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Encyclopedia > Fusiform gyrus
Brain: Fusiform gyrus
Medial surface of left cerebral hemisphere. (Fusiform gyrus visible near bottom)
Latin gyrus fusiformis
Gray's subject #189 824
NeuroNames hier-121
Dorlands/Elsevier g_13/12405287

The fusiform gyrus is part of the temporal lobe. It is also known as the (discontinuous) occipitotemporal gyrus. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... NeuroNames is a system of nomenclature for the brain and related structures. ... Elseviers logo. ... The temporal lobes are part of the cerebrum. ...


Function

There is still some dispute over the functionalities of this area, but there's relative consensus on these four:

  1. processing of color information
  2. face and body recognition (see Fusiform face area)
  3. word recognition
  4. number recognition

Some researchers believe that the fusiform gyrus may be related to the disorder known as prosopagnosia, or face blindness. The Fusiform face area (FFA) is a part of the human visual system which seems to specialize in facial recognition. ... Prosopagnosia (sometimes known as face blindness) is disorder of face perception where the ability to recognize faces is impaired, while the ability to recognize objects may be relatively intact. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. Page 824 (446 words)
The superior temporal gyrus lies between the posterior ramus of the lateral fissure and the superior temporal sulcus, and is continuous behind with the supramarginal and angular gyri.
The inferior temporal gyrus is placed below the middle temporal sulcus, and is connected behind with the inferior occipital gyrus; it also extends around the infero-lateral border on to the inferior surface of the temporal lobe, where it is limited by the inferior sulcus.
Lateral to this fissure is the narrow tentorial part of the inferior temporal gyrus, and medial to it the fusiform gyrus, which extends from the occipital to the temporal pole; this gyrus is limited medially by the collateral fissure, which separates it from the lingual gyrus behind and from the hippocampal gyrus in front.
Glossary of brain regions (3919 words)
fusiform gyrus: a gyrus in the temporal lobe.
It is located primarily in the precentral gyrus and caudal portions of the superior frontal gyrus and the middle frontal gyrus.
primary motor cortex: is in the precentral gyrus in the frontal lobe.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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