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Encyclopedia > Göttingen
Map of Germany showing Göttingen

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Coat of Arms

image:goettingen.jpg Göttingen coat of arms This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ...

University of Göttingen

Top: The old Auditorium Maximum (1862-65)
Bottom: New library building University buildings in Göttingen. ...

Sound Göttingen? is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is the capital of the district of Göttingen. The Leine river runs through the town. Population: 129,000 (as of 2003). To play the audio file do not click on the -image. ... A city is an urban area, differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... With an area of 47,618 km and nearly eight million inhabitants, Lower Saxony (German Niedersachsen) lies in north-western Germany and is second in area and fourth in population among the countrys sixteen Bundesl nder (federal states). ... Göttingen is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... The Leine is a river in Thuringia and Lower Saxony, Germany. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Göttingen was founded in the 10th century (first mentioned in 953 as Gutingi). In medieval times the city was a member of the Hanseatic League and hence a wealthy town. ( 9th century - 10th century - 11th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... Events First time that Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal appeared in a roman map. ... The foundations of the Hanseatic League (German: Hanse), an alliance of trading cities that for a time in the later Middle Ages and the Early Modern period maintained a trade monopoly over most of Northern Europe and the Baltic, can be seen as early as the 12th century, with the...

Today Göttingen is famous for its old university (Georgia Augusta, or "Georg-August-Universität"), which was founded in 1737 to become the most visited university of Europe. In 1837 seven professors protested against the absolute sovereignty of the kings of Hanover; they lost their offices, but became known as the "Göttingen Seven". They include some well-known celebrities: the Brothers Grimm, Wilhelm Weber and Georg Gervinus. Also, the German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder went to law school at the Göttingen university. The Georg-August University of Göttingen (Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, often called the Georgia Augusta) was founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, and opened in 1737. ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... 1837 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Map of Germany showing Hanover Hanover (German: Hannover [haˈnoːfɐ]), on the river Leine, is the capital of the state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm The Brothers Grimm (Brüder Grimm) are Jakob and Wilhelm Grimm. ... Wilhelm Eduard Weber (October 24, 1804 - June 23, 1891) was a noted physicist. ... Gerhard Fritz Kurt Schröder [] (born April 7, 1944), a German politician, has been serving as Chancellor of Germany since 1998. ...

Like other university towns, Göttingen has developed its own folklore. On the day of their doctorate, postgraduate students are drawn in handcarts from the Great Hall to the Gänseliesel-Fountain in front of the Old Town Hall. There they have to climb the fountain and kiss the statue of the Gänseliesel (Goose girl). She is considered to be the most-kissed girl in the world.

Nearly untouched by allied bombing in World War II, the inner city of Göttingen is now an attractive place to live with a lot of shops, cafes and bars. Because of this, a lot of students from the Göttingen university live in the inner city and give Göttingen a remarkable young face. In 2003, 45% of the inner city population was only between 18 and 30 years of Age.

Economically, Göttingen is noted for its production of optical and fine mechanical machinery, including the Light Microscopy division of Carl Zeiss, Inc. – the region around Göttingen advertises itself as "Measurement Valley". Unemployment in Göttingen is at 12.6% (2003). Carl Zeiss Carl Zeiss (September 11, 1816 – December 3, 1888) was an optician commonly known for the company he founded, Zeiss. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The town is twinned with Cheltenham in England, Torun in Poland, and Pau in France. The centre of Cheltenham. ... Toruń (pronounce: [:tɔruɲ], Kashubian: Torń, German Thorn, see also other names) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula river. ... Château de Pau Pau is a city of southwestern France, préfecture (capital) of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques département. ...

People born in Göttingen

Gänseliesel-Fountain in front of the Old Town Hall Georg Heinrich August von Ewald (November 16, 1803 - May 4, 1875) was a German orientalist and theologian. ... Robert Wilhelm Bunsen (31st March, 1811 – 16th August, 1899) was a German chemist. ... Hans-Jochen Vogel (born February 3, 1926) is a German politician. ... Bernhard Vogel (born December 19, 1932 in Göttingen) is a German politician (CDU). ... Herbert Grönemeyer tells of his beginnings. ... Gundula Krause, born 7 July 1966 in Göttingen, is a German folk violinist. ... Gänseliesel in Göttingen. ...


  • Göttingen has a cricket club
  • Göttingen has a bowling alley, http://www.bowlingcentergoettingen.de/index.html
  • Göttingen has a driving range, http://www.golf.uni-goettingen.de/

Universities and Colleges History The Goettingen Uni cricket Club is one of only around 50 clubs in Germany. ...

  • University of Göttingen, http://www.uni-goettingen.de/
  • Private Fachhochschule Göttingen, http://www.pfh-goettingen.de/
  • University of Applied Sciences and Arts, http://www.fh-goettingen.de

External links

Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:
Göttingen, Germany
  • City's own website, http://www.eng.goettingen.de/ (English) or http://www.goettingen.de/ (German)



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