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Encyclopedia > Görlitz
Map of Germany showing Görlitz

Görlitz ( Image:Ltspkr.png pronunciation, Lusatian: Zhorjelc, Czech Zhorelec) is a town in Germany on the river Neiße, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony, opposite to the Polish town of Zgorzelec, with which it was until 1945 united. Historically it belonged at some times to the regions of Lusatia and Silesia. Population: 58,920 (June 2003). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... Nysa (Polish Nysa, German Neiße, Czech Nisa) is a name of a few rivers and a town in Silesia. ... Germany is a federation of 16 states called Länder (singular Land, which may be translated as country) or unofficially Bundesländer (singular Bundesland, German federal state). ... With an area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... Zgorzelec (Lusatian: Zhorjelc, Czech: Zhořelec) is a town in south-western Poland with 36,800 inhabitants (1995). ... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech and Serbian Lužice), sometimes called Sorbia comprises a region in the southern parts of Brandenburg, eastern parts of Saxony, Germany and south-western Poland. ... Silesia (Polish Śląsk, German Schlesien, Czech Slezsko) is a historical region in central Europe. ...


History

The date of the town's foundation is unknown. It was first mentioned in 1071. At that time Görlitz was a small village named Gorelic in the region of Lusatia, that soon after became a part of Bohemia. In the 13th century the village gradually became a city. In the following centuries it was a wealthy member of the Six Towns' Alliance, consisting of the six Lusatian cities Görlitz, Bautzen, Lauban, Löbau, Kamenz and Zittau. Events Byzantine Empire loses Battle of Manzikert to Turkish army under Alp Arslan. ... Lusatia (German Lausitz, Upper Sorbian Łužica, Lower Sorbian Łužyca, Polish Łużyce, Czech and Serbian Lužice), sometimes called Sorbia comprises a region in the southern parts of Brandenburg, eastern parts of Saxony, Germany and south-western Poland. ... Bohemia Historical map of Bohemia Bohemia is also a place in the State of New York in the United States of America: see Bohemia, New York. ... Bautzen ( pronunciation, until 1868: Budissin; Sorbian-Lusatian Budyšin, Polish: Budziszyn) is a city in the east of Saxony, Germany, and capital of the same-named district. ... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... Löbau could refer to: Lubawa, Poland Löbau (Lusatia) Löbau (Saxony) The district of Löbau-Zittau in Saxony. ... Kamenz (Sorbian languages Kamjenc) is a Germany town in Lusatia in East-Saxony with a Population of 18. ... Zittau is a city in the south east of Saxony, Germany and capital of the Löbau-Zittau district an in the Three-landhit a corner Germany - Poland - Czech Republic In the city life 26. ...


1575, it was the birthplace of the German philosopher Jakob Böhme. Idealized portrait of Böhmes from Theosophia Revelata (1730) Jakob Böhme (1575–1624) was a Christian mystic born in central Germany, near Görlitz. ...


After suffering for years in the Thirty Years' War, the region of Upper Lusatia (including Görlitz) was passed over to Saxony (1635). In 1815, after the Napoleonic Wars, the Congress of Vienna decided to make Görlitz a part of Prussia. Thus the town was a part of the Prussian province of Silesia from 1815 to 1945. The victory of Gustavus Adolphus at the Battle of Breitenfeld (1631) The Thirty Years War was a conflict fought between the years 1618 and 1648, principally in the Central European territory of the Holy Roman Empire, but also involving most of the major continental powers. ... With an area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... Events February 10 - The Académie française in Paris is expanded to become a national academy for the artistic elite. ... 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Napoleonic Wars lasted from 1804 until 1815. ... The Congress of Vienna was a conference between ambassadors from the major powers in Europe that was chaired by the Austrian statesman Klemens Wenzel von Metternich and held in Vienna, Austria, from October 1, 1814, to June 9, 1815. ... The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Prussia, 1701-1918 The word Prussia (German: Preußen or Preussen, Polish: Prusy, Lithuanian: Prūsai, Latin: Borussia) has had various (often contradictory) meanings: The land of the Baltic Prussians (in what is now parts of southern Lithuania, the Kaliningrad exclave of Russia and... Silesia (Polish Śląsk, German Schlesien, Czech Slezsko) is a historical region in central Europe. ...


When Nazi Germany lost the war, German troops blew up all bridges crossing the Neiße. The redrawing of boundaries in 1945 divided the town, the right bank becoming part of Poland, and named Zgorzelec in 1948, while the main portion became part of the German state of Saxony. When the East German states were dissolved in 1952, Görlitz became part of the Dresden Bezirk (region), but the states were restored on the German reunification in 1990. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Zgorzelec (Lusatian: Zhorjelc, Czech: Zhořelec) is a town in south-western Poland with 36,800 inhabitants (1995). ... 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1952 - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... German reunification (Deutsche Wiedervereinigung) took place on October 3, 1990, when the areas of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR - in English often called East Germany) were incorporated into The Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) (FRG). ... 1990 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Today Görlitz and Zgorzelec, two towns on opposite banks of the river, have friendly relations. The bridges are rebuilt, several bus lines connect the German and Polish parts of the town, and there is a common urban management, with annual common sessions of both town councils.


Görlitz is the hometown of current German football players Michael Ballack and Jens Jeremies. The striker (wearing red jersey) has run past the defender (in white jersey) and is about to take a shot at the goal, while the goalkeeper positions himself to stop the ball. ... Michael Ballack (born September 26, 1976 in Görlitz, East Germany) is a German football player. ... Jens Jeremies (born March 5, 1974 in Görlitz) is a German footballer, a defensive and hard-tackling midfielder. ...


External link

  • Official website (http://www.goerlitz.de)

 
 

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