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Encyclopedia > Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke
Edmund Lodge: Portrait of Sir Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke (1554-1628). English poet and courtier.
Edmund Lodge: Portrait of Sir Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke (1554-1628). English poet and courtier.
This article is about the Elizabethan author. For other people with similar names, see Fulke Greville (disambiguation).

Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, de jure 13th Baron Latimer and 5th Baron Willoughby de Broke (3 October 155430 September 1628), known before 1621 as Sir Fulke Greville, was a minor Elizabethan poet, dramatist, and statesman. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 469 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (479 × 612 pixel, file size: 59 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 469 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (479 × 612 pixel, file size: 59 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Fulke Greville has been the name or customary name of a number of people throughout history, many of them related. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 5 - Great fire in Eindhoven, Netherlands. ... is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1628 was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1621 was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 10-day slower Julian calendar). ... Elizabethan redirects here. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... A dramatist is an author of dramatic compositions, usually plays. ... Statesman is a respectful term used to refer to politicians, and other notable figures of state. ...

Contents

Life

Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Lord Brooke (1554-1628) was a capable administrator who served the English Crown under Elizabeth I and James I as, successively, treasurer of the navy, chancellor of the exchequer, and commissioner of the Treasury, and who for his services was in 1621 made Baron Brooke, peer of the realm and granted Warwick Castle, which he substantially improved. Greville is however best known today as the biographer of Sir Philip Sidney, and for his remarkably sober poetry, which presents dark, thoughtful, and distinctly Calvinist views on love, art, science, and other philosophical matters. Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603 ) was Queen of England and Queen of Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death. ... See James VI of Scotland and I of England James I of Scotland James I of Aragon James I of Sicily James I of Cyprus This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The east front of Warwick Castle as painted by Canaletto in 1752. ... Philip Sidney Sir Philip Sidney (November 30, 1554 - October 17, 1586) became one of the Elizabethan Ages most prominent figures. ...


Named for his father, Sir Fulke Greville, Greville was born at Beauchamp Court, near Alcester, Warwickshire. He was sent in 1564, on the same day as his life-long friend, Philip Sidney, to Shrewsbury School. He enrolled at Jesus College, Cambridge, in 1568. Sir Henry Sidney, Philip's father, and president of the Council of Wales and the Marches, gave him in 1576 a post connected with the court of the Welsh Marches, but Greville resigned it in 1577 to go to attend court of Queen Elizabeth along with Philip Sidney. There, young Greville became a great favourite with the Queen, who valued his sober character and administrative skills, making him secretary to the principality of Wales in 1583; however he was more than once disgraced for leaving the country against her wishes. For other places named Alcester see Alcester (disambiguation). ... A detailed map Stratford-upon-Avon Kenilworth Castle Warwickshire (pronounced // or //) is a landlocked non-metropolitan county in central England. ... Shrewsbury School (formally known as King Edward VI Grammar School, Shrewsbury) is an independent school, located in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. ... This article is about the city in England. ... Sir Henry Sidney (1529 - May 5, 1586), lord deputy of Ireland, was the eldest son of Sir William Sidney, a prominent politician and courtier in the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, from both of whom he received extensive grants of land, including the manor of Penshurst in Kent... The Council of the Marches was an English regional administrative body (similar to the Council of the North) covering all of Wales and the English counties known as the Welsh Marches. ... The Welsh Marches is an area along the border of England and Wales in the island of Great Britain. ... Queen Elizabeth, or Elizabeth, may refer to: Elizabeth II, Queen regnant of the Commonwealth Realms Elisabeth I of Bohemia (1292-1330), daughter of Wenceslaus II, wife of John of Luxemburg, mother of Charles IV Elisabeth II of Bohemia (1409-1442), daughter of Emperor Sigismund (2nd son of Emperor Charles IV...


Philip Sidney, Sir Edward Dyer and Greville were members of the "Areopagus," the literary clique which, under the leadership of Gabriel Harvey, supported the introduction of classical metres into English verse. Sidney and Greville arranged to sail with Sir Francis Drake in 1585 in his expedition against the Spanish West Indies, but Elizabeth forbade Drake to take them with him, and also refused Greville's request to be allowed to join Robert Dudley's army in the Netherlands. Philip Sidney, who took part in the campaign, was killed on the 17th of October 1586. Greville memorialized his beloved friend in his Life of the Renowned Sir Philip Sidney. This article is about the English poet Edward Dyer. ... This article concerns the Classical judicial body. ... Gabriel Harvey (c. ... Sir Francis Drake, c. ... At least two Robert Dudleys were prominent in history: Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester, and Robert Dudley, styled Earl of Warwick, his illegitimate son. ...


About 1591 Greville served for a short time in Normandy under Henry of Navarre. This was his last experience of war. Greville represented Warwickshire in parliament in 1592-1593, 1597, 1601 and 1620. In 1598 he was made treasurer of the navy, and he retained the office through the early years of the reign of James I. In 1614 he became chancellor and under-treasurer of the exchequer, and throughout the reign he was a valued supporter of James I, although in 1615 he advocated the summoning of a parliament. In 1618 he became commissioner of the treasury, and in 1621 he was raised to the peerage with the title of Baron Brooke, a title which had belonged to the family of his paternal grandmother, Elizabeth Willoughby. He received from James I the grant of Warwick Castle, in the restoration of which he is said to have spent £20,000. For other uses, see Normandy (disambiguation). ... By Frans Pourbus the younger. ...


Brooke left no sons, and his barony passed to his cousin, Robert Greville (c. 1608-1643), who took the side of Parliament part in the English Civil War, and defeated the Royalists in a skirmish at Kineton in August 1642. Fulke Greville's adopted son was however killed during the siege of Lichfield on the 2nd of March 1643, having survived the elder Greville by only twelve years. Robert Greville, 2nd Baron Brooke (1608– 2 March 1643) English Civil War Roundhead General. ... A parliament is a legislature, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see English Civil War (disambiguation). ... The noun or adjective, Royalist, can have several shades of meaning. ... A kineton noseband is a type of noseband used on the bridle of a horse. ... Not to be confused with Litchfield. ...


Fulke Greville himself died on the 30th of September 1628 in consequence of a wound inflicted by a servant who was disappointed at not being named in his master's will. Brooke was buried in St Mary's church, Warwick, and on his tomb was inscribed the epitaph he had composed for himself: "Folk Grevill Servant to Queene Elizabeth Conceller to King James Frend to Sir Philip Sidney. Trophaeum Peccati."


Works

It is by his biography of Sidney that Fulke Greville is best known. The full title expresses the scope of the work. It runs: The Life of the Renowned Sr. Philip Sidney. With the true Interest of England as it then stood in relation to all Forrain Princes: And particularly for suppressing the power of Spain Stated by Him: His principall Actions, Counsels, Designes, and Death. Together with a short account of the Maximes and Policies used by Queen Elizabeth in her Government. He includes some autobiographical matter in what amounts to a treatise on government.


His poetry consist of closet tragedies, sonnets, and poems on political and moral subjects. His style is grave and sententious. A rhyming elegy on Brooke, published in Huth's Inedited Poetical Miscellanies, brings charges of miserliness against him, but of his generous treatment of contemporary writers there is abundant testimony. Of Brooke Lamb says, "He is nine parts Machiavel and Tacitus, for one of Sophocles and Seneca.... Whether we look into his plays or his most passionate love-poems, we shall find all frozen and made rigid with intellect." He goes on to speak of the obscurity of expression that runs through all Brooke's poetry, an obscurity which is, however, due more to the intensity and subtlety of the thought than to any lack of mere verbal lucidity. A closet drama is a play that is not intended to be performed onstage, but read by a solitary reader or, sometimes, out loud in a small group. ... Tragedy is one of the oldest forms of drama. ... Francesco Petrarca, or Petrarch, one of the best-known early Italian sonnet writers. ...


Greville's works include:


The Life of the Renowned Sir Philip Sidney (1625) Philip Sidney. ...


Closet drama: Alaham, Mustapha A closet drama is a play that is not intended to be performed onstage, but read by a solitary reader or, sometimes, out loud in a small group. ...


Verse Poems: Caelica in CX Sonnets, Of Monarchy, A Treatise of Religion, A Treatie of Humane Learning, An Inquisition upon Fame and Honour, A Treatie of Warres


Miscellaneous Prose: a letter to an "Honourable Lady," a letter to Grevill Varney in France, a short speech delivered on behalf of Francis Bacon


Later, his works were collected and reprinted by Dr Grosart, in 1870, in four volumes. Poetry and Drama of Fulke Greville, edited by Geoffery Bullough, was published in 1938. The Prose Works of Fulke Greville, edited by John Gouwn, were published in 1986. Alexander Balloch Grosart (June 18, 1827 _ March 16, 1899) was a Scottish clergyman and literary editor. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


References

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Brooke, Fulke Greville, 1st Baron.
  • This article incorporates public domain text from: Cousin, John William (1910). A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature. London, J.M. Dent & sons; New York, E.P. Dutton.
  • The above article refers to Fulke Greville III (1554-1628), son of Fulke Greville II (d. 1606), and grandson of Fulke Greville I (d. 1554), whose tomb is in St Nicholas Church, Alcester. This information was taken from the Alcester & District Local History Society website [1]

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... A Short Biographical Dictionary of English Literature is a collection of biographies of writers by John W. Cousin, published around 1910. ... For other places named Alcester see Alcester (disambiguation). ...

See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... This article is about changing canons of Renaissance English poetry (i. ...

Links

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Leicester
Custos Rotulorum of Warwickshire
bef. 1594 – aft. 1596
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Leigh
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Leigh
Custos Rotulorum of Warwickshire
1626–1628
Succeeded by
The Earl of Denbigh
Political offices
Preceded by
Sir John Hawkins
Treasurer of the Navy
1598–1604
Succeeded by
Sir Robert Mansell
Preceded by
Sir Julius Caesar
Chancellor of the Exchequer
1614–1621
Succeeded by
Sir Richard Weston
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Fulke Greville
Baron Latimer
Baron Willoughby de Broke
(de jure)
1606–1628
Succeeded by
Margaret Verney
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Brooke
1621–1628
Succeeded by
Robert Greville

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke (953 words)
Sir Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke (October 3, 1554 - September 30, 1628) was a minor Elizabethan poet, dramatist and statesman.
After a distinguished administrative career under Elizabeth I and James I (in the course of which he served successively as secretary to the Principality of Wales, Treasurer of the Navy, and Chancellor of the Exchequer), he was created Baron Brooke on 29 January 1620/1 with special remainder to the heirs of his cousin Robert Greville.
Richard Weston, 1st Earl of Portland, was born in 1577, at Roxwell in Essex, England, eldest son and heir of Sir Hierome Weston, High Sheriff of Essex, and Mary Cave.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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