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Encyclopedia > Fundic glands
Fundic glands
A fundus gland. A. Transverse section of gland.
Latin '
Gray's subject #247 1166
Precursor {{{Precursor}}}
MeSH [1]
Dorlands/Elsevier g_06/12391406

The fundus glands (or fundic glands) are found in the body and fundus of the stomach; they are simple tubes, two or more of which open into a single duct. Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Embryology is the branch of developmental biology that studies embryos and their development. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... Elseviers logo Elsevier, the worlds largest publisher of medical and scientific literature, forms part of the Reed Elsevier group. ... In anatomy, the stomach (in ancient Greek στόμαχος) is an organ in the alimentary canal used to digest food. ... In anatomy, the stomach (in ancient Greek στόμαχος) is an organ in the gastrointestinal tract used to digest food. ...

The duct, however, in these glands is shorter than in the pyloric variety, sometimes not amounting to more than one-sixth of the whole length of the gland; it is lined throughout by columnar epithelium. In zootomy, epithelium is a tissue composed of a layer of cells. ...

The gland tubes are straight and parallel to each other.

At the point where they open into the duct, which is termed the neck, the epithelium alters, and consists of short columnar or polyhedral, granular cells, which almost fill the tube, so that the lumen becomes suddenly constricted and is continued down as a very fine channel. In zootomy, epithelium is a tissue composed of a layer of cells. ... In anatomy, the lumen is the cavity or channel within a tube or tubular structure, such as the vascular lumen of a blood vessel, along which blood flows. ...

They are known as the chief cells or central cells of the glands. In general, a chief cell (or a zymogenic cell) is a cell which releases a precursor enzyme. ...

Between these cells and the basement membrane, larger oval cells, which stain deeply with eosin, are found; these cells are studded throughout the tube at intervals, giving it a beaded or varicose appearance. ... Eosin is an orange-pink dye derived from coal tar. ...

These are known as the parietal cells or oxyntic cells, and they are connected with the lumen by fine channels which run into their substance. Parietal cells (also called oxyntic cells) are cells located in the stomach epithelium. ...

Between the glands the mucous membrane consists of a connective-tissue frame-work, with lymphoid tissue. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

In places, this later tissue, especially in early life, is collected into little masses, which to a certain extent resemble the solitary nodules of the intestine, and are termed the lenticular glands of the stomach.

They are not, however, so distinctly circumscribed as the solitary nodules.

External links

  • http://education.vetmed.vt.edu/curriculum/VM8054/Labs/Lab18/EXAMPLES/Exfndgld.htm Veterinary Histology at vt.edu]

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained herein may be outdated. Please edit the article if this is the case, and feel free to remove this notice when it is no longer relevant. The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... An illustration from the 1918 edition Henry Grays Anatomy of the Human Body, commonly known as Grays Anatomy, is an anatomy textbook widely regarded as a classic work on human anatomy. ...

  Results from FactBites:
The Digestive System (0 words)
Glands of various types are present in the mucosa, submucosa, or as separate structures (i.e., liver, pancreas) outside the digestive tube.
Glands were named for the region of the stomach they occupied (cardiac, fundic, and pyloric) but glands of the fundus and body are now generally called gastric glands.
At the mouth of the gland, the epithelium is continuous with and resembles that of the villi.
  More results at FactBites »



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