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Encyclopedia > Fruitarianism
A fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain.
A fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain.

Fruitarianism is the pursuit of a strict form of vegetarian diet that is limited to eating the ripe fruits of plants and trees, yet could result in a diet made from hundreds of different species of fruits that grow wild in the tropical forests remaining in the world. Fruitarianism could involve the study of what fruits would be needed in theory to provide proper nourishment to aspiring fruitarians and what benefits could come from farming a great biodiversity of fruit trees or even setting a futuristic goal of processing fruits (such as to remove excess sugar) to alter the ratios of nutrients available to make it easier to attain a balanced fruitarian diet. Fruitarians (frugivores[2] or fructarians) eat in principle only the fruit of plants.[3] As with other dietary practices, such as vegetarianism and raw foodism, some people consider themselves fruitarians even if their diet is not 100% fruit. The reasons for this may be either they simply don't manage to reach this percentage, or that they still are on their way to reach it gradually, or they think or feel that a lower percentage (for instance 75%) is good enough for them. As long as the percentage is higher than 50%, they are (predominantly) fruitarian. [4] Usually fruitarians who include foods other than fruit follow a vegan diet. [5] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2555x1697, 2673 KB)a nice picture of a woman looking at a selection of fruits in barcelona This photograph was taken by me, Daderot, and I have tagged it with Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2555x1697, 2673 KB)a nice picture of a woman looking at a selection of fruits in barcelona This photograph was taken by me, Daderot, and I have tagged it with Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (Catalan) Ciudad Condal (Spanish) Postal code 08001-08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ... Divisions Green algae Chlorophyta Charophyta Land plants (embryophytes) Non-vascular plants (bryophytes) Marchantiophyta - liverworts Anthocerotophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses Vascular plants (tracheophytes) †Rhyniophyta - rhyniophytes †Zosterophyllophyta - zosterophylls Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses †Trimerophytophyta - trimerophytes Pteridophyta - ferns and horsetails Seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering plants... Vegetarianism is the practice of not consuming the flesh of any animal (including poultry and fish), with or without also eschewing other animal derivatives, such as dairy products or eggs. ... Raw foodism is a movement promoting the consumption of uncooked, unprocessed, and often organic foods, as a large percentage of the diet. ... Hens kept in cramped conditions — the avoidance of animal suffering is the primary motivation of people who become vegans A vegan is a person who avoids the ingestion or use of animal products. ...

Contents

Fruitarian definition of fruit

When discussing food, the term "fruit" usually refers to just those plant fruits that are sweet and fleshy (including plums, apples, and oranges). Botanically, though, some foods commonly called "vegetables" (including the bell pepper, tomato, and cucumber), as well as nuts and grains, are fruits[6]. Plum is also a nickname for British humorist P.G. Wodehouse. ... Binomial name Malus domestica Borkh. ... Binomial name Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck Orange—specifically, sweet orange—refers to the citrus tree Citrus sinensis (syn. ... Binomial name Capsicum annuum L. For green peppercorns, see Black pepper. ... Binomial name Solanum lycopersicum L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name Cucumis sativus L. Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Hazelnuts from the Common Hazel Chestnut Walnuts A nut can be both a seed and a fruit. ... The word grain has several meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Spain. ...


Fruitarians use differing definitions of what is considered a "fruit."


Definition of fruitarian

Some fruitarians will eat only what falls (or would fall) naturally from a plant, that is: foods that can be harvested without killing the plant. These foods consist primarily of culinary fruits, nuts, and seeds[7]. Many do not eat grains, believing it is unnatural to do so[8], and some fruitarians feel that it is improper for humans to eat seeds[9]. Additionally, there are fruitarians who believe they should eat only plants that spread seeds when the plant is eaten.[10] Others eat seeds and some cooked foods.[11] A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ... Seed predation includes any process inflicted on a plant’s seeds by an animal that results in the inviability of the seed. ...


Many fruitarians use the botanical definitions of fruits and consume pulses,[12] while others include green leafy vegetables[13] and/or root vegetables[14] in their diet. Some occasionally consume some dairy products as well.[15] Pulses are defined by the Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (FAO) as annual leguminous crops yielding from one to twelve grains or seeds of variable size, shape and color within a pod. ... Vegetables in a market Venn diagram representing the relationship between (botanical) fruits and vegetables. ... Dairy farm near Oxford, New York A dairy is a facility for the extraction and processing of animal milk (mostly from cows, sometimes from buffalo, sheep or goats) and other farm animals, for human consumption. ...


Motivation

Some fruitarians believe fruitarianism was the original diet of mankind in the form of Adam and Eve based on Genesis 1:29.[16] They believe that a return to an Eden-like paradise will require simple living, surrender of anything "modern" (electricity, medication, housing, clothing, etc.) and a holistic approach to health and diet.[citation needed] Michelangelos Creation of Adam, from the Sistine Chapel. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin) is the first book of the Torah (five books of Moses) and hence the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of the Christian Old Testament. ... The Fall of Man by Lucas Cranach, a 16th century German depiction of Eden The Garden of Eden (from Hebrew Gan Ēden, גַּן עֵדֶן) is described in the Book of Genesis as being the place where the first man—Adam—and woman—Eve—lived after they were created by God. ... Paradise, by Jan Bruegel The word paradise is derived from the Avestan word pairidaeza (a walled enclosure), which is a compound of pairi- (around), a cognate of the Greek peri-, and -diz (to create, make), a cognate of the English dough. ... Simple living (or voluntary simplicity) is a lifestyle individuals may pursue for a variety of motivations, such as spirituality, health, or ecology. ... Holism (from holos, a Greek word meaning all, entire, total) is the idea that all the properties of a given system (biological, chemical, social, economic, mental, linguistic, etc. ...


Other fruitarians wish to avoid killing in all its forms, including plants.[17]


Some fruitarians say that eating some types of fruit does the parent plant a favor and that fleshy fruit has evolved to be eaten by animals, to achieve seed dispersal[18]. Fruit seeds passed in feces may sprout in a pile of ready-made fertilizer, encouraging proliferation of the plant, but only if one defecates outside, which most Westerners do not. Fruit cores or pits, however, will be tossed aside to sprout too near the parent plant to gain any benefit. Biological dispersal refers to those processes by which a species maintains or expands the distribution of a population. ... Spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers (British English fertilisers) are compounds given to plants to promote growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ...


"Humans are ancestrally derived from frugivorous primates".[19] "Study of the diet of frugivorous human ancestors is accordingly of relevance to understanding the nutritional requirements of modern humans".[20] A frugivorous dietary heritage of humans is frequently posited.[1][2][3][4] The molar morphology of the earliest hominins implies "a fairly frugivorous diet".[5]The widespread prevalence of diet-related health problems, particularly in highly industrialized nations, suggests that many humans are not eating in a manner compatible with their biology and consumption of more fresh fruit is recommended.[21] Frutarians use the data about the frugivorous origin of humans to claim that fruit is their original and natural food.[6][22][23][24] [[{{{diversity_link}}}|Diversity]] {{{diversity}}} Binomial name {{{binomial}}} Trinomial name {{{trinomial}}} Type Species {{{type_species}}} Genera Pan (chimpanzees) Homo(humans) Paranthropus (extinct) Australopithecus (extinct) Sahelanthropus (extinct) Orrorin (extinct) Ardipithecus (extinct) Kenyanthropus (extinct) [[Image:{{{range_map}}}|{{{range_map_width}}}|]] Synonyms {{{synonyms}}} Hominini is the tribe of Homininae that only includes humans (Homo), chimpanzees (Pan), and their extinct...


According to Herbert Shelton, the founder of Natural Hygiene, "fruits are also appealing to man's visual, olfactory and gustatory senses" [7] and "man is naturally frugivorous".[25]


Fruitarianism is indicated by anthropologist Dr. Marvin Katz as humankind's natural diet.[26]


Fruitarians

  • Herbert Shelton, the founder of Natural Hygiene. Fruitarianism is a sub-category of the holistic health doctrine of Natural Hygiene.[27]
  • Dr. Henry Anderson, founder of the City University of Los Angeles, the Minister of Education for the Wasitaw Nation, the "oldest Indigenous People on Earth", and Attorney General of the Pembina Nation of North Dakota[28], the author of the book "The Nature and Purpose of Disease: Definitive Guide of Peoples with Melanin". Publishers in Nigeria, Japan, Germany, India and the United States expect this book to be nominated for a Nobel Prize.[29][30]
  • Dr. Marvin Katz, fruitarian ethics professor, philosophy lecturer at the University of Akron. Fired from a NE Ohio University with 5 of his peers for taking a stand against the war in Vietnam. [31][32]
  • Francisco Martin, President of the Vegan Society of Spain, fruitarian since 1987.[33]
  • Karen Noble, owner of a raw-food centre in Barnet, north London, in 1999 said she had "not had a cold since 1983, when she became a fruitarian".[34]
  • Arne Wingqvist, a walkathon participant, a student of Dr. Shelton Health School,[35] in 1997 he said he had renewed vigor and vitality due to fruitarianism.[36] By 1999, Wingqvist identified himself as a vegetarian/vegan, eating "uncooked food...fruit and vegetables".[37]
  • Johanna Brandt of South Africa discovered the Grape Cure, which "has been responsible for the cure of many people. Johanna tried to obtain support of the scientific community but it was denied. Several doctors gave her a hand and she managed to take her message to all those who were willing to hear her".[38]

Famous Fruitarians

  • Steve Jobs; "I was actually a fruitarian at that point in time. I ate only fruit. Now I'm a garbage can like everyone else. And we were about three months late in filing a fictitious business name so I threatened to call the company Apple Computer unless someone suggested a more interesting name by five o'clock that day. Hoping to stimulate creativity. And it stuck. And that's why we're called Apple."[citation needed]

Steven Paul Jobs (born February 24, 1955) is the co-founder and CEO of Apple and was the CEO of Pixar until its acquisition by Disney. ...

Fictional

Michelangelos Creation of Adam, from the Sistine Chapel. ... The Fall of Man by Lucas Cranach, a 16th century German depiction of Eden The Garden of Eden (from Hebrew Gan Ēden, גַּן עֵדֶן) is described in the Book of Genesis as being the place where the first man—Adam—and woman—Eve—lived after they were created by God. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin) is the first book of the Torah (five books of Moses) and hence the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of the Christian Old Testament. ... Raw veganism is a variation of veganism but consists of consuming only plant-based foods that are in their natural uncooked state, such as fresh fruit, vegetables, seeds, nuts, sprouts, and superfoods. ... The K PAXian are a fictional species from Gene Brewers novels K-PAX, K-PAX II and K-PAX III. K PAXian are the most advanced (they would likely find the term dominant offensive) species on the Planet K PAX. All knowledge of K PAX and its attendant... Gene Brewer (b. ... K-PAX (2001) is a comedic drama about a mental patient who claims he is an alien. ... The Eloi are one of the two post-human races in H. G. Wells 1895 novel The Time Machine. ... H. G. Wells at the door of his house at Sandgate Herbert George Wells (September 21, 1866 - August 13, 1946) was an English writer best known for his science fiction novels such as The War of the Worlds and The Time Machine. ... The Time Machine is a novel by H. G. Wells, first published in 1895, later made into two films of the same title. ... Hugh John Mungo Grant (born September 9, 1960 in Hammersmith, London) is a Golden Globe winning English actor. ... Notting Hill is a 1999 romantic comedy film set in the Notting Hill district of London, England, UK. The screenplay was written by Richard Curtis who had previously written Four Weddings and a Funeral. ... Gloria Foster (November 15, 1933 - September 29, 2001) was an American actress born in Chicago, Illinois. ... Leonard Part 6 is a 1987 comedy film, directed by Paul Weiland and starring Bill Cosby, who also produced and co-wrote the film. ... William Henry Bill Cosby, Jr. ...

Criticisms

  • Many notable advocates of fruitarianism in the past, including Morris Krok[42], Johnny Lovewisdom, Walter Siegmeister/Raymond Bernard, and Viktoras Kulvinskas ate considerable quantities of vegetables and occasional cooked foods and vegetables. Others switched to other unorthodox lifestyles (including breatharianism and liquitarianism (juices only), or recommended against the diet once they stopped (Morris Krok[43]).
  • The character from "Notting Hill" who claims to be a fruitarian is in fact Hugh Grant's character's sister, not love interest.[44]
  • Lack of protein in fruit can make the lifestyle difficult to sustain, and can lead to the condition of hypoproteinemia.[citation needed]

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for medical research. ... Cobalamin or vitamin B12 is a chemical compound that is also known as cyanocobalamine. ... Johnny Lovewisdom (born July 23, 1919, died October 12, 2000) author of The Buddhist Essene Gospel of Jesus. ... Inedia is the alleged ability to live without food. ... Hypoproteinemia (or Hypoproteinaemia) is a condition where there is an abnormally low level of protein in the blood. ...

See also

Inedia is the alleged ability to live without food. ... The Celestine Prophecy is a 1993 novel by James Redfield. ... Christian vegetarianism is based on extending the compassionate teachings of Jesus, the twelve apostles and the early church to all living beings through vegetarianism or veganism. ... In nutrition, the diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism. ... Juice fasting is a type of fasting and detox diet in which the practitioner consumes only fruit and vegetable juices. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... Natural Hygiene is a branch of alternative medicine that claims that the human body can and will heal itself if the causes of disease are removed. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... The updated USDA food pyramid, published in 2005, is a general nutrition guide for recommended food consumption. ... A raw food diet consists of uncooked and unprocessed, and often organic foods. ... Raw veganism is a variation of veganism but consists of consuming only plant-based foods that are in their natural uncooked state, such as fresh fruit, vegetables, seeds, nuts, sprouts, and superfoods. ... Simple living (or voluntary simplicity) is a lifestyle individuals may pursue for a variety of motivations, such as spirituality, health, or ecology. ... The logo of the worlds first Vegan Society, registered in 1944 Veganism (also known as strict vegetarianism or pure vegetarianism), as defined by the Vegan Society, is a philosophy and way of living which seeks to exclude…all forms of exploitation of, and cruelty to, animals for food, clothing...

External links

References

  1. ^ "Fruits, fingers, and fermentation: The sensory cues available to foraging primates", Dominy NJ, Integrative and Comparative Biol 44 (4): 295-303 AUG 2004
  2. ^ "Ferment in the family tree: Does a frugivorous dietary heritage influence contemporary patterns of human ethanol use?", Milton K, Integrative and Comparative Biol 44 (4): 304-314 AUG 2004
  3. ^ "Ethanol, fruit ripening, and the historical origins of human alcoholism in primate frugivory", Dadley R, Integrative and Comparative Biol 44 (4): 315-323 AUG 2004
  4. ^ "Evolutionary origins of human alcoholism in primate frugivory", Dadley R, Q Rev Biol. 2000 Mar;75(1):3-15)
  5. ^ "Origin of Human Bipedalism: The Knuckle-Walking Hypothesis Revisited", BG Richmond, DR Begun, DS Strait; Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 44:70-105(2001)[1]
  6. ^ (Hereward Carrington: "Natural Food of Man")
  7. ^ (HM Shelton; "Hygienic Review" June 1976)

  Results from FactBites:
 
www.fruitarian.org (135 words)
A non compromised definition for the word "fruitarianism" should be considered for those who deserve one word to define their ideal of having 100% pure fruit diet without deliberate predation of fruit's seeds.
Fruitarianism includes creating a supply of fruits from a great biodiversity of fruit tree species.
Fruitarianism can be the way to save the natural world by conserving greatest biodiversity of useful fruit trees.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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