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Encyclopedia > Gabi Ashkenazi
Gabi Ashkenazi
1954

Place of birth Flag of Israel Hagor, Israel
Allegiance Israel
Service/branch Israel Defense Forces
Years of service 1972–2005, 2007–
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands Golani Brigade (1987–1988), IDF Liaison Unit to Lebanon (1992–1994), Israeli Operations Directorate (1994–1996), Israeli Northern Command (1998–2002), Chief of the General Staff, Israel Defense Forces (2007–)
Battles/wars Yom Kippur War, Operation Thunderbolt, Operation Litani, 1982 Lebanon War, 1982-2000 South Lebanon conflict,Intifada, al-Aqsa Intifada

Gabi (Gabriel) Ashkenazi (Hebrew: גבי אשכנזי) (born 1954 in Hagor, Israel[1]), is the 19th Chief of General Staff of Israel Defence Forces (Hebrew: רמטכ"ל Ramatkal). Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel_(bordered). ... Hagor (Hebrew: ) is a moshav in the Center District of Israel, located between Rosh HaAyin and Jaljulia. ... The Israel Defense Forces are part of the Israeli Security Forces. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... The Golani Brigade חטיבת גולני (aka. ... The Israeli Operations Directorate is a directorate in the General Staff of the Israel Defense Forces, established in 1999, and alongside the regional commands, the Air Force and Sea corps and General Staff directorates, is responsible in planning for the exercising military force. ... Northern Command logo The Israeli Northern Command (Hebrew: פיקוד צפון, Pikud Tzafon) is the Israel Defense Forces regional command responsible for the northern front with Syria and Lebanon. ... Insignia of the Rav Aluf The Ramatkal (Hebrew: רמטכל, abbr. ... Combatants Israel Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq Aided By Saudi Arabia Pakistan Cuba Uganda Libya, Commanders Moshe Dayan, David Elazar, Ariel Sharon, Shmuel Gonen, Benjamin Peled, Israel Tal, Rehavam Zeevi, Aharon Yariv, Yitzhak Hofi, Rafael Eitan, Abraham Adan, Yanush Ben Gal Saad El Shazly, Ahmad Ismail Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Mohammed Aly... Combatants  Israel  PFLP Revolutionäre Zellen  Uganda Commanders Yonatan Netanyahu† Wadie Haddad Wilfried Böse Idi Amin Strength 29 Commandos Unknown Casualties Yonatan Netanyahu killed three hostages killed five commandos wounded 6 hijackers killed 45 Ugandan soldiers killed Operation Entebbe, also known as the Entebbe incident and sometimes the Entebbe... Operation Litani was the official name of the Israel Defense Forces 1978 invasion of Lebanon up to the Litani river. ... Combatants Israel Phalange South Lebanon Army Amal PLO Syria Commanders Menachem Begin (Prime Minister) Ariel Sharon, (Ministry of Defence) Rafael Eitan, (CoS) Yasser Arafat Strength 76,000 37,000 Casualties 670 9,800 The 1982 Lebanon War (Hebrew: , Milkhemet Levanon, Milkhemet Levanon, Arabic: ‎), called by Israel the Operation Peace of... Combatants Hezbollah Israel South Lebanon Army Casualties 1283 1200 Israeli soldiers During the 1982-2000 South Lebanon conflict Hezbollah waged a guerrilla campaign against Israeli forces occupying Southern Lebanon. ... Intifada (also Intefadah or Intifadah; from shaking off) is an Arabic term for uprising. It came into common usage in English as the popularized name for two recent Palestinian campaigns directed at Israel. ... For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ... Hagor (Hebrew: ) is a moshav in the Center District of Israel, located between Rosh HaAyin and Jaljulia. ... The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) (Hebrew: צבא ההגנה לישראל Tsva Ha-Haganah Le-Yisrael ([Army] Force [for] the Defense of Israel), often abbreviated צהל Tsahal, alternative English spelling Tzahal, is the name of Israels armed forces... Insignia of the Rav Aluf The Ramatkal (Hebrew: רמטכל, abbr. ...

Contents

Background and early life

Like his predecessor Dan Halutz, Ashkenazi grew up in Hagor, a Moshav, or cooperative agricultural community in the Sharon region of Central Israel. Ashkenazi's father, a Bulgarian Holocaust survivor, and mother, a Syrian Jewish immigrant, helped found the community.[2][3] Ashkenazi completed high school at a military boarding school affiliated with the prestigious Gymnasia Herzliya in Tel Aviv. His roommates included Yigal Schwartz, a major figure in Israeli literature, and Yoav Toker, a Paris-based broadcast journalist.[4]   (Hebrew: ) (born August 7, 1948 in Tel Aviv, Israel) is an Israeli Air Force Lt. ... Hagor (Hebrew: ) is a moshav in the Center District of Israel, located between Rosh HaAyin and Jaljulia. ... Moshav (Hebrew: מושב Translit. ... For cooperative as used in biochemistry, see cooperative binding. ... Sharon (Hebrew שרון Šārôn) is a region of the central coast of Israel. ... Israels central district highlighted. ... There are many famous Holocaust survivors who survived the Nazi genocides in Europe and went on to achievements of great fame and notability. ... Syrian Jews derive their origin from two groups: those who inhabited the region of todays Syria from the ancient times and those Sephardim who fled to Syria after the expulsion of the Jews from Spain (1492 CE). ... Main article: Secondary education High school is a name used in some parts of the world, and particularly in North America, to describe the last segment of compulsory education. ... A boarding school is an educational institution where some or all pupils not only study, but also live, amongst their peers. ... Herzliya Hebrew High School (Hebrew הגימנסיה העברית הרצליה, ha-gimnasia ha-ivrit hertselia) was founded in 1905 in Jaffa and named Ha-Gimnasia Ha-Ivrit (The Hebrew High School). ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Broadcast journalism refers to television news and radio news, as well as the online news outlets of broadcast affiliates. ...


Golani Brigade (1972-1988)

Drafted into Israel's Golani Brigade, an elite infantry unit, in 1972, Ashkenazi first saw action in the Sinai Peninsula during the 1973 Yom Kippur War. In July 1976 Ashkenazi was a platoon commander in the force that carried out Operation Thunderbolt, a mission to rescue hostages held in Uganda, but he did not participate in the battle at Entebbe Airport.[2] Ashkenazi's first of many experiences in Lebanon came in 1978 during Operation Litani. Ashkenazi was wounded in the fighting and left the IDF before being asked to return as a battalion commander two years later.[2][1] During the 1982 Lebanon War, Ashkenazi served as Deputy Commander of the Golani Brigade and commanded the forces which captured Beaufort Castle, and the towns of Nabatieh and Jabel Baruch.[5] Promoted to Commander of the Golani in 1987, Ashkenazi was reportedly popular with his brigade's combat soldiers during his nearly two-year tenure in that post.[1] The Golani Brigade חטיבת גולני (aka. ... Sinai Peninsula, Gulf of Suez (west), Gulf of Aqaba (east) from Space Shuttle STS-40 For other uses of the word Sinai, please see: Sinai (disambiguation). ... Combatants Israel Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Iraq Aided By Saudi Arabia Pakistan Cuba Uganda Libya, Commanders Moshe Dayan, David Elazar, Ariel Sharon, Shmuel Gonen, Benjamin Peled, Israel Tal, Rehavam Zeevi, Aharon Yariv, Yitzhak Hofi, Rafael Eitan, Abraham Adan, Yanush Ben Gal Saad El Shazly, Ahmad Ismail Ali, Hosni Mubarak, Mohammed Aly... Combatants  Israel  PFLP Revolutionäre Zellen  Uganda Commanders Yonatan Netanyahu† Wadie Haddad Wilfried Böse Idi Amin Strength 29 Commandos Unknown Casualties Yonatan Netanyahu killed three hostages killed five commandos wounded 6 hijackers killed 45 Ugandan soldiers killed Operation Entebbe, also known as the Entebbe incident and sometimes the Entebbe... Entebbe International Airport is the main international airport of Uganda. ... Operation Litani was the official name of the Israel Defense Forces 1978 invasion of Lebanon up to the Litani river. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ... Combatants Israel Phalange South Lebanon Army Amal PLO Syria Commanders Menachem Begin (Prime Minister) Ariel Sharon, (Ministry of Defence) Rafael Eitan, (CoS) Yasser Arafat Strength 76,000 37,000 Casualties 670 9,800 The 1982 Lebanon War (Hebrew: , Milkhemet Levanon, Milkhemet Levanon, Arabic: ‎), called by Israel the Operation Peace of... Location of Beaufort Castle, Lebanon Beaufort or Belfort (Arabic: ‎, Qalaat ash-Shqif, Hebrew: ‎, Mivtsār hāBōfōr) is a Crusader fortress in Nabatiye Governorate, southern Lebanon, about 1 kilometer (0. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Northern Command (1988-2002)

In 1988, Ashkenazi was appointed head of Intelligence for Israeli Northern Command. He commanded a reserve armor division[3] in the early 1990s and later worked as the chief of Israel's civil administration in Lebanon, and in 1994 was promoted to chief of the General Staff's Operations Directorate. In 1998 he was appointed head of Northern Command, a position that would make him responsible for Israel's withdrawal from its Security Zone in Southern Lebanon, ending Israel's 18 year presence in that country. Ashkenazi criticized the withdrawal, believing that it should have been accompanied by negotiations with Syria.[2] Northern Command logo The Israeli Northern Command (Hebrew: פיקוד צפון, Pikud Tzafon) is the Israel Defense Forces regional command responsible for the northern front with Syria and Lebanon. ... The Israeli Operations Directorate is a directorate in the General Staff of the Israel Defense Forces, established in 1999, and alongside the regional commands, the Air Force and Sea corps and General Staff directorates, is responsible in planning for the exercising military force. ... Israeli Security Zone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Southern Lebanon is the geographical area of Lebanon composed of two Governates: the South Lebanon Governate and the Nabatiyeh Governate. ... Combatants Hezbollah Israel South Lebanon Army Casualties 1283 1200 Israeli soldiers During the 1982-2000 South Lebanon conflict Hezbollah waged a guerrilla campaign against Israeli forces occupying Southern Lebanon. ...


Northern Command (1998-2002)

In 1998 Ashkenazi was appointed head of the Israeli Northern Command, a position that would make him responsible for Israel's withdrawal from its Security Zone in Southern Lebanon, ending Israel's 18 year occupation in that country. Ashkenazi criticized the withdrawal, believing that it should have been accompanied by negotiations with Syria.[2]. He had previously served as chief intelligence officer for the Northern Command in the late 1980s. Northern Command logo The Israeli Northern Command (Hebrew: פיקוד צפון, Pikud Tzafon) is the Israel Defense Forces regional command responsible for the northern front with Syria and Lebanon. ... Israeli Security Zone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Southern Lebanon is the geographical area of Lebanon composed of two Governates: the South Lebanon Governate and the Nabatiyeh Governate. ... Combatants Hezbollah Israel South Lebanon Army Casualties 1283 1200 Israeli soldiers During the 1982-2000 South Lebanon conflict Hezbollah waged a guerrilla campaign against Israeli forces occupying Southern Lebanon. ...


Deputy Chief of the General Staff (2002-2005)

Appointed IDF Deputy Chief of Staff in 2002, Ashkenazi was considered the most moderate member of the Israeli General Staff during the al-Aqsa Intifada, according to the Israeli newspaper Haaretz.[2] When Israel began to construct a West Bank barrier in order to physically separate Israeli and Palestinian communities with the purpose of preventing terrorist attacks within Israel, Ashkenazi was placed in charge of the project. He advocated building the barrier as close to the Green Line as possible, a position which would minimize the effects of the barrier on Palestinians. The General also "objected to aggressive acts against the Palestinians" during the Intifada and once described his "greatest fear" for the IDF as "the loss of humanity [of Israeli soldiers] because of the ongoing warfare." For other uses, see al-Aqsa (disambiguation). ... Haaretz (Hebrew: (help· info), The Land) is an Israeli newspaper, founded in 1919. ... The barrier route as of May 2005. ... The term Green Line is often used to refer to the 1949 Armistice lines established between Israel and its opponents (Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, and Egypt) at the end of the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. ...


In early 2005, Israeli commentators speculated that Ashkenazi might be appointed Chief of Staff.[3] However, then-Prime Minister Ariel Sharon and his Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz chose former Israeli Air Force Commander Dan Halutz instead. Haaretz speculated that Sharon might have rejected Ashkenazi because of the General's moderate political views. Ashkenazi retired from the IDF in May, three months after Halutz's appointment was announced. After leaving the IDF "in enormous pain and disappointment", according to The Jerusalem Post, Ashkenazi became a partner in a Tel Aviv-based security consulting firm. A prime minister is the most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ...   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ... Shaul Mofaz during a meeting with U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld on November 10, 2003. ... Official shield of the IAF The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, Air and Space Division, commonly known as חיל האוויר Hel HaAvir) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ...


Director-General of the Defense Ministry (2006)

One year later, Defense Minister Amir Peretz brought Ashkenazi back to the military to serve as the Ministry of Defense's Director-General. In this position, Ashkenazi became the relatively inexperienced Minister's "right hand man" during the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict and, according to Ynetnews, proved to be "much more proficient" than his boss. Ynetnews attributes Peretz's decision to promote Ashkenazi to Chief of Staff to the two men's successful working relationship during the Lebanon war. Amir Peretz (Hebrew: עמיר פרץ; born March 9, 1952) is an Israeli politician and Defense Minister of Israel. ... Director-general is the professional head of a UK Executive Agency which contains other agencies headed by directors. ... Combatants Hezbollah Amal LCP  Israel Commanders Hassan Nasrallah (Secretary General of Hezbollah) Imad Mughniyeh (Commander of Hezbollahs armed wing)[5] Dan Halutz (CoS) Moshe Kaplinsky[12] Udi Adam (Regional) Strength 600-1,000 active fighters 3,000-10,000 reservists[6] 30,000 ground troops (plus IAF & ISC)[13... Ynetnews is an English language Israel news and content website operated by Yedioth Ahronoth, Israel’s most-read newspaper, and the Hebrew Israel news portal, Ynet. ...


Chief of the General Staff (CoGS) (2007)

Education and family life

Ashkenazi studied at the Tel Aviv Junior Command Preparatory School and the American Marine Corps University's Command and Staff College. He also holds a B.A. in political science from the University of Haifa and is a graduate of a Harvard Business School program in management for senior executives. Ashkenazi, who lives in Kfar Saba, is married to Ronit and has two children, Gali and Itai. Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... The Marine Corps University was established on 1 August 1989 by Commandant of the Marine Corps, General Alfred M. Gray, reporting to the USMC Training And Education Command. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political Science is the field concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behaviour. ... The University of Haifa (אוניברסיטת חיפה) is a university in Haifa, Israel. ... Harvard Business School, officially named the Harvard Business School: George F. Baker Foundation, and also known as HBS, is one of the graduate schools of Harvard University. ... Kefar Sava (כפר סבא; unofficially also spelled and pronounced Kfar Saba) is a city in the Sharon area, Center District of Israel in Israel. ...


Gabi Ashkenazi's brother, Brigadier General Avi Ashkenazi, was appointed head of the IDF's Staff and Command School in September, 2006. A Brigadier General, or one-star general, is the lowest rank of general officer in the United States and some other countries, ranking just above Colonel and just below Major General. ...


Notes

  1. ^ a b c "Who is Gabi Ashkenazi?", Ynetnews, 2007-01-22. Retrieved on 2007-01-22. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f "A short biography of Major General Gabi Ashkenazi", Haaretz, 2007-01-22. Retrieved on 2007-01-22. 
  3. ^ a b "Security and Defense: Modern-day 'Motta'", The Jerusalem Post, 2007-01-25. Retrieved on 2007-01-27. 
  4. ^ Lori, Aviva. "Literary license", Haaretz, 2005-06-17. Retrieved on 2007-02-26. 
  5. ^ Curriculum Vitae — The Chief of the General Staff. Israel Defense Forces (2007-02-14). Retrieved on 2007-02-14.
Military Offices
Preceded by
Dan Halutz
Chief of Staff of the Israel Defence Forces
2007-present
Succeeded by
incumbent

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