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Encyclopedia > Gävle

Gävle ['jɛvlə] is a The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ...Municipality in Gävleborg County, in east central The Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish: Konungariket Sverige  listen?) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. ...Sweden. The municipality covers an area of 1604.0 Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...km². Of the total population of 90,742, 44,650 are male, and 46,092 are female. The Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ...population density of the community is 57 inhabitants per km². Formal "town status" was granted to Gävle by Christopher of Bavaria, Christoffer (III) af Bayern (Danish and Norwegian title) or Kristofer av Bayern (Swedish title), (1418_1448) was union king of Denmark, Norway (1440_1448) and Sweden (1441_1448). ...Christopher of Bavaria in 1446. Geographically the municipality is situated north of the mouth of the river Dalälven. It is the southernmost municipality of the historical land of Norrland is a historical land of Sweden. ...Norrland.

Gävle kommun
Seat Gävle
A County, or Län, is an administrative and political subdivision of Sweden. ...County Gävleborg County
This article explains the meaning of area as a physical quantity. ...Area
 _ Total
Ranked _
1,485.1 Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...km²
In the most common sense of the word, a population is the collection of people—or organisms of a particular species—living in a given geographic area. ...Population
 _ Total (2004)
 _ Population density can be used as a measurement of any tangible item. ...Density
Ranked _
90,742
57/km²
Contents

History

It is believed that the name Gävle stems from the word gavel, referring to the high banks of the river Gavleån which runs through Gävle that were called gavel in The term Swedish can refer to: From or related to Sweden, a country in Europe (List of Sweden_related topics) The Swedish language Swedes, the inhabitants of Sweden The Finland_Swedish linguistic minority This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the...Swedish. The oldest settlement was called Gavle_ägarna in The term Swedish can refer to: From or related to Sweden, a country in Europe (List of Sweden_related topics) The Swedish language Swedes, the inhabitants of Sweden The Finland_Swedish linguistic minority This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the...Swedish, which means Gavel_owners. This name was eventually shortened to Gavle, then Gefle, and finally Gävle.


For a long time Gävle consisted solely of small, low, Turf may refer to Sod, the surface layer of ground consisting of a matt of grass and grass roots, sometimes used as a construction material AstroTurf, or any variety of artificial turf made to resemble grass A colloquialism for the world of horse_racing Slang for territory claimed by a...turf or The word shingle has several distinct meanings in the English language: A shingle is a flat covering element for a roof. ...shingle roofed, wooden buildings. Boat_houses lined the banks of Gavleån, Lillån, and Islandsån. Untill the 1700s the town was built, as was the practice then, around the three most important buildings; the This article is about the Christian buildings of worship. ...church, the regional The quintessential medieval European palace: Palais de la Cité, in Paris, the royal palace of France. ...palace, and the City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ...town hall.


Over the last 300 years Gävle has been ablaze on three different occasions. After the fire of 1776 the town was transformed to straight streets and In geometry, a rectangle is a defined as a quadrilateral polygon in which all four angles are right angles. ...rectangular city blocks. The number of stone and brick houses started also started to increase.


The biggest town fire occurred 1869 when out of a population of around 10,000 approximately 8,000 inhabitants lost their homes, and about 350 Bales of hay on a farm near Ames, Iowa A farm is the basic unit in agriculture. ...farms were destroyed. Almost the whole town north of Gavleån was burnt down. All the buildings south of Gavleån were saved. An area of the old town between the museum and the library has been preserved to this day as a reserve _ Gamla Gefle.


After the catastrophy of the fire Gävle developed it's characteristic The grid plan is a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other, forming a grid. ...grid plan with large An esplanade is a raised walkway area. ...esplanades and green areas. It is now a green town with wide An avenue can mean any of the following: Most commonly, it refers to two parallel lines of trees specially planted as a landscape feature. ...avenues. Stopping the spread of future town fires was the main idea behind this development.


An extensive redevelopment of the central town area was started during the 1950s. Around 1970 Gävle became a large Urban is in or having to do with cities, as distinct from rural areas. ...urban district when it was united with the nearby municipalities of Valbo Hundred, or Valbo härad, was a hundred of Dalia in Sweden. ...Valbo, Hamrånge, Hedesunda is a village of Gävle Municipality, in Gävleborg County, Sweden. ...Hedesunda, and Hille. New Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ...suburbs like Stigslund, Sätra, Andersberg, and Bomhus have grown up around the central town.


Geography

Gävle is situated on the Baltic coast near the mouth of the river Dalälven. At 60 degrees north and 17 degrees east, Gävle has the same Latitude, denoted φ, gives the location of a place on Earth north or south of the Equator. ...latitude as Helsinki (pronounced with the stress on the first syllable in Finnish — think Helsin Ki), or Helsingfors in Swedish, is the capital of Finland. ...Helsinki and the same Map of Earth showing curved lines of longitude Longitude, sometimes denoted λ, describes the location of a place on Earth east or west of a north_south line called the Prime Meridian. ...longitude as This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. ...Vienna and Cape Town and the Cape of Good Hope Cape Town (Afrikaans, Dutch: Kaapstad; Xhosa: eKapa or SaseKapa), is one of South Africas three capital cities serving as the legislative capital (executive capital and Bloemfontein the judicial capital). ...Capetown.


Gävle has a similar The climate (ancient Greek: κλίμα) is the weather averaged over a long period of time. ...climate to the rest of central The Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish: Konungariket Sverige  listen?) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. ...Sweden with an average temperature of _5 C in January and +17 C in July. Yearly rainfall is around 600mm.


Politics

The Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ...Social Democrats and the In politics, left_wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition...Left_Wing A party is a social gathering intended primarily for celebration and recreation. ...Party currently hold a A majority is a subset of a group that is more than half of the entire group. ...majority of seats on the A Council is a group of people who usually possess some powers of governance. ...Council.


Economy

Wiktionary has a definition of: Trade Trade centers on the exchange of goods and/or services. ...Trade from the port of Gävle increased markedly during the 1400s when General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 , 4, d Density, Hardness 8920 kg/m3, 3. ...copper and General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metal Group, Period, Block 8 (VIIIB), 4 , d Density, Hardness 7874 kg/m3, 4. ...iron began to be exported from the port. In order to ensure that all trade didn't occur outside of Stockholm [, ] is the capital and the largest City of Sweden. ...Stockholm sailing to foreign ports from Gävle and a few other ports was forbidden.


During the 1500s, Gävle was one of the most important port and merchant towns with many shipping companies and Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ...shipyards.


In 1787 Gävle was awarded "free and unrestricted sailing rights" to and from foreign ports. This lead to an increase in Wiktionary has a definition of: Trade Trade centers on the exchange of goods and/or services. ...trade, which in turn lead to an increase in buildings, industrial developments, trade and shipping.


Today there are no shipping companies or Small shipyard in Klaksvík (Faroe Islands), reparing fishing vessels Dockyards and shipyards are places which repair and build ships. ...shipyards left, but an important Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ...port remains. It has over 1000 ships calling per annum and is among the top ten common ports in Sweden.


Major companies

  • Korsnäs (forest industry)
  • Stora Cell Industri (forest industry)
  • Kraft General Foods Scandinavia ( Coffee beans and a cup of coffee Coffee as a drink, usually served hot, is prepared from the roasted seeds (beans) of the coffee plant. ...coffee and External links Wikibooks Cookbook has more about this subject: Spice Food Bacteria_Spice Survey Shows Why Some Cultures Like It Hot Citat: ...Garlic, onion, allspice and oregano, for example, were found to be the best all_around bacteria killers (they kill everything). ...spices)
  • Leaf AB ( The term confectionery refers to food items rich in sugar. ...sweets and The term confectionery refers to food items rich in sugar. ...confectionary)
  • Gävle Galvan ( Galvanization, named after the Italian scientist Luigi Galvani, was originally the administration of electric shocks (in the 19th century also termed Faradism, after Michael Faraday). ...galvanization)
  • Gävle Stål (pre_fabricated Steel framework Steel is a metal alloy whose major component is iron, with carbon being the primary alloying material. ...steel constructions)
  • Gävle Varv ( A reservoir (French: réservoir) is an artificial lake created by flooding land behind a dam. ...pressure tanks)
  • Cale Industri ( Parking meter A parking meter is a device used to collect money in exchange for the right to park an automobile etc. ...parking meters)
  • Ericsson () is a Swedish telecommunications equipment manufacturer, founded in 1876 as a telegraph equipment repair shop by Lars Magnus Ericsson. ...Ericsson ( Radio transmission diagram and electromagnetic waves Radio is a technology that allows the transmission of signals by modulation of electromagnetic waves with frequencies below those of light. ...radio base stations for Cellular redirects here. ...mobile telephone networks)

Education

The University of Gävle currently enrolls 12,500 students.


It offers courses of study at six departments: Master of Business Administration (MBA) is a tertiary degree in business management. ...Business Administration, Education encompasses teaching and learning specific skills, and also something less tangible but more profound: the imparting of knowledge, good judgement and wisdom. ...Education and Psychology (ancient Greek: psyche = soul and logos = word) is the study of mind, thought, and behaviour. ...Psychology, Caring Sciences and Sociology is the study of the social lives of humans, groups and societies. ...Sociology, The humanities are a group of academic subjects united by a commitment to studying aspects of the human condition and a qualitative approach that generally prevents a single paradigm from coming to define any discipline. ...Humanities and Terms like SOSE (Studies of Society & the Environment) not only refer to social sciences but also studies of the environment. ...Social Sciences, Mathematics is commonly defined as the study of patterns of structure, change, and space; more informally, one might say it is the study of figures and numbers. Mathematical knowledge is constantly growing, through research and application, but mathematics itself is not usually considered a natural science. ...Mathematics, The term natural science as the way in which different fields of study are defined is determined as much by historical convention as by the present day meaning of the words. ...Natural and Computer science (informally: CS or compsci) is, in its most general sense, the study of computation and information processing, both in hardware and in software. ...Computer Sciences and Technology ( Gr. ...Technology, and The expression built environment recognises that much of the physical world in which humans function and thrive has been intentionally created; is something aesthetically and functionally shared; and functions as an organism in the consumption of resources, disposal of wastes, and facilitation of productive enterprise within its bounds. ...Built Environment.


Some courses are given in The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...English taught both to visiting students from foreign partner institutions and to The term Swedish can refer to: From or related to Sweden, a country in Europe (List of Sweden_related topics) The Swedish language Swedes, the inhabitants of Sweden The Finland_Swedish linguistic minority This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the...Swedish students.


Miscellaneous topics

Gävle is mostly known for the Coffee beans and a cup of coffee Coffee as a drink, usually served hot, is prepared from the roasted seeds (beans) of the coffee plant. ...coffee called Gevalia, produced by Kraft General Foods Scandinavia (Gevalia is the Latin _ Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ...Latin name for Gävle), its Gävle goat and for its Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ...ice hockey team Brynäs IF.


Notable natives

  • Joe Hill, born Joel Emmanuel Hägglund, and also known as Joseph Hillström (October 7, 1879 _ November 19, 1915) was an American labor activist and member of the Industrial Workers of the World, better known as the Wobblies. ...Joe Hill (labour activist)
  • Thomas diLeva (music artist)
  • Regina Lund (actor)
  • Rolf Lassgård (actor)

Gävle goat

Picture of the Gävle Goat File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...
Picture of the Gävle Goat File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Enlarge
The Gävle Goat

The history of the Gävle goat began in 1966. A man named Stig Gavlén came up with the idea of making a giant version of the traditional The term Swedish can refer to: From or related to Sweden, a country in Europe (List of Sweden-related topics) The Swedish language Swedes, the inhabitants of Sweden The Finland-Swedish linguistic minority This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the...Swedish christmas goat of Straw is the dry stalk of a cereal plant, after the nutrient grain or seed has been removed. ...straw and placing it on (Slottstorget) Castle Square in central Gävle. On 1 December the 13_metre tall, 7_metre long, 3 tonne Categories: Animal stubs ...goat stood on the square. At the stroke of midnight on New Years Eve is a celebration held the day before New Years Day, on December 31, the final day of the year. ...New Year's Eve, the Categories: Animal stubs ...goat went up in smoke. The goat has since had a history of being burnt almost every year. Burning the goat is an illegal act and not welcome by the citizens of Gävle, but undoubtedly this is what has made the Categories: Animal stubs ...goat famous.


Sports

Gävle has got a team competing in the highest_level league in both The striker (wearing red jersey) has run past the defender (in white jersey) and is about to take a shot at the goal, while the goalkeeper positions himself to stop the ball. ...football ( Gefle IF, in full Gefle Idrottsförening (Gefle Sports Club) is a Swedish sports club from the town of Gävle. ...Gefle IF) and Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ...ice hockey (Brynäs IF). The town is also home to a wrestling team called BK Loke.


Whisky

Valbo Hundred, or Valbo härad, was a hundred of Dalia in Sweden. ...Valbo, a suburb of Gävle, is home to Mackmyra Whisky, the only Whisky (or whiskey) is an alcoholic beverage distilled from grain, often including malt, which has then been aged in wooden barrels. ...whisky Distillation is a means of separating liquids through differences in their boiling points. ...distillery in The Kingdom of Sweden ( Swedish: Konungariket Sverige  listen?) is a Nordic country in Scandinavia, in Northern Europe. ...Sweden. MALT also means mucosal_associated lymphoid tissue. ...Malt Whisky (or whiskey) is an alcoholic beverage distilled from grain, often including malt, which has then been aged in wooden barrels. ...whisky is produced since 1999.


Links

See Also

External links

  • Gävle (http://www.gavle.se) - Official site
  • National Atlas of Sweden (http://www.sna.se/webatlas/muni/) - Statistics

 
 

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