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Encyclopedia > Frybread
A Creek U.S. Army soldier preparing frybread during a 2004 pow-wow in Iraq.
A Creek U.S. Army soldier preparing frybread during a 2004 pow-wow in Iraq.

Frybread (also spelled fry bread) is a Native American food, found throughout the United States. (It is also known as "squaw bread" in some areas.) Frybread is a flat dough fried or deep-fried in oil, shortening, or lard. The dough is generally leavened by yeast or baking powder. Frybread was created in the 1800s, when Native Americans were forced onto reservations and given rations of flour and lard by the government. Native Americans did what they could, and fried bread in lard. Image File history File links Making_Frybread. ... Image File history File links Making_Frybread. ... The Creek are an American Indian people originally from the southeastern United States, also known by their original name Muscogee (or Muskogee), the name they use to identify themselves today. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ... This article is about a Native American gathering. ... Indigenous peoples in the United States are distinct groups of peoples who are indigenous to what is now states or territories of the United States of America. ... Plantains frying in vegetable oil. ... A Deep-fried Twinkie Deep-frying is a cooking method whereby food is submerged in hot oil or fat. ... Shortening is a semisolid fat used in food preparation, especially baked goods, and is so called because it inhibits the formation of long gluten strands in wheat-based doughs, giving them a short texture (as in shortbread). ... This article is about the fat. ... Leaven is a raising agent for bread. ... This article is about Native Americans. ...


Topped with additions such as beans, ground beef, or shredded cheese, frybread is served as Indian tacos or Navajo tacos. If sweetened, or served with sweet toppings such as honey or powdered sugar, frybread is very similar to an elephant ear or to the confection simply known as fried dough. For other uses, see Bean (disambiguation). ... Image:Minced beef USDA.jpg Minced beef in industrial grinder Ground beef, beef mince or hamburger meat, is a meat product, made of beef finely chopped by a meat grinder. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... Confectioners sugar Powdered sugar (in Britain, Australia, Canada, and most of the Commonwealth icing sugar) is a very finely ground form of sugar that is synonymous with confectioners sugar. ... Elephant ears are made of fried dough, produced in a manner similar to a doughnut. ... Fried dough Fried dough stand Dough being deep-fat fried Fried dough is a North American food associated with outdoor food stands in carnivals, fairs, and seaside resorts (though it can be made at home). ...

An Indian taco
An Indian taco

Frybread has a significant (if perhaps stereotyped) role in Native American culture. It is often served both at home and at gatherings like pow-wows and state fairs. Frybread was named the official "state bread" of South Dakota in 2005 [1]. Also in 2005, frybread became the center of a controversy involving its role in obesity and diabetes among Native Americans. [2] The U.S. Department of Agriculture reports that a plate of fried bread consists of 700 calories and 27 grams of fat. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1753 KB) Summary A Native American frybread taco, at the West Valley Powwow in Saratoga, California. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1753 KB) Summary A Native American frybread taco, at the West Valley Powwow in Saratoga, California. ... For the term used in computing, see stereotype (UML). ... This article is about a Native American gathering. ... A state fair is a competitive and recreational gathering of a U.S. states population. ... Official language(s) English Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the disease that features high blood sugar. ... “USDA” redirects here. ...


Frybread is also known in South American cooking as cachanga [3]


References

  1. ^ NetState.com. Official State Foods. 2006. February 18, 2007.[1]
  2. ^ Harjo, Susan Shown. Indian Country Today. "Harjo: My New Year's resolution: No more fat 'Indian' food." 2005. February 18, 2007. [2]
  3. ^ http://yanuq.com/english/glosariodesc.asp?idglosario=646&codigo1=3

See also

A bannock is a bread thinner than a scone. ... Many cultures have dishes made by deep frying dough of one form or another. ... Native American Cuisine includes all food practices of the native peoples of the Americas. ... Fried dough Fried dough stand Dough being deep-fat fried Fried dough is a North American food associated with outdoor food stands in carnivals, fairs, and seaside resorts (though it can be made at home). ... Chinese fried bread Fried bread is bread, sliced or baked especially for the purpose, fried and served as part of, or as an accompaniment to, a food dish. ... A sopapilla is a kind of fried pastry or quick bread. ...

External links

Wikibooks
Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on
Fry Bread
  • Reprint of a Tacoma News Tribune article on fry bread
  • AP article on the health threats of frybread

  Results from FactBites:
 
Native Foods -- Recipes--Frybread (810 words)
FRYBREAD (Zahsakokwahn)-- Staple of Powwows, Symbol of Intertribal Indian Unity
It does taste quite good, and is very individual even though almost everybody uses just about the same proportions of ingredients because it tastes different according to how you knead and shape it (and what kind of oil it's fried in).
Frybread began as Indian women making the best of what was often poor-quality issue of rations in the new prison camps (reservations).
Frybread - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (298 words)
Frybread is a flat dough fried or deep-fried in oil, shortening, or lard.
Frybread was created in the 1800s, when Native Americans were forced onto reservations and given rations of flour and lard by the government.
Frybread was named the official "state bread" of South Dakota in 2005 [1].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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