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Encyclopedia > Futurama
Futurama

The opening title screen for Futurama.
Genre Sitcom
Science fiction
Format Animated series
Created by Matt Groening
Developed by Matt Groening
David X. Cohen
Voices of Billy West
Katey Sagal
John DiMaggio
Phil LaMarr
Lauren Tom
Maurice LaMarche
Tress MacNeille
David Herman
Frank Welker
Kath Soucie
Tom Kenny
Composer(s) Christopher Tyng
Country of origin United States
Language(s) English
No. of seasons 5
No. of episodes 76 (List of episodes)
Production
Executive
producer(s)
Matt Groening
David X. Cohen
Ken Keeler
Running time 22 minutes approx.
Original channel Fox (1999–2003)
Comedy Central (2008–present)
Picture format 480i (SDTV) (Seasons 1-4)
720p/1080p (HDTV) (Season 5 - present)
Original run March 28, 1999August 10, 2003 (Fox)
March 23, 2008 – present (Comedy Central)
IMDb profile
TV.com summary

In the United States, the series aired from March 28, 1999 to August 10, 2003 on Fox before ceasing production. Futurama was then aired on Adult Swim on Cartoon Network, from January 2003 to December 2007, when the network's contract expired. The series was revived in 2007 as four straight-to-DVD films which would then be split into a sixteen-episode fifth season. Comedy Central entered into an agreement with 20th Century Fox Television to syndicate the existing episodes and air the films as new episodes in an episodic format.[1][2] Comedy Central began airing Futurama on January 2, 2008,[3] with new episodes starting on March 23, 2008. is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... FOX redirects here. ... Adult Swim, usually stylized [adult swim], is an adult-oriented television network sharing channel space with Cartoon Network in the United States. ... For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... A film that is released direct-to-video (also straight-to-video) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats first rather than first being released in movie theaters. ... Comedy Central is an American cable television and satellite television channel in the United States. ... 20th Century Fox Television is the television production division of the 20th Century Fox movie studio, a subsidiary of News Corporation. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...

The name "Futurama" comes from a pavilion at the 1939 New York World's Fair. Designed by Norman Bel Geddes, the Futurama pavilion depicted what he imagined the world to look like in 1959.[4] Trylon, Perisphere and Helicline photo by Sam Gottscho The 1939-40 New York Worlds Fair, located on the current site of Flushing Meadows-Corona Park (also the location of the 1964-1965 New York Worlds Fair), was one of the largest worlds fairs of all time. ... The insignia used by Bel Geddes in his published works. ... The Futurama was an exhibit/ride at the 1939-40 New York Worlds Fair held in the USA, designed by Norman Bel Geddes that showed the world 20 years into the future, including automated highways and vast suburbs. ...

## Cast and characters

See also: List of recurring robot characters from Futurama, List of recurring human characters from Futurama, and List of recurring alien characters from Futurama

Futurama is essentially a workplace sitcom whose plot revolves around the Planet Express delivery company and its employees,[5] a small group that doesn't conform to future society.[6] Episodes invariably feature the central trio of Fry, Leela and Bender, though storylines centered on the other main characters are common. Futuramas recurring robot characters: // Boxy is a crude, Dalek-like robot similar to the Gonk droid from Star Wars, that is capable of communicating only by beeping. ... Futurama has a large number of recurring characters which help add comic energy to the series. ... Futuramas recurring characters: // The Brain Slugs are small, gelatinous, fist-sized aliens that attach themselves to human heads and act as mind-control devices, reducing their hosts to a zombie-like state. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ...

Philip J. Fry (Billy West)
Philip J. Fry is an immature, slovenly pizza delivery boy who accidentally becomes frozen just after midnight on January 1, 2000, reawakening on New Year's Eve, 2999. He gets a job as a cargo delivery boy at Planet Express, a company owned by his closest living relative, Professor Hubert J. Farnsworth. Fry is, through actions which he takes in the episode "Roswell That Ends Well", his own grandfather.[5]
Turanga Leela (Katey Sagal)
Leela is the competent, one-eyed captain of the Planet Express Ship.[5] Abandoned as a baby, she grew up in an Orphanarium believing herself to be an alien from an unknown race. She later learns that she is actually a mutant from the sewers.[7]
Bender Bending Rodríguez (John DiMaggio)
Bender is a foul-mouthed, alcoholic, cigar-smoking, kleptomaniacal, misanthropic, egocentric, ill-tempered, pessimistic robot originally programmed to bend girders for suicide booths, and is now assistant sales manager of Planet Express. He is Fry's best friend and roommate.
Professor Hubert J. Farnsworth, a.k.a. The Professor (Billy West)
Born April 9, 2841, Professor Hubert Farnsworth is Fry's distant nephew.[8] Farnsworth founded Planet Express to fund his mad scientist-esque experiments and inventions. He clones himself to create a successor, Cubert Farnsworth.
Dr. John A. Zoidberg (Billy West)
Zoidberg is a lobster-like alien from the planet Decapod 10 and is the neurotic and self-conscious staff physician of Planet Express. Although he claims to be an expert on humans, his knowledge of human anatomy and physiology is woefully inadequate. Zoidberg is basically penniless and held in contempt by virtually all.
Amy Wong (Lauren Tom)
Amy is an incredibly rich, blunt, spoiled and extremely accident-prone long-term intern at Planet Express. She is an engineering student at Mars University and heiress to the western hemisphere of Mars. Though born on Mars, she is ethnically Chinese, prone to frequently cursing in Cantonese, and overuses 31st century slang. Her parents are Leo and Inez. Although initially portrayed as somewhat promiscuous, she eventually develops a relationship with Kif Kroker.
Hermes is the Jamaican accountant of Planet Express. A bureaucrat and proud of it, he is a stickler for regulation. Hermes is also a former champion in Olympic Limbo, a sport derived from the popular dance and similar to the track event of hurdling. He has a wife, LaBarbara, and a 12-year-old son, Dwight.

## Setting

Fry's first glimpse of New New York City.

Futurama is set in New New York at the turn of the 31st century, in a time filled with technological wonders. The city of New New York has been built over the ruins of present-day New York City, referred to as "Old New York". Various devices and architecture are similar to the Populuxe design. Global warming, inflexible bureaucracy and substance abuse are a few of the subjects given a 31st century exaggeration in a world where the problems have become both more extreme and more common. Description Futurama character Philip J. Fry getting his first glimpse of New New York on December 31, 2999. ... Description Futurama character Philip J. Fry getting his first glimpse of New New York on December 31, 2999. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Space Needle, built for Seattles Worlds Fair, 1962 Googie, also known as populuxe, is a form of architecture, originating from southern California in the late 1940s and continuing approximately into the mid-1960s. ... Global warming refers to the increase in the average temperature of the Earths near-surface air and oceans in recent decades and its projected continuation. ... This article is about the sociological concept. ... Also see Alcoholism and Drug addiction. ...

Futurama's setting is a backdrop, and the writers are not above committing continuity errors if they serve to further the gags. For example, while the pilot episode implies that the previous Planet Express crew was killed by a space wasp, the later episode "The Sting" is based on the crew having been killed by space bees instead.[10] The "world of tomorrow" setting is used to highlight and lampoon issues of today and to parody the science fiction genre.[11] In fiction, continuity is consistency of the characteristics of persons, plot, objects, places and events seen by the reader or viewer. ... Space Pilot 3000 is the pilot episode of Futurama, which originally aired in North America on March 28, 1999. ... -1...

### Society and culture

Earth is depicted as being multicultural to the extent where there are a wide range of human, robot, and extraterrestrial beings shown in the series who interact with the primary characters. In some ways the future is depicted as being more socially advanced than Fry's, and thus the audience's, reality. The future is often shown, though, to have many of the same types of problems, challenges, mistakes and prejudices of the present. Robots make up the largest "minority" in the series. While a few are depicted as wealthy members of the upper-class, they are often treated as second-class citizens.[9] Most robots are self-aware and have been granted freedom and free-will. However, at times of crisis, robots may have their free-will removed when their "patriotism circuits" are activated, forcing them to serve humans or to serve in the military in times of war.[12] Many robots live in apartments specially constructed for robots, with rooms the size of a typical coat closet and closets the size of typical rooms.[13] Sewer mutants are mutated humans who must live in the sewers by law. They hold urban legend status and are regarded as fictional by some members of the public. Multiculturalism or cultural pluralism is a policy, ideal, or reality that emphasizes the unique characteristics of different cultures in the world, especially as they relate to one another in immigrant receiving nations. ... For other uses, see Urban legend (disambiguation). ...

Religion is still a prominent part of society, although the dominant religions have evolved. A merger between the major religious groups of the 20th century has resulted in the First Amalgamated Church,[14] while Voodoo is now mainstream. New religions include Oprahism, Robotology, and the banned religion of Star Trek fandom. Religious figures in the series include Father Changstein-El-Gamal, the Robot Devil, Reverend Preacherbot and passing references to The Space Pope. While very few episodes focus exclusively on the religious aspect within the Futurama universe they do cover a wide variety of subjects including predestination, prayer, the nature of salvation, and religious conversion.[14]-1... Voodoo is a religious tradition originating in West Africa, which became prominent in the New World due to the importation of African slaves. ... Oprah Winfrey, (born January 29, 1954) is a multiple-Emmy Award winning host of The Oprah Winfrey Show, the highest rated talk show in television history. ... Robotology is a fictional religion in the animated TV series Futurama. ... Trekker redirects here. ... Futurama has a large number of recurring characters which help add comic energy to the series. ... Robotology is a fictional religion in the animated TV series Futurama. ... Futuramas recurring robot characters: // Boxy is a crude, Dalek-like robot similar to the Gonk droid from Star Wars, that is capable of communicating only by beeping. ... Futuramas recurring characters: // The Brain Slugs are small, gelatinous, fist-sized aliens that attach themselves to human heads and act as mind-control devices, reducing their hosts to a zombie-like state. ...

Earthican flag, "Ol' Freebie".

Earth has a unified government headed by the President of Earth - Richard Nixon's head (from season 2 onwards). Earth's capital is Washington, D.C., and the flag of Earth is similar in design to the flag of the United States, with planet Earth displayed in place of the fifty stars. Image File history File links Earth_Flag. ... Image File history File links Earth_Flag. ... The United States of Earth flag, Old Freebie. The United States of Earth is the fictional world government in the TV series Futurama. ... Futurama has a large number of recurring characters which help add comic energy to the series. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Union Jack. ...

The Democratic Order Of Planets (D.O.O.P.) is a fictional organization in the Futurama universe which has been compared to both the United Nations and to the United Federation of Planets of the Star Trek universe.[15] Numerous other galaxies have been colonized or have made contact by the year 3000. Mars has been terraformed and is home to Mars University as well as tribes similar to Native Americans. UN redirects here. ... The United Federation of Planets, (also known as the UFP or The Federation) is a fictional interplanetary state depicted in the Star Trek television series and motion pictures. ... This article is about the entire Star Trek franchise. ... For other uses, see Galaxy (disambiguation). ... Artists conception of a terraformed Mars in four stages of development. ... For other uses, see Native Americans (disambiguation). ...

The heads of the past presidents from George Washington to Bill Clinton and many famous, and infamous, people from our era are placed in jars. These heads are displayed in the National Head Museum. They are fed food in a similar way to fish. George Washington (February 22, 1732 â€“ December 14, 1799)[1] led Americas Continental Army to victory over Britain in the American Revolutionary War (1775â€“1783), and in 1789 was elected the first President of the United States of America. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...

### Linguistics

Alien Language 1 and its equivalent Latin characters.

There are two alternative alphabets that appear often in the background of episodes, usually in the forms of graffiti, advertisements or warning labels. Nearly all messages using alternative scripts translate directly into English. The first alphabet consists of abstract characters and is referred to as Alienese,[7] a simple substitution cipher from the Latin alphabet.[16] The second alphabet uses a more complex modular addition code, where the "next letter is given by the summation of all previous letters plus the current letter".[17] The codes often provide additional jokes for fans dedicated enough to decode the messages.[11] Aside from these alphabets, most of the displayed wording on the show uses the Latin alphabet. Image File history File links Alien_decoder. ... Image File history File links Alien_decoder. ... Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz redirects here. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... In cryptography, a substitution cipher is a method of encryption by which units of plaintext are substituted with ciphertext according to a regular system; the units may be single letters (the most common), pairs of letters, triplets of letters, mixtures of the above, and so forth. ... Abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz redirects here. ... The word modulo (Latin, with respect to a modulus of ___) is the Latin ablative of modulus which itself means a small measure. ...

Several English expressions have evolved since the present day. For example, the word Christmas has been replaced with Xmas (pronounced "EX-mas) and the word ask with aks (pronounced axe). According to David X. Cohen it is a running joke in the series that the French language is extinct in the Futurama universe, much like Latin is in the present.[18] In the French dubbing of the show, German is used as the extinct language instead. For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... This 1922 Ladies Home Journal advertisement uses Xmas. Xmas and X-mas are common abbreviations of the word Christmas. They are sometimes pronounced eksmas, but they, and variants such as Xtemass, originated as handwriting abbreviations for the pronunciation Christmas. The -mas part came from the Anglo-Saxon for festival, religious... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... An extinct language is a language which no longer has any native speakers, in contrast to a dead language, which is is a language which has stopped changing in grammar, vocabulary, and the complete meaning of a sentence. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ...

## Humor

Futurama's original spoof closing logo for "30th Century Fox".

The series developed a cult following partially due to the large number of in-jokes it contains, most of which are aimed at "nerds".[5] In commentary on the DVD releases, David X. Cohen points out and sometimes explains his "nerdiest joke[s]".[20] These jokes included mathematical jokes--such as "Loew's $aleph_0$-plex" (aleph-null-plex) movie theater,[20] as well as various forms of science humor--for example, Professor Farnsworth complains that judges of a quantum finish "changed the outcome by measuring it", a reference to the observer effect in quantum mechanics.[21] Over its run, the series passes references to quantum chromodynamics (the appearance of Strong Force-brand glue),[22] computer science (two separate books in a closet labeled P and NP respectively, referring to the possibility that P and NP-complete problem classes are distinct),[23] electronics and genetics (a mention of Bender's "robo-, or RNA").[24] The show often features subtle references to classic science fiction. These are most often Star Trek - many soundbites are used in the series as an homage[5] - but also others, such as the reference to the origin of the word robot made in the existence of a robot-dominated planet named Chapek 9,[25] or the black rectangular monolith labeled "Out of Order" in orbit around Jupiter (a reference to Arthur C. Clarke's 3001: The Final Odyssey).[26] Bender and Fry sometimes watch a television show called The Scary Door, a humorous pastiche of The Twilight Zone. Also, the sewer Mutants from New New York worship a nuclear warhead in reference to the film Beneath the Planet of the Apes. Cult television, like cult figures, cult film and cult radio, attracts a band of aficionados or appreciators, known as a cult following, devoted to a specific television series or fictional universe. ... An in joke is a joke whose humour is clear only to those people who are in a group that has some prior knowledge (not known by the whole population) that makes the joke humorous. ... For other uses, see Nerd (disambiguation). ... On a DVD (or laserdisc), an audio commentary is a bonus track consisting of a lecture or comments by one or more speakers, who talk about the movie as it progresses. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... This equation uses mathematical symbols to write Sex is fun. A mathematical joke is a form of humor which relies on aspects of mathematics or a stereotype of mathematicians to derive humor. ... Loews Theatre, Jersey City, New Jersey Loews Theatres, founded in 1904 by Mark Loewsburgenstein, was the oldest theatre chain operating in North America until it merged with AMC Theatres on January 26, 2006. ... In the branch of mathematics known as set theory, the aleph numbers are a sequence of numbers used to represent the cardinality (or size) of infinite sets. ... A photo finish occurs in a sporting race, when two (or more) competitors cross the finishing line at near the same time. ... Observer Effect is the name of the 87th episode from the television series Star Trek: Enterprise. ... For a generally accessible and less technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to quantum mechanics. ... Quantum chromodynamics (abbreviated as QCD) is the theory of the strong interaction (color force), a fundamental force describing the interactions of the quarks and gluons found in hadrons (such as the proton, neutron or pion). ... The strong interaction or strong force is today understood to represent the interactions between quarks and gluons as detailed by the theory of quantum chromodynamics (QCD). ... Look up glue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... Diagram of complexity classes provided that P â‰  NP. The existence of problems outside both P and NP-complete in this case was established by Ladner. ... Surface mount electronic components Electronics is the study of the flow of charge through various materials and devices such as semiconductors, resistors, inductors, capacitors, nano-structures and vacuum tubes. ... This article is about the general scientific term. ... For other uses, see RNA (disambiguation). ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... For a description of the medieval homage ceremony see commendation ceremony Homage is generally used in modern English to mean any public show of respect to someone to whom you feel indebted. ... For other uses, see robot (disambiguation). ... Karel ÄŒapek (pronounced ; IPA: ) (January 9, 1890 - December 25, 1938) was one of the most important Czech writers of the 20th century. ... Sri Lankabhimanya Sir Arthur Charles Clarke, CBE (16 December 1917â€“19 March 2008), was a British science fiction author, inventor, and futurist, most famous for the novel 2001: A Space Odyssey, written in collaboration with director Stanley Kubrick, a collaboration which led also to the film of the same name... 3001: The Final Odyssey (1997) is a science fiction novel by Arthur C. Clarke, fourth and final book in the Space Odyssey series. ... The word pastiche describes a literary or other artistic genre. ... The Twilight Zone is a television series created by Rod Serling. ... Beneath the Planet of the Apes (1970), is the first of four sequels to Planet of the Apes (1968), with James Franciscus, Kim Hunter, and Charlton Heston in a supporting role. ...

### Opening sequence

Much like the opening sequence in The Simpsons with its chalkboard, sax solo and couch gags, Futurama has a distinctive opening sequence featuring minor gags. As the show begins, the word "Futurama" is displayed across the screen along with a joke disclaimer such as "Painstakingly drawn before a live studio audience", "Presented in Doublevision (Where Drunk)", "As Seen on TV" "Condemned by the Space Pope", "Filmed on location", "Soon to be a Major Religion","Bender's Humor Provided by Microsoft Joke",or "Dancing Space Potatoes? YOU BET!"[27] After flying through downtown New New York and past various recurring characters, the Planet Express Ship crashes into a large screen showing a short clip from a classic cartoon. These have included clips from Looney Tunes shorts, cartoons produced by Max Fleischer, a short section of The Simpsons from a Tracy Ullman episode,[28] and the show's own opening sequence in "The Devil's Hands Are Idle Playthings". In Bender's Big Score, the opening clip is from the first Futurama episode where Fry gets frozen. A typical chalkboard gag. ... Bart writes The Pledge of Allegiance does not end with Hail Satan The chalkboard gag is a running visual joke that occurs during the opening credits of many episodes of The Simpsons. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The couch gag is a running visual joke in the opening credits of the animated television series The Simpsons. ... Looney Tunes opening title from mid-1950s Looney Tunes is a Warner Bros. ... Max Fleischer (July 19, 1883â€“September 11, 1972) was an important pioneer in the development of the animated cartoon. ... Tracey Ullman (born December 30, 1959) is a British comedienne, actress, and singer who is most famous for being the host of a variety television show bearing her name. ... The Devilâ€™s Hands are Idle Playthings is the eighteenth and final episode in season four of the TV series Futurama. ...

The Futurama theme song was written by Christopher Tyng and is based on the song "Psyché Rock" by Pierre Henry.[29] The theme is played on the tubular bells but is occasionally remixed for use in specific episodes including a version by The Beastie Boys used for the episode "Hell Is Other Robots" in which they guest starred.[27] Christopher Tyng is an American composer. ... Pierre Henry (born December 9, 1927 in Paris, France) is a French composer, considered a pioneer of the musique concrÃ¨te genre of electronic music. ... Tubular bells (also known as chimes) are musical instruments in the percussion family. ... The Beastie Boys as depicted on the cover of their 1992 album Check Your Head. ... Hell Is Other Robots is the ninth episode in season one of Futurama. ...

## Production

David X. Cohen with Matt Groening at the Futurama panel of Comic-Con 2007.

Matt Groening began thinking of Futurama in the mid-1990s. In 1997, he enlisted the help of David X. Cohen, then a Simpsons writer and producer, to assist in developing the show. The two then spent time researching science fiction books, television shows, and films of the past. By the time they pitched the series to Fox in April 1998, Groening and Cohen had composed many characters and story lines. During that first meeting, Fox ordered thirteen episodes. Shortly after, however, Groening and Fox executives argued over whether the network would have any creative input into the show.[30] With The Simpsons the network has no input.[31] Groening explains, "When they tried to give me notes on Futurama, I just said: 'No, we're going to do this just the way we did Simpsons.' And they said, 'Well, we don't do business that way anymore.' And I said, 'Oh, well, that's the only way I do business.'"[32] After negotiations, he received the same independence with Futurama. The complete Futurama DVD collection The following is an episode list for the FOX animated television series Futurama. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... David X. Cohen (born 1966), born David Samuel Cohen, is an American television writer. ... Matthew Abram Groening is an American cartoonist (Life in Hell) and the Emmy Award-winning creator of the animated series, The Simpsons and Futurama. ... Comic-Con International is an annual comic book convention held in San Diego, California. ... David X. Cohen (born 1966), born David Samuel Cohen, is an American television writer. ...

### Production process

It took six to nine months to make an episode of Futurama.[33][34] This long production time meant many episodes were worked on simultaneously.[35]

Each episode began with the writers discussing the story in a group. Then a single staff writer wrote an outline and then a script. Once the first draft was finished, the writers and executive producers got together with the actors to do a table read.[30] After this script reading, the writers rewrote the script as a group before eventually sending it to animation.[36] At this point the voice recording was also started and the script is out of the writers' hands.[34]

The animation in Futurama was done by Rough Draft Studios, which Groening insisted be used. Rough Draft receives the completed script of an episode and storyboards it into over 100 drawings. Then they create a pencil-drawn animatic with 1000 frames. From there, Rough Draft's sister studio in Korea puts together the 30,000-frame finished episode. The show was also sometimes animated overseas by Tokyo Movie Shinsha.[30] Rough Draft Studios, Inc. ... Storyboards are graphic organizers such as a series of illustrations or images displayed in sequence for the purpose of previsualizing a motion graphic or interactive media sequence, including website interactivity. ... An animatic is created to test dramatic timing. ... TMS logo (circa 1987) TMS Entertainment Limited ), formerly known as Tokyo Movie Shinsha ) (TYO: 3585 , a subsidiary of Sega Sammy), is a veteran animation studio located in Japan. ...

### CGI

Computer generated explosion in Futurama

In addition to traditional cartoon drawing, Rough Draft Studios often uses CGI for the fast or complex shots such as during the movement of spaceships, explosions, nebulae, and snow scenes among others. Most of the opening credits are rendered in CGI. The CGI is rendered at 24 fps (opposed to hand-drawn at 12 fps) and the lack of artifacts makes the animation appear very smooth and fluid. CGI characters look slightly different due to spatially "cheating" hand-drawn characters by drawing slightly out of proportion or off-perspective features to emphasize traits of the face or body, improving legibility of an expression. PowerAnimator is used to draw the comic-like CGI.[37] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Computer-generated imagery[1] (also known as CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics or, more specifically, 3D computer graphics to special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. ... FPS has several meanings: Frames per second in visual media. ... Artifacts are visible corruption of the image or undesirable elements or defects in a video picture. ... PowerAnimator and Animator, the precursor to what is now Maya and StudioTools, was an expensive, complex, highly-integrated industrial 3D modeling, animation, and visual effects suite. ...

When it came to deciding when the show would air, Groening and Cohen wanted Futurama to be shown at 8:30 Sunday nights, following The Simpsons. The network disagreed, opting instead to show two episodes in the Sunday night lineup before moving the show to its regular time slot on Tuesday.[38] Beginning its second broadcast season Futurama was again placed in the 8:30 Sunday spot,[39] but by mid-season the show was moved again. This time Futurama began airing in the 7:00 p.m. Sunday timeslot, its third position in under a year.[40]

Due to the 7:00 p.m. Sunday timeslot, the show was often pre-empted by sports and usually had a later than average season premiere. It also allowed the writers and animators to get ahead of the broadcast schedule so that episodes intended for one season were not aired until the following season. By the beginning of the fourth broadcast season all the episodes to be aired that season had already been completed and writers were working at least a year in advance.[34]

### Ratings

When Futurama was effectively cancelled in 2003, it had averaged 6.4 million viewers for the first half of its fourth broadcast season.[44]

### Cancellation

Even by the fourth season Futurama was still being aired erratically.[45] This was parodied in the opening sequence of the last episode of Season 4 with a picture of Fry, Leela and Bender captioned, "See You On Some Other Channel." Due to being regularly pre-empted by sporting events, it became difficult to predict when new episodes would air. This erratic schedule resulted in Fox not airing several episodes that had been produced for seasons three and four, instead holding them over for the fifth season. Although Futurama was never officially canceled, midway through the production of the fourth season, Fox decided to let it go out of production and told the writers and animators to look for new jobs.

Fox's decision to stop buying episodes of Futurama led Rough Draft Studios, the animation producers, to fire its animators.[46] Futurama was not included in Fox's fall 2003 lineup.[47]

### Syndication

In late 2002, Cartoon Network acquired the exclusive cable syndication rights of Futurama for a reported ten million dollars.[48] In January 2003,[48] the network began airing Futurama episodes as the centerpiece to the expansion of their Adult Swim cartoon block.[49] In October 2005, Comedy Central picked up the cable syndication rights to air Futurama's 72-episode run at the start of 2008, following the expiration of Cartoon Network's contract. It was cited as the largest and most expensive acquisition in the network's history. It is currently airing every night, followed by South Park.[50] A Comedy Central teaser trailer announced the return of Futurama March 23, 2008,[51] which was Bender's Big Score divided into four episodes followed by the other three movies. For Cartoon Network outside of the United States, see Cartoon Network around the world. ... Adult Swim, usually stylized [adult swim], is an adult-oriented television network sharing channel space with Cartoon Network in the United States. ... Comedy Central is an American cable television and satellite television channel in the United States. ... This article is about the TV series. ... is the 82nd day of the year (83rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... Futurama: Benders Big Score is the proposed name of the straight-to-DVD movie based on the animated series Futurama to be released around Christmas 2007. ...

#### International syndication

The Series aired on the Seven Network in Australia when the show first began but was left off-air for a few years until 2005. It was then picked up by Network Ten which aired repeats of the series until late 2007. The series is also shown most days on subscription based channel FOX8. Channel 10 will soon begin showing the new episodes of Futurama. The Seven Network is an Australian television network, owned by the Seven Media Group. ... Network Ten, or Channel Ten, is one of Australias three major commercial television networks. ... For other uses, see FOX 8. ...

In Latin America, the show is re-run by the cable channel Fox, during prime time Monday through Friday. Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...

In Germany, all episodes were aired on ProSieben. ProSieben is a commercial television station in Germany distributed to a large extent via cable and satellite along with DVB-T (Digital Video Broadcasting - Terrestrial) in larger population centres. ...

In Malaysia, episodes of the first two seasons were originally aired on TV3, while episodes from the last two seasons were aired on 8TV after a rather long hiatus between TV3's airing of the last episode of season 2 and 8TV's airing of the first episode of Season 3. Both channels aired the show late at night, around 10:30 PM, with the appropriate ratings, as indication that the series was not suitable for minors. Nevertheless, some episodes were not aired for unknown reasons. Additionally, Futurama was also available on the Asia-wide Star World network. Sistem Televisyen Malaysia Berhad (STMB) or TV3 was incorporated in 1983 as Malaysiaâ€™s first commercial television station. ... 8TV (Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: BÄ DÃ¹ KÅng JiÄn) is a private Malaysian television station previously known as Metrovision. ... STAR World is STAR Groups premiere English-language Entertainment TV-channel which is shown in the Asian region. ...

### DVD movies

When Comedy Central began negotiating for the rights to air Futurama reruns, Fox suggested that there was a possibility of also creating new episodes, partially stemming from the fact that the network had already revived Family Guy (its other short-lived series that ended up on Adult Swim), but not Futurama. Negotiations were already being made with the possibility of creating two or three straight-to-DVD films. When Comedy Central committed to sixteen new episodes, it was decided that four films would be produced.[52] On April 26, 2006, Groening noted in an interview that co-creator David X. Cohen and numerous writers from the original series would be returning to work on the movies.[53] All the original voice actors still take part in the series. In February 2007, Groening explained the format of the new stories: "[The crew is] writing them as movies and then we're going to chop them up, reconfigure them, write new material and try to make them work as separate episodes."[54] Family Guy is an Emmy Award-winning American animated television series about a dysfunctional family in the fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island. ... Adult Swim, usually stylized [adult swim], is an adult-oriented television network sharing channel space with Cartoon Network in the United States. ... A film that is released direct-to-video (also straight-to-video) is one which has been released to the public on home video formats first rather than first being released in movie theaters. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The first movie, Futurama: Bender's Big Score, is written by Ken Keeler and Cohen, and includes return appearances by the Nibblonians, Seymour, Barbados Slim, Robot Santa, the "God" space entity, Al Gore, and Zapp Brannigan.[55] It was animated in widescreen and was released on standard DVD on November 27, 2007, with a Blu-ray disc release to follow.[56] Futurama: Bender's Big Score was the first DVD release for which 20th Century Fox implemented measures intended to reduce the total carbon footprint of the production, manufacturing and distribution processes. Where it was not possible to completely eliminate carbon output carbon offsets were used. They refer to the changed processes as "carbon neutral".[57] Keeler at the 2003 Writers Guild Awards, after winning in the animation category. ... Nibbler Nibbler is also a fictional character from the animated television series Futurama. ... Futuramas recurring robot characters: // Boxy is a crude, Dalek-like robot similar to the Gonk droid from Star Wars, that is capable of communicating only by beeping. ... Godfellas is the twentieth episode of the third production season of Futurama. ... Futurama has a large number of recurring characters which help add comic energy to the series. ... Major General Webelo Zapp Brannigan is a fictional character in the television series Futurama. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Blu-ray discs Blu-ray Disc is a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed by a group of leading consumer electronics and PC companies called the Blu-ray Disc Association (BDA), which succeeds the Blu-ray Disc Founders (BDF). ... Until recently, most carbon offsets were commonly done by planting trees. ... A carbon audit regime is an effective means of accounting for greenhouse gas control efforts. ...

According to Rich Moore the titles of the other three movies are The Beast with a Billion Backs, Bender's Game, and Into the Wild Green Yonder.[58] Rich Moore is an animation director whose credits include The Simpsons, Futurama, Baby Blues, and The Critic. ...

## Impact

### References to Futurama in popular culture

• Futurama is referenced numerous times in Groening's first series The Simpsons. Squeaky Voiced Teen is once seen attempting suicide, jumping off a cliff screaming "Why did they cancel Futurama?".[59][60] Bender has also had numerous cameos,[61][62] the most notable in an episode named in reference to Futurama.[63] Fry has also appeared in The Simpsons, during a couch gag.[64] In addition, when Matt Groening appeared on the episode of The Simpsons entitled "My Big Fat Geek Wedding," he was identified as the creator of Futurama, as The Simpsons does not exist as a television program in its own diegesis. Also in the Simpsons episode "That 90's Show" Homer says to Lisa and Bart, "A struggling Matt Groening created Futurama."
• In An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore uses a scene from the episode "Crimes of the Hot" during his initial explanation of global warming.[65] The Futurama cast and crew also made an animated promo titled "A Terrifying Message From Al Gore", featuring Gore and Bender. Al Gore is a recurring guest star in Futurama, his daughter Kristin Gore Cusack being a regular writer and story editor, and he has said that Futurama is his favorite show. The promo is included on the DVD release of Futurama: Bender's Big Score.[66]
• In an episode of The PJs, Fry's face can be seen on a milk carton as a missing person, referencing Fry's disappearance after being frozen. This was an act of reciprocation for an advertisement of The PJs etched into a manhole cover in the Futurama episode "I Second That Emotion".[67]
• In the Family Guy Star Wars special Blue Harvest, Bender can be seen in the background drinking in the Mos Eisley Cantina.[71] Also in the beginning of Stewie Griffin: The Untold Story, a reporter from Entertainment Weekly asks Stewie if FOX had any plans of bringing back Futurama. Stewie, after learning what magazine he's reporting for, proceeds to break his neck.[citation needed]

### Awards

Wins[73] Nominations[73]
Annie Awards:
• Outstanding Individual Achievement for Directing in an Animated Television Production
• Outstanding Individual Achievement for Voice Acting by a Male Performer in an Animated Television Production
• Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Television Production
• Outstanding Directing in an Animated Television Production
• Best Home Entertainment Production

Emmy Awards: The Annie Awards are given to actors for their work in voice-overs including those done in animated film, video games and other vocally-driven art. ... Why Must I Be a Crustacean in Love is episode five in season two of Futurama. ... John William DiMaggio (born September 4, 1968) is an American voice actor. ... Bender, full name Bender Bending RodrÃ­guez or designated Bending Unit 22, is a fictional robot character in the animated television series Futurama. ... Bendless Love is the sixth episode in season three of Futurama. ... The Luck of the Fryrish is the 4th episode in season 3 of Futurama. ... Roswell That Ends Well is the nineteenth episode of the third production season of the TV show Futurama. ... Futurama: Benders Big Score is the proposed name of the straight-to-DVD movie based on the animated series Futurama to be released around Christmas 2007. ... An Emmy Award. ...

Environmental Media Awards: A Bicyclops Built for Two is episode nine in season two of Futurama. ... Storyboard artist is a profession specialize in creating storyboards for advertising agencies and film productions. ... Parasites Lost is the 2nd episode in series 3 of Futurama. ... The Environmental Media Awards are a group that give awards to movies, television shows and other media that promote awareness of environmental issues. ...

Writers Guild of America Award: The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline for Television episodes. ... Annual awards given out by the Writers Guild of America for outstanding achievements in film, TV, or radio writing. ...

Annie Awards:
• Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Program
• 1999 — Futurama. The Curiosity Company in association with 20th Century Fox Television
• Outstanding Individual Achievement for Writing in an Animated Television Production
• Outstanding Achievement in a Primetime or Late Night Animated Television Program
• 2000 — Futurama. The Curiosity Company in association with 20th Century Fox Television
• Outstanding Individual Achievement for Directing in an Animated Television Production
• Outstanding Achievement in a Primetime or Late Night Animated Television Production
• 2001 — Futurama. The Curiosity Company in association with 20th Century Fox Television
• Outstanding Achievement in an Animated Television Production
• 2003 — Futurama. The Curiosity Company in association with 20th Century Fox Television
• Outstanding Music in an Animated Television Production
• Outstanding Writing in an Animated Television Production
• 2004 — Patric Verrone for episode "The Sting".
Emmy Awards:

Nebula Award: Keeler at the 2003 Writers Guild Awards, after winning in the animation category. ... Godfellas is the twentieth episode of the third production season of Futurama. ... The Annie Awards are given to actors for their work in voice-overs including those done in animated film, video games and other vocally-driven art. ... Keeler at the 2003 Writers Guild Awards, after winning in the animation category. ... The Series Has Landed, alternatively titled Episode Two: The Series Has Landed, is the second episode of the first season of Futurama. ... Susan E. Dietter, mainly known as Susie Dietter, is a television director. ... A Bicyclops Built for Two is episode nine in season two of Futurama. ... Keeler at the 2003 Writers Guild Awards, after winning in the animation category. ... The Devilâ€™s Hands are Idle Playthings is the eighteenth and final episode in season four of the TV series Futurama. ... -1... An Emmy Award. ... A Big Piece of Garbage is episode 8 in season 1 of Futurama. ... Amazon Women in the Mood is the first episode in season three of Futurama. ... Jurassic Bark is the seventh episode of season four of Futurama, airing November 17, 2002. ... -1... The Nebula is an award given each year by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA), for the best science fiction/fantasy fiction published in the United States during the two previous years (see rolling eligibility below). ...

Writers Guild of America Award: David A. Goodman is on of the producers of Family Guy Presents: Stewie Griffin: The Untold Story. ... Where No Fan Has Gone Before is the eleventh episode of the fourth season of the animated series Futurama. ...

• Animation
• 2004 — Patric Verrone for episode "The Sting"

## Media

### DVD releases

#### Full season releases

20th Century Fox Home Entertainment released all 4 seasons of Futurama on DVD in order: 20th Century Fox logo Fox Plaza, the company headquarters. ...

DVD Name Ep # Release dates Additional Features
Region 1 Region 2 Region 4
Volume 1 13 March 25, 2003 January 28, 2002 November 27, 2002 This three disc boxset includes the 13 episodes from production season 1. Bonus features include commentary on every episode, Animatics for "Space Pilot 3000", Deleted scenes, Script/storyboard for "Space Pilot 3000", Featurette, Interactive still gallery (stills & video) and easter eggs.
Volume 2 19 August 12, 2003 November 11, 2002 May 13, 2003 This four disc boxset includes the 19 episodes from production season 2. Bonus features include commentary on every episode, deleted scenes, easter eggs, still gallery/concept art, alien alphabet.
Volume 3 22 March 9, 2004 June 2, 2003 September 24, 2003 This four disc boxset includes the 22 episodes from production season 3. Bonus features include commentary on every episode, deleted scenes, animatics, still gallery/character art, 3D models from rough draft sequences, easter eggs.
Volume 4 18 August 24, 2004 November 24, 2003 November 24, 2003 This four disc boxset includes the 18 episodes from production season 4. Bonus features include commentary on every episode, deleted scenes from 16 episodes, storyboard, character art and "How To Draw" galleries, animatics, 3-D Models, pencil tests, easter eggs.
Note: The box sets in Region 2 and 4 are marketed as "Season" rather than "Volume".
Note: Each of the box sets represent one of the four production seasons of the series. However, Fox spread out the series over 5 television seasons, often airing the series out of production order. Of note: after the production of Futurama was originally canceled, Fox aired the 16 previously unaired episodes, all from production seasons three and four, as a "season 5", running sporadically between November 2002 and August 2003. The box sets restore the episodes to production order.

Region 1â€“8 redirects here. ... Region 1â€“8 redirects here. ... Region 1â€“8 redirects here. ... The complete Futurama DVD collection The following is an episode list for the FOX animated television series Futurama. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The complete Futurama DVD collection The following is an episode list for the FOX animated television series Futurama. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The complete Futurama DVD collection The following is an episode list for the FOX animated television series Futurama. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 267th day of the year (268th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The complete Futurama DVD collection The following is an episode list for the FOX animated television series Futurama. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 328th day of the year (329th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

#### Other DVDs

DVD Name Ep # Release dates Additional Features
Region 1 Region 2 Region 4
Futurama:
The
Complete
Collection
72 March 22, 2005 October 25, 2004 November 22, 2005 A fifteen disc collection containing the first four seasons of Futurama. All bonus features from the first four box sets are included. The Region 4 version of the collection is significantly smaller than the others.
Monster
Robot
Maniac
Fun
Collection
4 August 23, 2005 May 30, 2005 August 22, 2005 Contains four episodes, one from each previously released season: "Hell Is Other Robots", "Anthology of Interest I", "Roswell That Ends Well" and "The Sting". New bonus features include an animatic for "Hell Is Other Robots" with commentary, special introductions and an easter egg.

is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hell Is Other Robots is the ninth episode in season one of Futurama. ... Anthology of Interest I is episode sixteen in season two of Futurama. ... Roswell That Ends Well is the nineteenth episode of the third production season of the TV show Futurama. ... -1... A virtual Easter egg is a hidden message or feature in an object such as a movie, book, CD, DVD, computer program, or video game. ...

#### Films

DVD Name Release dates Additional Features
Region 1 Region 2 Region 4
Bender's
Big Score
November 27, 2007 April 7, 2008 March 5, 2008 Bonus features include complete commentary, full-length episode of Everybody Loves Hypno-Toad, Futurama math lecture, and promo for An Inconvenient Truth starring Bender and Al Gore.[75]
The Beast with a Billion Backs June 24, 2008 June 30, 2008 August 6, 2008 Bonus features include complete commentary, animatic, deleted scenes, storyboards, blooper reel, record sessions, 3D models with audio description, Celebrity featurette: David Cross, Bender or Cast reads credits, new character design sketches. [76]
Bender's Game November 2008
The Wild Green Yonder April 2009

### Comic books

Main article: Futurama Comics

First started in November 2000, Futurama Comics is a comic book series published by Bongo Comics based in the Futurama universe.[77] While originally published only in the US, a UK, German and Australian version of the series is also available.[78] Other than a different running order and presentation, the stories are the same in all versions. While the comics focus on the same characters in the Futurama fictional universe the comics may not be canonical as the events portrayed within them do not necessarily have any effect upon the continuity of the show. Futurama Comics is a comic book series published by Bongo Comics and based on the television series Futurama. ... 2000 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December This is a timeline for events in November, 2000. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A fictional universe is an imaginary world that serves as the setting or backdrop for one or (more commonly) multiple works of fiction or translatable non-fiction. ... Canon, in the context of a fictional universe, comprises those novels, stories, films, etc. ...

Like the TV series, each comic (except US comic #20) has a caption at the top of the cover. For example: "Made In The USA! (Printed in Canada)". Some of the UK and Australian comics have different captions on the top of their comics (for example, the Australian version of #20 says "A 21st Century Comic Book" across the cover, while the US version does not have a caption on that issue). All series contain a letters page, artwork from readers and previews of other Bongo Comics coming up.

### Toys, games and figurines

While relatively uncommon, several action and tin figurines of various characters and items from the show have been made and are being sold by various hobby/online stores. When the show was initially licensed plans were made with Rocket USA to produce wind-up, walking tin figurines of both Bender and Nibbler with packaging artwork done by the original artists for the series.[79] The Bender toys included a cigar and bottle of "Olde Fortran Malt Liquor" and featured moving eyes, antenna and a functioning compartment door; it received an "A" rating from Sci Fi Weekly.[80] A can of Slurm cola actually contains a deck of cards featuring the Planet Express crew as the face cards. A two deck pack of cards was also released. Sci Fi Weekly (1995-), a component of SciFi. ...

I-Men released two packs of 2.5 inch high figures: Fry and Calculon; Zoidberg and Morbo; Professor Farnsworth and URL; Robot Devil and Bender; Leela and Roberto. Each figure comes with a corresponding collectable coin that can also double as a figure stand. Calculon is a fictional recurring character on the animated television series Futurama. ... Futuramas recurring characters: // The Brain Slugs are small, gelatinous, fist-sized aliens that attach themselves to human heads and act as mind-control devices, reducing their hosts to a zombie-like state. ... Futuramas recurring robot characters: // Boxy is a crude, Dalek-like robot similar to the Gonk droid from Star Wars, that is capable of communicating only by beeping. ... Futuramas recurring robot characters: // Boxy is a crude, Dalek-like robot similar to the Gonk droid from Star Wars, that is capable of communicating only by beeping. ... Futuramas recurring robot characters: // Boxy is a crude, Dalek-like robot similar to the Gonk droid from Star Wars, that is capable of communicating only by beeping. ...

The collectible releases include a set of bendable action figures, including Lieutenant Kif Kroker, Turanga Leela, and Bender. There have also been a few figures released by Moore Action Collectibles, including Fry, Turanga Leela, Bender, and the Planet Express Ship. In late 2006, Rocket USA brought out a limited edition 'super' heavyweight die cast Bender. Another special edition Bender figure was released at the San Diego Comic Con (SDCC) in 2006; the figure was called "Glorious Golden Bender". Lieutenant Kif L. Kroker is a fictional character in the animated television show Futurama. ... Comic-Con International, commonly known as Comic-Con or the San Diego Comic-Con, is an annual multigenre fan convention founded as the Golden State Comic Book Convention and later the San Diego Comic Book Convention in 1970 by Shel Dorf and a group of San Diegans. ...

Toynami is currently producing new Futurama figures.[81] The first series of the Toynami figures is separated into 3 waves; wave one, released in September 2007, featured Fry and Zoidberg, while wave two, released January 2008, consisted of Leela and Zapp. The third wave will include Bender and Kif and currently has no release date. Each figure comes with build-a-figure pieces to assemble the Robot Devil. Toynami is a North American toy company Started in late 2000 by George Sohn, Toynami is primarily focused on anime licenses for speciality retailers and collectors in the North American market. ...

### Video game

Main article: Futurama (video game)

On September 15, 2000, Unique Development Studios acquired the license to develop a Futurama video game for the consoles and handheld systems. Fox Interactive signed on to publish the game.[82] Sierra Entertainment later became the game's publisher, and it was released on August 14, 2003.[83] Versions are available for the PS2 and Xbox, both of which use cel-shading technology, however, the game was subsequently canceled on the Nintendo GameCube and Game Boy Advance in North America and Europe.[84] Futurama is a 3D platform game based on the science fiction cartoon series Futurama. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Computer and video games redirects here. ... Fox Interactive(new name: 20th Century Fox Games) is a video game publisher and developer mainly concerned with titles based on 20th Century Fox properties, such as The Simpsons, Family Guy, Futurama, the Alien and Predator film franchises, ID4: The Game, Buffy the Vampire Slayer, The X-Files and the... Sierra Entertainment is an American computer game developer and publisher headquartered in Los Angeles, California. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... PS2 redirects here. ... For the Xboxs successor, see Xbox 360. ... Object with a basic cel-shader (also known as a toon shader) and border detection. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... â€œGBAâ€ redirects here. ...

 Futurama Portal

Image File history File links Portal. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... The Jetsons is a prime-time animated television series that was produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. ...

## References

1. ^ "Groening's Bargain to Yield Four Futurama Movies". Reuters (Jan 28, 2007). Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
2. ^ Wallenstein, Andrew (June 22, 2006). "Futurama" gets new life on Comedy Central. Reuters. Archived from the original on 2006-06-11. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
3. ^ "Comedy Central TV Schedule". Retrieved on 2008-01-01.
4. ^ Taylor, Timothy Dean [2001]. Strange Sounds: Music, Technology & Culture, 104-105. ISBN 0415936845.
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6. ^ Gates, Anita (1999-01-24). Groening's New World, 1,000 Years From Springfield. The New York Times. Retrieved on 2008-06-13.
7. ^ a b "Leela's Homeworld". Futurama. Fox Network. 2002-02-17. No. 12, season 4.
8. ^ "A Clone of My Own". Futurama. Fox Network. 2000-04-09. No. 10, season 2. 3 minutes in.
9. ^ a b "Mother's Day". Futurama. Fox Network. 2000-05-14. No. 14, season 2.
10. ^ Verrone, Patric M (2003), DVD commentary for "The Sting", Futurama. Original airdate June 1, 2003. No. 12, Season 4. 20th Century Fox.
11. ^ a b Cohen, David X. (2003). Futurama season 1 DVD commentary for the episode "Space Pilot 3000" [DVD]. 20th Century Fox.
12. ^ "When Aliens Attack". Futurama. Fox Network. 1999-11-07. No. 12, season 1.
13. ^ "I, Roommate". Futurama. Fox Network. 1999-04-06. No. 4, season 2.
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15. ^ "Love's Labours Lost in Space". Futurama. Fox Network. 1999-04-13. No. 4, season 1.
16. ^ Omniglot. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
17. ^ "The Day the Earth Stood Stupid". Futurama. Audio Commentary 11 minutes in.
18. ^ "Space Pilot 3000". Futurama. Fox Network. 1999-03-28. No. 01, season 1. Audio commentary 20 minutes in.
19. ^ Keller, Joel (January 31, 2007). Matt Groening talks about Futurama's comeback. TV Squad. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
20. ^ a b "Raging Bender". Futurama. Fox Network. 2000-02-27. No. 8, season 2.
21. ^ "The Luck of the Fryish". Futurama. Fox Network. 2001-03-11. No. 4, season 3.
22. ^ "The 30% Iron Chef". Futurama. Fox Network. 2002-04-14. No. 22, season 3.
23. ^ "Put Your Head on My Shoulders". Futurama. Fox Network. 2000-02-13. No. 7, season 2.
24. ^ "Teenage Mutant Leela's Hurdles". Futurama. Fox Network. 2003-03-30. No. 9, season 4.
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26. ^ "Put Your Head On My Shoulders". Futurama. Fox Network. 1999-04-20. No. 10, season 2.
27. ^ a b Azrai, Ahmad (2004-10-31). Farewell to the funny future. Retrieved on 2008-01-10.
28. ^ 'Flickr Slideshow'.
29. ^ BBC-Music Profiles-Pierre Henry. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
30. ^ a b c Needham, Alex. "Nice Planet...We'll Take It!", October 1999. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
31. ^ Snierson, Dan. "Space Case", Entertainment Weekly, 1999-03-26. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
32. ^ Groening Bites the Hand that Feeds. Mr. Showbiz (1999-04-08). Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
33. ^ Saunders, Dusty. "Fox's far-out Futurama looks like a hit", Denver Rocky Mountain News, 1999-03-25. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
34. ^ a b c "David X. Cohen boards the Planet Express to find meaning in Futurama". Sci Fi Weekly (December 17, 2001). Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
35. ^ Online Chat with Matt Groening. TV Guide (1999-04-06). Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
36. ^ David X Cohen interview with GotFuturama.com. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
37. ^ Scott Vanzo of Rough Draft Studios e-mail response. Retrieved on 2001-06-20.
38. ^ Duncan, Andrew. "Matt Groening Interview with Radio Times", Radio Times, 1999-09-24. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
39. ^ Villanueva, Annabelle. "Fall TV Preview: Tricks and Treats", Cinescape, September-October 1999. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
40. ^ Winer, Adam. "Futurama Shock", Entertainment Weekly, 1999-12-09. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
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42. ^ Groening's Gripe (April 1999). Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
43. ^ Sterngold, James. "Futurama: Bringing an Alien and a Robot to TV Life", The New York Times, 1999-07-22. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
44. ^ Fox puts 'Futurama' order on hold (2002-02-14). Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
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48. ^ a b Toon Net Gets 'Futurama'. Daily Variety (September 9, 2002). Retrieved on 2008-05-28.
49. ^ Adult Swim. Cartoon Network Pressroom. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
50. ^ Dempsey, John (October 27, 2005). "Futurama" in Comedy Central's future via big deal. Variety. Retrieved on 2005-10-27.
51. ^ Silver screen Simpsons, Futurama facing finish?. BBC News (January 19, 2002). Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
52. ^ Katz, Claudia. Interview with Evan Jacobs. EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: Claudia Katz on Futurama the Movie: Bender's Big Score. 2007-11-16. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
53. ^ Matt Groening. Retrieved on 2008-06-03.
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Results from FactBites:

 "Futurama" (1999) (600 words) A show as good as The Simpson's was is ripe for theft and Futurama, the brainchild of Matt Groening, borrows well from the former show. Bender is the Homer Simpson, devoid of responsibility, yet, as this lack of responsibility is placed in a robot, we do not have to feel anger at his wayward ways. Groening, clearly by taking the best writers from the Simpson's with him when he jumped ship, has done the impossible and found an animated series that is superior to the unsurpassable Simpson's.
 Futurama - Playstation 2 Reviews: The Armchair Empire (621 words) That is only a problem because, clearly, Futurama the game is only really going to appeal to fans of the show. Futurama follows the adventures of the four central characters of the television show, time traveling delivery boy Fry, one-eyed pilot Leela, criminal robot Bender, and kooky Dr. Zoidberg. If it weren’t for the wonderful use of the Futurama setting, the game would be hard to stand—about on par with the dozens of crappy Disney platformers that have been released over the years.
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