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Encyclopedia > Frilled lizard
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Frill-necked lizard
Conservation status: Secure
Scientific classification
Image:Frill_necked.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Sauria
Family: Agamidae
Genus: Chlamydosaurus
Species: kingii
Binomial name
Chlamydosaurus kingii
John Edward Gray, 1827

The Frill-necked Lizard, or Frilled Lizard also known as the Frilled Dragon, (Chlamydosaurus kingii) is so called because of the large ruff of skin which usually lies folded back against its head and neck. The frill is supported by long spines of cartilige, and when the lizard is frightened, it gapes its mouth showing a bright pink or yellow lining, and the frill flares out, displaying bright orange and red scales. The frill may also aid in thermoregulation. Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms. ... Image File history File links Frill_necked. ... Phyla Porifera (sponges) Ctenophora (comb jellies) Cnidaria Placozoa Subregnum Bilateria Acoelomorpha Orthonectida Rhombozoa Myxozoa Superphylum Deuterostomia Chordata (vertebrates, etc. ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicatas Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Orders  Crocodilia - Crocodilians  Rhynchocephalia - Tuataras  Squamata   Suborder Sauria- Lizards   Suborder Serpentes - Snakes   Suborder Amphisbaenia - Worm lizards Testudines - Turtles Superorder Dinosauria  Saurischia  Ornithischia The reptiles are a group of vertebrate animals. ... Suborders Amphisbaenia - Worm lizards Sauria- Lizards Serpentes - Snakes Squamata (scaled reptiles) is the largest recent order of reptiles, including lizards and snakes. ... Groups Lepidosauromorpha Archosauromorpha Sauria is a clade of the reptilian family tree, that includes all living diapsids, as well as their common ancestor and all its extinct descendents, which date back to Permian times. ... Genera Many: see text Agamas or Agamids are the Agamidae family of lizards, containing more than 300 species in Africa, Asia, Australia and a few in Southern Europe. ... Hopefully this misnomer will someday be corrected throughout biology and other texts to binomenal nomenclature , as binomi- refers to two numbers, while binomen- refers to two names. ... John Edward Gray. ... 1827 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...


Frillnecks are usually grey, brown, or reddish-brown. They may grow up to one metre in total length. They often walk bipedally when on the ground. When frightened they begin to run on all-fours and then accelerate onto the hind-legs (Shine and Lambeck 1989).


The lizard is found in southern New Guinea, the Kimberley and across northern Australia. It primarily inhabits savanna woodlands, but may also be found in tropical to warm temperate forests, and where there is an open scrub or tussock grass understorey. It is semi-arboreal, and hunts in the trees for small arthropods (including caterpillars and cicadas), and on the ground for ants and termites, spiders, or small vertebrates (e.g. other lizards). The Kimberley is one of the nine regions of Western Australia, consisting of the local government areas of Broome, Derby-West Kimberley, Halls Creek and Wyndham-East Kimberley. ... Subphyla and Classes Subphylum Trilobitomorpha Trilobita - Trilobites (extinct) Subphylum Chelicerata Arachnida - Spiders, Scorpions, etc. ... The striking caterpillar of the Emperor Gum Moth A caterpillar is the larval form of a lepidopteran (a member of the insect order comprising butterflies and moths). ... Genera Many. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Families Mastotermitidae Kalotermitidae Termopsidae Hodotermitidae Rhinotermitidae Serritermitidae Termitidae Reference: Earthlife as of 2002-07-26 A termite (also known as a white ant) is any member of the order Isoptera, a group of social insects that eat wood and other cellulose-rich vegetable matter. ... Suborders Araneomorphae Mesothelae Mygalomorphae See the taxonomy section for families Spiders are invertebrate animals that produce silk, have eight legs and no wings. ...


During breeding season (early wet season, September-October), adult males fight for mates, displaying their frills and biting each other. One to two clutches of 4-23 eggs are laid in the early to mid-wet (November-February) in a nest 5-20 cm below ground, and usually in sunny areas (Shine and Lambeck 1989). Incubation takes two to three months. Sex is partly temperature determined, with extreme temperatures producing exclusively females, and intermediate temperatures (29-35C) producing equal numbers of males and females (Harlow and Shine 1998).


The lizards are less active during the dry season (April-August) (Shine and Lambeck 1989).


Males are significantly larger than females both as juveniles and when mature (Harlow and Shine 1998).


The only reported predators are Morelia sp. (Bedford 1995). Species See text Morelia is a genus of snakes in the family Pythonidae. ...


A frill-necked lizard featured on the reverse of the Australian 2 cent coin, until it was withdrawn from circulation in 1991. In logic (and usually without being paired with reverse), obverse has a meaning close to contrapositive. ... word coinage Coín (a town in Malaga province in Spain) 1¢ euro coin A coin is usually a piece of hard material, generally metal and usually in the shape of a disc, which is issued by a government to be used as a form of money. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Download high resolution version (768x1024, 388 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (768x1024, 388 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1179x771, 393 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1179x771, 393 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

References

  • Bedford, G. S. 1995. Anti-predator tactics from the Frilled Neck Lizard Chlamydosaurus kingii. Journal of the Victorian Herpetelogical Society 6(3): 120-130.
  • Harlow, P. S. and R. Shine. 1998. Temperature dependent sex-determination in the frillneck lizard Chlamydosaurus kingii (Agamidae). Herpetologica 55(2): 205-212.
  • Shine, R. and R. Lambeck. 1989. Ecology of frillneck lizards, Chlamydosaurus kingii (Agamidae) in tropical Australia. Australian Wildlife Research 16: 491-500.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Frilled Lizard (299 words)
Frilled lizards live in forests in Australia's hot north.
Frilled Lizards live in dry forests and woodland, in the northern and north-western parts of Australia.
Frilled lizards may be an endangered species because the land where they live is being cleared.
BBC - Science & Nature - Wildfacts - Frilled lizard, frillneck lizard, King¬ís lizard (373 words)
The flashy frill and menacing hiss of the frilled lizard may look frightening, but it is all a big bluff.
The most successful time for frilled lizards to hunt is after a bushfire, probably because the fire has cleared away the undergrowth and enabled the lizards to see prey better.
The frilled lizard is the reptile emblem of Australia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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