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Encyclopedia > Functional food

Functional food or medicinal food is any fresh or processed food claimed to have a health-promoting and/or disease-preventing property beyond the basic nutritional function of supplying nutrients, although there is no consensus on an exact definition of the term. The updated USDA food pyramid, published in 2005, is a general nutrition guide for recommended food consumption. ... Link title {{portal|Food} A nutrient is either a chemical element or compound used in an organisms metabolism or physiology. ... Look up definition in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

This is an emerging field in food science, in which such foods are usually accompanied by health claims for marketing purposes, such as, a company's "cereal is a significant source of fiber. Studies have shown that an increased amount of fiber in one's diet can decrease the risk of certain types of cancer in individuals." Food science is a discipline concerned with all technical aspects of food, beginning with harvesting or slaughtering, and ending with its cooking and consumption. ... Health claims on food labels are claims by manufacturers of food products that their food will reduce the risk of developing a disease or condition. ... Wikibooks has more about this subject: Marketing Look up marketing in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about cereals in general. ... Dietary fibers are the indigestible portion of plant foods that move food through the digestive system, absorbing water. ... In the scientific method, an experiment (Latin: ex-+-periri, of (or from) trying), is a set of actions concerning phenomena. ... Lets talk about risk control strategies, anyone with more information and willing to share, please do so. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ...

Functional foods are sometimes called nutraceuticals, a blend of the words nutrition and pharmaceutical, and can include food that has been genetically modified. The general category includes processed food made from functional food ingredients, or fortified with health-promoting additives, like "vitamin-enriched" products, and also, fresh foods (e g vegetables) that have specific claims attached. Fermented foods with live cultures are often also considered to be functional foods with probiotic benefits. Nutraceutical is a portmanteau of [Nutrition] and [pharmaceutical] and refers to foods thought to have a beneficial effect on human health. ... Genetic engineering, genetic modification (GM), and gene splicing (once in widespread use but now deprecated) are terms for the process of manipulating genes in an organism, usually outside of the organisms normal reproductive process. ... Food preservation is the process of treating and handling food in such a way as to stop or greatly slow down spoilage to prevent foodborne illness while maintaining nutritional value, texture and flavor. ... Retinol (Vitamin A) For the record label, see Vitamin Records A vitamin is an organic compound required in tiny amounts for essential metabolic reactions in a living organism. ... Probiotics are dietary supplements containing potentially beneficial bacteria or yeast, with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as the most common microbes used. ...

The term was first used in Japan in the 1980s, where there is a government approval process for functional foods, called Foods for Specified Health Use (FOSHU). Some countries, like Canada, have specific laws concerning the labeling of such products. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A label is any kind of tag attached with adhesive to something so as to identify the object or its contents. ...

See also

Health claims on food labels are claims by manufacturers of food products that their food will reduce the risk of developing a disease or condition. ... Probiotics are dietary supplements containing potentially beneficial bacteria or yeast, with lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as the most common microbes used. ... Dr Earl Mindell is the author of Earl Mindells Vitamin Bible, a glossary of micronutrients published in the early 1980s. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
functional foods (2108 words)
For functional foods to deliver their potential public health benefits, consumers must have a clear understanding of, and a strong confidence level in, the scientific criteria that are used to document health effects and claims.
Foods identified as FOSHU must be approved by the Minister of Health and Welfare after the submission of comprehensive science-based evidence to support the claim for the foods when they are consumed as part of an ordinary diet.
A functional food may be targeted at the whole population or for particular groups, which may be defined, for example, by age or by genetic constitution.
Food Product Design: Functional Foods Annual - November 2000 - The Road Ahead (1357 words)
Functional foods and corresponding terms, such as "nutraceuticals" and "optimum foods," are attempts to describe a broad trend.
Our company defines functional foods broadly to include "dietary supplements, as well as, foods and beverages that claim or suggest to consumers specific health benefits beyond basic nutrition, including preventing or curing a disease." Excluded from this definition are dietary supplements consumed in forms atypical of foods, such as capsules, tablets, and tinctures.
Competitive positioning in functional foods will not be tied solely to a heritage in food, pharmaceuticals, or supplements, but rather will be linked to a willingness to harness core competencies to produce and market foods that defy traditional category boundaries.
  More results at FactBites »



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