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Encyclopedia > Fully rigged ship

A full rigged ship or fully rigged ship is a square rigged sailing vessel with three or more masts, all of them square rigged. Square rig is a generic type of sailing vessel in which the main horizontal spars are perpendicular to the keel of the ship. ...


Sometimes such a vessel will merely be called a ship, but this term more properly also applies to schooners with three or more masts, barques and barquentines. Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner is a type of sailing ship characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ... A barque, sometimes spelled bark, originally referred to a particular type of ship-rigged sailing vessel with a plain bluff bow and a full stern with windows. ... This article is about the ship. ...


Masts

The masts of a full rigged ship, from the bow, are:

There is no recognised name for a fifth mast, and even the fourth is relatively rare. Ships with five and more masts are not normally fully rigged, and the masts are numbered rather than named. The mast of a sailing ship is a tall vertical pole which supports the sails. ... The mast of a sailing ship is a tall vertical pole which supports the sails. ... The mast of a sailing ship is a tall vertical pole which supports the sails. ... The mast of a sailing ship is a tall vertical pole which supports the sails. ...


If the masts are of wood, each mast is in three or more pieces. The lowest piece is the mast itself, or may be called the lower. Above it, the pieces in order are:

  • Topmast.
  • Topgallant mast.
  • Royal mast.

On steel-masted vessels, the corresponding sections of the mast are named after the traditional wooden sections.


Sails on a mast

The lowest and normally largest sail on a mast is the course sail of that mast, and is referred to simply by the mast name: Foresail, mainsail, mizzen sail, jigger sail. In sailing, a course sail is the principal sail on a mast. ...


Above the course sail, in order, are:

There is some variation possible here, for example some ships have only one sail flying from the topgallant mast, in which case it is simply called the topgallant sail. If all seven sails are present on the foremast, the fourth sail from the deck on the foremast would (just as an example) be called the fore lower topgallant sail. A topsail is a sail set above another larger sail. ... On a square rigged sailing vessel, a topgallant sail is the square-rigged sail or sails immediately above the topsail or topsails. ...


Jibs are carried from the foremast, and have varying naming conventions. See also: Jib (television) A jib is a triangular staysail set ahead of the foremost mast of a sailing boat. ...


Staysails may be carried between any other mast and the one in front of it. They are named after the mast from which the are hoisted, so for example a staysail hoisted to the top of the mizzen topgallant on a stay running to the top of the main topmast would be called the mizzen topgallant staysail. A staysail is a fore-and-aft rigged sail whose luff is affixed to a stay running forward (and most often but not always downwards) from a mast to the deck, the bowsprit or to another mast. ...


In light winds studsails may be carried on either side of any or all of the square rigged sails. They are named after the adjacent sail and the side of the vessel on which they are set, for example main topgallant starboard studsail. A studding sail or studsail is a sail used to increase the sail area of a square rigged vessel in light winds. ...


One or two spankers are carried aft of the aftmost mast, if two they are called the upper spanker and lower spanker. A fore-and-aft topsail may be carried above the upper or only spanker, and is called the gaff sail.
A spanker is either of two kinds of sail. ... A topsail is a sail set above another larger sail. ...


See also



This article is about the rigging of ships, and is based on the detailed article in the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, now in the public domain. ... A sail-plan is a formal set of drawings, usually prepared by a marine architect. ... A sail is a surface intended to generate thrust by being placed in a wind; basically it is a vertically oriented wing. ...

Types of sailing vessels and rigs

Bark | Barque | Barquentine | Bilander | Brig | Brig (Hermaphrodite) | Brigantine | Caravel | Carrack | Catamaran | Catboat | Clipper | Clipper (Dutch Clipper) | Cog | Corvette | Cutter | Dhow | Fluyt | Fore & Aft Rig | Frigate | Full Rigged Ship | Gaff rig | Galleon | Gunter rig | Hermaphrodite Brig | Junk | Ketch | Mersey Flat | Multihull | Nao | Norfolk Wherry | Pink |Pocket Cruiser | Pram | Proa | Schooner | Ship of the line | Sloop | Smack | Snow | Square rig | Tall ship | Thames Sailing Barge | Trimaran | Wherry | Windjammer | Xebec | Yacht | Yawl Wooden sailing boat Sailing is motion across a body of water in a sailing ship, or smaller boat, powered by wind. ... In Norse mythology, see Ríg. ... A barque, sometimes spelled bark, originally referred to a particular type of ship-rigged sailing vessel with a plain bluff bow and a full stern with windows. ... A barque, sometimes spelled bark, originally referred to a particular type of ship-rigged sailing vessel with a plain bluff bow and a full stern with windows. ... This article is about the ship. ... A bilander, also spelled billander or belandre, was a small European merchant ship with two masts, used in the Netherlands for coast and canal traffic and occasionally seen in the North Sea but more frequently to be seen in the Mediterranean Sea. ... In sailing, a brig is a vessel with two masts at least one of which is square rigged. ... A hermaphrodite brig, or brig-schooner, is a type of two-masted sailing ship which has square sails on the foremast combined with a schooner rig on the mainmast (triangular topsail over a gaff mainsail). ... Description In sailing, a brigantine is a vessel with two masts, at least one of which is square rigged. ... A caravel is a small, highly maneuverable, three-masted ship used by the Spanish for long voyages of exploration beginning in the 15th century. ... Categories: Stub | Ship types ... Two Hobie catamarans, showing the typical Hobie raised platform joining the two hulls, and tall mast. ... The occupied boats are catboats, but with a mast and boom rig A catboat (alternate spelling: cat boat), or a cat_rigged sailboat, is a sailing vessel characterized by a single mast carried well forward (, near the front of the boat). ... For other uses, see Clipper (disambiguation). ... While the majority of the clipper ships sailed under British and American flags, more then a hundred clippers were built in the Netherlands. ... The earliest development seems to have been Celtic, though the cog was first noted in the Dutch city of Muiden in the 10th century. ... For the automobile, see Chevrolet Corvette. ... For other meanings, see cutter (baseball), cutter (tool) and self-harm. ... A dhow is a traditional boat design with one or more triangular sails, called lateens. ... A fluyt or a flute (pronounced as flight) is a type of sailing ship originally designed as a dedicated cargo vessel. ... A fore-and-aft rig is a sailing rig consisting mainly of sails that are set along the line of the keel rather than perpendicular to it. ... Frigate is a name which has been used for several distinct types of warships at different times. ... Gaff rig is a sailing rig in which the mainsail is a four-cornered fore-and-aft rigged sail controlled at its head by a spar called the gaff. ... For the fictional unit of money called a galleon, see Money in Harry Potter. ... In sailing, a gunter is a wire that leads from one end of a gaff to the other. ... A hermaphrodite brig, or brig-schooner, is a type of two-masted sailing ship which has square sails on the foremast combined with a schooner rig on the mainmast (triangular topsail over a gaff mainsail). ... The Junk is a Chinese sailing vessel. ... Square Topsl Gaff Ketch Hawaiian Chieftain on San Francisco Bay A ketch is a sailing craft with two masts: A main mast, and a mizzen mast abaft the main mast. ... A Mersey flat is a two masted, doubled-ended barge with rounded bilges, carvel build and fully decked. ... A multihull is a sailing ship with more than one hull. ... Categories: Stub | Ship types ... The Norfolk wherry is a black-sailed trader, type of boat on the Norfolk Broads and Suffolk Broads, now part of The Broads National Park, in Norfolk, England. ... A Pocket Cruiser, Microcruiser or Pocket Yacht is a small sailboat with a cabin, whose length is at or under 20 feet (6 meters), with some examples as short as 10 to 12 feet in length (3 to 3. ... The Proa is a two hulled vessel with unequal parallel hulls, superficially similar to an outrigger canoe. ... Two-masted fishing schooner A schooner is a type of sailing ship characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts. ... Ships of the line were 1st, 2nd, or 3rd-rated ships in the rating system of the Royal Navy. ... Important notice: This article is about the modern civilian boat type. ... See: To strike with an open palm, such as to smack a child. ... This article is about snow, the merchant vessel. ... Square rig is a generic type of sailing vessel in which the main horizontal spars are perpendicular to the keel of the ship. ... Kaskalot at the 2004 Bristol Harbour festival in England. ... The distinctive sailing barges that were once a common sight on Londons River Thames, were commercial craft relying on sail power alone. ... A trimaran is a multihull boat consisting of a main hull and two smaller outrigger hulls (amas), attached to the main hull with lateral struts (akas). ... A wherry (meaning boat) is a boat used for carrying cargo on rivers and canals in England. ... A windjammer is a type of sailing ship with a large iron hull, usually used for cargo in the nineteenth century. ... A xebec, also spelled chebec, chebeck, jabeque, sciabecco, shebec, xebeque, and zebec, was a small, fast, three mast (but originally two mast) vessel of the 16th to 19th centuries, used almost exclusively in the Mediterranean Sea, with a distinctive hull, which added a pronounced overhanging bow and stern, and rarely... A yacht A yacht was originally defined as a light, fast sailing vessel used to convey important persons. ... A yawl is a two-masted sailing craft similar to a sloop or cutter but with an additional mizzen mast well aft of the main mast, often right on the transom. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Full rigged ship - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (533 words)
A full rigged ship or fully rigged ship is a square rigged sailing vessel with three or more masts, all of them square rigged.
Ships with five and more masts are not normally fully rigged and their masts may be numbered rather than named in extreme cases.
There is some variation possible here, for example some ships have only one sail set on the topmast, in which case it is simply called the (fore, main, mizzen or jigger) topsail and even more often on the topgallant mast, in which case it is simply called the (fore, main, mizzen or jigger) topgallant.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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