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Encyclopedia > Fujiwara clan

The Fujiwara clan (藤原氏 Fujiwara-shi) was a clan of regents who had sort of monopoly to the Sekkan positions, Sesshō and Kampaku. The founder Nakatomi no Kamatari (614-669) was given the surname Fujiwara by Emperor Tenji. They dominated the Japanese politics of Heian period. In subsequent eras, they were influential. In Japan, the Sesshō (摂政) was a title given to a regent who was named to assist an emperor when the emperor was still a child, before the coming of age, or female. ... Fujiwara no Kamatari (藤原鎌足, 614–669 A.D.) was the founder of the Fujiwara clan in Japan. ... ... The name Heian may mean: The Heian Period, an era of Japanese history. ...


During the Nara period Fujiwara clan's political influence was initiated. Nakatomi no Kamatari, a member of the lower-nobility Nakatomi family, sided with Prince Naka no Ōe (the future Emperor Tenji), when the imperial authority was challenged by the Soga clan. Naka no Ōe and Nakatomi no Kamatari led a coup against the Soga in 645 and initiated a series of sweeping government reforms (the Taika Reform). In 669 Emperor Tenji (reigned 661-671), bestowed the kabane Fujiwara no Ason on Kamatari. The surname passed to the descendants of Fujiwara no Fuhito (659-770), the eldest son and heir of Kamatari, who was prominent at the court of several emperors and empresses. He made his daughter Miyako a concubine of Emperor Mommu. Her son, Prince Obito became Emperor Shōmu. Fuhito succeeded in making another of his daughters, Kōmyōshi, the empress consort of Emperor Shōmu. She was the first empress consort of Japan who wasn't a daughter of the imperial family itself. Fuhito had four sons and each of those four founded a family. Among them, the Hokke (the northern family) seized power and was considered the leader of the entire clan. The Nara period (奈良時代) of the History of Japan covers the years from about AD 710 to 794. ... ... The Soga clan was one of the most powerful clans in Yamato Japan. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Taika Reforms. ... Kabane (姓). Kabane were hereditary titles used in ancient Japan to denote rank and political standing. ... Fujiwara no Fuhito (藤原不比等: 659–720) was a powerful member of the imperial court of Japan during the Asuka and Nara periods. ... Emperor Mommu (文武天皇) (683-707) was the 42nd imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ... Emperor Shōmu (聖武天皇 Shōmu Tennō) (701 - May 2, 7561) was the 45th imperial ruler of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. ...


During the Heian period of Japanese history, the Hokke managed to establish a hereditary claim to the position of regent, either for an underage emperor (sesshō) or for an adult one (kampaku). Some prominent Fujiwaras occupied these positions more than once, and for more than one emperor. Lesser members of the Fujiwara were court nobles, provincial governors and vice governors, members of the provincial aristocracy, and samurai. The Fujiwara was one of the four great families that dominated Japanese politics during the Heian Period (794-1185), and the miost important of them at that time. The others were the Tachibana, the Taira and the Minamoto. The Fujiwara exercised tremendous power, especially during the period of regency governments in 10th and 11th centuries, having many emperors as practially puppet monarchs. The name Heian may mean: The Heian Period, an era of Japanese history. ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts of head of state, especially if not the Monarch (who has higher titles). ... Royal court (as distinguished from a court of law) may refer to a number of institutions: A noble court - the household or entourage of a monarch or other ruler The Royal Court of Jersey - the main court of justice of Jersey The Royal Court of Guernsey - the main court of... The Lords and Barons prove their Nobility by hanging their Banners and exposing their Coats-of-arms at the Windows of the Lodge of the Heralds. ... Before the modern prefecture system was established, the land of Japan was divided into tens of Kuni (国, Countries). ... A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ... The Ancient Greek term aristocracy meant a system of government with rule by the best. This is the first definition given in most dictionaries. ... Japanese samurai in armour, 1860 photograph. ... Taira (平) is a Japanese surname. ... Minamoto (源) was an honorary surname bestowed by the Emperors of Japan of the Heian Period to their sons and grandsons after accepting them as royal subjects. ... Puppet monarchs are rulers who are installed or patronized by imperial powers in order to provide the appearance of local authority, while allowing political and economic control to remain among the dominating nation. ...


The Fujiwara dominated the government of Japan 794-1160. There is no clear starting point of their dominance. However, their domination of civil administration was lost by the establishment of the first shogunate under Minamoto no Yoritomo in 1192.


Fujiwara princes initially served as highest ministers of the imperial Court (kampaku) and regents (sesshō) for underage monarchs. The Fujiwara were the proverbial "power behind the throne" for centuries. Apparently they never aspired to supplant the imperial dynasty. Instead, the clan's influence stemmed from its matrimonial alliances with the imperial family. Because consorts of crown princes, younger sons, and emperors were generally Fujiwara women, the male heads of the Fujiwara house were often the father-in-law, brother-in-law, uncle, or maternal grandfather of the emperor. The family reached the peak of its power under Fujiwara no Michinaga (966-1027), a longtime kampaku who was the grandfather of three emperors, the father of six empresses or imperial consorts, and the grandfather of seven additional imperial consorts.


Only forty years after Michinaga's death, his Fujiwara heirs were not able to prevent the ascension of Emperor Go-Sanjō (reigned 1068-1073), the first emperor since Emperor Go-Uda whose mother was not a Fujiwara. The system of government by retired emperor (daijō tennō) (cloistered rule) beginning from 1087 further weakened the Fujiwara's control over the Imperial Court. Emperor Go-Sanjō (後三条天皇, Go-Sanjō-tennō) (September 3, 1034–June 15, 1073) was the 71st imperial ruler of Japan. ... Emperor Go-Uda (後宇多天皇) (December 17, 1267 - July 16, 1324) was the 91st imperial ruler of Japan. ... Cloistered Rule, also known as the Insei system, is a distinct feature of Japanese history and politics and sometimes in business. ...


The Fujiwara-dominated Heian period approached its end along disturbances of 12th century. The dynastic struggle known as the Hōgen Disturbance (Hōgen no Ran) led to the Taira emerging as the most powerful clan in 1156. During the Heiji Disturbance (Heiji no Ran) in 1160 the Taira defeated the coalition of Fujiwara and Minamoto forces. This defeat marked the end of the Fujiwara's dominance.


During the 13th century, the Fujiwara northern house was split into the five regent houses (五摂家): Konoe, Takatsukasa, Kujō, Nijō and Ichijō. They had a "monopoly" to the offices of sesshō and kampaku, and served in turn. The political power had shifted away from the court nobility in Kyoto to the new warrior class in the countryside. However, Fujiwara princes remained close advisors, regents and ministers to the emperors for centuries, until the 20th century. As such, they had certain political power and much influence, as often the rival warriors and later bakufus sought their alliance. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Sekke, the Five regent houses (五摂家; go-seike or go-sekke) is a collective term for those five families of Fujiwara clan, who were regarded entitled to the position of Sekkan in Imperial Court of Kyoto, Japan, and monopolized the position between 12th and 19th century. ... The Konoe family (近衛家 Konoe-ke) was a branch of the Fujiwara clan. ... The Takatsukasa family (鷹司家) is a branch of the Fujiwara clan of Japan. ... The Kujo family (九条家 Kujō-ke) was a Japanese noble family and a branch of the Fujiwara clan derived from Fujiwara no Tadamichi. ... The Nijō family (二条家; -ke) was one of the five regent houses (go-sekke). ... The Ichijō family (一条家; -ke) was one of the five regent houses (go-sekke). ...


Until the marriage of the Crown Prince Hirohito (posthumously Emperor Shōwa) to Princess Kuni Nagako (Kuninomiya Nagako Nyoō) in January 1924, the principal consorts of emperors and crown princes had always been recruited from one of the Sekke Fujiwara. Imperial princesses were often married to Fujiwara lords - throughout a millennium at least. As recently as Emperor Shōwa's third daughter, the late former Princess Takanomiya (Kazoku), and Prince Mikasa's elder daughter, the former Princess Yasuko, married into Takatsukasa and Konoe families, respectively. Infamous war criminal Hirohito (April 29, 1901 – January 7, 1989) was the 124th Emperor of Japan who reigned from 1926 to 1989. ... Her Imperial Majesty Empress Kojun of Japan was born Princess Kuni Nagako (jp: 久邇宮良子女王 kuni no miya nagako joō) (March 6, 1903 - June 16, 2000). ... In Japan, the Sesshō (摂政) was a title given to a regent who was named to assist an emperor when the emperor was still a child, before the coming of age, or female. ...


Fujiwara regime in Heian period

The Fujiwara Regency was the main feature of government of the entire Heian era. Kyoto (Heiankyō) was geopolitically a better seat of government; with good river access to the sea, it could be reached by land routes from the eastern provinces.


Just before the move to the Heiankyō, the emperor had abolished universal conscription in 792, and soon local, private militaries came into being. The Fujiwara, Taira, and Minamoto were among the most prominent families supported by the new military class. Events Irenes title of empress confirmed. ... Taira (平) is a Japanese surname. ... Minamoto (源) was an honorary surname bestowed by the Emperors of Japan of the Heian Period to their sons and grandsons after accepting them as royal subjects. ...


In the ninth and tenth centuries, much authority was lost to the great families, who disregarded the Chinese-style land and tax systems imposed by the government in Kyoto. Stability came to Heian Japan, but, even though succession was ensured for the imperial family through heredity, power again concentrated in the hands of one noble family, the Fujiwara.


Family administrations now became public institutions. As the most powerful family, the Fujiwara governed Japan and determined the general affairs of state, such as succession to the throne. Family and state affairs were thoroughly intermixed, a pattern followed among other families, monasteries, and even the imperial family.


As the Soga had taken control of the throne in the sixth century, the Fujiwara by the ninth century had intermarried with the imperial family, and one of their members was the first head of the Emperor's Private Office. Another Fujiwara became regent for his grandson, then a minor emperor, and yet another was appointed kampaku (regent for an adult emperor). Toward the end of the ninth century, several emperors tried, but failed, to check the Fujiwara. For a time, however, during the reign of Emperor Daigo (897-930), the Fujiwara regency was suspended as he ruled directly. (5th century — 6th century — 7th century — other centuries) Events The first academy of the east the Academy of Gundeshapur founded in Persia by the Persian Shah Khosrau I. Irish colonists and invaders, the Scots, began migrating to Caledonia (later known as Scotland) Glendalough monastery, Wicklow Ireland founded by St. ... (8th century - 9th century - 10th century - other centuries) Events Beowulf might have been written down in this century, though it could also have been in the 8th century Viking attacks on Europe begin Oseberg ship burial The Magyars arrive in what is now Hungary, forcing the Serbs and Bulgars south... The title given to this article is incorrect due to technical limitations. ... (8th century - 9th century - 10th century - other centuries) Events Beowulf might have been written down in this century, though it could also have been in the 8th century Viking attacks on Europe begin Oseberg ship burial The Magyars arrive in what is now Hungary, forcing the Serbs and Bulgars south... Emperor Daigo (醍醐天皇) (January 18, 885– October 23, 930) was the 60th Imperial Ruler of Japan. ... Events January - the Cadaver Synod July/August- Pope Stephen VII dies and is succeeded by Pope Romanus. ... Events With the establishment of the Icelandic Althing, now the worlds oldest parliament, the Icelandic Commonwealth is founded. ...


Nevertheless, the Fujiwara were not demoted by Emperor Daigo but actually became stronger during his reign. Central control of Japan had continued to decline, and the Fujiwara, along with other great families and religious foundations, acquired ever larger shōen and greater wealth during the early tenth century. By the early Heian period, the shōen had obtained legal status, and the large religious establishments sought clear titles in perpetuity, waiver of taxes, and immunity from government inspection of the shōen they held. Those people who worked the land found it advantageous to transfer title to shōen holders in return for a share of the harvest. People and lands were increasingly beyond central control and taxation, a de facto return to conditions before the Taika Reform. A shōen (荘園 or 庄園, shōen) was a fief or manor in Japan. ... ( 9th century - 10th century - 11th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ...


Within decades of Emperor Daigo's death, the Fujiwara had absolute control over the court. By the year 1000, Fujiwara Michinaga was able to enthrone and dethrone emperors at will. Little authority was left for traditional officialdom, and government affairs were handled through the Fujiwara family's private administration. The Fujiwara had become what historian George B. Sansom has called "hereditary dictators." Fujiwara no Michinaga (藤原 道長, 966-1027) represents the highpoint of the Fujiwara regents control over the government of Japan. ...


The Fujiwara presided over a period of cultural and artistic flowering at the imperial court and among the aristocracy. There was great interest in graceful poetry and vernacular literature. Japanese writing had long depended on Chinese ideograms (kanji), but these were now supplemented by kana, two types of phonetic Japanese script: katakana, a mnemonic device using parts of Chinese ideograms; and hiragana, a cursive form of katakana writing and an art form in itself. Hiragana gave written expression to the spoken word and, with it, to the rise in Japan's famous vernacular literature, much of it written by court women who had not been trained in Chinese as had their male counterparts. Three late tenth century and early eleventh century women presented their views of life and romance at the Heian court in Kagero Nikki ("The Gossamer Years") by "the mother of Michitsuna," Makura no Sōshi ("The Pillow Book") by Sei Shōnagon, and Genji Monogatari ("Tale of Genji")--the world's first novel--by Murasaki Shikibu. Indigenous art also flourished under the Fujiwara after centuries of imitating Chinese forms. Vividly colored yamato-e (Japanese style) paintings of court life and stories about temples and shrines became common in the mid and late Heian periods, setting patterns for Japanese art to this day. Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Romaji ローマ字 Category Kanji (   漢字?, literally Han characters) are Chinese characters used in Japanese. ... Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Romaji ローマ字 For other meanings of Kana, see Kana (disambiguation). ... Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Romaji ローマ字 Katakana (片仮名, literally: partial kana) are a Japanese syllabary, one of four Japanese writing systems (the others are hiragana, kanji and rōmaji). ... Japanese writing Kanji 漢字 Kana 仮名 Hiragana 平仮名 Katakana 片仮名 Uses Furigana 振り仮名 Okurigana 送り仮名 Romaji ローマ字 Category Hiragana (平仮名 literally smooth kana) are a Japanese syllabary, one of four Japanese writing systems (the others are katakana, kanji and rōmaji). ... ( 9th century - 10th century - 11th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... (10th century - 11th century - 12th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... The Pillow Book (枕草子, makura no sōshi) was a book of observations and musings recorded by Sei Shonagon during her time as court lady to Empress Sadako during the 990s in Heian Japan. ... Sei Shōnagon (清少納言), (966-unknown) was a Japanese author and a court lady who served the Empress Teishi during the years around 1000, known as the author of The Pillow Book (Makura no sōshi). ... Genji Monogatari (源氏物語), frequently translated as The Tale of Genji, is a classic work of Japanese literature attributed to the Japanese noblewoman Murasaki Shikibu in the early 11th century, around the peak of the Heian period. ... Murasaki Shikibu (紫 式部 Murasaki Shikibu, c. ...


Decline in food production, growth of the population, and competition for resources among the great families all led to the gradual decline of Fujiwara power and gave rise to military disturbances in the mid-tenth and eleventh centuries. Members of the Fujiwara, Taira, and Minamoto families--all of whom had descended from the imperial family--attacked one another, claimed control over vast tracts of conquered land, set up rival regimes, and generally broke the peace of Japan. Taira (平) is a Japanese surname. ... Minamoto (源) was an honorary surname bestowed by the Emperors of Japan of the Heian Period to their sons and grandsons after accepting them as royal subjects. ...


The Fujiwara controlled the throne until the reign of Emperor Go-Sanjō (1068-73), the first emperor not born of a Fujiwara mother since the ninth century. Emperor Go-Sanjō, determined to restore imperial control through strong personal rule, implemented reforms to curb Fujiwara influence. He also established an office to compile and validate estate records with the aim of reasserting central control. Many shōen were not properly certified, and large landholders, like the Fujiwara, felt threatened with the loss of their lands. Emperor Go-Sanjō also established the Inchō, or Office of the Cloistered Emperor, which was held by a succession of emperors who abdicated to devote themselves to behind-the-scenes governance, or insei (cloistered government). Emperor Go-Sanjō (後三条天皇, Go-Sanjō-tennō) (September 3, 1034–June 15, 1073) was the 71st imperial ruler of Japan. ... Events Emperor Go-Sanjo ascends the throne of Japan William the Conqueror takes Exeter after a brief siege Births Henry I of England (d. ... Events Cardinal Hildebrand elevated to papacy as Pope Gregory VII, succeeding Pope Alexander II Emperor Shirakawa ascends the throne of Japan Rabbi Yitchaki Alfassi finishes writing the Rif, an important work of Jewish law. ... Estate may have a number of meanings: Estate is a term used in common law to signify the total of a persons property, entitlements and obligations. ...


The Inchō filled the void left by the decline of Fujiwara power. Rather than being banished, the Fujiwara were mostly retained in their old positions of civil dictator and minister of the center while being bypassed in decision making. In time, many of the Fujiwara were replaced, mostly by members of the rising Minamoto family. While the Fujiwara fell into disputes among themselves and formed northern and southern factions, the insei system allowed the paternal line of the imperial family to gain influence over the throne. The period from 1086 to 1156 was the age of supremacy of the Inchō and of the rise of the military class throughout the country. Military might rather than civil authority dominated the government. Events Domesday Book is completed in England Emperor Shirakawa of Japan starts his cloistered rule Imam Ali Mosque is rebuilt by the Seljuk Malik Shah I after being destroyed by fire. ... Events Establishment of the Carmelite Order Hogen Rebellion in Japan January 20 - According to legend, freeholder Lalli slays English crusader Bishop Henry with an axe on the ice of the lake Köyliönjärvi in Finland. ...


A struggle for succession in the mid-twelfth century gave the Fujiwara an opportunity to regain their former power. Fujiwara Yorinaga sided with the retired emperor in a violent battle in 1158 against the heir apparent, who was supported by the Taira and Minamoto. In the end, the Fujiwara were destroyed, the old system of government supplanted, and the insei system left powerless as bushi took control of court affairs, marking a turning point in Japanese history. Within a year, the Taira and Minamoto clashed, and a twenty-year period of Taira ascendancy began. The Taira were seduced by court life and ignored problems in the provinces. Finally, Minamoto Yoritomo (11471199) rose from his headquarters at Kamakura (in the Kanto region, southwest of modern Tokyo) to defeat the Taira, and with them the child emperor Emperor Antoku they controlled, in the Genpei War (11801185). Events January 11 - Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia End of the formal reign of Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan, also the beginning of his cloistered rule, which will last to his death in 1192. ... Minamoto no Yoritomo 源頼朝 (1147 - February 9, 1199) was the founder and first shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate of Japan, from 1192 to 1199. ... Events King Afonso I of Portugal and the Crusaders capture Lisbon from Muslims First written mention of Moscow. ... Events John Lackland, becomes King of England Births Isobel of Huntingdon (d. ... Kamakura can refer to: The city of Kamakura in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan The Kamakura Shogunate period in the History of Japan The Kamakura family name in Japan This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Kanto can mean: The Kanto region of Japan. ... The modern skyline of Tokyo is highly decentralized. ... Emperor Antoku (安徳天皇) (December 22, 1178 – April 25, 1185) was the 81st imperial ruler of Japan, ruling during the late Heian period from the fourth month, 22nd day of 1180 to April 25, 1185. ... The Genpei or Gempei War (源平合戦、寿永・治承の乱) (1180-1185) was a war of ancient Japan, fought between the Taira and Minamoto clans. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Sea Battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ...


Regents

Regent Lived Sessho Kampaku
Yoshifusa 804872 866872
Mototsune 836891 876884 (887890
Tadahira 880949 930941 941949
Saneyori 900970 969970 967969
Koretada 924972 970972
Kanemichi 925977 973977
Yoritada 924989 977986
Kaneie 929990 986990 990
Michitaka 953995 990993 993995
Michikane 961995 995
Michinaga 9661028 10161017
Yorimichi 9901074 10171020 10201068
Norimichi 9971075 10681075
Morozane 10421101 10871091 10751087, 10911094
Moromichi 10621099 10941099
Tadazane 10781162 11071114 11061107, 11141121
Tadamichi 10971164 11231129, 11421151 11211123, 11291142, 11511158
Motozane 11431166 11651166 11581165
Motofusa 11441230 11661173 11731179
Moroie 11721238 1184

Fujiwara no Yoshifusa (藤原良房, 804 - 872) was the first of the great regents from the Fujiwara clan. ... Events March 25 - The Inscription of Sukabumi from Eastern Java marks the beginning of the Javanese language. ... Events Battle of Hafrsfjord in Norway, Harald Finehair first king of Norway. ... Events Fujiwara no Yoshifusa becomes regent of Japan, starting the Fujiwara regentship. ... Events Battle of Hafrsfjord in Norway, Harald Finehair first king of Norway. ... Fujiwara no Mototsune (藤原基経, 836-891) continued the trend begun by Yoshifusa of monopolising the position of regent to the Japanese emperor. ... Events Abbasid caliph al-Mutasim establishes new capital at Samarra, Iraq. ... Events October 6 - Election of Pope Formosus Arnulf of Carinthia defeats the Normans at the Battle of Leuven Births Abd ar-Rahman III, emir and first caliph of Córdoba. ... Events Seiwa is succeeded by Yozei as emperor of Japan. ... Events May 15 - Pope Marinus I dies. ... Events Emperor Uda ascends to the throne of Japan Births Deaths September 18 - Pietro I Candiano, Doge of Venice (killed in battle) Emperor Koko of Japan Categories: 887 ... Events The sovereignty of prince Svatopluk I in Bohemia is confirmed. ... Fujiwara no Tadahira (藤原 å¿ å¹³; 880 - 949) was a kuge (Japanese nobel) who served as regent under Emperor Suzaku who ruled from 930 to 946. ... For other uses, see number 880. ... Events Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus asserts that the orbits of all nine planets were within the same 90% arc of the solar system on 1 February 949. ... Events With the establishment of the Icelandic Althing, now the worlds oldest parliament, the Icelandic Commonwealth is founded. ... Events Oda the Severe becomes Archbishop of Canterbury Births Charles dOutremer son of Louis IV of France Deaths Categories: 941 ... Events Oda the Severe becomes Archbishop of Canterbury Births Charles dOutremer son of Louis IV of France Deaths Categories: 941 ... Events Belgian astronomer Jean Meeus asserts that the orbits of all nine planets were within the same 90% arc of the solar system on 1 February 949. ... Fujiwara no Saneyori (藤原 実頼) was a kuge (Japanese nobel) who began serving as Kampaku when Emperor Reizei assumed the throne in 967. ... Events Persian scientist, Rhazes, distinguished smallpox from measles in the course of his writings. ... Events Major volcano eruption in Mashu Japan Devastating decade long famine begins in France Byzantine Emperor John I successfully defends the Eastern Roman Empire from massive barbarian invasion Construction completed on Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo, worlds oldest Islamic university Births Leif Ericson, Norse explorer Seyyed Razi, important Muslim... Events December 11 - John I becomes Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... Events Major volcano eruption in Mashu Japan Devastating decade long famine begins in France Byzantine Emperor John I successfully defends the Eastern Roman Empire from massive barbarian invasion Construction completed on Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo, worlds oldest Islamic university Births Leif Ericson, Norse explorer Seyyed Razi, important Muslim... Events Emperor Reizei ascends to the throne of Japan The Khazar capital of Atil falls to the Kievan Rus around this year Births Deaths Emperor Murakami of Japan Abu al-Faraj Ali of Isfahan, scholar. ... Events December 11 - John I becomes Emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire. ... Fujiwara no Koretada (藤原 伊尹; 924 - 72), also known as Koremasa, was a kugyo (Japanese aristocrat) who served as regent. ... Events King Athelstan of England succeeds to the throne. ... Events Otto II marries Theophanu, Byzantine princess. ... Events Major volcano eruption in Mashu Japan Devastating decade long famine begins in France Byzantine Emperor John I successfully defends the Eastern Roman Empire from massive barbarian invasion Construction completed on Al-Azhar mosque in Cairo, worlds oldest Islamic university Births Leif Ericson, Norse explorer Seyyed Razi, important Muslim... Events Otto II marries Theophanu, Byzantine princess. ... Fujiwara no Kamemichi (藤原 兼通; 925 - 977), the second son of Morosuke, was a kugyo (Japanese nobel) of Heian period who served as Kampaku, regent position. ... Events Alfonso IV the Monk becomes king of Leon Ha-Mim proclaims himself a prophet among the Ghomara of Morocco Tomislav, duke of the Croatian duchies of Pannonia and Dalmatia, is crowned King of Croatia at Duvno field. ... Events Births Deaths Hunain ibn Ishaq, Egyptian physician Categories: 977 ... Events Edgar of England is crowned king by Saint Dunstan Births September 15 - Al_Biruni, mathematician († 1048) Abu al-Ala al-Maarri, poet Deaths May 7 - Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor Categories: 973 ... Events Births Deaths Hunain ibn Ishaq, Egyptian physician Categories: 977 ... Fujiwara no Yoritada (藤原 頼忠; 924 - 989), the second son of Saneyori, was a kugyo (high-ranked Japanese nobel) who served as regent. ... Events King Athelstan of England succeeds to the throne. ... For the video game developers, see 989 Studios. ... Events Births Deaths Hunain ibn Ishaq, Egyptian physician Categories: 977 ... Events March 2 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks End of the reign of Emperor Kazan of Japan Emperor Ichijo ascends to the throne of Japan Explorer Bjarni Herjólfsson becomes the first inhabitant of the Old World to sight North America Births Deaths March 2 - Lothair, King of... Fujiwara no Kaneie (藤原 兼家; 929 - 990), the third son of Morosuke, was a kugyo (Japanese nobel) of Heian period who served as Sessho and Kampaku, regent positions. ... Events Emir Abd-ar-rahman III of Cordoba declares himself caliph. ... Events Construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque begins in Cairo. ... Events March 2 - Louis V becomes King of the Franks End of the reign of Emperor Kazan of Japan Emperor Ichijo ascends to the throne of Japan Explorer Bjarni Herjólfsson becomes the first inhabitant of the Old World to sight North America Births Deaths March 2 - Lothair, King of... Events Construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque begins in Cairo. ... Events Construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque begins in Cairo. ... Fujiwara no Kamemichi (藤原 道隆; 953 - April 10, 95), the first son of Kaneie, was a kugyo (Japanese nobel) of Heian period who served as Kampaku, regent position. ... Events First time that Póvoa de Varzim, Portugal appeared in a roman map. ... Events (Erik Segersäll) is succeeded by (Olof Skötkonung), the first baptized ruler of Sweden. ... Events Construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque begins in Cairo. ... Events July 4 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized Births Deaths Categories: 993 ... Events July 4 - Saint Ulrich of Augsburg canonized Births Deaths Categories: 993 ... Events (Erik Segersäll) is succeeded by (Olof Skötkonung), the first baptized ruler of Sweden. ... Fujiwara no Kamemichi (藤原 道兼; 961 - June 13, 995), the son of Kaneie, was a kugyo (Japanese nobel) of Heian period who served as Kampaku, regent position. ... Events Byzantine Empire recaptures Crete from Muslim control Harald I of Norway squashed the rebelling forces of Eric Bloodaxes sons but was killed in the Battle of Fitje. ... Events (Erik Segersäll) is succeeded by (Olof Skötkonung), the first baptized ruler of Sweden. ... Events (Erik Segersäll) is succeeded by (Olof Skötkonung), the first baptized ruler of Sweden. ... Fujiwara no Michinaga (藤原 道長, 966-1027) represents the highpoint of the Fujiwara regents control over the government of Japan. ... Events April 14 or April 30 - Mieszko I, first duke of Poland, baptised a Christian Births Fujiwara no Michinaga, Japanese regent Boleslaus I of Poland, approximate it may be 967 Deaths Dubh I of Scotland Categories: 966 ... Events November 12 - Dying Emperor Constantine VIII of the Byzantine Empire marries his daughter Zoe of Byzantium to his chosen heir Romanus Argyrus. ... Events George Tsul, ruler of Khazaria, is captured by a combined Byzantine- Rus force, which effectively ends Khazarias existence. ... Events Canute the Great is acclaimed king of England. ... Fujiwara no Yorimichi (藤原頼通)(990-1074), son of Fujiwara no Michinaga, succeeded his father to the position of Sessho in 1017, and then went on to become Kampaku from 1020 until 1068. ... Events Construction of the Al-Hakim Mosque begins in Cairo. ... -1... Events Canute the Great is acclaimed king of England. ... Events Hospice built in Jerusalem by Knights Hospitaller City of Saint-Germain-en-Laye founded Third Italian campaign of Henry II of Germany Canute the Great codifies the laws of England Births Harold II of England (approximate) Empress Agnes of Poitou, regent of the Holy Roman Empire (d. ... Events Hospice built in Jerusalem by Knights Hospitaller City of Saint-Germain-en-Laye founded Third Italian campaign of Henry II of Germany Canute the Great codifies the laws of England Births Harold II of England (approximate) Empress Agnes of Poitou, regent of the Holy Roman Empire (d. ... Events Emperor Go-Sanjo ascends the throne of Japan William the Conqueror takes Exeter after a brief siege Births Henry I of England (d. ... Events City of Gdansk is founded Saint Adalbert of Prague is sent to Prussia by Boleslaus I of Poland Samuil of Bulgaria crowned Tsar by Pope Gregory V The town of Trondheim is founded. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Events Emperor Go-Sanjo ascends the throne of Japan William the Conqueror takes Exeter after a brief siege Births Henry I of England (d. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Fujiwara no Morozane (Japanese language: 藤原師実 ふじわらの もろざね) (1042 - March 14, 1101) was a regent of Japan and a chief of clan of Fujiwara clan in the cloister rule period, or the late Heian period. ... Events April 18/April 19 - Emperor Michael V of the Byzantine Empire attempts to remain sole Emperor by sending his adoptive mother and co-ruler Zoe of Byzantium to a monastery. ... Events A second wave of crusaders arrives in the newly established Kingdom of Jerusalem, after being heavily defeated by Kilij Arslan I at Heraclia. ... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ... Events Henry, son of William I attempted a coup against his brothers but failed to seize the English throne. ... Events Revolt of the Earls. ... Events May 9 - The remains of Saint Nicholas were brought to Bari. ... Events Henry, son of William I attempted a coup against his brothers but failed to seize the English throne. ... Events May - the siege of Valencia ends Duncan III of Scotland succeeds Duncan II of Scotland as King of Scotland The first mention of the city of Zagreb, Croatia, as it became a bishopric see. ... Events Founding of Marrakech The Almoravids overrun Morocco and establish a kingdom from Spain to Senegal. ... Events Siege of Jerusalem during the First Crusade: July 8 - 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders mock them. ... Events May - the siege of Valencia ends Duncan III of Scotland succeeds Duncan II of Scotland as King of Scotland The first mention of the city of Zagreb, Croatia, as it became a bishopric see. ... Events Siege of Jerusalem during the First Crusade: July 8 - 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders mock them. ... Events Romanesque church begun at Santiago de Compostela, Galicia, Spain Anselm of Canterbury becomes abbot of Le Bec William the Conqueror ordered the White Tower to be built Births Deaths Categories: 1078 ... // Events June 3 - Thomas Becket consecrated as Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Events William Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events January 7 - Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England, marries Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Births Deaths Categories: 1114 ... Events September 28 - Henry I of England defeats his older brother Robert Curthose, duke of Normandy, at the Battle of Tinchebrai, and imprisons him in Cardiff Castle; Edgar Atheling and William Clito are also taken prisoner. ... Events William Warelwast becomes Bishop of Exeter. ... Events January 7 - Matilda, daughter of Henry I of England, marries Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor Births Deaths Categories: 1114 ... Events Concordat of Worms condemns Pierre Abélards writings on the Holy Trinity. ... Fujiwara no Tadamichi (藤原忠通) (1097-1164) was the eldest son of the Japanese regent (kunpaku) Fujiwara no Tadazane and a member of the politically powerful Fujiwara clan. ... Events Edgar I deposes Donald III to become king of Scotland. ... // Events Count Henry I of Champagne marries Marie de Champagne. ... Events First Council of the Lateran confirms Concordat of Worms and demands that priests remain celibate End of the reign of Emperor Toba of Japan. ... Events Emperor Toba of Japan begins his cloistered rule sharing power with Sutuku, ex-emperor Shirakawas son. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Sutoku of Japan Emperor Konoe ascends to the throne of Japan Henry the Lion becomes Duke of Saxony Births Muin ad-Din Hasan, Indian Muslim saint Farid ad-Din Attar, Sufi mystic poet Deaths April 21 - Pierre Abélard, French scholastic philosopher (b. ... Events Ghazni is burned by the princes of Ghur Geoffrey of Anjou dies, and succeeded by his son Henry, aged 18. ... Events Concordat of Worms condemns Pierre Abélards writings on the Holy Trinity. ... Events First Council of the Lateran confirms Concordat of Worms and demands that priests remain celibate End of the reign of Emperor Toba of Japan. ... Events Emperor Toba of Japan begins his cloistered rule sharing power with Sutuku, ex-emperor Shirakawas son. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Sutoku of Japan Emperor Konoe ascends to the throne of Japan Henry the Lion becomes Duke of Saxony Births Muin ad-Din Hasan, Indian Muslim saint Farid ad-Din Attar, Sufi mystic poet Deaths April 21 - Pierre Abélard, French scholastic philosopher (b. ... Events Ghazni is burned by the princes of Ghur Geoffrey of Anjou dies, and succeeded by his son Henry, aged 18. ... Events January 11 - Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia End of the formal reign of Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan, also the beginning of his cloistered rule, which will last to his death in 1192. ... Events Celestine II is elected pope. ... Events Marko III succeeds Yoannis V as patriarch of Alexandria. ... Events November 23 - Pope Alexander III enters Rome. ... Events Marko III succeeds Yoannis V as patriarch of Alexandria. ... Events January 11 - Vladislav II becomes King of Bohemia End of the formal reign of Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan, also the beginning of his cloistered rule, which will last to his death in 1192. ... Events November 23 - Pope Alexander III enters Rome. ... Fujiwara no Motofusa (藤原基房) was an Imperial Regent in the late 12th century, serving both Emperor Rokujō and Emperor Takakura. ... Events Louis VII capitulates to Pope Celestine II and so earns the popes absolution Pope Celestine II is succeeded by Pope Lucius II December 24 - Edessa falls to Zengi Montauban, France, is founded First recorded example of an anti-Semitic blood libel in England Normandy comes under Angevin control... Events Kingdom of Leon unites with the Kingdom of Castile. ... Events Marko III succeeds Yoannis V as patriarch of Alexandria. ... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas a Becket, buried at Canterbury August 9th - Construction starts on the Leaning tower of Pisa Castle at Abergavenny was seized by the Welsh. ... Events Canonization of Saint Thomas a Becket, buried at Canterbury August 9th - Construction starts on the Leaning tower of Pisa Castle at Abergavenny was seized by the Welsh. ... Events Third Council of the Lateran condemned Waldensians and Cathars as heretics, institutes a reformation of clerical life, and creates the first ghettos for Jews Afonso I is recognized as the true King of Portugal by Portugal the protection of the Catholic Church against the Castillian monarchy Philip II is... Events Duke Richard of Aquitaine becomes Duke of Poitiers. ... // Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... Events Abbeville receives its commercial charter. ...

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Five regent houses (0 words)
Fujiwara clan had also other families, but traditionally only these five were eligible for regentship.
Thus, with the exception of Tokugawa Masako, wife of the Emperor Mizunoo, all Empresses of that long period were of the clans that formed the Sekke or from branches of the imperial family itself.
As one of the Sekke, the five regent houses, the Kujō clan monopolized the offices of Sessho and Kampaku along with the Konoe, Takatsukasa, Nijo and Ichijo clans from the 12th century until 1867.
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Fujiwara no Kamatari (0 words)
Fujiwara no Kamatari (藤原鎌足, 614–669 A.D.) was the founder of the Fujiwara clan in Japan.
Fujiwara no Fuhito (藤原不比等: 659–720) was a powerful member of the imperial court of Japan during the Asuka and Nara periods.
Second son of Fujiwara no Kamatari (or, according to one theory, of Emperor Tenji), he had sons by two women, and those sons were the founders of the four principal lineages of the Fujiwara clan: the South, North, Ceremonial, and Capital lineages.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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