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Encyclopedia > G. Ernest Wright

George Ernest Wright (1909-1974), was a leading Old Testament scholar and biblical archaeologist. Expert in Ancient Near Eastern archaeology, he was especially known for his work in the study and dating of pottery. He was born in Ohio, son of a Presbyterian minister. He received his B.A. from the College of Wooster (Ohio) and his Bachelor of Divinity from McCormick Theological Seminary in 1934. The same year he was ordained in the Presbyterian church. Wright was a staunch defender of the relevance of Old Testament study to the Christian faith. 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ...

He studied with William Foxwell Albright at Johns Hopkins University, where he received his M.A. (1936) and PhD. (1937). He taught Old Testament History and Theology at McCormick Seminary from 1939-1958. He joined the faculty of Harvard Divinity School in 1958, where he was Parkman Professor and the Curator of the Semitic Museum (the latter beginning in 1961) until his death in 1974. William Foxwell Albright (May 24, 1891 - September 19/20, 1971) was an evangelical Methodist archaelogist, biblical authority, linguist and expert on ceramics. ... The Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876, is a private institution of higher learning located in Baltimore, Maryland, United States. ... Harvard Divinity School is one of the constituent schools of Harvard University, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the United States. ...

Professor Wright published numerous monographs and articles on subjects ranging from biblical theology to Palestinian archaeology. He was also the founder of the periodical The Biblical Archaeologist, a magazine now known as Near Eastern Archaeology Magazine.

Archaelogical expeditions

During his teaching career, professor Wright directed three archaeological expeditions:

  • (1956-1974) Drew-McCormick Archaeological Expedition to Shechem;
  • (1964-1965) Hebrew Union College Biblical and Archaeological School Expedition at Tell Gezer;
  • (1971-1974) Joint American Expedition to Idalion, Cyprus (1971-1974).


Some of his publications include:

  • The pottery of Palestine from the earliest times to the eighteenth century B.C (1937);
  • Iron: the date of its introduction into common use in Palestine (1939)
  • The Old Testament: Impediment or bulwark of the Christian faith? -McCormick Seminary addresses-(1945);
  • God Who Acts, Biblical Theology as Recital (1952);
  • The faith of Israel (1952);
  • The Biblical doctrine of man in society -Ecumenical biblical studies- (1954);
  • The pottery of Palestine from the earliest times to the end of the early bronze age (1962);
  • Archaeology, history, and theology (1964);
  • The challenge of Israel's faith (1956);
  • The Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956);
  • Biblical Archaeology (1957);
  • Bringing Old Testament times to life (1957);
  • A hiding place of sinners: An exposition of Jeremiah 7:1-15 ... -A sermon delivered in the McCormick Seminary Chapel, Feb. 3; to the pre-Lenten conference ... of Harvard Divinity School on Feb. 12.- (1958);
  • An introduction to Biblical archaeology -Studies in theology- (1960);
  • The Bible and the ancient Near East: Essays in honor of William Foxwell Albright (1961);
  • Isaiah (1964);
  • Biblical Archaeology (1962);
  • The Old Testament Against Its Environment (1962);
  • Shechem, Biography of a Biblical City (1965);
  • The Book of the acts of God: Modern Christian scholarship interprets the Bible (1965);
  • The Old Testament and Theology (1969);
  • The thousand years before Christ (1969);
  • The book of Isaiah -The Layman's Bible commentary-(1972);



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