield Scott's advance from Veracruz to Mexico City in the Mexican-American War. On August 19, 1847, Scott's forces attacked those of Valencia in the town of Contreras, near Mexico City. Because of rivalry between Valencia and López de Santa Anna, Valencia had advanced beyond his assigned position. For this reason, Santa Anna refused to send reinforcements. The Mexicans were badly defeated on August 20.[3] Winfield Scott Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States Army general, diplomat, and presidential candidate. ... The state of Veracruz de Ignacio de la Llave is one of the 31 states that compose Mexico (does not include the Mexican Federal District). ... Country Mexico State Federal District Municipality Mexico City Founded Seat of the Government Capital of the Nation Head of government Marcelo Ebrard Area    - City km² Population    - City (2005) 8,720,916  - Density 5,741/km² Website: http://www. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia Strength 7,000 - 43,000 18,000 - 40,000 Casualties KIA: 1,733 Total dead: 13,283 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded (Mexican government... August 19 is the 231st day of the year (232nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Magdalena Contreras is one of the 16 delegaciones (boroughs) into which Mexicos Federal District is divided. ...


The remnants of Valencia's forces fell back to Churubusco, joining Santa Anna's forces there. Scott continued his advance, and the Mexicans were defeated again at Churubusco, leaving the way open to Mexico City. Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Winfield Scott Antonio López de Santa Anna Manuel Rincón Strength 8,497 2,641 Casualties 133 killed 865 wounded 998 total total 263 dead 1,261 captured Gens Rincon & Anaya captured The Battles of Churubusco took place on August 20, 1847, in the...


References

  • (Spanish) Lamadrid Sánchez, Emilio, "Notas para la historia de Tampico en la guerra con EU", referenced September 30, 2006 at [4]

September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Preceded by
José Joaquín de Herrera
President of Mexico
1845–1846
Succeeded by
Mariano Paredes

  Results from FactBites:
 
826 Valencia: About Our Staff (2370 words)
She is currently doing two things at once, or three if you count being a tutor with 826 Valencia: Associate Director of College Counseling at Head-Royce School in Oakland and Educational Consultant with McClure, Mallory and Baron in SF.
She is very proud to be a part of 826 Valencia, where she teaches classes on vacation-taking, freeing your inner cartoon character, and secret identities.
Gabriel Roth was a senior editor at the San Francisco Bay Guardian.
- NCAA Sports.com (663 words)
CSUDH made it 2-0 in the 59th minute when Valencia took a pass from Victor Guerrero (Century HS) along the left side.
Valencia beat a defender and from 20 yards out poked his shot to the far post.
The Toros defense, which led the country in shutouts with 14 coming into the match, couldn't hold the lead though as Sonoma State was able to take advantage of its opportunities and defeat the two-time defending NCAA Far West Region champ.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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