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Encyclopedia > Fulbright

The Fulbright Program is program of educational grants (Fulbright Fellowships) sponsored by the Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs of the United States Department of State. It was established to increase mutual understanding between the peoples of the United States and other countries through the exchange of persons, knowledge, and skills. A scholarship is an award of access to an institution and/or a financial aid award for an individual for the purposes of furthering their education. ... The United States Department of State, often referred to as the State Department, is the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. ...


The program was created through the efforts of Arkansas Senator J. William Fulbright, who promulgated its passage through the US Senate in 1946. It is considered one of the most prestigious award programs worldwide, operating in 144 countries and with 51 commissions. More Fulbright alumni have won Nobel Prizes than those of any other academic programme, including two in 2002. State nickname: The Natural State Other U.S. States Capital Little Rock Largest city Little Rock Governor Mike Huckabee Official languages English Area 137,732 km² (29th)  - Land 134,856 km²  - Water 2,876 km² (2. ... James William Fulbright (April 9, 1905 – February 9, 1995) was a well-known member of the United States Senate representing Arkansas. ... Seal of the Senate The Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The Nobel Prizes (pronounced no-BELL or no-bell) are awarded annually to people who have done outstanding research, invented groundbreaking techniques or equipment, or made outstanding contributions to society. ...


The Fulbright Program provides funds for students, scholars, and professionals to undertake graduate study, advanced research, university teaching, and teaching in elementary and secondary schools abroad. The reach of this program had been primarily European countries in the beginning. Now the foundation and granting of scholarship funds are worldwide operations. World map showing location of Europe A satellite composite image of Europe Europe is geologically and geographically a peninsula, forming the westernmost part of Eurasia. ...


The program is administrated by binational Fulbright commissions. The Fulbright Commission provides scholarships to citizens of the UK and Germany who wish to study in the US, and to US citizens who wish to study in those countries. ...


The Foundation promotes Western values, but broadly defined. Persons from any country may outline and define a program relating to education and Western values and submit it to the Fulbright Foundation for funding. The scholarships are so-called "challenge grants", in that recipients are required to undertake useful activities while studying abroad. Recipients of Fulbright Fellowships are subject to two-year home-residency requirement. Cover of The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order The clash of civilizations is a controversial theory in international relations. ...


Its first participants went overseas in 1948, funded by war reparations and foreign loan repayments to the United States (Fulbright Foundation). Since then, some 250,000 individuals have received Fulbright Fellowships. 1948 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
William Fulbright - definition of William Fulbright in Encyclopedia (889 words)
Fulbright was a staunch multilateralist, supported the creation of the United Nations, and opposed the House Un-American Activities Committee.
In 1934, Fulbright was admitted to the bar in Washington, DC and became an attorney in the anti-trust division of the United States Department of Justice.
Fulbright's scathing critique undermined the elite consensus that U.S. military intervention in Indochina was necessitated by Cold War geopolitics.
Fulbright, James William. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (312 words)
In 1942 Fulbright was elected as a Democrat to the U.S. House of Representatives and in 1944 to the Senate.
Fulbright served as chairman of the Senate banking and currency committee (1955–59) and, as chairman of the Senate foreign relations committee (1959–74), he conducted frequent open hearings to educate the public and to reassert the Senate’s influence in long-range policy formulation.
An outspoken critic of U.S. military intervention abroad, Fulbright opposed the Bay of Pigs invasion (1961), the landing of marines in the Dominican Republic (1965), and the escalation of the war in Vietnam.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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