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Encyclopedia > GOST
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Gosstandart. (Discuss)

GOST (the English transliteration of the Russian word ГОСТ) is an acronym for государственный стандарт (gosudarstvennyy standart), which means state standard. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Gosstandart (Russian: Госстандарт) was the State Committee for Standards in the former Soviet Union. ... Transliteration in a narrow sense is a mapping from one system of writing into another. ...


GOST refers to a set of technical standards developed as part of the national standardization strategy of the central government of the Soviet Union and later the Russian Federation. The history of national standards in the USSR can be traced back to 1925, when a government agency, later named Gosstandart, was established and put in charge of writing, updating, publishing, and disseminating the standards. After WWII, the national standardization program went through a major transformation that helped the Soviet economy join the ranks of the world's most industrialized nations. The first GOST standard, GOST 1 State Standardization System, which was published in 1968, began a series that has grown to over 30 thousand documents in 1991, at the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The word standard has several meanings: Originally, standard referred to a conspicuous object used as a rallying point in battle. ... Gosstandart (Russian: Госстандарт) was the State Committee for Standards in the former Soviet Union. ... German soldiers at the Battle of Stalingrad World War II was the most extensive and costly armed conflict in the history of the world, involving the great majority of the worlds nations, being fought simultaneously in several major theatres, and costing tens of millions of lives. ... The economy of the Soviet Union was based on a system of state ownership and administrative planning. ...

Cover page of a GOST standard
Cover page of a GOST standard

The GOST standards played a crucial role in standardizing and optimizing every facet of the design, production, and distribution of goods produced by the centrally planned economy of the Soviet Union. Virtually everything--from needles to shoes and from bicycles to intercontinental ballistic missiles--was mass-produced by government-owned enterprises in compliance with applicable GOST standard. For example if an electronics factory produced a tape recorder, nearly every component in that tape recorder would have been manufactured according to a specific GOST standard. In a sense, GOST was a de-facto certification system for domestically produced goods. Image File history File links Gost_coverpage. ... A planned economy is an economic system in which economic decisions are made by centralized planners, who determine what sorts of goods and services to produce, and how they are to be priced and allocated. ... The economy of the Soviet Union was based on a system of state ownership and administrative planning. ... A Minuteman III missile after a test launch. ... It has been suggested that Continuous flow production be merged into this article or section. ... Look up De facto in Wiktionary, the free dictionary De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used in contrast to de jure (which means by law) when referring to matters of law, governance, or technique (such as standards), that are found... Product certification or product qualification is the process of certifying that a certain product has passed a set of quality tests. ...


Having a nationally enforced set of mandatory standards not only allowed the Soviet government to ensure compatibility of domestically produced parts and components, it also established uniform quality and safety requirements for the goods produced. Unfortunately, the government's effort to use the standards as a tool of quality assurance had only limited success. The prescriptive nature of the GOST standards did not provide enough flexibility and did not encourage innovation and creativity. As a result, the quality of many products made in the USSR was mediocre at best, most notably in such sectors as the consumer goods and housing construction. In engineering and manufacturing, quality control or quality engineering is a set of measures taken to ensure that defective products or services are not produced, and that the design meets performance requirements. ...


The acronym GOST is still used for the purpose of identification of technical standards that are actively used in Russia and the CIS. Thus, the official standards of the CIS are called GOSTs. While GOST R is the acronym used by both the national standards of Russia and the Russia's national certification program for products. Headquarters Minsk Membership 11 member states 1 associate member Working language Russian Executive Secretary Vladimir Rushailo Formation December 21, 1991 The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (in Russian: Содружество Независимых Государств (СНГ) - Sodruzhestvo Nezavisimykh Gosudarstv) is a confederation, or alliance, consisting of 11 former Soviet Republics: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia... Headquarters Minsk Membership 11 member states 1 associate member Working language Russian Executive Secretary Vladimir Rushailo Formation December 21, 1991 The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) (in Russian: Содружество Независимых Государств (СНГ) - Sodruzhestvo Nezavisimykh Gosudarstv) is a confederation, or alliance, consisting of 11 former Soviet Republics: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia...


Examples

Diagram of GOST In cryptography, GOST (Russian ГОСТ) (GOsudarstvennyi STandard, Russian for Government Standard) is a symmetric key block cipher published in 1990 as the Soviet standard (GOST 28147-89). ... Encryption Decryption In cryptography, a block cipher is a symmetric key cipher which operates on fixed-length groups of bits, termed blocks, with an unvarying transformation. ... The German Lorenz cipher machine Cryptography or cryptology is a field of mathematics and computer science concerned with information security and related issues, particularly encryption and authentication. ... GOST 16876-71 (Russian: , an abbreviation of , Government Standard) is a romanization system (for transliteration of Cyrillic texts into the Latin alphabet) devised by the Main Administration of Geodesy and Cartography of the former Soviet Union. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
GOST 28147-89: Information from Answers.com (552 words)
GOST 28147-89 is a Soviet and Russian government standard symmetric key block cipher.
GOST 28147 was a Soviet alternative to the United States standard algorithm, DES.
This is because of GOST's lack of an expansion permutation in the round function, as well as its use of a rotation instead of a permutation.
GOST - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (686 words)
GOST refers to a set of technical standards maintained by the Euro-Asian Council for Standardization, Metrology and Certification (EASC), a regional standards organization operating under the auspices of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
GOST standards were originally developed by the government of the Soviet Union as part of its national standardization strategy.
Because GOST standards are adopted by Russia, the largest and most influential member of the CIS, it is a common misconception to think of GOST standards as the national standards of Russia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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