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Encyclopedia > Funkturm Berlin
The Funkturm Berlin
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The Funkturm Berlin
Funkturm - blue illuminated on the occasion of the Funkausstellung 2005
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Funkturm - blue illuminated on the occasion of the Funkausstellung 2005
Berliner Funkturm seen from the Zentraler Omnibus Bahnhof
Berliner Funkturm seen from the Zentraler Omnibus Bahnhof

The Berliner Funkturm or Funkturm Berlin (Radio Tower Berlin) is a transmitting tower in Berlin, built between 1924 and 1926 by Heinrich Straumer. It is nicknamed "der lange Lulatsch" ("the lanky lad") and is one of the best-known points of interest in the city of Berlin. It stands in the Berlin fairground in the Charlottenburg Wilmersdorf district. On September 3, 1926 the radio tower was inaugurated on the occasion of the 3. Großen Deutschen Funkausstellung (third Great German radio exhibition). The tower is now a protected monument. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1224x1632, 803 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Funkturm Berlin ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1224x1632, 803 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Funkturm Berlin ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 1316 KB) Summary View of the Funkturm, Berlin, seen from the Zentraler Omnibus Bahnhof. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 1316 KB) Summary View of the Funkturm, Berlin, seen from the Zentraler Omnibus Bahnhof. ... This article is about the capital city of Germany. ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the capital city of Germany. ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ...

Contents


Building method

The tower is built as one large steel framework construction, similar to the Eiffel Tower in Paris. The 150 m high and approximately 600 metric ton radio tower was originally planned strictly as a transmitting tower, but later additions included a restaurant at a height of approximately 52 m, and observation deck at a height of approximately 125 m. Visitors reach the restaurant and the observation deck by an elevator which travels up to 4 meters per second. A lattice tower is a freestanding steel framework tower. ... The Tower at sunrise. ... The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city For other uses, see Paris (disambiguation). ...


The radio tower has two very notable structural characteristics. First, it sits on a square surface area merely 20 meters to a side. Its ratio of surface area to height is 1:6.9. For comparison, the Eiffel Tower sits on a square 129 meters to a side, giving surface-area-to-height ratio of 1:2.3. Second, the radio tower is probably the only observation tower of the world standing on porcelain insulators. It was designed as the support tower for a T-antenna for medium wave, and the insulators were intended to prevent the drain of the transmitting power down through the tower itself. However, this was impractical, because visitors would have been vulnerable to massive electric shocks, so the tower was later grounded via its elevator shaft. The insulators used were manufactured in the Koeniglich Preussische Porzellanmanufaktur (Royal Prussian Porcelain Factory). A figurine made of porcelain For the indie band Fine China see Fine China. ... // Definition An Insulator is a material or object which resists the flow of electric charge. ... Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ...


On March 22, 1935, the first regular television program in the world was broadcast from an aerial on the top of the tower. Since 1962, the tower is no longer used for TV transmissions. Since 1973, the radio tower no longer serves as a regular transmission tower for broadcasting purposes, but it is still used as relay station for amateur radio, police radio, and mobile phone services. The last complete renovation took place in the year 1987 in honor of the 750th anniversary of the founding of Berlin. 22 March is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ... Amateur radio, often called ham radio, is a hobby enjoyed by about 3 million people[1] throughout the world. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Dimensions of the tower

  • Heights
  • height of kitchen: 48.122 m
  • height of restaurant: 51.652 m
  • height of observation pulpit: 121.492 m
  • height of observation platform: 124.092 m
  • height of tower shaft: 129.292 m
  • height of tower: 150.062 m
  • Cross sections of the tower
  • spreading of the footings directly above the foundations: 18.5 m
  • distance of the foundation edges at the ground: 24.5 m
  • cross section in the kitchen: 9.1 m
  • cross section at base of restaurant: 15 m
  • cross section of the restaurant roof: 18.7 m
  • cross section of observation pulpit: 4.4 m
  • cross section of observation platform: 7.9 m
  • Other cross sections
  • cross section of the basement plates at the ground: 5.7 m
  • cross sections lift well
    • underneath restaurant: 4.05 m
    • above restaurant: 2.4 m
  • Weight: 600 metric tons

Chronicle of the Berliner Funkturm

  • December 1924: After the end of the First Radio Exhibition, construction of the radio tower was started. For this fair, at the location of the today's radio tower, a 120 meters tall antenna mast was erected, which served as crane for building the tower.
  • April 1925: The radio tower is finished in the infrastructure.
  • September 25, 1925: Inauguration of the transmitter on medium wave frequency 520.8 kHz. A single T-antenna was strung between the top of the tower and an 80-meter-high guyed steel framework mast.
  • 1925-26: To protect visitors from electrical hazards, the radio tower was grounded about its elevator shaft, although this directed the beam of the radio transmitter away from the center of Berlin.
  • March 28, 1926: Acceptance of the radio tower by the construction offices.
  • September 3, 1926: Radio tower opened to the public at the inauguration of the Third Great German Radio Exhibition (Funkausstellung).
  • 1929: Retuning of the medium wave transmitter to 716kHz, first television transmission tests.
  • December 20, 1933: the new large transmitter in Berlin Tegel takes over the broadcast transmissions from the radio tower. After this, the medium wave transmitter at the radio tower is only a backup transmitter for Berlin Tegel.
  • 1934: Retuning of the medium wave transmitter (as a backup unit for Berlin Tegel), to 834 kHz
  • March 22, 1935: From an antenna of the top of the radio tower, the first regular television program of the world is transmitted
  • August 22, 1935: Major fire in the exhibition hall at the radio tower destroys all transmission devices at the radio tower. Flying sparks also burn out the tower restaurant.
  • December 23, 1935: Resumption of television broadcasts.
  • 1938: Television transmitting equipment removed from the tower.
  • 1939-1945: The radio tower serves as warning and an observation post.
  • April 19, 1945: Projectiles destroy one of the four legs of the tower at a height of 38 meters. The restaurant is again burned out.
  • 1945: Repair of the destroyed tower leg with 800 kg screws and 7.2 tons steel.
  • 1948: Experiments with directed radio transmission toward the mountain of Harz.
  • May 28, 1950: The tower restaurant reopens.
  • 1951: Assembly of one batwing antenna on the top of the tower for the broadcast of FM radio and television programs. With this antenna, the tower grew around 12 meters, from 138 metres to 150 metres.
  • October 1, 1951: Resumption of the television transmissions which were disrupted by World War II and the immediate post-war period.
  • May 15, 1963: After completion of the 230-meter-high transmission mast near Scholzplatz, regular transmissions of television and broadcast programs from the tower were almost terminated.
  • 1973: End of any regular broadcast transmission from the radio tower.
  • 1989: Disassembly of the tower's last transmitters for broadcast of radio and television.

1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 25 is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years). ... 1925 (MCMXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... March 28 is the 87th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (88th in Leap years). ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... September 3 is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years). ... 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 22 March is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 22 is the 234th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (235th in leap years), with 131 days remaining. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... December 23 is the 357th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (358th in leap years). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... April 19 is the 109th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (110th in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... The Harz is a mountain range in northern Germany. ... May 28 is the 148th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (149th in leap years). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity broadcast radio sound. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... The radio mast Berlin-Scholzplatz is a 230 metre high guyed steel tube mast for FM and TV transmission. ...

Similar constructions

  • Torre Jaume I an observation tower used as aerial tramway support pillar looks very similar.

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

See also

The television tower of Berlin 02/2004 The Fernsehturm (German for Television Tower) is a television tower in the center of Berlin, Germany. ...

References

  • Archiv für das Post- und Fernmeldewesen (Archives for the post office and telecommunication system), 29. Class NR. 5. Bonn, September 1977 (side 392-Seite 421)
  • Archiv für das Post- und Fernmeldewesen, 25. Class NR. 5/6. Bonn, September 1973 (side 668-Seite 671 and page 778 to page 794)
  • Wie man ein Wahrzeichen wird (How to Become a Landmark), A. and E. Freud, 1976, ISBN 3921532043
  • 65 Jahre Funkturm: Ein Wahrzeichen geht nicht in den Ruhestand (65th Anniversary of the Radio Tower: A landmark does not go into the retirement), a publication of the Messe Berlin GmbH zum 65. Geburtstag des Funkturms (Berlin Fair for the 65th Birthday of the Radio Tower), 1991
  • Klawitter, Gerd: 100 Jahre Funktechnik in Deutschland Funksendestellen rund um Berlin (100 years of radio engineering in Germany and radio locations in and around Berlin), Berlin, Wissenschaft und Technik Verlag, 1997.

External links

  • Structurae Entry
  • http://www.skyscraperpage.com/diagrams/?b449
  • Second mast used for carrying the broadcasting antenna until 1935
  • Mast used for building the tower in 1924/25
  • Google Maps: Funkturm Berlin

 
 

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