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Encyclopedia > G.I. Bill

The Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (better known as the G.I. Bill) provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as GIs or G.I.s) as well as one year of unemployment compensation. It also provided loans for returning veterans to buy homes and start businesses. 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... A veteran (from Latin vetus, meaning old) is a person who is experienced in a particular area, and is particularly used to refer to people in the armed forces. ... Government Issue (often just GI) were an American straight edge hardcore punk band originating from the Washington DC scene, formed in 1980 and signed to Dischord Records. ...

Contents

History

The G.I. Bill is considered to be the last piece of New Deal legislation. However, the bill which President Franklin D. Roosevelt initially proposed was not as far reaching. The G.I. Bill was created to prevent a repeat of the Bonus March of 1932 and a relapse into the Great Depression after World War II ended. The American Legion (a veterans group) is essentially responsible for many of the bill's provisions. The Legion managed to have the bill apply to all who served in the armed services, including African-Americans and women. Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: New Deal For other uses of New Deal and The New Deal, see New Deal (disambiguation). ... Franklin Delano Roosevelt (January 30, 1882–April 12, 1945), 32nd President of the United States, the longest-serving holder of the office and the only man to be elected President more than twice, was one of the central figures of 20th century history. ... Shacks, put up by the Bonus Army on the Anacostia flats, Washington, D.C., burning after the battle with the military, 1932. ... The Great Depression was an economic downturn which started in 1929 (although its effects were not but felt until late 1930) and lasted through most of the 1930s. ... The American Legion is an organization of veterans of the United States armed forces who served in wartime. ...


The fact that the G.I. Bill paid for a G.I.'s entire education had encouraged many universities across the country to expand enrollment. For example, the University of Michigan had fewer than 10,000 students prior to the war. In 1948 their enrollment was well over 30,000. Syracuse University also embraced the spirit of the Bill and saw their enrollment skyrocket from approx. 6,000 before the war to 19,000 students in 1947. UM also has campuses in Dearborn and Flint. ...


Another provision was known as the 52–20 clause. This enabled all former servicemen to receive $20 once a week for 52 weeks a year while they were looking for work. Less than 20 percent of the money set aside for the 52–20 Club (as it was known) was distributed. Rather, most returning servicemen quickly found jobs or pursued higher education.


An important provision of the G.I. Bill was low interest, zero down payment home loans for servicemen. This enabled millions of American families to move out of urban apartments and into suburban homes. Prior to the war the suburbs tended to be the homes of the wealthy and upper class. Although black servicemen were eligible for these loans they tended to remain in the inner cities or in rural areas because many suburban communities using racial segregation did not sell homes to African-Americans and other minorities. Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... The Rex Theatre for Colored People, Leland, Mississippi, June 1937 Racial segregation is characterized by separation of people of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


The bill helped to democratize the "American Dream." The G.I. Bill of Rights has since been modified but still remains on the books. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


MGIB Comparison Chart

Type Active Duty Chapter 30 Active Duty Chapter 30Top-UP Vocational Reabilitation Chapter 31 VEAP Chapter 32 DEA Chapter 35 Selected Reserve Chapter 1606 Selected Reserve (REAP) Chapter 1607 Additional Benefits Tuition Assistance Additional Benefits Student Loan Repayment Program
Info Link [1][2] [3][4] [5][6] [7][8] [9][10] [11] [12] [13]
Time Limit (Eligibility) 10 yrs from discharge Entered service for the first time between January 1, 1977, and June 30, 1985;Opened a contribution account before April 1, 1987;Voluntarily contributed from $25 to $2700 Prior to October 1, 1992 = 14 years,

on or after October 1, 1992 = 10 years, or on the day you leave the Selected Reserve; this include voluntary entry into the IRR. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into G. I. Bill of Rights. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into G. I. Bill of Rights. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into G. I. Bill of Rights. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into G. I. Bill of Rights. ... Chapter 35 - Survivors and Dependents Educational Assistance Program (DEA) DEA provides education and training opportunities to eligible dependents of veterans who are permanently and totally disabled due to a service-related condition, or who died while on active duty or as a result of a service related condition. ... Chapter 1606- Montgomery GI Bill - Selected Reserve (MGIB-SR) The MGIB-SR program may be available to you if you are a member of the Selected Reserve. ... REAP was established as a part of the Ronald W. Reagan National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2005. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into G. I. Bill of Rights. ... Student Loan Repayment Program also known as SLRP is an program insituted by the U.S. Military to pay back qualified student loans, as an educational benefit. ... The Individual Ready Reserve (abbreviated IRR and sometimes referred to as the Inactive Ready Reserve) is a category of reserve component of the United States military, composed of former active duty or reserve military personnel who are no longer serving but still have time remaining on their initial eight-year...

10 Years from date of eligibility, or the day you leave the Selected Reserve; this include voluntary entry into the IRR. The Individual Ready Reserve (abbreviated IRR and sometimes referred to as the Inactive Ready Reserve) is a category of reserve component of the United States military, composed of former active duty or reserve military personnel who are no longer serving but still have time remaining on their initial eight-year...

On the day you leave the Selected Reserve; this include voluntary entry into the IRR. On the day you leave the Selected Reserve; this include voluntary entry into the IRR.
Months of Benefits (Full Time) 36 Months

Payment Rates The Individual Ready Reserve (abbreviated IRR and sometimes referred to as the Inactive Ready Reserve) is a category of reserve component of the United States military, composed of former active duty or reserve military personnel who are no longer serving but still have time remaining on their initial eight-year... The Individual Ready Reserve (abbreviated IRR and sometimes referred to as the Inactive Ready Reserve) is a category of reserve component of the United States military, composed of former active duty or reserve military personnel who are no longer serving but still have time remaining on their initial eight-year...

1 to 36 months depending on the number of monthly contributions up to 45 months

Payment Rates

36 Months

Payment Rates

36 Months

Payment Rates

Contingent as long as you serve as an Active Reservist. Contingent as long as you serve as an Active Reservist.

See also

Due to the prevailing social climate that existed in the United States after WWII, one in which racism was a prominent factor, African Americans did not benefit from the provisions of the G. I. Bill of Rights as much as their white counterparts. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
G. I. Bill of Rights - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (453 words)
Bill of Rights or Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 provided for college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans (commonly referred to as GIs or G. I.s) as well as one-year of unemployment compensation.
The G. Bill was created to prevent a repeat of the Bonus March of 1931 and a relapse into the Great Depression after World War II ended.
The current version of the bill is called the Montgomery G. Bill in honor of one of its chief proponents, former U.S. Representative Gillespie V. Montgomery of Mississippi.
Learn About Congress: GI Bill (676 words)
The G.I. Bill was enacted to help members of the Armed Forces adjust to civilian life after leaving military service by restoring educational and vocational opportunities that were lost due to active military duty.
Later amendments to the G.I. Bill provided assistance to children of veterans whose education was disrupted by the disability or death of a military parent.
The bill was considered a success because the millions of veterans who took advantage of its benefits to attend school instead of seeking immediate employment reduced the anticipated levels of unemployment in the post-war recovery period.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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