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Encyclopedia > Friesland
Province of Friesland
Provincie Fryslân
Provinsje Fryslân
Flag of Friesland
Flag Coat of Arms
Location of Friesland
Capital Leeuwarden
Queen's Commissioner drs. E.H.T.M. (Ed) Nijpels
Religion (1999) Protestant 39%
Roman Catholic 8%
Area
 • Land
 • Water
 
3,349 km² (3rd)
2,392 km²
Population (2006)
 • Total
 • Density

642,230 (8th)
192/km² (11th)
Anthem De âlde Friezen
ISO NL-FR
Official website www.fryslan.nl

Friesland (pronunciation (help· info)) is a province in the north of the Netherlands and part of the bigger region known as Frisia. Its name in the Frisian language is Fryslân, which has also been its official name since 1997, and is therefore also used in official Dutch language publications. Friesland has 643,000 inhabitants (2005) and its capital is Leeuwarden (Ljouwert), with 91,817 inhabitants, in the center of the province. Image File history File links Frisian_flag. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Leeuwarden ( (help· info), Frisian: Ljouwert) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Friesland. ... There are two levels of local government in The Netherlands, the provinces and the municipalities. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also Provinces of the Netherlands. ... In physics, density is mass m per unit volume V. For the common case of a homogeneous substance, it is expressed as: where, in SI units: ρ (rho) is the density of the substance, measured in kg·m-3 m is the mass of the substance, measured in kg V is... Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also Provinces of the Netherlands. ... Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also Provinces of the Netherlands. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... De âlde Friezen (The Old Frisians) is the anthem of the Friesland province of the Netherlands and of western Frisia as a whole (an area which includes Groningen province and parts of North Holland). ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Image File history File links 439_Friesland. ... Satellite view of the German Bight (the Frisian Coast). ... Frisian is a Germanic group of closely related languages, spoken by about half a million members of Frisian ethnic groups living on the southern fringes of the North Sea in the Netherlands and Germany. ... Dutch (  ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 23 million people, mainly in the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname, but also by smaller groups of speakers in parts of France, Germany and several former Dutch colonies. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Leeuwarden ( (help· info), Frisian: Ljouwert) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Friesland. ...

Contents

Distinguishing features

Friesland distinguishes itself from the other eleven Dutch provinces through having its own language, which is also spoken in a minor part of the province of Groningen, to the east. Closely related languages, East Frisian ("Seeltersk", which is different from "East Frisian (Ostfriesisch)", a collection of Low German dialects of East Frisia) and North Frisian, are spoken in the Saterland and in North Friesland areas in Germany, respectively. The flag of Groningen Groningen is the northeast province of the Netherlands with a typical dialect (Gronings) with regional nuances. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... East Frisian Low Saxon, is a West Low German dialect spoken in the Eastern Friesland peninsula of northwestern Lower Saxony. ... Low German (also called Plattdeutsch, Plattdüütsch or Low Saxon) is a name for the regional language varieties of the West Germanic languages spoken mainly in Northern Germany where it is officially called Niederdeutsch (Low German), and in Eastern Netherlands where it is officially called Nedersaksisch (Low Saxon). Low refers... The landscape to the north of Greetsiel, in East Frisia. ... North Frisian is a minority language of Germany, spoken by about 10,000 people in North Frisia. ... Saterland (Saterland Frisian: Seelterlound) is a municipality in the German federal state of Lower Saxony. ... Nordfriesland (literally Northern Frisia) is a district in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ...


The English language is also closely related to Frisian. There is a saying about it: "As milk is to cheese, are English and Fries." The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Frisian is a Germanic group of closely related languages, spoken by about half a million members of Frisian ethnic groups living on the southern fringes of the North Sea in the Netherlands and Germany. ...


Another version of this saying reads (in Frisian): "Bûter, brea, en griene tsiis; wa't dat net sizze kin, is gjin oprjochte Fries", which in English reads: "Butter, bread, and green cheese, whoever can't say that is no sincere Fries" (According to legend, the 16th century Frisian freedom fighter Pier Gerlofs Donia forced his captives to repeat this shibboleth to distinguish Frisians from Dutch and Low Germans). The saying plays on the sound differences between the Dutch and Frisian words for "butter, bread, and green cheese", which in Frisian are pronounced almost identically to their English counterparts (showing the original closeness between the two languages), while in Dutch ("Boter, brood, en groene kaas"), these words sound quite different. Frisian is a Germanic group of closely related languages, spoken by about half a million members of Frisian ethnic groups living on the southern fringes of the North Sea in the Netherlands and Germany. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Friesland is mainly an agricultural province. The famous black and white Frisian cattle and the well known black Frisian horse originated here. Tourism, mainly on the lakes in the south west of the province, and on the islands in the Wadden Sea in the north, is an important source of income, too. Technology companies such as Asset Control have also set up base in Friesland. Holstein Cow The Holstein or Holstein-Friesian (the latter referring to a smaller, heavier breed) is a cattle breed used in dairy farming. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Tourists on Oʻahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land. ... Satellite image of the southwestern part of the Wadden Sea. ...


The province is famous for its speed skaters, with mass participation in cross-country skating when weather conditions permit. In winters that are cold enough to allow the freshwater canals to freeze hard, the province is the focus of the Elfstedentocht (Eleven cities tour), a 200 kilometers ice skating tour. In the warmer months, many Frisians practice wadlopen, the traditional art of wading across designated sections of the Wadden Sea at low tide. Another Frisian practice is fierljeppen, a sport with some similarities to pole vaulting. A jump consists of an intense sprint to the pole (polsstok), jumping and grabbing it, then climbing to the top while trying to control the pole's forward and lateral movements over a body of water and finishing with a graceful landing on a sand bed opposite to the starting point. Because of all the diverse skills required in fierljeppen, fierljeppers are considered to be very complete athletes with superbly developed strength and coordination Speed skating, or long track speedskating, long track speed skating, is an Olympic sport where competitors are timed while crossing a set distance. ... The Elfstedentocht, or Eleven-cities Tour is a speed skating competition and leisure skating tour held irregularly in the province of Friesland, Netherlands. ... A kilometer (Commonwealth spelling: kilometre), symbol: km is a unit of length in the metric system equal to 1,000 metres (from the Greek words χίλια (khilia) = thousand and μέτρο (metro) = count/measure). ... Outdoor ice skating in Austria Ice skating is travelling on ice with skates, narrow (and sometimes parabolic) blade-like devices moulded into special boots (or, more primitively, without boots, tied to regular footwear). ... Wadloper in Wadden Sea near Wilhelmshaven, Germany Wadlopen is a recreation enjoyed by Frisians in the Netherlands and northwest Germany. ... Fierljeppen is a traditional Frysian/Dutch sport and one of the most complex athletic sports known to date. ...


Another interesting feature are the many windmills. There are 195 windmills in the province of Friesland, from a total of about 1200 in the entire country. A Dutch tower windmill surrounded by tulips A windmill is an engine powered by the wind to produce energy, often contained in a large building as in traditional post mills, smock mills and tower mills. ...


Friesland was the first to acknowledge the independence of the United States of America from the Kingdom of Great Britain (on February 26, 1782).[1] Scotland, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom see British Isles (terminology). ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Cities

Leeuwarden ( (help· info), Frisian: Ljouwert) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Friesland. ... Sneek (Frisian Snits) is a municipality and a city in Fryslân in the northern Netherlands. ... Wymbritseradiel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Sloten (Frisian: Sleat) received city rights in 1426, and is the smallest of the eleven Frisian cities. ... Nijefurd is a municipality in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland. ... The harbour of Hindeloopen. ... Nijefurd is a municipality in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland. ... Bolsward (Frisian: Boalsert) is a municipality and a city in the northern Netherlands. ... Harlingen is a municipality and a city in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland at the Wadden Sea. ... Franeker (Frisian: Frjentsjer) is one of the eleven cities of Friesland. ... Dongeradeel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Heerenveen (Frisian: It Hearrenfean) is a municipality and a town in the province of Friesland, in the north of the Netherlands. ...

Major towns

Smallingerland is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Smallingerland is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ...

Municipalities

Frisian cattle
Frisian cattle

Image File history File links Holstein_cows_large. ... Image File history File links Holstein_cows_large. ... Binomial name Bos taurus Linnaeus, 1758 Cattle (often called cows in vernacular and contemporary usage, or kye as the Scots plural of cou) are domesticated ungulates, a member of the subfamily Bovinae of the family Bovidae. ... Achtkarspelen is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Ameland (Frisian: It Amelân) is a municipality and one of the West Frisian Islands off the north coast of the Netherlands. ... Boarnsterhim is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Bolsward (Frisian: Boalsert) is a municipality and a city in the northern Netherlands. ... Dantumadeel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Dongeradeel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Ferwerderadiel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Franekeradeel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Gaasterlân-Sleat (Dutch name: Gaasterland-Sloten) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Harlingen is a municipality and a city in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland at the Wadden Sea. ... Heerenveen (Frisian: It Hearrenfean) is a municipality and a town in the province of Friesland, in the north of the Netherlands. ... Het Bildt is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Kollumerland c. ... Leeuwarden ( (help· info), Frisian: Ljouwert) is a municipality and the capital city of the Dutch province of Friesland. ... Leeuwarderadeel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Lemsterland is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Littenseradiel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Menaldumadeel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Nijefurd is a municipality in the northern Netherlands, in the province of Friesland. ... Ooststellingwerf is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Opsterland is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Schiermonnikoog (Frisian: Skiermûntseach) is a municipality and an island in the northern Netherlands, one of the West Frisian Islands. ... Skarsterlân is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Smallingerland is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Sneek (Frisian Snits) is a municipality and a city in Fryslân in the northern Netherlands. ... Terschelling (Frisian: Skylge) is a municipality and an island in the northern Netherlands, one of the West Frisian Islands. ... Tytsjerksteradiel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Satellite image Vlieland (Frisian: Flylân) is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Weststellingwerf is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ... Wûnseradiel is a municipality in the Fryslân province of the northern Netherlands, at the eastern end of the Afsluitdijk. ... Wymbritseradiel is a municipality in the northern Netherlands. ...

See also

De âlde Friezen (The Old Frisians) is the anthem of the Friesland province of the Netherlands and of western Frisia as a whole (an area which includes Groningen province and parts of North Holland). ... Satellite view of the German Bight (the Frisian Coast). ... Frisian Islands (without the islands in the german district Dithmarschen and in Denmark) The Frisian Islands form an archipelago in northwestern Europe that spreads across the coasts of three countries, from west to east, The Netherlands and Germany. ... The Frisians are an ethnic group of northwestern Europe, inhabiting an area known as Frisia. ... Frisian is a Germanic group of closely related languages, spoken by about half a million members of Frisian ethnic groups living on the southern fringes of the North Sea in the Netherlands and Germany. ... Frise was the French name of Friesland as a département of the First French Empire. ...

References

  1. ^ Frisians first to recognize USA! (After an article by Kerst Huisman, Leeuwarder Courant 29th Dec. 1999). Retrieved on 2006-11-11.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... November 11 is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 50 days remaining. ...

External links

  • Website of the province
  • Frisian Film Archive
  • Ancient History of Friesland
  • province map showing subdivision in municipalities, link for each municipality to basic data page
  • Frisian draughts
  • Bus maps:
    • Friesland (link is down 2007-03-13)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Friesland (district) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (459 words)
Friesland is a district in Lower Saxony, Germany.
From 1667 to 1793 Friesland was an exclave of Anhalt-Zerbst, and afterwards the westernmost exclave of Russia.
The lion is from the arms of the chieftains of Jever; it was the symbol of the state of Friesland, which had existed from 1438 to 1575.
Friesland - definition of Friesland in Encyclopedia (189 words)
For the district of Friesland in the German state of Lower Saxony, see Friesland (district).
West Friesland is part of North Holland and not of the province of Friesland.
Friesland (Fryslân in Frisian; this is the official name, which is also used in official Dutch language publications) is a province in the north of the Netherlands; its capital city is Leeuwarden (Ljouwert).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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