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Encyclopedia > Gabriel Lippmann
Gabriel Lippmann
Gabriel Jonas Lippmann
Gabriel Jonas Lippmann
Born August 16, 1845
Hollerich, Luxembourg
Died July 13, 1921 (aged 75)
Atlantic Ocean, travelling from Canada to France
Residence France
Nationality French
Field Physicist
Institutions Sorbonne
Alma mater École Normale
Known for Colour photography
Lippmann plate
Lippmann electrometer
Notable prizes Nobel Prize for Physics (1908)

Gabriel Jonas Lippmann (August 16, 1845July 13, 1921) was a Franco-Luxembourgian physicist and inventor. He was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physics for his method of reproducing colours photographically based on the phenomenon of interference, known as the Lippmann plate. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Hollerich, in south-western Luxembourg City. ... July 13 is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France_(bordered). ... Articles with similar titles include physician, a person who practices medicine. ... Inscription over the entrance to the Sorbonne The front of the Sorbonne Building The name Sorbonne (La Sorbonne) is commonly used to refer to the historic University of Paris in Paris, France or one of its successor institutions (see below), but this is a recent usage, and Sorbonne has actually... The École normale supérieure de la rue dUlm (also known as Normale Sup, Normale, ENS, ENS-Paris, ENS-Ulm or Ulm) is a French grande école, whose main campus is located around the rue dUlm (Ulm Street) in the 5th arrondissement of Paris. ... Color photography was explored throughout the 1800s. ... Early colour photograph by Lippmann Named after Gabriel Lippmann, physicist. ... A Lipman electrometer is a device for detecting small rushes of electric current. ... Image File history File links Nobel. ... List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physics from 1901 to the present day. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... July 13 is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Motto: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité Liberty, Equality, Fraternity Anthem: La Marseillaise Metropolitan France() – on the European continent() – in the European Union()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Paris Official languages French Government Unitary republic  -  President Jacques Chirac  -  Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin Formation  -  Celtic Gaul 1200 BC   -  Franks 11 BC   -  Kingdom of France... Motto Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn(Luxembourgish) We wish to remain what we are Anthem Ons Hémécht(Our Homeland) Royal anthem: De Wilhelmus 1 Luxembourg(circled) – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Luxembourg Official languages French, German, Luxembourgish (de jure... Articles with similar titles include physician, a person who practices medicine. ... For other uses, see Inventor (disambiguation). ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... Hannes Alfvén (1908–1995) accepting the Nobel Prize for his work on magnetohydrodynamics [1]. List of Nobel Prize laureates in Physics from 1901 to the present day. ... Interference of two circular waves - Wavelength (decreasing bottom to top) and Wave centers distance (increasing to the right). ... Early colour photograph by Lippmann Named after Gabriel Lippmann, physicist. ...


He was born to Franco-Jewish parents in Hollerich, Luxemburg. When Gabriel was three, his family moved back to France, to live in Paris, where he was homeschooled.[1] This article incorporates text from the public domain 1901-1906 Jewish Encyclopedia The history of the Jews of France dates back over 2,000 years. ... Hollerich, in south-western Luxembourg City. ... Luxembourg - a small country in west Europe Luxembourg (city) - the capital city of the country Luxembourg (district) - a district in the country Luxembourg, province of Belgium Luxemburg, Iowa - a city in the USA Luxemburg, Wisconsin - a village in the USA Luxembourg Garden, Paris, France Luxemburg Township, Minnesota - a township in... This article is about the capital of France. ... Homeschooling – also called home education or home school – is the education of children at home, typically by parents or guardians, rather than in a public or private school. ...


He is remembered for the innovations that resulted from his search for a direct color-sensitive medium in photography. He was one of the founders of the Institut d'optique théorique et appliquée in France. He also invented an electrometer that was used in the first ECG machine. A Lipman electrometer is a device for detecting small rushes of electric current. ... ECG may also refer to the East Coast Greenway Lead II An Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG, abbreviated from the German Elektrokardiogramm) is a graphic produced by an electrocardiograph, which records the electrical voltage in the heart in the form of a continuous strip graph. ...


Lippmann was a member of the Academy of Sciences from 8 February 1886 until his death, including serving as its President in 1912.[2] In addition, he was a Foreign Member of the Royal Society of London, a member of the Bureau des Longitudes,[1] and a member of the Grand Ducal Institute. Louis XIV visiting the Académie in 1671 The French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Foreign Member of the Royal Society is an honourary postition within the Royal Society. ... The premises of The Royal Society in London (first four properties only). ... The Bureau des Longitudes is a French scientific institution, founded by decree of June 25, 1795 and charged with the improvement of nautical navigation, standardisation of time-keeping, geodesy and astronomical observation. ... Grand Ducal Institute (French: ) is the national academy of Luxembourg, and is based in Luxembourg City in the south of the country. ...


He married the daughter of novellist Victor Cherbuliez in 1888.[1] Charles Victor Cherbuliez (July 19, 1829 - July 1, 1899), French novelist and miscellaneous writer, was born at Geneva, where his father, André Cherbuliez (1795-1874), was a classical professor at the university. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

Early colour photograph of flowers by Lippmann
Early colour photograph of flowers by Lippmann


Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Gabriel Lippmann. Nobel Foundation. Retrieved on 2007-02-12.
  2. ^ (French) Les Membres de l'Académie des sciences depuis sa création (en 1666). Académie des sciences. Retrieved on 2007-02-12.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... February 12 is the 43rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Persondata
NAME Lippmann, Gabriel Jonas
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION French physicist
DATE OF BIRTH August 16, 1845
PLACE OF BIRTH Hollerich, Luxembourg
DATE OF DEATH July 13, 1921
PLACE OF DEATH Atlantic Ocean, travelling from Canada to France

  Results from FactBites:
 
Gabriel Lippmann (435 words)
Gabriel Jonas Lippmann was born on August 16, 1845, in Hollerich, Luxembourg.
As a professor, Lippmann had little success in his research until 1873, when he was sent to Germany on a government mission to study new methods of education in science.
In 1908, Lippmann was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics “for reproducing colors photographically based on the phenomenon of interference.” In 1883, he was elected to the Academy of Sciences and nominated as president in 1912.
Personality of the Week - Lippmann (125 words)
During 1883-1886 he was professor of probability and mathematical physics at the Sorbonne and from 1886 professor of experimental science and director of the Sorbonne's research laboratories.
Lippmann did much basic work in classical physics and made original contributions in a number of fields.
In 1891 he produced color photographs based on the phenomenon of interference for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1908.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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