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Encyclopedia > Front 242
Front 242
Background information
Origin Belgium
Genre(s) Industrial
Techno
EBM
Years active 1981-Present
Label(s) Another Side, Red Rhino Europe, Animalized, Wax Trax!, Epic
Members
Jean-Luc De Meyer
Daniel Bressanutti
Patrick Codenys
Richard Jonckheere

Front 242 is a pioneering Belgian electronic music group that came into prominence during the 1980s. During their most active period (effectively ending in 1993 with the albums 06:21:03:11 UP EVIL and 05:22:09:12 OFF) they influenced many industrial and electronic artists. The term electronic body music (EBM) was initially coined to describe their music.[1],[2] This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Techno is a form of electronic dance music that became prominent in Detroit, Michigan during the mid-1980s with influences from electro, New Wave, Funk and futuristic fiction themes that were prevalent and relative to modern culture during the end of the Cold War in industrial America at that time. ... Electronic body music (acronymed and mainly known as EBM) is a music genre that combines elements of industrial music and electronic punk music. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wax Trax! Records was a record label in the United States. ... Epic Records is an American record label, and subsidiary of Sony BMG. // Epic was launched originally as a jazz and classical music label in 1953 by CBS. Its bright-yellow, black and blue logo became a familiar trademark for many jazz and classical releases. ... Jean-Luc De Meyer (born 1963 in Brussels, Belgium[1]) is a vocalist and lyricist who is best known as the lead vocalist of innovative Belgian Industrial group Front 242. ... Electronic music is a term for music created using electronic devices. ... The 1980s refers to the years of and between 1980 and 1989. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Electronic body music (acronymed and mainly known as EBM) is a music genre that combines elements of industrial music and electronic punk music. ...

Contents

History

Founding of Band

When industrial music developed in England in the mid-1970s with Cabaret Voltaire and Throbbing Gristle, these groups used electronic instruments, percussion with found objects, and looped samples of "found" soundbites, elements later taken up by Front 242. These techniques can be seen as an extension of the use of electronic sources of sound as musical instruments and percussion with found objects by composer Edgard Varèse. Industrial music is a loose term for a number of different styles of electronic and experimental music. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Cabaret Voltaire was a British music group from Sheffield, England. ... Throbbing Gristle (formed on September 3, 1975, in London) is a British experimental music and industrial music group that evolved from the performance art group COUM Transmissions. ... Edgard Victor Achille Charles Varèse (December 22, 1883 – November 6, 1965) was a French-born composer. ...


Front 242 were created in 1981 in Aarschot, Belgium by Daniel Bresanutti and Dirk Bergen, who wanted to create music and graphic design using emerging electronic tools. The initial name of C-Tec was changed to Front 242 because it had greater potential as a subject of graphic design. The first single, Principles, was released late in 1981. Although some members now claim that the name does not have a particular meaning, in an early '90s interview on Dutch TV (the Tragedy >for you< period with slo-mo version of that track playing in background), Daniel Bresanutti said that the '242' part comes from him swearing '242!' instead of 'damn!' when he was young.[verification needed]. 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aarschot is a municipality in the province of Flemish Brabant, in Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium. ...


Patrick Codenys and Jean-Luc De Meyer had separately formed a group called Under Viewer at about the same time, and the two duos joined together in 1982. Bresanutti, Codenys and De Meyer took turns on vocals at first, until they settled on De Meyer as the lead vocalist (early recordings with Bresanutti on vocals have recently been released). De Meyer came to write most of the lyrics. They decided not to use the regular waveform settings on their synthesizers, arguing that creating the waveform for each note was part of the creative process. Jean-Luc De Meyer (born 1963 in Brussels, Belgium[1]) is a vocalist and lyricist who is best known as the lead vocalist of innovative Belgian Industrial group Front 242. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Their next single, U-Men, was released in 1982, followed by the band's first album Geography that same year. These first releases were cited as influential to other artists in the genre; however, they were not strong and hard-hitting as the group's later efforts. In 1983, Dirk Bergen left the band to pursue graphic design, and Richard Jonckheere, referred to as Richard 23, joined as a backing vocalist and charismatic stage presence. 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard Jonckheere (born January 3, 1963[1] in Brussels, Belgium[2]), also known as Richard 23 or Richard JK, is an Industrial and EBM musician. ...


Rising Popularity

Front 242 became a popular musical group in Belgium. Their next album, No Comment electronic was the first to introduce the term "Electronic Body Music" in association with their sound. Front 242 signed with the Wax Trax label in 1984, and started their first tour in the United States with Ministry. This tour led to the creation of Revolting Cocks by Richard 23, Luc Van Acker, Alain Jourgensen of Ministry and others. No Comment is the Front 242 album that was first released in 1984 on the Another Side music label. ... Wax Trax! Records was a record label in the United States. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ministry is an American industrial metal band of the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s fronted by Al Jourgensen. ... Revolting Cocks (often abbreviated Revco) were a musical side-project for Alain Jourgensen (Ministry) and Luc Van Acker. ... Luc van Acker is a musician from Tienen, Belgium. ... Al Jourgensen (born October 8, 1958 in Havana, Cuba), is an American musician best known as the founder and frontman of the industrial rock band Ministry. ... Ministry is an American industrial metal band of the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s fronted by Al Jourgensen. ...


The 1985 album Backcatalogue collected material from the group's earlier years, but their international breakthrough did not occur until the release of Official Version in 1987, on the Red Rhino Europe label, followed by their "Official Warfare" tour in support of the album. 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The wildly popular 1988 "Headhunter" single (with a video by Anton Corbijn) and its accompanying album Front By Front would prove to be among the most commercially successful and enduring records in the entire history of industrial music and EBM. By this point, Front 242 had developed a style of strong backbeats, slices, samples, and ominous vocals. The band drew on militaristic samples, mock-evangelism, and television images, but without clearly defining a message. The band stated instead that they were merely presenting the world around them as it was. 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Headhunter is a song by the Belgian EBM band Front 242. ... Anton Corbijn (pronounced ) (born May 20, 1955) is a photographer from Strijen in the Netherlands. ...


1990s

In the 1990s, the band went through many changes. Tyranny >For You<, released in 1991, had a much denser, multi-layered sound. Tyranny was also the first album they released under contract with a major corporate label, Sony/Epic, after the widespread popularity of "Front by Front". Sony/Epic also issued re-released versions of Front 242's five earlier albums, with several E.P.'s and singles consolidated as extra tracks on the albums. 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1992, Bresanutti returned to combining graphic arts with music, taking his lithographs on tour to three U.S. galleries. Bresanutti also composed a solo half-hour atmospheric recording called Art and Strategy (or The Art Corporation) to play during viewings of the lithographs, and released it in a limited edition of 1,000 CDs. This is the only known solo work from any of Front 242's members.


Front 242's style shifted abruptly with each of their next two albums, released in rapid succession in 1993 (originally planned as a double-CD): 06:21:03:11 UP EVIL and 05:22:09:12 OFF (the numbers correspond to letters, spelling "FUCK UP EVIL" and "EVIL OFF"). However, strains were emerging, with the band members apparently having different artistic views.


Neither of these albums had significant input from Richard 23, and 05:22:09:12 OFF only included their lead vocalist, Jean-Luc De Meyer, on a remixed track originally from Up Evil. On the other hand, a variety of new contributors were listed as members of Front 242 on these albums: Jean-Marc Pauly and Pierre Pauly on Up Evil, and 99 Kowalski and Eran Westwood on Off.


99 Kowalski is the stage name of Kristin Kowalski, making a tradition out of Richard 23's idea of number-as-name. Kowalski and Westwood were originally members of a New York City band called Spill who Bressanutti and Codenys had brought to Belgium to produce their debut album. After the recording sessions fell apart, they contributed to Front 242 on the Off release. New York, NY redirects here. ...


A broader public was exposed to Front 242's music in 1992 in the film "Single White Female" starring Bridget Fonda and Jennifer Jason Leigh. In the film, an 'evil' roommate Leigh ties up Fonda to a chair but leaves her with the television remote control. In order to attract attention, Fonda tunes in to a music video channel and turns up the volume. The video playing at the time is Front 242's "Rhythm Of Time", from the album "Tyranny >For You<". Also in 1992, the television commercials for the film "K2" were set to the Front 242 song "Moldavia", also from the album "Tyranny >For You<". Single White Female is a 1992 thriller based on John Lutzs novel Swf Seeks Same. ... Bridget Fonda and Luc Besson at Cannes, 2001 Bridget Jane Fonda (born January 27, 1964) is an American actress. ... Jennifer Jason Leigh (born February 5, 1962) is an American actress who has appeared in numerous films. ...


After the release of 06:21:03:11 Up Evil and 05:22:09:12 Off there was no new material from Front 242 under any lineup. Instead, the band released a stream of live recordings and remixes. However, this period also saw a proliferation of side projects, an inordinate number of which involved De Meyer.


Earlier, Richard 23 played in the Revolting Cocks, and De Meyer had a side project doing vocals for Bigod 20 for their debut single, "The Bog" in 1990. In 1995, De Meyer met Marc Heal of Cubanate at a Front Line Assembly concert, and the two of them collaborated along with Ged Denton and Jonathan Sharp, to record as Cyber-Tec Project for the new (and short-lived) Cyber-Tec record label. Revolting Cocks (often abbreviated Revco) were a musical side-project for Alain Jourgensen (Ministry) and Luc Van Acker. ... Bigod 20 is a German electro-industrial band which was formed in 1989 by music producers Andreas Tomalla (aka Talla 2XLC and formerly of the band Moskwa TV) and Markus Nikolai (aka Jallokin). ... Marc Heal is one of the most prolific and influential artist of industrial music, mixing metal and techno with industrialized sounds, at the same time displaying extrovert behaviour, somewhat unusual in this genre of music. ... Front Line Assembly (also known by the acronym FLA) is a Canadian electro-industrial band formed in 1986 by Bill Leeb and Michael Balch after Leeb left Skinny Puppy. ...


After the departure of Sharp and the demise of the Cyber-Tec label, the remaining group continued working under the name C-Tec. De Meyer also took over as vocalist for Birmingham 6 for their 1996 album "Error of Judgment". 1996 also saw the debut album "Elemental" from Cobalt 60, which De Meyer formed with the members of Kriegbereit, that is, Dominique Lallement and Frederic Sebastien of Reims, France. This was the start of a number of releases from Cobalt 60. Meanwhile, Richard 23 recorded with the groups Holy Gang and later LeTschak. C-Tec was originally formed as a side project in 1995 by Jean-Luc De Meyer (of Front 242), Jonathan Sharp (of New Mind), and Ged Denton (of Crisis NTI) as The Cyber-Tec Project. The name was taken from Cyber-Tec Records, who released their first album. ... The Birmingham Six were Hugh Callaghan, Patrick Hill, Gerard Hunter, Richard McIlkenny, William Power and John Walker. ... Decay scheme of 60Co Cobalt-60 is a radioactive isotope of cobalt, with a half life of 5. ... Reims (English traditionally Rheims) (pronounced in French) is a city of northern France, 144 km (89 miles) east-northeast of Paris. ... Decay scheme of 60Co Cobalt-60 is a radioactive isotope of cobalt, with a half life of 5. ...


The four core members of Front 242 regrouped in 1998 to compose radically reworked versions of many of their songs, which they then performed on their first tour in five years, appropriately called the Re:Boot tour. They acknowledged the influence of The Prodigy and their "Fat of the Land" album in crafting the new, more techno style of Re:Boot. The Prodigy (or just Prodigy) are an English band. ...


The new tour material was the subject of Front 242's new recording contract in the U.S. with Metropolis Records. Front 242 also indicated at this time that they were recording new material. However, they had little activity after 1998, making occasional appearances in Europe and Mexico, while Codenys recorded under the name Gaiden with Steve Stoll in 2001. Metropolis Records is a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania based record label, distributor, and mail-order store specializing in the industrial, EBM, synthpop, futurepop, darkwave, and gothic musical genres. ... Gaiden (外伝, literally outside story) is a Japanese term for a side story. ...


2000s

Then 2002 saw the beginning of a wave of new material from Bresanutti and Codenys, and then from Front 242. In August 2002 a DVD/CD two-disc set called "Speed Tribe" was released by Dance.com. The DVD was a collaboration with experimental documentary filmmakers Rod Chong and Sharon Matarazzo, who filmed the 2001 24 Hour Le Mans. in the video, the racecars, clouds, rain and spectators form an impressionistic visual backdrop for the music.


Several months later, the first release from Male or Female, also known as Morf, a new project for Bresanutti and Codenys along with vocalist Elko Blijweert. In 2002 and 2003, Morf released an album, an E.P., a double album, and a DVD/CD two-disc combo, on the Belgian record label Alfa Matrix, and went on tour through the U.S. Alfa Matrix is a Belgian record label. ...


Then, 2002 and 2003 also saw the release of the new material from Front 242 in a decade: the E.P. "Still and Raw" and the album "Pulse", released on XIIIBis Records in Europe and Metropolis in the U.S. These represented another iteration of Front 242's explicitly stated goal of reinventing itself. The style of the two new releases is more more mellow than some of their past work, using more "glitchy" and "bleepy" sounds. As well, it uses the manipulated voice as a musical instrument. The new releases have a much more emotional style from De Meyer, which was presaged in his later recordings with C-Tec and particularly Cobalt 60 on its album "Twelve". C-Tec was originally formed as a side project in 1995 by Jean-Luc De Meyer (of Front 242), Jonathan Sharp (of New Mind), and Ged Denton (of Crisis NTI) as The Cyber-Tec Project. The name was taken from Cyber-Tec Records, who released their first album. ... Decay scheme of 60Co Cobalt-60 is a radioactive isotope of cobalt, with a half life of 5. ...


Front 242 promised a new U.S. tour to perform new material from "Still and Raw" and "Pulse". They have made occasional appearances in Latin America and Europe, even being rejoined by Dirk Bergen for a reunion concert in Aarschot in 2004 under the original lineup of Bresanutti, Bergen, Codenys and De Meyer. This performance was kept secret until two days before the show but when the scene magazine Side-Line and the band's label Alfa Matrix launched the news, tickets were quickly sold out. // Side-line Magazine was started in 1989 by two university students David Noiret and Seba Dolimont who noticed that there was a distinctive lack of media interest in the independent music scene, and especially a lack of coverage in the darkwave, dark electro, endzeit, gothic, gothic metal and electro industrial... Alfa Matrix is a Belgian record label. ...


The band has now also set itself to re-release its entire backcatalogue both as a normal CD and as a limited edition consisting of a 2CD set holding lots of previously unreleased material. For this the band is working together with the Belgian label Alfa Matrix label that already took care of releasing the albums of the Front 242 side-project Male Or Female. The first re-release is their debut album "Geography", this time newly remastered personally by Bresanutti to surprisingly powerful effect and including 3 extra tracks (two hidden ones) on the normal CD format. Alfa Matrix is a Belgian record label. ...


Meanwhile their enthusiasm for side projects has continued, as Patrick Codenys started appearing with a new group called Red Sniper, Bresanutti started recording with a new group called Troissoeur, Codenys and Richard 23 formed a quasi-DJ project called Coder23 which is touring in late 2004 and early 2005 as the opening act for VNV Nation, and De Meyer collaborated as a vocalist with Glis in 2005. VNV Nation, is an electronic music group originally from London, now based in Hamburg, that combines elements of trance, synthpop and electronic body music (EBM), into what they call futurepop. ... Glis, named after glissando, is an EBM/synthpop/industrial band from Seattle. ...


Front 242 made tour through twenty venues in North America in November 2005, their first tour as the full band since 2000. The band performed at Roskilde Festival 2006. In related news, the band's sold out two day performance at the Ancienne Belgique in Brussels has been recorded for a future release via Alfa Matrix. More releases are expected in 2006 or 2007. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Alfa Matrix is a Belgian record label. ...


In December of 2006 Front 242 announced from their MySpace page that they were writing music for a video game called Cipher Complex and provided a link to a teaser trailer with a short sample of one of their scores.[3]


Band members

  • Jean-Luc De Meyer - vocals
  • Daniel Bressanutti - keyboards, programming, live mixing
  • Patrick Codenys - keyboards, programming, samplers
  • Richard Jonckheere, often credited as "Richard 23" - percussion, vocals

Jean-Luc De Meyer (born 1963 in Brussels, Belgium[1]) is a vocalist and lyricist who is best known as the lead vocalist of innovative Belgian Industrial group Front 242. ... Richard Jonckheere (born January 3, 1963[1] in Brussels, Belgium[2]), also known as Richard 23 or Richard JK, is an Industrial and EBM musician. ...

Occasional Band Members / Collaborators

  • Dirk Bergen - credited as keyboardist on Geography
  • Jean-Marc Pauly - credited for writing and composing vocals on 06:21:03:11 Up Evil
  • Pierre Pauly - credited for writing and composing vocals on 06:21:03:11 Up Evil
  • Kristin Kowalski - credited as writer, composer and vocalist on 05:22:09:12 Off, Animal, and Angels Versus Animals
  • Eran Westwood - credited as writer, composer and vocalist on 05:22:09:12 Off, Animal, and Angels Versus Animals
  • John Dubs - credited as writer and composer on Animal and Angels Versus Animals
  • Jean-Marc Lederman - credited as remixer on Angels Versus Animals.

Jean-Marc Lederman is a Belgian keyboard player and music producer who has worked with numerous bands, including Fad Gadget, The The, Gene Loves Jezebel, and artists Julianne Regan and Alain Bashung. ...

Discography

  • Singles and EPs:
    • Principles (single, 1981)
    • U-Men (single, 1981)
    • Endless Riddance (EP, 1983)
    • Two In One (EP, 1983)
    • Live in Chicago (EP, included free with early copies of No Comment, 1984)
    • No Shuffle (single, 1985)
    • Politics of Pressure (EP, 1985)
    • Interception (single, 1986)
    • Masterhit (single, 1987)
    • Headhunter (single and EP, 1988)
    • Never Stop! (single and EP, 1989)
    • Tragedy >for you< (single, 1990)
    • Rhythm of Time (single, 1991)
    • Mixed By Fear (EP, 1991)
    • Animal (single, 1993)
    • Angels Versus Animals (EP, 1993)
    • Religion (EP, 1993)
    • Headhunter 2000 (4 CDs & 1 "Golden Masters" EP, 1998)
    • Still and Raw (EP, 2003)
  • Clips and videos:
    • U-Men (clip, Marc De Meyer, 1982)
    • Operating Tracks (clip, BRT / Roodfonk, 1984)
    • Take One (clip, BRT / Roodfonk, 1984)
    • Quite Unusual (clip, Serge Bergli / RTBF, 1986)
    • Headhunter (clip, Anton Corbijn, 1988)
    • Welcome To Paradise (clip, Anton Corbijn, 1988)
    • Tragedy >for you< (clip, Anton Corbijn, 1990)
    • Rhythm Of Time (clip, Peter Christofferson, 1991)
    • Integration Eight X Ten (VHS, 1992)
    • Religion (clip, Jon Klein / Conspiracy, 1993)
    • Animal (clip, John Wentworth / Asymmetrical Prod., 1994)
    • Happiness (clip, Etienne Auger / V-Form, 1996)
    • Catch The Men (DVD, 2005)

1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... No Comment is the Front 242 album that was first released in 1984 on the Another Side music label. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Back Catalogue is an album by Front 242, released in 1987, rereleased in 1992. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Tyranny (For You) is an album by Front 242, released in 1991. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Live Code (otherwise known as Live Code 6007042 02528) is an album by Front 242, released in 1994. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... [email protected] ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1985 (MCMLXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Headhunter is a song by the Belgian EBM band Front 242. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Headhunter is a song by the Belgian EBM band Front 242. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1984 (MCMLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Singles

Year Title Chart positions Album
US Hot 100 US Modern Rock US Mainstream Rock UK
1990 "Tragedy (For You)" - #18 - - Tyranny (For You)

The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... The Modern Rock Tracks chart is a music chart that has appeared in Billboard magazine since the early 1980s. ... The Mainstream Rock Tracks chart is a ranking in Billboard magazine of the most-played songs on mainstream rock radio stations, a category that includes stations that play primarily rock music but are not modern rock stations, which are counted in the Modern Rock Tracks chart. ... See also: 1989 in music, 1990 in British music, other events of 1990, 1991 in music, 1990s in music and the list of years in music // January 21 - MTVs Unplugged premieres on cable television with musical guest, Squeeze February 6 - Billy Idol is involved in a serious motorcycle accident...

Side Projects and Guest Appearances

  • Prothese - Daniel Bressanutti, Dirk Bergen
  • Under Viewer - Patrick Codenys, Jean-Luc De Meyer
  • Revolting Cocks - Richard 23
  • Bigod 20 - Jean-Luc De Meyer
  • Birmingham 6 - Jean-Luc De Meyer
  • The Art Corporation - Daniel Bressanutti
  • Holy Gang - Richard 23
  • Cyber-Tec Project - Jean-Luc De Meyer
  • C-Tec - Jean-Luc De Meyer
  • Cobalt 60 - Jean-Luc De Meyer
  • Grisha Zeme - Daniel Bressanutti, Patrick Codenys
  • LaTchak - Richard 23
  • Gaiden - Patrick Codenys
  • Male or Female - Daniel Bressanutti, Patrick Codenys
  • Red Sniper - Patrick Codenys
  • Troissoeur - Daniel Bressanutti
  • Coder 23 - Patrick Codenys, Richard 23
  • Glis - Jean-Luc De Meyer
  • Modern Cubism - Jean-Luc De Meyer
  • 32 Crash - Jean-Luc De Meyer

Revolting Cocks (often abbreviated Revco) were a musical side-project for Alain Jourgensen (Ministry) and Luc Van Acker. ... Bigod 20 is a German electro-industrial band which was formed in 1989 by music producers Andreas Tomalla (aka Talla 2XLC and formerly of the band Moskwa TV) and Markus Nikolai (aka Jallokin). ... Birmingham 6 is a Danish Industrial/EBM group founded in 1991 and named after the Birmingham Six, a group of Irish men mistakenly imprisoned for the Birmingham pub bombings. ... C-Tec was originally formed as a side project in 1995 by Jean-Luc De Meyer (of Front 242), Jonathan Sharp (of New Mind), and Ged Denton (of Crisis NTI) as The Cyber-Tec Project. The name was taken from Cyber-Tec Records, who released their first album. ... C-Tec was originally formed as a side project in 1995 by Jean-Luc De Meyer (of Front 242), Jonathan Sharp (of New Mind), and Ged Denton (of Crisis NTI) as The Cyber-Tec Project. The name was taken from Cyber-Tec Records, who released their first album. ... Decay scheme of 60Co Cobalt-60 is a radioactive isotope of cobalt, with a half life of 5. ... Gaiden (外伝, literally outside story) is a Japanese term for a side story. ... Glis, named after glissando, is an EBM/synthpop/industrial band from Seattle. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Front 242 (666 words)
Front 242 is a Belgian synth band that came into prominence during the 1980s.
Front 242 was becoming the most popular musical group in Belgium; their next album, No Comment would cement the group's place in electronic music, and was the first to introduce the term "Electronic Body Music" in association with their sound.
Front 242 signed with the Wax Trax[?] label in 1984, and started their first tour in the United States with Ministry.
Front 242 - Biography - AOL Music (683 words)
By 1987, Front 242 had gained an American contract through Chicago's Wax Trax!, the home of a diverse group of mostly European aggressive synthesizer acts later lumped together as exponents of industrial rock.
Released in 1988, third LP Front by Front was undoubtedly the group's best yet, with more emphasis on song structure than loose mechanistic grooves.
Front 242 released a live LP (Live Code) and a remix album ([email protected]@ge) but for the most part remained quiet while flocks of industrial bands invaded the mainstream charts during the mid- to late '90s.
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